Rise of Christianity

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Rise of Christianity : 

Rise of Christianity

Messiah : 

Messiah Important Jewish concept – means savior God promised a Messiah would come, lead them to freedom from Roman rule, and restore the kingdom of the Jews 2 decades after beginning of Roman rule, many believed that a savior had arrived

Jesus of Nazareth : 

Jesus of Nazareth Around 6-4 BCE, Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea; he was raised Jewish in Nazareth in northern Palestine Baptized by a prophet, John the Baptist Carpenter Began public ministry at 30 years old

Teachings of Jesus : 

Teachings of Jesus Contained many ideas from Jewish Traditions Monotheism The Ten Commandments Emphasized personal relationship with God, people’s love for God, their neighbors, their enemies, and themselves God would end wickedness in the world and would establish an eternal kingdom for people who were unselfish after death

Jesus’ Popularity : 

Jesus’ Popularity Jesus ignored wealth and status, which made him appeal to the poor Large crowds gathered to listen to him preach Popularity became a concern for both Roman and Jewish leaders

Sentenced to Crucifixion : 

Sentenced to Crucifixion Jewish chief priest said Jesus’ teachings were blasphemy Pontius Pilate – Roman governor accused Jesus of defying the authority of Rome and had him sentenced to crucifixion

Apostles : 

Apostles 12 followers of Jesus chosen to carry on his teachings The main source of information on Jesus’ teachings comes from the Gospels, which are the first 4 books of the New Testament of the Bible The Apostles wrote some of the Gospels

After the Crucifixion : 

After the Crucifixion Jesus’ body was place into a tomb According to the Gospels, 3 days later his body was gone, and Jesus began appearing to his followers The Gospel then says his body rose into heaven This convinced the Apostles that Jesus was the Messiah Christos – messiah or savior Some of the Jews were Jesus’ followers and they continued to spread his teachings

Paul’s Mission : 

Paul’s Mission Never met Jesus and was initially an enemy of Christianity Had a vision of Jesus Wrote influential letters called Epistles Stressed that Jesus was the son of God who died for people’s sins Welcomes all converts

Pax Romana Influencing Spread of Christianity : 

Pax Romana Influencing Spread of Christianity Travel and exchange of ideas was safer Common languages – Greek and Latin – allow for message to be easily understood

Jewish Rebellion : 

Jewish Rebellion 66 AD, Jews rebelled against Rome 70 AD, Romans stormed Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple Western portion of wall is all that remains today and is the holiest Jewish shrine ½ million Jews were killed in this rebellion 132 AD, Jews rebel again and another ½ million Jews die Most Jews were driven from their homeland into exile during Roman control - Diaspora

Persecution of Christians : 

Persecution of Christians Christian refusal to worship Roman Gods was seen as opposition to Roman rule As the Pax Romana ended, persecution of Christians intensified Romans exiled, imprisoned, and executed Christians Martyrs – people willing to sacrifice their lives for the sake of a belief or a cause

Why was Christianity so Popular? : 

Why was Christianity so Popular? Embraced all people Gave hope to the powerless Appealed to those who were repelled by the extravagances of imperial Rome Offered a personal relationship with a loving God Promised eternal life after death

Constantine Accepts Christianity : 

Constantine Accepts Christianity In 312 AD, Constantine fights for leadership in Rome He prays for divine help and reports that he saw an image of a cross, which is a symbol of Christianity Constantine was victorious in battle

Edict of Milan : 

Edict of Milan The following year, Constantine ends the persecution of Christians Edict of Milan – Constantine declares Christianity to be one of the religions approved by the emperor 380 AD, Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the Empire’s official religion

Church Organization : 

Church Organization Priest – local, leads small groups of Christians Bishop – is a priest, but supervises a few local churches Pope – Father of the Christian Church

Peter : 

Peter Traveled to Rome from Jerusalem – became first Bishop in Rome Jesus referred to Peter as the ‘rock’ on which the Christian Church would be built Later Bishops consider Peter to be the 1st Pope The Bishop of Rome would be the Pope Rome is the capital of the Empire, so it would be the center of the Church

The New Testament : 

The New Testament Church leaders attempt to set a single, official standard or belief. This standard was compiled in The New Testament Heresy – any contradiction to the basic beliefs was considered heresy by Church leaders

Nicene Creed : 

Nicene Creed 325 AD, Constantine called Church leaders to Nicaea in Anatolia They wrote the Nicene Creed, which defined the basic beliefs of the Church

Augustine : 

Augustine Bishop of Hippo Believed humans needed God to be saved and that they had to belong to the Church and receive sacraments to be saved Wrote The City of God, which says that the fate of cities are not important because the heavenly city, The City of God, could never be destroyed

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