6. World War II

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World War II:

With Mr. Luzadder 5th Grade Plain Elementary Simpsonville, South Carolina World War II

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Settlement of the West 2

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3

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4 Douglas MacArthur Franklin D. Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Albert Einstein Harry S. Truman Adolf Hitler appeasement Winston Churchill Eleanor Roosevelt Dwight D. Eisenhower Isoroku Yamamoto Robert Oppenheimer Neville Chamberlain Lend-Lease Tuskegee Airmen Pearl Harbor Axis Powers Allied Powers Jews Draft Victory Gardens Rationing Atomic Bomb Relocation Camps Rosie the Riveter Propaganda Holocaust WAAC Battle of Stalingrad Battle of the Bulge D-Day Island Hopping Iwo Jima Battle of Midway Manhattan Project Enola Gay Hiroshima Fat Man Little Boy Nazi Nuremburg Trials World War II

The 1940s:

5 World War II The 1940s

Arts & Literature:

Movies Fantasia (1940) Citizen Kane (1941) Lassie Come Home (1942) Bambi (1942) Casablanca (1943) Radio Programs Dick Tracy Book Curious George Comics Superman Batman Captain America Songs “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy” “I’m Dreaming of a White Christmas” “Zip-A-Dee- Dooh -Dah” “You Are My Sunshine” Arts & Literature World War II 6

What’s New:

1940 Penicillin Morton Salt Tiffany’s become the first fully air-conditioned store. M & Ms 1945 The first atomic bomb was tested 1946 Electric blanket 1947 The Slinky Elmer's Glue 1948 The transistor Polaroid camera 1949 Silly Putty The first atomic clock What’s New World War II 7

Births & Deaths:

1940 Jack Nicklaus is born 1941 Jesse Jackson is born Wilma Rudolph is born Lou Gehrig dies 1942 Muhammed Ali is born Aretha Franklin is born 1943 Arthur Ashe is born George Washington Carver dies 1946 Bill Clinton is born 1947 Steven Spielberg is born Henry Ford dies 1948 Prince Charles is born Orville Wright dies Babe Ruth dies Births & Deaths World War II 8

What Happened:

1940 Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of Great Britain. 1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. 1944 Allied forces land at Normandy 1945 Mussolini is killed Hitler commits suicide Germany surrenders Japan surrenders 1947 The Dead Sea Scrolls are discovered 1948 The Jewish state of Israel is proclaimed The Olympic Games are held in London 1949 NATO is established The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb. What Happened World War II 9

U.S. Population:

1850 23,191,876 1860 31,443,321 1870 38,555,983 1880 50,189,209 1890 62,947,714 1900 76,094,000 1910 92,407,000 1920 106,461,000 1930 123,076,741 1940 132,122,446 1950 152,271,417 1960 180,671,158 1970 205,052,174 1980 227,224,681 1990 249,438,712 2000 281,421,906 2010 308,745,538 U.S. Population World War II 10

Average Wages:

1930 $ 1,970.00* 1940 $ 1,725.00* 1950 $ 2,799.16* 1960 $ 4,007.12 1970 $ 6,186.24 1980 $12,513.46 1990 $ 21,027.98 2000 $32,154.00 2010 $40,711.61* http :// www.ssa.gov/oact/cola/AWI.html *Approximated . Average Wages World War II 11

Cost of a New Home:

Median Average 1930 $ 3,845* 1940 $ 3,920* 1950 $ 8,450* 1960 $ 12,700* 1970 $ 23,600 1980 $ 62,900 $ 72,400 1990 $125,000 $151,700 2000 $163,500 $200,000 2010 $218,000 $283,400 http :// www.census.gov/const/uspricemon.pdf *Approximated . Cost of a New Home World War II 12

Average Cost of a New Car:

1930 $600.00 1940 $850.00 1950 $1,510.00 1960 $2,610.00 1970 $3,450.00 1980 $7,200.00 1990 $16,950.00 2000 2010 http ://www.thepeoplehistory.com/ . Average Cost of a New Car World War II 13

Average Cost of a Gallon of Gas:

1930 $ .10 1940 $ .11 1950 $ .18 1960 $ .25 1970 $ .36 1980 $1.19 1990 $1.34 2000 $1.49 2010 $2.78 . Average Cost of a Gallon of Gas World War II 14

Average Cost of a Loaf of Bread:

1930 $ .09 1940 $ .10 1950 $ .12 1960 $ .22 1970 $ .25 1980 $ .50 1990 $ .70 2000 2010 http://www.thepeoplehistory.com . Average Cost of a Loaf of Bread World War II 15

Average Cost of 1lb. Of Hamburger:

1930 $ .12 1940 $ .20 1950 $ .30 1960 $ .45 1970 $ .70 1980 $ .99 1990 $ .89 2000 2010 http:// www.thepeoplehistory.com . Average Cost of 1lb. Of Hamburger World War II 16

Average Cost of a Movie Ticket:

1910 $ .07 1920 $ .25* 1930 $ .35* 1940 $ .24 1950 $ .46* 1960 $ .51* 1970 $1.55 1980 $2.69 1990 $4.23 2000 $5.39 2010 $7.89 . Average Cost of a Movie Ticket World War II 17

Cost of a Postage Stamp to Send 1 oz.:

1930 $ .02 1940 $ .03 1950 $ .03 1960 $ .04 1970 $ .07 1980 $ .15 1990 $ .25 2000 $ .33 2010 $ .44 . Cost of a Postage Stamp to Send 1 oz. World War II 18

Life Expectancy:

Average Life Expectancy Men Women 1900 47.9 49.2 1910 49.9 53.2 1920 55.5 57.4 1930 58.1 61.6 1940 60.8 65.2 1950 65.6 71.1 1960 66.6 73.1 1970 67.1 74.7 1980 70.0 77.4 1990 71.8 78.8 2000 74.3 79.7 2010 http :// www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0005148.html Average Life Expectancy After Age 65 Men Women 1900 + 11.5 + 12.2 1910 + 11.2 + 12.0 1920 + 12.2 + 12.7 1930 + 11.7 + 12.8 1940 + 12.7 + 14.7 1950 + 13.1 + 16.2 1960 + 13.2 + 17.4 1970 + 13.8 + 18.6 1980 + 14.6 + 19.1 1990 + 15.3 + 19.6 2000 2010 http :// www.ssa.gov/history/lifeexpect.html Life Expectancy World War II 19

National Debt:

1850 $ 63,452,773.55 1860 $ 64,842,287.88 1870 $ 2,480,672,427.81 1880 $ 2,120,415,370.63 1890 $ 1,552,140,204.73 1900 $ 2,136,961,091.67 1910 $ 2,652,665,838.04 1920 $ 25,952,456,406.16 1930 $ 16,185,309,831.43 1940 $ 42,967,531,037.68 1950 $ 257,357,352,351.04 1960 $ 286,330,760,848.37 1970 $ 370,918,706,949.93 1980 $ 907,701,000,000.00 * 1990 $ 3,233,313,451,777.25 2000 $ 5,674,178,209,886.86 2010 $13,561,623,030,891.79 National Debt World War II 20

Noteworthy People:

21 World War II Noteworthy People

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 22 Who were some of the noteworthy individuals of World War II World War II

World War II:

23 Adolf Hitler (right) World War II Adolf Hitler was the Nazi dictator of Germany during World War II. (b. 1889 - d. 1945) Adolf Hitler World War II

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Stalin, Roosevelt, & Churchill World War II

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Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States and led United States during World War II. (b. 1882 - d. 1945) Franklin D. Roosevelt World War II

World War II:

World War II Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States, from 1945 to 1953. In 1945 he decided to use atomic bombs against Japan, leading to an end of World War II. (b. 1884 - d.1972 ) Harry S. Truman World War II

World War II:

World War II Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of Britain during World War II . ( b. 1874 - d. 1965 ) World War II Winston Churchill

Joseph Stalin:

Joseph Stalin was the communist dictator of the Soviet Union from 1923 to 1953 . (b. 1879 - d. 1953) Joseph Stalin World War II

World War II:

Adolf Hitler World War II Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 to 1961. He was commander of the Allied forces in western Europe during World War II . ( b. 1890 - d. 1969 ) Dwight D. Eisenhower World War II

World War II:

World War II Douglas MacArthur was the general who commanded American forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II . ( b. 1880 - d. 1964 ) Douglas MacArthur World War II

World War II:

World War II Hideki Tojo was Prime Minister of Japan for much of World War II. ( b. 1884 - d. 1948) Hideki T ojo World War II

World War II:

World War II Isoroku Yamamoto was the Japanese admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor. (b. 1884 - d. 1943 ) Isoroku Yamamoto World War II

World War II:

World War II Albert Einstein was a German-born Jewish physicist who escaped from Germany after Hitler came to power. He told Franklin D. Roosevelt about the potential power of an atomic bomb. ( b. 1879 - d. 1955 ) Albert Einstein World War II

World War II:

World War II Robert Oppenheimer led the Manhattan Project for the United States which developed the first atomic bomb . ( b. 1904 - d. 1967 ) Robert Oppenheimer World War II

World War II:

World War II Eleanor Roosevelt was married to Franklin D. Roosevelt. As First Lady she made many visits to civilian and military centers to boost war morale . (b. 1884 - d. 1962) Eleanor Roosevelt World War II

The War Begins:

36 World War II The War Begins

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 37 What were some of the causes of World War II? World War II

Nazi Germany:

Nazi Germany 38 Hitler began attracting followers when he gave speeches that attacked Jews, socialists, liberals, capitalists and communists. Hitler focused on Germany’s offended national pride that came with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles which had been imposed upon them. Germany was forced to take responsibility for the war had agreed to pay a huge reparations bill totaling 32 billion marks. Most Germans bitterly resented these terms, including Hitler . World War II

Nazi Germany:

Nazi Germany 39 The Nazi’s learned how to subtly blame Germany’s humiliation on the Jews. Adolf Hitler became the dictator of Germany in 1933 as a member of the Nazi party . World War II

Nazi Germany:

Nazi Germany 40 Neville Chamberlain , Prime Minister of Britain, believed that Germany had been treated poorly by the Allies following World War I. He thought that by agreeing to some of Hitler’s demands he might avoid another war in Europe . In February of 1937 Great Britain learned that Germany intended to take control of Austria and Czechoslovakia . Tension in Europe increased when Hitler began demanding that the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia be given to Germany. The Sudetenland had a large number of German-speaking people living in it . World War II

Nazi Germany:

Nazi Germany 41 Tension in Europe increased when Hitler began demanding that the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia be given to Germany. The Sudetenland had a large number of German-speaking people living in it . Germany, Britain, France and Italy met in Munich in September, 1938 in an attempt to peacefully resolve the situation. On September 29, 1938, the Munich Agreement was signed which transferred the Sudetenland to Germany . World War II

Nazi Germany:

Nazi Germany 42 Most British people approved of the Munich Agreement because it appeared to have prevented a war with Germany. Some politicians, including Winston Churchill, did not support the agreement . In March of 1939 Hitler broke this agreement and took control of all of Czechoslovakia. Neville Chamberlain now realized that Hitler could not be trusted and Britain ended its policy of appeasement . World War II

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43 Adolf Hitler

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44 Reich

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45 Kristal

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46 Hitler’s Youth

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47 swastika

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48 German sub

World War II:

49 World War II There is a rise of dictators in Europe and Asia. Dictators Hitler and Mussolini sign a treaty agreeing to support each other. Germany, Italy, and Japan become known as the Axis and begin invading countries throughout the world. Britain and France, known as allies, warn Hitler not to invade Poland. Hitler ignores this threat. Britain and France declare war on Germany. World War II Begins World War II

World War II:

50 World War II Nearly all Western Europe, including France, eventually falls to the Germans. Britain stands alone in Europe in the fight against the Axis. President Roosevelt does not send United States troops into the war, but decides to lend Britain military supplies. Japanese planes bomb the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor. The U.S. House of Representatives and Senate vote to declare war on Japan. World War II Begins World War II

World War II:

51 World War II Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, and the United States joins the war as one of the Allies. The United States begins drafting men into the military. World War II Begins World War II

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 52 How did the United States respond to Hitler’s aggression? World War II

The United State Responds:

The United State Responds 53 Lend-Lease was a policy that allowed Britain to borrow military supplies from the United States during World War II . Tuskegee Airmen were the first African American fighter pilots. World War II

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54 Warsaw

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55 Warsaw

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56 Warsaw

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57 Warsaw

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58 Paris

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59 Churchill, Roosevelt, & Stalin

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60 enigma machine

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61 Navajo Code Talkers ???

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62 Britain

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63 Britain

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64 Britain

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65 Britain

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66 Britain

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67 Winston Churchill

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68 Map showing areas of Axis control???

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69 Hirohito

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Essential Questions 70 What caused the United States to enter the war? World War II

Japan:

Japan 71 In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria . This eventually led to all out war with China in 1937. In 1940, Japan invaded French Indochina. In 1941, the United States stopped exporting oil to Japan. The Japanese then attacked the Dutch East Indies, a territory rich in oil resources. World War II

Pearl Harbor:

Pearl Harbor 72 Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941 by 353 airplanes that were launched in two waves from six Japanese aircraft carriers. The first wave included 50 bombers carrying 1760 lb. bombs and 40 bombers armed with torpedoes. The second wave included 54 dive bombers carrying 550 lb. bombs. A U.S. Army radar detected the approaching bombers. Privates George Elliot Jr. and Joseph Lockard , reported this information to Lieutenant Kermit A. Tyler. Lieutenant Tyler presumed that the radar had detected the return of six B-17 bombers. The radar operators had never seen such a large formation of planes on their screens before, but failed to tell this to Lieutenant Tyler. World War II

Pearl Harbor:

Pearl Harbor 73 2,388 Americans were killed (including 48 civilians) and 1,178 were wounded (including 35 civilians). Approximately 1,177 of these deaths were sailors and marines serving on the USS Arizona . The average age of those who died was 23. 21 American ships were damaged or sunk . (All U.S. ships, except the USS Arizona , the USS Utah , and the USS Oklahoma , were salvaged and later saw action .) 159 U.S. aircrafts were damaged and 164 were destroyed. World War II

Pearl Harbor:

Pearl Harbor 74 64 Japanese military personnel died in the attack. 5 Japanese ships were destroyed. 74 airplanes were damaged and 29 were destroyed. World War II

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75 Pearl Harbor

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76 Pearl Harbor

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77 Pearl Harbor

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78 Pearl Harbor

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79 Pearl Harbor

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80 Pearl Harbor

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81 The USS Arizona

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82 Arizona

Draft:

Draft 83 The draft is a government policy that requires individuals to serve in the armed forces. World War II

Selective Service System:

Selective Service System 84 If you are a man ages 18 through 25 and living in the U.S., then you must register with Selective Service. It’s the law. According to law, a man must register with Selective Service within 30 days of his 18th birthday. Selective Service will accept late registrations but not after a man has reached age 26. You may be denied benefits or a job if you have not registered. You can register at any U.S. Post Office and do not need a social security number. www.sss.gov World War II

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85 soldiers

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86 soldiers

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87 soldiers

Life on the Home Front:

88 World War II Life on the Home Front

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 89 What was life like on the home front? World War II

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Mr. Luzadder's Class 90 Caption

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Mr. Luzadder's Class 91 Caption

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92 caption

The Home Front:

The Home Front 93 Victory gardens were gardens planted by citizens enabling more of the food supply to be used by those in the military. World War II

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94 victory gardens

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95 canning

The Home Front:

The Home Front 96 Rationing occurred when the government limited the amount of food each person in the United States could buy during World War II. World War II

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97 conserve energy

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98 rationing instructions

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99 Why a person should ration.

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100 rationing card or stamps

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101 rationing

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102 rationing

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103 rationing

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104 rationing

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105 rationing

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106 ration gasoline

The Home Front:

The Home Front 107 Individuals , especially school age children, helped the war effort by collecting materials that could be used by the military including scrap metal and old rubber. World War II

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108 scrap metal

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109 scrap metal

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110 caption

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111 caption

Relocation Camps:

Relocation Camps 112 Relocation Camps , or interment camps, were places where Japanese Americans were sent during World War II. World War II

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113 Relocation Camp

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114 Relocation Camp

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115 Relocation Camp

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116 Relocation Camp

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117 Eleanor Roosevelt

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118 Eleanor Roosevelt

Propaganda:

Propaganda 119 Propaganda is the systematic effort to spread opinions and beliefs World War II

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120 Caption

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121 carpool

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122 Caption

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123 war bonds

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124 war bonds

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125 war bonds

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126 war bonds

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127 war bonds

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128 war bonds

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129 Caption

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130 Caption

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131 Caption

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132 Caption

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133 USO

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134 USO

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135 Rooney

Women in World War II:

Women in World War II 136 Rosie the Riveter was a fictional character used in propaganda during World War II to encourage women to work in manufacturing plants doing the work previously done by male workers. World War II

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137 Rosie

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138 Rosie

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139 Rosie

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140 Rosie

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141 Rosie

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142 Rosie

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143 Rosie

Women in World War II:

Women in World War II 144 WAAC – Women’s Army Auxiliary Corp World War II

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145 WAAC

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146 WAAC

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147 WAAC

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148 WAAC

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149 women

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150 women

The Holocaust:

151 World War II The Holocaust

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 152 What was the Holocaust? World War II

Anti-Semitism:

Anti-Semitism 153 Anti-Semitism is prejudice against Jews. Those who are Anti-Semitic may hate the ethnic background, culture, and/or religion of Jewish people. World War II

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 154 The word Holocaust comes the words hólos meaning "whole" and kaustós meaning " burnt.“ The Holocaust was the murder of approximately 6 million Jews. Some include the murder of millions of others including mentally and physically disabled individuals, Gypsies (Romani), Jehovah’s Witnesses, prisoners of war, political and religious opponents, and many others when they speak of the Holocaust. World War II

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 155 Concentration camps were originally built to hold political prisoners. Press statement: "On Wednesday the first concentration camp is to be opened in Dachau with an accommodation for 5000 persons. 'All Communists and—where necessary— Reichsbanner and Social Democratic functionaries who endanger state security are to be concentrated here, as in the long run it is not possible to keep individual functionaries in the state prisons without overburdening these prisons, and on the other hand these people cannot be released because attempts have shown that they persist in their efforts to agitate and organize as soon as they are released .' World War II

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 156 Prisoners were transported in freight cars to concentration camps. Individuals were often confined to these freight cars for days and sometimes even weeks with little or no food or water. This led to some dying by freezing to death or from dehydration. World War II

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157 Original boxcar used for transports to the Nazi concentration camps

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 158 The Nazis confined Jews and Gypsies in overcrowded ghettos before being transported to extermination camps in freight cars. Extermination camps were camps built for the purpose of genocide. Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group. At first this genocide was carried out by shooting people and burying them in mass graves. This method proved to be inefficient and so the Nazis began using gas chambers. This genocide is also referred to as the " Final Solution to the Jewish Question ." *( Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, © 2007 Merriam-Webster, Inc .) World War II

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 159 Those who were murdered in gas chambers would have their gold teeth removed and their heads shaved. These corpses were then taken to a crematorium where their bodies were burned. World War II

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160 Cremation ovens in Baracke X at Dachau

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 161 The Germans began dismantling extermination camps as early as 1943. Soviet soldiers were the first to liberate a major extermination camp in July of 1944. Prisoners at Auschwitz , the largest extermination and concentration camp, were liberated by Soviet soldiers in July of 1945 . The Nazis forced most of the prisoners of Auschwitz to leave on foot as allied forces approached. This has become known as a “death march.” World War II

The Holocaust:

The Holocaust 162 American soldiers liberated more than twenty thousand prisoners at the Buchenwald concentration camp in April of 1945. The Nazis began evacuating the camp a few days before allied forces arrived. On the day the U.S. soldiers arrived some of the remaining prisoners took control of the camp. World War II

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163 Starved prisoners at a concentration camp in Ebensee , Austria. It was liberated by the 80th Division.

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164

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165 Auschwitz

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166 Auschwitz

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167 Auschwitz

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168 caption

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169 caption

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170 A picture of Zyklon B canisters which produce a deadly gas and human hair from the people sent to Auschwitz.

World War II:

171 World War II E.Q. What were some of the major battles of World War II?

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 172 What were some of the major battles of World War II? World War II

Battles of World War II:

Battles of World War II 173 The Battle of Stalingrad took place in the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union between the Germans and the Soviet Union between July 17, 1942 and February 2, 1943. It is estimated that nearly 2 million people died in this battle . The Battle of the Bulge was the name given to a major German offensive towards the end of World War II . World War II

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174 Battle of the Bulge

Battles of World War II:

Battles of World War II 175 Island hopping was a strategy used by the Allies in their fight against Japan in which they bypassed heavily armed islands and instead attacked islands that were not well defended but were strategically important in their movement towards the main Japanese islands . Iwo Jima was a Japanese island that was the site of some of the fiercest fighting during World War II. The battle began on February 19, 1945 and continued until March 26, 1945. World War II

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176 Iwo Jima

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177 Iwo Jima

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178 Iwo Jima

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179 Iwo Jima

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180 Macarthur

Battles of World War II:

Battles of World War II 181 The Battle of Midway was World War II

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182 Midway

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183 Midway

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184 Midway

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185 Midway

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186 Midway

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187 Red Cross

D-Day:

D-Day 188 Operation Overlord was the code name for the invasion of Europe by Allied forces. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on June 6, 1944 and more than 3 million troops landed by the end of August. World War II

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189 D-Day

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190 D-Day

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191 D-Day

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192 D-Day

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193 Dwight Eisenhower

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194 Dwight Eisenhower

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 195 What was the Manhattan Project? World War II

Manhattan Project:

Manhattan Project 196 Albert Einstein was a German-born Jewish physicist who escaped from Germany after Hitler came to power. He told Franklin D. Roosevelt about the potential power of an atomic bomb . World War II

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197 Albert Einstein

Manhattan Project:

Manhattan Project 198 The Manhattan Project was the code name given to the effort to build an atomic bomb in the United States. Robert Openheimer was chosen to oversee the project . An atomic bomb is a bomb that creates a massive explosion . World War II

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199 Openheimer

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200 trinity

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 201 What brought an end to World War II? World War II

Manhattan Project:

Manhattan Project 202 Little Boy was the name given to the bomb that was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. It was the first atomic bomb ever used in war. It was delivered by the B-29 Superfortress the Enola Gay . It is estimated that 90,000 people were killed by this bomb. Three days later another atomic bomb named Fat Man was dropped on the city of Nagasaki . It is estimated that 60,000 people died from this bomb. On August 14, 1945, Japan surrendered and the war came to an end . World War II

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203 Truman

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204 Truman & Churchill

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205 Truman

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206 Truman

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207 Enola Gay

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208 Enola Gay

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209 Fat Man

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210 Little Boy

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211 Hiroshima

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212 Hiroshima

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213 Hiroshima

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214 Hiroshima

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215 Nagasaki

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216 Nagasaki

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217 VJ Day

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218 celebration

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 219 What were the Nuremberg Trials ? World War II

Nuremburg Trials:

Nuremburg Trials 220 The Nuremburg Trials were a series of trials in which a number of German leaders were prosecuted for war crimes they committed during World War II. The trials were held in Nuremburg, Germany, from 1945 to 1946. World War II

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221 trials

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222 trials

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223 trials

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224 trials

Nuremburg Trials:

Nuremburg Trials 225 Depending on context the use, a flag with a swastika has been banned or even made illegal in Germany, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, France, Brazil and other countries . World War II