03-POWER AND POLITICS

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POWER:

POWER OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 1 P LITICS P

POWER:MEANING & DEFINITION :

POWER:MEANING & DEFINITION The ability of one person or group to cause another person or group to do something that they otherwise might not have done. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 2

SOURCES OF POWER:

SOURCES OF POWER OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 3 INTERPERSONAL STRUCTURAL Reward power Coercive power Legitimate power Expert power Referent power Knowledge Resources Decision making

FACES OF POWER:

FACES OF POWER OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 4 Negative power Positive power

ACQUISITION OF POWER:

ACQUISITION OF POWER OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 5 Positional Personal Centrality Scarcity Uncertainty Substitutability Expertise Referent power Hard work

TACTICS TO GAIN POWER:

TACTICS TO GAIN POWER Bargaining Friendliness Coalition Competition Cooptation OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 6 Reasoning Assertiveness Higher authority Sanctions Pressure

POLITICS-MEANING :

POLITICS-MEANING Politics is the way people use their power in the organization. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 7

FUNCTIONS OF POLITICS:

FUNCTIONS OF POLITICS To overcome employees inadequacies. To cope with changes. To channel personnel contracts. To substitute for formal authority. To act in Darwinian way. Execution of decisions. To ensure full debate. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 8

CAUSES OF POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR:

CAUSES OF POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR Scarcity of resources. Non-programmed decisions. Ambiguous goals. Technology and external environment. Organizational change. Lust of power. Discretionary authority. Saturation in career. Organizational culture. Psychological factors. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 9

NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF POLITICS:

NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF POLITICS Self interest. Dysfunctional aspects of power politics on employees. Organizational conflicts. Effects on managers. Inequitable distribution of power. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 10

TECHNIQUES OF ORGANIZATIONAL POLITICS:

TECHNIQUES OF ORGANIZATIONAL POLITICS Form the right alliances. Expert reciprocal favors. Try to be popular. Be persuasive without being arrogant. Built up a preferred image. Control agenda of the meeting. Control the decision criteria. Control information. Control communication channels. Use outside expert. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 11

MANAGING POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR:

MANAGING POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR Ethical and positive role model. Open and honest communication. Elimination /reduction of uncertainty. Study the political behavior. OB-UNIT 3_EX-NJ 12

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