Searching for Causes Ch. 10_10-01-2009 W

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Searching for Causes : 

Searching for Causes

Explaining Causes & Effects : 

Explaining Causes & Effects

Explaining Causes & Effects : 

Explaining Causes & Effects

Explaining Causes & Effects : 

Explaining Causes & Effects

Explaining Causes & Effects : 

Explaining Causes & Effects

Explaining Causes & Effects : 

Explaining Causes & Effects + =

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects Understanding the cause effect relationship requires: Observation Skills Critical Thinking Skills

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects We move from asking “What happened?” to . . . “Why did it happen?” and “What will happen?” It requires moving from the concrete to the abstract, from specific to general, and moving among levels of abstraction.

Slide 9: 

PART TWO

Slide 10: 

A Modern-Day Example

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects ?

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects Ockham’s Razor: “Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate” Translation: “Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily.”

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects Ockham’s Razor: In other words. . . The explanation requiring the fewest assumptions is most likely to be correct.

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects One should not make more assumptions than needed. When multiple explanations are available for a phenomenon, the simplest version is preferred.

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects DEDUCTIVE REASONING AND INDUCTIVE REASONING

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects ISHIKAWA FISHBONE DIAGRAM Effect Causes

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects ISHIKAWA FISHBONE DIAGRAM Causes are usually listed in Four major categories:

Explaining Causes and Effects : 

Explaining Causes and Effects

Martin Smyth’s Green Grocery : 

Martin Smyth’s Green Grocery

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