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AGRICULTURE : 

AGRICULTURE Geography Chapter 5 Grade 10

AGRICULTURE : 

AGRICULTURE MEANING: Agriculture means ploughing of the land, sowing seeds protecting plants and obtaining crops for the use of people and domestic animals.

SUBSISTENCE FARMING : 

SUBSISTENCE FARMING The production in this type of farming is mainly used for domestic consumption. If there is excess, it is sold to the local market. The two types of subsistence farming are: Shifting & Sedentary. In shifting type, the trees are felled and land is leveled for farming. Once the land looses fertility, place is shifted. In sedentary type, the place is permanent and traditional method is followed.

Slide 5: 

SHIFTING CULTIVATION

Slide 6: 

SEDENTARY FARMING

COMMERCIAL FARMING : 

COMMERCIAL FARMING Production of crops and rearing of cattles mainly for the purpose of selling in the market. Generally in large scale and the means of production like land, labour and capital involved is comparatively large. It depends on the quality of soil, other geographical conditions and machineries used.

Slide 8: 

COMMERCIAL FARMING

MIXED FARMING : 

MIXED FARMING Raising of crops, rearing of cattle, poultry, bee keeping, sericulture other cottage industries etc., The characteristics of this farming are: growing of wide variety of crops, use scientific methods and requirement of sufficient capital. This type of farming is done in both small scale and large scale throughout India.

Slide 10: 

MIXED FARMING

PLANTATION FARMING : 

PLANTATION FARMING Bush and tree cropping in the forests, on hill slopes are known as plantation farming. Both edible and non-edible crops are grown. Europeans introduced these plantations in India. Beverage crops like tea, coffee & cocoa. Other edible crops like betel leaves, betel nuts, fruits & spices. Other non-edible crops like rubber & timber.

AGRICULTURAL SEASONS : 

AGRICULTURAL SEASONS

KHARIF SEASON : 

KHARIF SEASON It begins with the onset of the South-West Monsoons. The important crops of this season are paddy, ragi, jowar, maize, cotton, jute, oil-seeds and pulses

RABI SEASON : 

RABI SEASON The post Monsoon season is the Rabi season. It depends mostly on sub-soil moisture and irrigation. The major crops of this season are cotton, wheat, barley, pulses, oil-seeds, tobacco etc.,

ZAID SEASON : 

ZAID SEASON This season is between Kharif and Rabi seasons. The summer crops like watermelon, cucumber, muskmelon grow during this season.

MAJOR CROPS OF INDIA : 

MAJOR CROPS OF INDIA

FOOD CROPS : 

FOOD CROPS Paddy Wheat Jowar Ragi Bajra Maize Pulses

Slide 18: 

PADDY

Slide 19: 

WHEAT

Slide 20: 

MAIZE

COMMERCIAL CROPS : 

COMMERCIAL CROPS Sugar cane Tea Coffee Cocoa Cotton Jute Tobacco Oil Seeds Spices Rubber

Slide 22: 

SUGAR CANE

Slide 23: 

JUTE CULTIVATION

Slide 24: 

COFFEE PLANTATION

Slide 25: 

TEA PLANTATION

Slide 26: 

COTTON CULTIVATION

Slide 27: 

TOBACCO PLANTATION

LIVE STOCK : 

LIVE STOCK Cattle rearing for: Milk Meat Leather

Slide 29: 

LIVESTOCK

POULTRY : 

POULTRY Chicken farms for: Egg Meat

Slide 31: 

POULTRY FARMING

SERICULTURE : 

SERICULTURE Silk worm farming for: Silk yarn production. Types: Eri, Muga, Tussar & Mulberry

Slide 33: 

SERICULTURE

Slide 34: 

SILK COCOONS

Slide 35: 

FINAL PRODUCT – SILK SAREE

Slide 36: 

THANK YOU

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