occupational disease

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Occupational diseases:

Occupational diseases presented by Mahpara Aslam

OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE:

OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE Occupational disease is defined as disability or disease resulting from conditions of employment usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts. 28 th April is known as a world day for safety and health at work .

HISTORY:

HISTORY In the 1st century The Roman scholar Pliny , described mercury poisoning as a disease of slaves. Greek physician of the 4th century, who recorded observation of severe lead colic disease. 1775 Percivall Pott , a London surgeon, linked the frequent occurrence of scrotal cancer among chimney sweeps. . In 1895 Britain introduced a system that required medical personnel to report all occurrences of certain diseases to the chief inspector of factories.

CAUSES OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES:

CAUSES OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES Repetitive work movements Work with arms lifted above shoulder height Heavy lifting work Work in a very noisy environment Work with hazardous substances

GLOBAL ESTIMATION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES:

GLOBAL ESTIMATION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES Each Year: 10 million occupational disease cases occur each year worldwide 400.000 cases disabling occupational illness 100.000 death from occupational disease

OCCUPATIONAL CASES IN PAKISTAN:

OCCUPATIONAL CASES IN PAKISTAN Byssinosis from cotton spinning factories. Anthracosis from coal mines Bagassosis from sugar cane industry Asbestosis from asbestos industry.

OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES:

OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES Dr. Bernadino Ramazzini , professor of medicine in Modena and Padua, Italy said that “Physicians should enquire about a patient’s occupation”.

DEFENCE INDUSTRY:

DEFENCE INDUSTRY Corss -sectional descriptive study within Explosive factories Filling factories Brass mills

CHEMICALS USED IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY:

CHEMICALS USED IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY TNT RDX PETN Nitric acid White Phosphorus Zinc oxide nitroglycerin

RESULTS AND FINDINGS Disease cases in explosive factory:

RESULTS AND FINDINGS Disease cases in explosive factory

Disease cases in filling factory:

Disease cases in filling factory

Disease cases in brass mill:

Disease cases in brass mill

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION On the basis of the calculations and analysis of frequencies and pattern of disease we can conclude that there is a relation between the chemicals used in ordinance industry and diseases cases reported.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

RECOMMENDATIONS T here should be department in every industry which should work on the chemicals and material used in the industry and their effects on workers. There must be a procedure for medical checkup of employees on yearly basis. It is need of the hour that emphasis should be given on health education of the workers and straightened regulations must be imposed to reduce these problems.