bacteriophage

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bacteria

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By: ivanduarterodrig (105 month(s) ago)

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By: ivanduarterodrig (105 month(s) ago)

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By: ivanduarterodrig (105 month(s) ago)

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Presentation Transcript

Chapter 4 bacteriophage : 

Chapter 4 bacteriophage

Slide 2: 

Bacteriophages ( phages ) are obligate intracellular parasites that multiply inside bacteria by making use of some or all of the host biosynthetic machinery . They are viruses that infect bacteria.

Composition of Bacteriophage : 

Composition of Bacteriophage Nucleic acid: either DNA or RNA but not both ds DNA, ss RNA, ss DNA unusual or modified bases encode 3-5 gene products to over 100 gene products Protein: function in infection and protect the nucleic acid

Structure of Bacteriophage : 

Structure of Bacteriophage different sizes and shapes icosahedral 二十面体 filamentous

Slide 5: 

Tail Base Plate Head

Types of Bacteriophage : 

Types of Bacteriophage Lytic or Virulent Phages 毒性噬菌体 Lysogenic or Temperate Phage 溶原性噬菌体或温和噬菌体

Lytic or Virulent Phages : 

Lytic or Virulent Phages Definition: Lytic or virulent phages are phages which can only multiply in bacteria and kill the cell by lysis at the end of the life cycle.

Slide 11: 

Life Cycle Adsorption吸附 Penetration穿入 Biological Synthesis生物合成 Maturation and Release成熟和释放

Slide 12: 

Adsorption吸附

Slide 13: 

Penetration穿入

Slide 14: 

Biological Synthesis生物合成

Slide 15: 

Maturation and Release成熟和释放

Slide 17: 

Bacteriophage binding to and injecting their DNA into a bacterial cell

Slide 19: 

normal bacteriophage bacteriophage after contraction of sheath

Assay for Lytic Phage : 

Assay for Lytic Phage Plaque assay噬斑测定

Slide 23: 

Lytic phage are enumerated by a plaque assay. A plaque is a clear area which results from the lysis of bacteria. Each plaque arises from a single infectious phage. The infectious particle that gives rise to a plaque is called a pfu (plaque forming unit).

Lysogenic or Temperate Phage溶原性噬菌体或温和噬菌体 : 

Lysogenic or Temperate Phage溶原性噬菌体或温和噬菌体 Lysogenic or temperate phages are those that can either multiply via the lytic cycle or enter a quiescent state in the cell. In this quiescent state most of the phage genes are not transcribed; the phage genome exists in a repressed state. The phage DNA in this repressed state is called a prophage because it is not a phage but it has the potential to produce phage. In most cases the phage DNA actually integrates into the host chromosome and is replicated along with the host chromosome and passed on to the daughter cells. The cell harboring a prophage is termed a lysogenic bacterium.

Slide 28: 

Lysogenic bacterium

Induction : 

Induction

溶原性细菌的溶原性周期和溶菌性周期 : 

溶原性细菌的溶原性周期和溶菌性周期

lysogenic conversion溶原性转换 : 

When a cell becomes lysogenized, occasionally extra genes carried by the phage get expressed in the cell. These genes can change the properties of the bacterial cell. This process is called lysogenic conversion. lysogenic conversion溶原性转换

Application of Bacteriophage : 

Application of Bacteriophage Used in treatment of bacterial infections Used for the identification of pathogenic bacteria (phage typing 噬菌体型分型) Used in molecular biology

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