9. Heading for the Twenty-first Century

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Life in the 21st Century:

Life in the 21st Century Unit 9 1

Slide2:

2 visit mrluzadder.com

Table of Contents Word Splash Topic 9.1 Life in the 21st Century Unit Projects :

Table of Contents Word Splash Topic 9.1 Life in the 21st Century Unit Projects 3

Slide4:

4 European Union OPEC NATO international trade World Wide Web globalization Internet export innovation NAFTA George H.W. Bush Import Terrorism Saddam Hussein Persian Gulf War

Essential Question How has the U.S. continued to influence and be influenced by world events since the fall of the Soviet Union?:

Essential Question How has the U.S. continued to influence and be influenced by world events since the fall of the Soviet Union? 5 Topic 9.1

OPEC:

OPEC The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries , better known as OPEC , is an international organization of countries that export oil. These countries work together in an effort to protect their interests and influence the price of oil around the world. OPEC was established in 1960. The OPEC countries include Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. 6 Topic 9.1

OPEC Countries:

OPEC Countries

OPEC:

OPEC 8

Persian Golf War:

Persian Golf War On August 2, 1990, Iraq invaded the country of Kuwait. The leader of Iraq was Saddam Hussein . On August 7, President George H.W. Bush deployed military forces to Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf. This military action became known as Operation Desert Shield . President Bush also worked to develop a coalition of 34 countries opposed to Iraq’s aggression. 9 Topic 9.1

Persian Gulf War:

Persian Gulf War On November 29, 1990, the United Nation passed Resolution 678 which gave Iraq until January 15, 1991 to withdraw from Kuwait, and it authorized the use of force by the coalition if Iraq failed to do so. The Persian Gulf War began on January 17, 1991. The military operation was known as Operation Desert Storm . The first military action consisted of an aerial bombing campaign in which 88,500 tons of bombs were dropped on Iraqi targets. 10 Topic 9.1

Persian Gulf War:

Persian Gulf War The ground campaign by coalition forces began on February 23. Iraq responded to the invasion by launching Scud missiles at Israel. Saddam Hussein anticipated that Israel would retaliate and that Arab counties would withdraw from the coalition rather than fight alongside Israel. Instead, the United States convinced Israel not to retaliate against these attacks. On February 25, Iraq fired a scud missile at an American barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Twenty-eight American military personnel were killed in the attack. 11 Topic 9.1

Persian Gulf War:

Persian Gulf War On February 25, Iraq fired a scud missile at an American barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Twenty-eight American military personnel were killed in the attack. On February 26, Iraqi troops began retreating from Kuwait. As they did, they set over 700 Kuwaiti oil wells on fire. On February 28, 1991, President Bush declared a cease fire and declared that Kuwait had been liberated. This took place 100 hours after the military ground campaign had started. 12 Topic 9.1

Globalization:

Globalization Globalization is the connection of people around the world. Information, goods, services, money, and people are increasing moving faster around the globe and are increasingly available to more people. Globalization involves countries, businesses, and individuals. 13 Topic 9.1 McDonalds in Israel Apple Store in Shanghai, China

Globalization:

Globalization International trade is the exchange of goods and services between countries. Exports are goods that are produced locally and sold in foreign countries. Imports are goods brought into a country that were produced in foreign countries. 14 Topic 9.1 Port of Charleston, South Carolina

European Union:

European Union The European Union is an economic and political union of European countries. The European Union established laws that allowed for the free movement of people, goods, services, and money among member countries. The European Union was formally established on November 1, 1993. In 1995, the European Union adopted a common currency known as the Euro which is used by most member countries. Today more than 500 million people live within the European Union. 15 Topic 9.1

European Union:

European Union 16 European Union United States Population 505,600,000 317,297,938 Gross Domestic Product $16,660,000,000,000 $16,240,000,000,000 Gross National Income per capita $34,073 $52,610

NAFTA:

NAFTA NAFTA , the North American Free Trade Agreemen t, was an agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico that went into effect on January 1, 1994. The agreement allowed these countries to import and export most goods without having to pay taxes or fees. Tariffs are the taxes, or fees, that are charged for imports or exports. 17 Topic 9.1

Terrorism:

Terrorism Acts of violence committed by individuals or criminal organizations for the purpose of creating fear or intimidating one’s opponents in order to make others aware of your grievances or to bring about political or social changes is known as terrorism . Weapons of mass destruction are weapons that can kill or cause great harm to a large number of people or cause great damage to man-made structures. Weapons of mass destruction typically include nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons. 18 Topic 9.1 On April 18, 1983 the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, was attacked by a suicide bomber. Sixty three people were killed.

Terrorism:

Terrorism 19 Topic 9.1 Al-Qaeda Attacks 1993 World Trade Center bombing 1998 U.S. embassy bombing in East Africa 2000 Attack on the missile destroyer U.S.S. Cole. Seventeen U.S. servicemen were killed. 2001 September 11 attack on the World Trade Center

Innovation:

Innovation Innovation is the introduction something new. Innovation can include new ideas, methods, or devices. One area of innovation is in the area of mass communication The Internet is a global computer network. The development of the network that would become the Internet began in 1965. The development of what is referred to as the World Wide Web began in 1989. 20 Topic 9.1

Streaming Videos:

Streaming Videos - - - - - - - 21

Online Videos:

Online Videos - - - - - - - * Caution: This video may be preceded by an advertisement. 22

Unit Projects Refer to these lists for ideas for completing the projects shown on the following slides.:

Unit Projects Refer to these lists for ideas for completing the projects shown on the following slides. Key Events Munich Agreement Germany invades Poland Tripartite Pact France surrenders to Germany Japan attacks Pearl Harbor The Holocaust Battle of Stalingrad D-Day (Operation Overlord) Battle of the Bulge Manhattan Project Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President An atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima An atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki Japan surrenders 23 Key People: Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Neville Chamberlain Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Dwight D. Eisenhower Douglas MacArthur Hideki Tojo Isoroku Yamamoto Albert Einstein Robert Oppenheimer Eleanor Roosevelt

Unit Projects:

Unit Projects Comic Strip Create a comic strip depicting an event or the life of an individual living during this time. The comic strip should have several panels and can be drawn on 1 or 2 pages of copy paper or construction paper. It would be wise to create a rough draft for the purpose of revising and editing word balloons. * Compare and Contrast Write 1-2 pages on how one of the following pair was alike and different: Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin Neville Chamberlain and Winston Churchill Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill Dwight D. Eisenhower and Douglas MacArthur Crossword Puzzle The crossword includes vocabulary related to this unit. Refer to the underlined words in this presentation or in your notes for assistance. *Refer to the slide listing key people and events for help on this project. □ Dialogue A dialogue is a conversation between two or more people that could be included in a book, play, or movie. Write a 1-2 page dialogue. The dialogue could include historical figures such as Alexander Graham Bell, the Wright Brothers, Andrew Carnegie, or Jane Addams, or ordinary individuals such as immigrants or workers at a sweatshop. 24

Unit Projects:

Unit Projects Dialogue A dialogue is a conversation between two or more people that could be included in a book, play, or movie. Write a 1-2 page dialogue. The dialogue could include historical figures (i.e. Franklin D. Roosevelt) or ordinary individuals (i.e. a person with Japanese ancestors who is sent to an American internment camp). * Diary Write at least three diary entries. Your diary entries should fill at least one page of your notebook. Skip 2 lines between each diary entry. Write your diary as if you an historical figure (i.e. Eleanor Roosevelt)or an ordinary individuals (i.e. a Jew being held at a concentration camp). * *Refer to the slide listing key people and events for help on this project. 25

Unit Projects:

Unit Projects Newspaper Article Write a 1-2 page article about an event that took place during this time period. * Mini Biography Investigate an important figure from this time period. Write 1-2 pages about the interesting information you found in your research. * What if…. Write 1-2 pages about how history would have been different if one of the following had occurred: What if Japan had not bombed Pearl Harbor? What if Hitler had invaded Great Britain? *Refer to the slide listing key people and events for help on this project. * See a list of events * 26