Lokpal Bill

Category: Others/ Misc

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Q) What is Jan Lokpal Bill:

Q) What is Jan Lokpal Bill The Jan Lokpal Bill, also referred to as the citizens' ombudsman bill , is a proposed independent anti-corruption law in India. Anti-corruption social activists proposed it as a more effective improvement to the original Lokpal bill , which is currently being proposed by the Government of India.

Anna Hazare:

Anna Hazare Kisan Baburao Hazare ( born 15 June 1937), popularly known as Anna Hazare is an Indian social activist and a prominent leader in the2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan—the third-highest civilian award—by the Government of India in 1992 for his efforts in establishing this village as a model for others.

Bill’s Background:

Bill’s Background The word Lokpal was coined in 1963 by L.M.Singhvi, a Member of Parliament during a debate in Parliament about grievance redressal mechanisms. His son Dr. Abhishek Singhvi is now the head of the Parliamentary Standing Committee reviewing the bill . The prefix was added to signify the fact that these improvements include input provided by "ordinary citizens" through an activist-driven, non-governmental public consultation.

Key Features:

Key Features To establish a central government anti-corruption institution called Lokpal , supported by Lokayukta at the state level. As in the case of the Supreme Court and Cabinet Secretariat, the Lokpal will be supervised by the Cabinet Secretary and the Election Commission. As a result, it will be completely independent of the government and free from ministerial influence in its investigations. Members will be appointed by judges, Indian Administrative Service officers with a clean record, private citizens and constitutional authorities through a transparent and participatory process. A selection committee will invite short-listed candidates for interviews, video recordings of which will thereafter be made public.

Slide 7:

Jan Lokpal Bill (Citizen's Ombudsman Bill) Draft Lokpal Bill (2010) Lokpal will have powers to initiate suo motu action or receive complaints of corruption from the general public. Lokpal will have no power to initiate suo motu action or receive complaints of corruption from the general public. It can only probe complaints forwarded by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha or the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha . Lokpal will have the power to initiate prosecution of anyone found guilty. Lokpal will only be an Advisory Body with a role limited to forwarding reports to a "Competent Authority". Lokpal will have police powers as well as the ability to register FIRs. Lokpal will have no police powers and no ability to register an FIR or proceed with criminal investigations. Lokpal and the anti corruption wing of the CBI will be one independent body. The CBI and Lokpal will be unconnected. Punishments will be a minimum of 10 years and a maximum of up to life imprisonment. Punishment for corruption will be a minimum of 6 months and a maximum of up to 7 years. Difference between Jan Lokpal Bill and Draft Bill 2010 [16]

Timeline of Lokpal and Cost:

Timeline of Lokpal and Cost 1968 – Rs 3 lakh (300,000) 1971 – Rs 20 lakh (2 million) 1977 – Rs 25 lakh (2.5 million) 1985 – Rs 25 lakh 1989 – Rs 35 lakh (3.5 million) – PM under lokpal 1996 – Rs 1 crore (10 million) – PM under lokpal 2001 – Rs 1.5 crore (15 million) – PM under Lokpal 2011 – Rs 1700 crore (17 billion)

Drafting Committee:

Drafting Committee Member Qualifications and status Pranab Mukherjee Finance Minister , Co-Chairman Shanti Bhushan Former Minister of Law and Justice , Co-Chairman P. Chidambaram Minister of Home Affairs Veerappa Moily Minister of Corporate Affairs Kapil Sibal Minister for Communications and Information Technology Salman Khursid Minister of Law Anna Hazare Social Activist Prashant Bhushan Lawyer N. Santosh Hegde Former Lokayukta ( Karnataka ) and Arvind Kejriwal RTI Activist.

Online Surveys:

Online Surveys According to the survey conducted by STAR News and Nielsen, 87% of the 8900 respondents of the survey supported the Jan Lokpal Bill. The survey – conducted in 28 cities across the country, including all four metros – mainly deals with three important points: public’s knowledge about the Lokpal Bill; awareness about Anna’s campaign; and the perceived problems with the Jan Lokpal Bill . Over a million people joined the Times of India online anti-graft campaign, in one of the biggest ever voting exercises in the virtual world. The news analysis points that citizens want to make their voices heard and have found the platform offered by the campaign a viable one to do so.

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