pharaohs

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This ppt will give an idea of ancient Egypt Kings and Queens.

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The Pharaohs By Ms. Mini E. Abraham

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The Egyptians wrote that Egypt was once two separate countries. A strong king came and made the two countries join together in about 2920 BC.

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This strong king became the first ruler of Egypt. He was the first pharaoh. His name was Narmer (sometimes called Menes), who united Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt.

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The story of Ancient Egypt begins from when the north and the south were united as one country under the first pharaoh Menes.

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Pharaoh However, later in Egyptian history the title 'pharaoh' meant ruler. 'Pharaoh' is the term we use today to describe the rulers of ancient Egypt. 'Pharaoh' is actually a Greek word that is based on an Egyptian word that meant 'great house'. When this word was first used, it referred to the palace and its greatness, not just to the ruler himself.

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The pharaohs wore a special crown with a cobra on it. The Egyptians believed that the snake could spit poisonous fire at the pharaoh’s enemies.

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Who were the Pharaohs? A Pharaoh was the most important and powerful person in the kingdom. He was the head of the government and high priest of every temple. The Pharaoh owned all of Egypt. Pharaohs were the king or Queen of Egypt. Most pharaohs were men but some well-known pharaohs, such as Nefertiti and Cleopatra, were women.

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One pharaoh, called Hatshepsut, was a woman but she called herself ‘ King’. She often wore men’s clothes and a false beard.

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Hatshepsut was full of ambition and dressed like a man to preserve her dominance. Why Did Hatshepsut Dress like a Man ? Queen Hatshepsut probably did dress like a man because she wanted to be treated like a man. Sometimes she would also wear a fake beard , but only because it was almost unheard of for a woman to be pharaoh . Following can be the reasons. No one knows….

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RAMESES II He became the pharaoh in 1290 BC . He ruled until 1224 BC and he kept Egypt’s enemies under control.

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Battle of Kadesh in Syria

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In 1285 BC the army of Rameses II fought a battle with the Hittites. Hittite’s soldiers The Hittites were a people who once lived in what is modern Turkey and northern Syria. Battle of Kadesh in Syria

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Rameses II built more temples than any other pharaoh. The walls of the temples were filled with stories of his ‘ greatness’. A ruler holding his enemy by the hair

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Sun Temple of Ramses II Between the legs of each statue are smaller statues of members of the royal family and around these are carved figures of bound captives.

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This is also called as The Great Temple of Abu Simbel

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Of the seven temples he built, Abu Simbel is considered to be the most impressive.

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Inner hall with statues of Rameses 2 Wall painting in temple of Beit el-Wali, which Ramses II constructed in Nubia .

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Plaster cast of the wall reliefs in a temple built by Ramses II .

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On one wall, Rameses is shown in his chariot accompanied by his pet lion during the battle of Kadesh. He is carved with two right arms each holding a bow and shooting two arrows at once, which is presumed to depict his superior skill and speed during the battle.