Different Methods of Training

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training and devlopment


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Different Methods of Training:

August 27, 2012 Methods of Training Different Methods of Training Prepared by: Rajat Tanwar


August 27, 2012 Methods of Training Program Aim : To understand the different methods of training. Program Objective : By the end of this session delegates will be able to explain the different methods of training accurately.

Training Methods:

August 27, 2012 Methods of Training Training Methods Lecture Method Demonstration Method Practical Exercise (Practice Method)

Lecture Method:

August 27, 2012 Methods of Training Lecture Method Lecture method : LM is a trainer centered training in that the trainer is the sole dissemination of information. The best method is when the trainer presents a segment of training, questions the student frequently, and provides periodic summaries or logical point of development. Advantages : Students are encouraged to ask questions about points which are not clear, and the trainer is free to take the necessary time to answer these questions. Good for auditory people. Limitations : The major limitation of this method is that only limited discussion is possible because of larger classes and greater amount of material to be covered. Not good for VK.

Demonstration Method:

August 27, 2012 Methods of Training Demonstration Method Demonstration method : DM is one in which the student observes the portrayal of procedure, technique, or operation. The demonstration method shows how to do something or how something works. It may or may not introduce new methods. Advantages : It sets standards by showing exactly how a thing is to be done and the degree of proficiency required to meet objective. The demonstration appeals both to the sense of sight and hearing. The method saves time since principles, theories, and operations can usually be shown more quickly then they can be explained. Good for VA Limitations : Since student do not actively participate in all demonstration, there is less reinforcement of teaching points if this method is used alone. Thus, this method should be followed with a practical exercise in which the students do participate. DM is not good for Kinesthetic people.

Practical Exercise :

August 27, 2012 Methods of Training Practical Exercise Practical Exercise : PE is a method of training in which the student actively participates, either individually or as a team member. He does this by applying previously learned knowledge or skills. This method may take several forms: team, pupil, and independent practice. Types of practice methods : Team practice, role play, case study, brain storming, discussion, games and competition. Advantage : Students learn by practicing role. PE encourages learners to think about the subject from various perspectives. Students learn from each other. Also, learners become eager to learn in order to ‘beat the competition’ as competition creates enthusiasm. Good for VAK. Limitations : If not handled properly may create conflict among the learners because of competition. Learner’s confidence can be damaged if they are told their idea is ‘wrong’ or if they face aggressive opposition. Disadvantage for shy people.


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