Autism Pune | Autism Speech Therapy | Autism Speech | Blue Bell Plus

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Autism pune a lifelong developmental disability that affects the way a person communicates and relates to people around them.Autism speech therapy helps to


Presentation Transcript

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Autism Pune

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What is Autism • Autism spectrum disorder ASD is a complex developmental disability signs typically appear during early childhood and affect a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a “spectrum condition” that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees. There is no known single cause of autism but increased awareness and early diagnosis/intervention and access to appropriate services/supports lead to significantly improved outcomes. Some of the behaviors associated with autism include delayed learning of language difficulty making eye contact or holding a conversation difficulty with executive functioning which relates to reasoning and planning narrow intense interests poor motor skills’ and sensory sensitivities. Again a person on the spectrum might follow many of these behaviors or just a few or many others besides. The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is applied based on analysis of all behaviors and their severity.

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Signs and Symptoms The characteristic behaviors of autism spectrum disorder may be apparent in infancy 18 to 24 months but they usually become clearer during early childhood 24 months to 6 years. As part of a well-baby or well-child visit your child’s doctor should perform a “developmental screening” asking specific questions about your baby’s progress. • Does not babble or coo by 12 months • Does not gesture point wave grasp by 12 months • Does not say single words by 16 months • Does not say two-word phrases on his or her own by 24 months • Has any loss of any language or social skill at any age

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• Any of these five “red flags” does not mean your child has autism. But because the disorder’s symptoms vary so widely a child showing these behaviors should be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team. This team might include a neurologist psychologist developmental pediatrician speech/language therapist learning consultant or other professionals who are knowledgeable about autism.

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Diagnosis • When parents or support providers become concerned that their child is not following a typical developmental course they turn to experts including psychologists educators and medical professionals for a diagnosis. • At first glance some people with autism may appear to have an intellectual disability sensory processing issues or problems with hearing or vision. To complicate matters further these conditions can co-occur with autism. However it is important to distinguish autism from other conditions as an accurate and early autism diagnosis can provide the basis for an appropriate educational and treatment program. • A brief observation in a single setting cannot present a true picture of someone’s abilities and behaviors. The person’s developmental history and input from parents caregivers and/or teachers are important components of an accurate diagnosis.

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Causes • There is no known single cause for autism spectrum disorder but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children. Researchers do not know the exact cause of autism but are investigating a number of theories including the links among heredity genetics and medical problems. • Other researchers are investigating the possibility that under certain conditions a cluster of unstable genes may interfere with brain development resulting in autism. Still other researchers are investigating problems during pregnancy or delivery as well as environmental factors such as viral infections metabolic imbalances and exposure to chemicals.

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Thank You