5. Prosperity & Depression

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Roaring Twenties, Great Depression, Dust Bowl, prohibition

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Prosperity & Depression:

With Mr. Luzadder 5th Grade Plain Elementary Simpsonville, South Carolina Prosperity & Depression

PowerPoint Presentation:

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3 assembly line mass media mass production Henry Ford Guglielmo Marconi Duke Ellington Louis Armstrong Charles Lindbergh Ameilia Earhart prohibition eighteenth amendment twenty-first amendment jazz Harlem Renaissance Herbert Hoover unemployment stock market Great Depression credit Franklin D. Roosevelt New Deal Social Security drought Dust Bowl migrant worker inflation Eleanor Roosevelt suffrage nineteenth amendment shanty Hooverville Roaring Twenties Hoover blanket Hoover flag

The Roaring Twenties:

4 Prosperity & Depression The Roaring Twenties

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 5 How did new technology affect the lives of Americans ? Prosperity & Depression

The Roaring Twenties:

The Roaring Twenties 6 The Roaring Twenties was a time of prosperity and optimism. Change was evident everywhere -- in industry, transportation, communication, fashion, entertainment, and art. During this time, American culture changed forever . Prosperity & Depression

Facts and Figures:

Population 105,710,620 (307,006,550 in 2009) Average Life Expectancy 54 years (78.4 years in 2008) Average Annual Income $1,574 (2009 median: $49,777) Prices postage: $.02 per ounce candy bar: $.05 movie ticket: $.10 gallon of gasoline: $.21 - $.30 gallon of milk: $ . 58 Model T Ford: $290 Children’s Books Bambi The Story of Dr. Doolittle The Velveteen Rabbit Winnie-the-Pooh Sports Heroes Jack Dempsey Bobby Jones Lou Gehrig Facts and Figures Prosperity & Depression 7

What Happened:

1920 Adolf Hitler forms the Nazi Party 1921 Mao Tse Tung helps form the Chinese Communist Party 1922 Benito Mussolini becomes prime minister of Italy King Tutankhamen is discovered The USSR is formed 1924 The first winter Olympics are held in France. Josef Stalin becomes leader of the USSR 1925 Adolph Hitler’s book Mein Kampf is published Life magazine 1926 A man from Norway invents aerosol which allows liquids to be sprayed as a fine mist A.A. Milne writes the book Winnie-the-Pooh . What Happened Prosperity & Depression 8

What’s New:

1920 Pogo sticks 1921 Band-Aids 1922 Eskimo Pies The Readers Digest magazine insulin for diabetics 1923 Welch’s grape jelly Time magazine’ 1924 Wheaties cereal spiral bound notebooks Kleenex crossword puzzles permanents for hair 1926 zippers 1928 Rice Krispies What’s New Prosperity & Depression 9

Automobiles:

Automobiles Henry Ford’s new method of production, the assembly line, was faster and cheaper than previous methods, forever changing factories in the United States . An assembly line is a method of mass production in which a product is put together as it moves past a line of workers . Mass production is the making of a large number of goods that are alike . 10 Prosperity & Depression

Aviation:

Aviation 11 In 1927, Charles Lindbergh became the first pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean . In 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first woman pilot to fly alone over the Atlantic Ocean. In 1936 she attempted to fly around the world and her plane mysteriously disappeared . The Aviation History Online Museum: Charles Lindbergh The Aviation History Online Museum: Amelia Earhart The Aviation History Online Museum: Amelia Earhart (Transcontinental Flight) The Aviation History Online Museum: Amelia Earhart (Transatlantic Flight) Prosperity & Depression

Radio and Television:

Radio and Television 12 Guglielmo Marconi was an Italian physicist and inventor who sent the first radio message across the Atlantic Ocean. Public forms of communication that reach large audiences are known as mass media . Prosperity & Depression

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 13 What was jazz and the Harlem Renaissance? Prosperity & Depression

Jazz:

Jazz 14 Jazz was a musical form which began in New Orleans, Louisiana, and was influenced by African American musical traditions . Prosperity & Depression

Jazz:

Jazz 15 Louis Armstrong was a trumpeter and singer who was the first major jazz soloist . Prosperity & Depression

Jazz:

Jazz 16 Duke Ellington was a pianist, Jazz composer, and a big band leader. He composed hundreds of songs and won twelve Grammy awards. Prosperity & Depression

The Harlem Renaissance:

The Harlem Renaissance 17 The Harlem Renaissance was an artistic movement centered in Harlem, an African American neighborhood in New York City . Prosperity & Depression

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 18 What were the 18 th , 20 th , and 21 st Amendments to the U.S. Constitution? Prosperity & Depression

Prohibition:

Prohibition 19 Prohibition , also known as The Noble Experiment, was the period in United States history from 1920 to 1933 in which the sale, manufacturing, and transportation of alcohol was illegal. In 1919, the eighteenth amendment to the United States Constitution was passed enacting prohibition . Prosperity & Depression

Prohibition:

Prohibition 20 The illegal production and distribution of alcohol, which became known as bootlegging , became common during prohibition. Notorious gangsters, such as Al Capone , were heavily involved in bootlegging . Speakeasies were establishments that illegally sold alcoholic beverages during Prohibition. Speakeasy operators often bribed the police to leave them alone or to give them advance notice of raids . In 1933, the twenty-first amendment to the United States Constitution was passed which repealed, or ended, prohibition . Prosperity & Depression

Women’s Suffrage:

Women’s Suffrage 21 In 1920, the nineteenth amendment to the United States Constitution was passed which gave women the right to vote. Suffrage is the right to vote . Prosperity & Depression

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 22 What was the Great Migration? Prosperity & Depression

The Great Migration:

The Great Migration 23 In 1914, 90 percent of African Americans lived in the southern states that once belonged to the Confederacy where segregation was legal. By 1930, less than 80 percent of African Americans lived in the South. African Americans left the South not only to escape the prejudice and discrimination that existed there, but also because of the economic activities that existed in the North . Prosperity & Depression

The Great Migration:

The Great Migration 24 During World War I, factory workers recruited African Americans to move north by telling them about the higher wages and better living conditions that existed there. Once African Americans moved to the North, however, they often experienced segregation and lived in slums . Prosperity & Depression

The Great Depression:

25 Prosperity & Depression The Great Depression

Facts and Figures:

Population (1930) 122,775,046 (307,006,550 in 2009) Average Life Expectancy 59.7 years (78.4 years in 2008) Average Annual Income $1,970 (2009 median: $49,777) National Debt $ 16,185,309,831 Average House Price (1930) $7,145 Prices postage: $.02 - $.03 per ounce candy bar: $.05 movie ticket: $. 25 Movies Gone with the Wind King Kong Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs The Wizard of Oz Facts and Figures Prosperity & Depression 26

Births & Deaths:

1930 Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin is born Sir Arthur Conan Doyle dies Clint Eastwood is born 1931 Thomas Edison dies Mickey Mantle is born 1932 George Eastman dies (Kodak ) 1933 President Calvin Coolidge dies 1934 Hank Aaron is born 1935 Elvis Presley is born 1936 Wilt Chamberlain is born 1937 Bill Cosby is born Amelia Earhart dies Colin Powell is born Births & Deaths Prosperity & Depression 27

What Happened:

1930 Gandhi leads his country in civil disobedience The first World Cup soccer game is played in Uruguay . 1933 Aldolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. Germany and Japan leave the League of Nations. 1934 The Soviet Union joins the League of Nations. A civil war breaks out in China 1935 Persia changes its name to Iran Italy invades Etheopia 1936 The Olympics are held in Berlin, Germany A civil war breaks out in Spain 1937 The Hindenburg explodes killing 34 1938 Germany annexes Austria The ballpoint pen is invented What Happened Prosperity & Depression 28

What’s New:

1930 Nancy Drew mysteries 1931 Scotch Tape electric razors Scrabble Alka-Seltzer 1933 Mickey Mouse watches comic books 1935 parking meters paperback books Monopoly game crossword puzzles permanents for hair 1936 electric guitar Life magazine 1937 jet engines 1939 air-conditioned cars helicopter What’s New Prosperity & Depression 29

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 30 What were Black Tuesday and the Great Depression? Prosperity & Depression

Black Tuesday:

Black Tuesday 31 Many Americans borrowed money to buy stocks because they believed that they were certain they could get rich in the stock market. On October 24, 1929 the stock market crashed. This means that the value of most stocks fell dramatically. This day became known as Black Tuesday . When the stock market crashed, banks tried to get the loans they had made repaid. The stock purchased by these investors, however, was now worth little or nothing and so banks were able to get little of their money back. When word spread that banks were unable to collect the money they had loaned, depositors rushed to withdraw their savings . Prosperity & Depression

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Prosperity & Depression 32 World War II Ends (1945) Stock market returns to pre-depression close (1955) 1929 1932 The United States enters World War II (1941)

Great Depression:

Great Depression 33 A stock market is a place where stocks are bought and sold . Credit is borrowed money . The Great Depression was a period of severe economic hardship that began in the United States in 1929 . Inflation is a rapid rise in prices . Unemployment is number of workers without jobs . Prosperity & Depression

Great Depression:

Great Depression 34 A shanty is a shack built by poor people during the Great Depression. A Hooverville is a shantytown . Prosperity & Depression

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35 Dweller in a Hooverville in Circleville, Ohio Prosperity & Depression

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36 Shanty in Herrin, Illinois Prosperity & Depression

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37 Prosperity & Depression Shanty in Herrin, Illinois

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38 Family living in a shanty in Herrin, Illinois Prosperity & Depression

Great Depression:

Great Depression 39 A Hoover blanket is a newspaper used by homeless people to keep warm. Hoover flags are empty pockets turned inside out . Prosperity & Depression

Great Depression:

Great Depression 40 The New Deal was a series of programs that attempted to help the nation recover from the Great Depression . Social Security was New Deal program that provides monthly payments to people who are elderly, disabled, or unemployed. Prosperity & Depression

The Dust Bowl:

41 Prosperity & Depression The Dust Bowl

Essential Questions:

Essential Questions 42 What was the Dust Bowl? Prosperity & Depression

Dust Bowl:

Dust Bowl 43 A drought is a long period without rain. The Dust Bowl was a name given to much of the Great Plains during the long drought of the 1930s . Prosperity & Depression

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44 Prosperity & Depression Dustbowl

Dust Bowl:

Dust Bowl 45 A migrant worker is a person who moves from place to place harvesting crops . Prosperity & Depression