the role of african american dialect in literature from 1800 to 1970

Category: Education

Presentation Description

This PowerPoint takes you through the period from 1800 to 1970. The purpose is to assess the role of the African American Dialect in literature written in four different periods. This PowerPoint assess the incorporation of the dialect from a literacy perspective as well as from the perspective of the development of the African American identity. The challenge is to understand the role of the dialect and the implications for the African American community,


Presentation Transcript

The Role of African American Dialect in Literature from 1800 – 1970 :

The Role of African American Dialect in Literature from 1800 – 1970

Slide 2:

“Black Language usage is a worthwhile resource in the educational enterprise”

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Antebellum Cycle (1800-1860) Reconstruction Cycle (1865-1877) Renaissance Cycle (1920-1940) Civil Rights Cycle (1945-1970)

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Antebellum Cycle Purpose: Create sympathy Establish manliness Example: William Wells Brown Clotel ; or, The President’s Daughter

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Pompey : “. . . dat is what marser says you is to be” Slave : “I know I is more den dat ” Features: - th with a - d Verb system ( is instead of are ) Eye dialect – “ marser ”

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Reconstruction Cycle Purpose : Demonstrate the submissive attitude of the freed slave Example : Joel Chandler Harris The Complete Tales of Uncle Remus

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Brer Rabbit : “’ Mawnin ’!’ sez Brer Rabbit, sezee – ‘nice wed der dis mawnin ’,’ sezzee ” Features: reduction of consonant clusters –s to –z, – th to –d, vowel changes

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Renaissance Cycle Purpose : Development of the “New Negro” Example : Zora Neale Hurston Jonah’s Gourd Vine

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John : “’Lo , Lucy” Lucy : “Hello , John” Feature: The altered dialect is central to the plot development.

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Civil Rights Cycle Purpose : Assert the African American identity Example : James Baldwin Go Tell It On The Mountain

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/ / x x / x / x x don’t want / you to go /to movies / and / / x x / x x / x don’t want/ you to play / in the streets/ and / / x x / x / x x don’t want/ you to have/ no friends and/ he

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Respect Reference Re-interpret

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Respect Reference Re-interpret