Constructivism, Technology integration - Dr.M.A.Raihan

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Technology Integration for Innovative Learning Based on Constructivism :

1 Presenter M.A. Raihan Ph.D. candidate, KNU, KOREA Technology Integration for Innovative Learning Based on Constructivism


2 Acknowledgement Prof. Dr. Han, Seung Lock Department of Education KNU


3 CONTENT 1.Introduction 2.Constructivism and Learning 3.Constructivist Teaching and Learning 4.Technology Integration in Constructivist Learning Theory 5.Conclusion


4 Constructivism “Constructivism is a theory of knowledge (epistemology) which argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas” - Jean Piaget Jean Piaget: founder of Constructivism


5 Technology is the tool and educational theory is the mechanism Innovative learning combined with appropriate and effective uses of technology that makes the learning environment rich. 1. Introduction Picture: Network teacher (Source: The network teacher Colleagues Local community Print and digital sources Conference Curriculum documents Social blog making Video conferencing Blogs Wikis Podcast Twitter Social network blogs Photo sharing Popular media


6 The road of knowledge is always under construction Constructivism

Technology Integration :

Technology Integration According to the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) definition of technology integration: "Curriculum integration with the use of technology involves the infusion of technology as a tool to enhance the learning in a content area or multidisciplinary setting...” Picture: Technology Integration (Sources: Edutopia-back-to-school-guide-2010)


Learners & Learning in 21 st Century Learners Learning


9 Learners & Learning in 21 st Century It means that you cannot tell students what they should know; instead, your role should be to help them articulate what they know and come to know it better - Jonassen (2000) Children can construct their own understandings that learning in all subject areas involves inventing and constructing new ideas - Zemelman , Daniels (1993) Constructivism by reference to four principles: (1) learning in an important way, (2) depends on what we already know, (3) new ideas occur as we adapt and change our old ideas, (4) learning involves inventing ideas rather than mechanically accumulating facts - Piaget (1977) , Fosnot (1989), Kelly (1991)


10 Mindtools (Computer) Computers become an integral part of the classroom, changes occur. Teachers with a more traditional style find that a variety of approaches are needed when students use technology as a tool - Boethel and Dimock (1999) Computer serve as extensions of mind and works as a constructivist knowledge construction tools -(Jonassen, 2000)


Mindtools (Computer) According to Jonassen (2003), Computers can be used to support innovative learning when technologies engage learners in - knowledge construction, not reproduction, conversations, not reception, articulation, not repetition, collaboration, not competition reflection, not prescription


Scholar views Students learn to use the technology much faster than teachers - Means and Olsen (1999, as cited in Boethal and Dimock ) Students are learning with the computer when computers support knowledge construction, explorations, learning by doing and conversing - Jonassen (2000) Using technology effectively can help teachers restructure their classrooms and move from a teacher-centered lecture approach to a more learner-centered inquiry approach - Knapp & Glenn (1996)


13 Scholar views Instruction should more process-oriented rather than content-oriented - Honey & Moeller (1990) A constructivist approach more focus on students learning than on teachers teaching. A traditional perspective focuses more on teaching. From a constructivist view, knowing occurs by a process of construction by the knower - Lindfors (1984)

My Opinion..:

14 My Opinion.. Technology opens the real world to students where they can explore and construct knowledge. How we teach should originate from how students learn.

2. Constructivism & Learning:

15 2. Constructivism & Learning (Source: Constructivist Theory)

Theory of Instruction:

Theory of Instruction

Constructivist thinking:

17 Constructivist thinking You might look at it as a spiral: integrate new information. Constructivist thinking

Constructivist thinking:

18 Constructivist thinking Previous knowledge is the raw material for the new knowledge they will create. Teachers help students to construct knowledge rather than to reproduce a series of facts. In the constructivist model, the students are advised to be actively involved in their own process of learning. The teacher functions more as a facilitator who coaches, mediates, prompts, and helps students develop and assess their understanding, and thereby their learning.

Constructivism techniques in teaching- :

Constructivism techniques in teaching- prompt students to formulate their own questions (inquiry) allow multiple interpretations of learning (multiple intelligences) encourage group work and the use of peers (collaborative learning)

What are the benefits of constructivism?:

20 What are the benefits of constructivism? Children learn more, and enjoy learning more when they are actively involved Concentrates on thinking and understanding, rather than on rote memorization Constructivism gives students ownership Constructivism stimulates and engages students Emphasizes collaboration to exchange of ideas

3. Constructivist Teaching and Learning:

21 3. Constructivist Teaching and Learning Constructivist approach Traditional approach Constructivist approach

Constructivist Teaching and Learning:

22 Constructivist Teaching and Learning Learners are autonomous; the environment is democratic and student-centered When students review and reflect on their learning processes together, they can pick up strategies and methods from one another The main activity in a constructivist classroom is solving problems. In a constructivist classroom, the teacher and the student share responsibility and decision making and demonstrate mutual respect. Constructivist class is interactive in nature; authentic student-student, student-teacher and teacher-student dialogue have there A democratic classroom is self-regulating

Constructivist Teaching and Learning:

23 Constructivist Teaching and Learning Constructivist teaching enhance motivation and fosters critical thinking

Constructivist classroom:

Constructivist classroom In the constructivist classroom the teacher focus on students' learning rather than on teacher performance . - (Lester and Onore,1990;McNeil,1986; Dewey,1916;Bentley and Dewey,1949) 24

Constructivist classroom:

Constructivist classroom “At the same time that we teach children, they also teach us because they show us how they learn; we just have to watch them, ask them and carefully listen to them“ - Calkins (1986) 25


For instance, a child may believe that all trees lose their leaves in the fall, until s/he visits an Evergreen forest. Constructivist teaching identify the students' current conceptions level then start to build from there.

4. Technology Integration in Constructivist Learning Theory:

4. Technology Integration in Constructivist Learning Theory 27 The goal of technology is to improve teaching and learning, not to replace teachers

Technology Integration…Cont.:

Technology Integration…Cont . According to Dede (1998), technology with constructivist learning theory has a great potential to improve education and student learning by providing a - more active learning, more varied sensory, conceptual modes, less mental labor, learning better tailored to individuals 28

Scholar views:

Scholar views The most effective way to benefit from technology is to integrate it into the curriculum as opposed to integrating curriculum into technology -(Goodman, 1996) Tools are extensions of the human capability - (Forcier & Descy, 2002) Computer technologies, as tools can empower students with thinking skills and learning skills, and improve student’s affective and cognitive outcomes - (Waxman & Huang, 1996) 29

Scholar views…Cont.:

Scholar views…Cont. Computer technologies should not drive instruction rather, instruction should drive the technological tools being used. - (Jonassen, 2000) Technology is not a substitute for good instruction; effective instructors struggle to integrate computers in their lessons to engage multiple learning styles of their learners. - ( Zisow, 2000) Teachers generally teach the way they were taught . -(Mehlinger & Powers, 2002) 30

Recommendation - (Becker, 2000):

Recommendation - (Becker, 2000) assess the technological needs provide relevant workshops infrastructure is important leadership requirements c hange the school culture 31

10 ways to use technology in Classrooms:

10 ways to use technology in Classrooms Word processing Spreadsheets and Databases Internet Intranet E-mail Presentation Software Digital Camera Digital video Web page and Video conferencing. 32

Checklist to integrate technology in the real Classrooms:

Checklist to integrate technology in the real Classrooms 33 Criteria Yes No 1 Is it updated? 2 Is it relevant to improve cognitive level of students? 3 Is it realistic context for learning? 4 Is it allow students to learn by their own? 5 Is it convenient for teaching by electronic ways? 6 Is it motivate both teachers & students? 7 Is it promising to manage effectively? 8 Is it possible to assess students learning with this? 9 Is it appropriate for the School environment? 10 Is it economical for the institutions?


Inspiration 34 “Google Teacher Technology Academy” certified the teachers who integrate technology in the classroom.

5. Conclusion:

5. Conclusion Sandholtz (1997) expresses: technology is not a panacea for educational reform, but it can be a significant catalyst for change. David Thornberg (as cited in Galas 1997-1998), a well-known futurist suggests -"We as teachers can truly provide students the real tools of technology to cross the bridge to their future instead of our past" 35 Picture: David Thornberg (Executive Director of the University of Pennsylvania, USA)


36 Thank you

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