14-1 The Great War Begins

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1 Add the following countries: United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Luxembourg, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Austria-Hungary, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Ottoman Empire, Russia.

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2

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3 Four powerful forces were causing the nations of Europe to distrust one another: Industrialization Nationalism Imperialism Militarism

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4 Triple Alliance- Triple Entente-

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5 In 1912, several Balkan states took land away from __________ (Ellis and Esler 457). The next year, they fought against themselves for the land (Ellis and Esler 457). This raised ________ to a fever pitch (Ellis and Esler 457).

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6 Francis Ferdinand-

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7 June 28, 1914 Francis Ferdinand is assassinated in Serbia. Austria-Hungary blames Serbian government.

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8 July 5, 1914 Austria-Hungary asks for Germany’s support, and receives a “blank check”. Germany mobilizes.

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9 July 7, 1914 Serbian Prime Minister denies knowledge of the plot.

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10 July 16, 1914 Great Britain warns Austria they could lose their status as a “great power”.

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11 July 23, 1914 Austria issues the “July Ultimatum” to Serbia.

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12 July 24, 1914 In response to the ultimatum, Russia mobilizes its army.

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13 July 25, 1914 France assures Russia of its support and begins secret military preparations.

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14 July 25, 1914 Austria rejects Serbia’s reply to the ultimatum and mobilizes its army.

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15 July 25, 1914 Serbia mobilizes.

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16 July 28, 1914 Austria declares war on Serbia for failing to comply with the July Ultimatum.

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17 August 1, 1914 France mobilizes its army. Germany declares war on Russia.

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18 August 3, 1914 Germany declares war on France.

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19 August 4, 1914 Germany invades Belgium to get to France. Great Britain declares war on Germany.

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20 August 6, 1914 Austria declares war on Russia.

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21 August 12, 1914 France and Great Britain declare war on Austria-Hungary.

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