Decision Making Exercise 09

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GCSE GeographyEdexcel B DME 2009 : 

GCSE GeographyEdexcel B DME 2009 Issue: Population change and it’s effects

What does it mean for the main paper? : 

What does it mean for the main paper? 30 mark questions on: Coping with Environmental Change: Coasts, River and Tectonic hazards Planning for change: Settlement, employment. 20 mark questions on: Use and abuse of the environment : water Use and abuse of the environment : Recreation and tourism

The DME Paper : 

The DME Paper TIMING: Paper is 1¼ hours long. Your will need to plan your timing carefully – there will be lots of questions to answer. Some will be short – worth only 1 or 2 marks, some paragraph length - for 4 or 5, and the last question will be of one to 1 ½ sides and worth a lot e.g. 12 marks. Clearly it is important to get the short answers right, (the marks all add up to make your brilliant final mark!), but it is not worth spending a long time on them at the expense of the long answer. The paper is worth 60 marks (+ 3 for English etc.). So work out how much time you should spend on the last question, for 12/60 marks. How?- allow, say, 10 mins. to look through q. paper and organise resources, and at the end to check through. This leaves you 65 minutes to earn 60 marks, i.e. just over 1 minute per mark – therefore for a 12 mark last question, you should leave about 15 minutes. (Obviously if it’s worth, say 10, adjust time) This is very important!

Pages 2-3Population is changing in both MEDCs and LEDCs : 

Pages 2-3Population is changing in both MEDCs and LEDCs

Slide 6: 

Questions: Match the line on the graph to the continent using the data on page 3 Describe the world total population change. Compare the population change in Europe with that in Africa. Suggest reasons for the differences

Slide 7: 

Know the names and locations of all the countries in Europe/ EU On page 4 write the names of all the countries and their populations. Note the scales on the map and the graph Practise naming using these websites. Pages 4-6In the EU, population totals and structures are changing.

Slide 8: 

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 8. 7. Identify the A8 countries using an atlas.

Slide 9: 

Key and scale Work out population for each bar Name each country in Europe Scale

Slide 10: 

Shade in using red for decrease and blue for increase. Note the difference in years. Know your A8 countries! What factors other than emmigration could be causing a decrease in the populations of the A8 countries?

Slide 11: 

What could the reasons for this decrease be? What happened in 2004 to cause this sudden increase? What were the causes of the decline in natural increase? Note that the graph shows population change not totals. 1992 had more emigrants than immigrants. (link pg 8) Does the increase in natural increase have anything to do with immigrants having children?

Slide 12: 

Suggest reasons why Australia & Spain 3 years then leave 2004 onwards Why Poland? Decrease from previous year Increase in 2004 due to A8 1992 emigration exceeds immigration (link to previous slide)

Slide 13: 

Video: Polish migration to Peterborough

Slide 14: 

Please read this carefully. It highlights that immigrants from the A8 mainly settled in rural areas in Eastern England. Decrease from previous year Key points. What does each one tell us about the migrant workers? Why catering, retailing and farming? Note the benefits that workers are entitled to What would the effect of 9.7% of the population in Boston being migrant? Mindmap pros and cons

Slide 15: 

The population pyramid is a representation of the age and sex structure of the population. Each bar represents a particular single year of age and the length shows the population of that age. The structure of the pyramid is determined by births, deaths and migration. Match the statements to the graph. from the age of 73 onwards, females outnumber males. 'bulge' of the 'baby boomers' of the 1960s moving into the older age bands. women born during the peak years immediately after World War Two have now reached retirement age (at 60 years). Men born just after WW2 will reach retirement age in 2012 (at 65 years). narrowing of the pyramid appears between the ages of five and 19 reflecting the low fertility rates during the late 1980s and 1990s An increase in fertility rates possibly caused by migrant workers having children. 83% of migrants are between the ages of 18 and 34 Watch this introduction to population dynamics and population pyramids

Slide 16: 

Video: Managing an Ageing Britain

Slide 17: 

Describe the pattern of UK population change. Suggest how the predicted figures were generated Suggest why the population of the UK could start to level off from 2031

Slide 18: 

Which age groups are/ will increase? Which will decrease? Suggest reasons for these changes. What social and economic effects could occur if by 2031 30% of the population are over 60? Remember an aging population can bring benefits as well as negative impacts.

Slide 19: 

Which are bringing benefits to the society? How? … and which strains? Why? What services do the elderly require? Which stakeholders are involved? Where does the finance for these services come from?

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