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Task-Based Language Teaching:

Task-Based Language Teaching -Nunan (2004)

Defining Tasks:

Defining Tasks Nunan (2004) distinguishes between real-world (target) tasks and pedagogical tasks Pedagogical tasks „involve communicative language use in which the user ‘ s attention is focused on meaning rather than grammatical form “ (Nunan, 2004:4)

Task Based Teaching Framework:

Task Based Teaching Framework Real-world/target tasks Pedagogical tasks Enabling skills Rehearsal Activation Language Communicative Tasks tasks Exercises activities

Connecting Tasks:

Connecting Tasks Units of work or lessons Task chaining Broader syllabus level Topic related (themes) Macro- and microfunctions Grammatical elements

Broader syllabus level :

Broader syllabus level Tasks ( function+context ) Macrofunctions Microfunctions Grammar Map;partner ; ask for directions to bank Exchanging goods and services Asking for and giving directions Wh-questions Yes / no questio . Imperatives Moving ; make list of facilities / sevices you like / need ; decide on best place Exchanging goods and services Making comparisons Comparisons with adjectives Just moved ; Introduce yourself to neighbours Socializing Exchanging personal information Stative verbs , demonstratives: this ; yes / no questions Theme: The Neighbourhood

Units of work of lessons:

Units of work of lessons Target task: Look at a set of ‚to let ‘ ads, and decide with three other students on the most suitable place to rent Creation of linked sequence of enabling exercises and tasks to prepare students to carry out the task.

Six-step Procedure:

Six-step Procedure Steps Example 1. Create a number of schema-building tasks that introduce initial vocabulary, language and context for the task Look at newspaper ads; match people with accomodation; written abbreviations 2. Give learners controlled practice in target language (vocab struct., fcts) Model conversation, role-play, model with different information, reduce imitation 3. Give learners authentic listening practice Listening conversations of native speaker, match with ads 4. Focus learners on linguistic elements , e.g. grammar and vocabulary Listen again and highlight linguistic features (e.g. compa 5. Provide freer practice Pair work: information gap role play: tenant and rental agent 6. Target task Look at a set of ‚to let ‘ ads, and decide with three other students on the most suitable place to rent

Nunan: Seven Principles for TB teaching:

Nunan: Seven Principles for TB teaching Scaffolding Task dependency Recycling Active learning Integration of form, com. fct. and semantic meaning Reproduction to Creation Reflection


Bibliography Nunan, D. (2004). Tasked Based Language Teaching - A comprehensively revised edition of Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom, Cambridge University Press.