History of Women

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History of Women:

History of Women Teacher : Luciana Viter

Ancient World:

Ancient World

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Neolithic female figure Ancient greek female figure The figure of Mother Goddess was important

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Diet of prehistoric human beings: mostly plant foods and meat only ocasionally . Thus, woman the gatherer may have been more important than man the hunter on providing food.

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Mother Goddess , sometimes referred to as  Mother Earth or Mother Nature, represented motherhood, fertility, creation .

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Durga ( India ) Durga's feminine power contained the combined energies of all the gods

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Yemanja In Yoruba mithology , the mother of all saints Danu , the mother of Irish g ods

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Isis nursing Horus ( Egypt ) Juno ( Greece (as Hera) and Rome ) goddess of marriage and queen of the gods

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And later, Mary (Virgin Mary) Mother of Jesus for Catholic Christians

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In these contexts , priestesses often enjoyed rights and liberties denied to most women , as their own property and income, freedom of movement and prestige. Vestal priestesses (Rome)  

And there were also some powerful queens:

And there were also some powerful queens

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But patriarchal communities and values prevailed

Patriarchy:

Patriarchy A social system in which the male is the primary authority figure  to social organization. Fathers hold authority over women and children . Many patriarchal societies are also patrilineal , meaning that property and title are inherited by the male lineage. PATER – FATHER

Myths and Archetypes:

Myths and Archetypes The relationship between women and men in the West is rooted in the Genesis story of Adam and Eve.

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The story of Eve has provided men with the reason why they should restrain and restrict the social, sexual, religious, political, and economic freedom of women. It has also given the justification to hold women responsible for all the misfortunes suffered by mankind.

Other mythical women’s representations:

Other mythical women’s representations Pandora, the first woman created by the gods, according to the greeks , opened a box releasing all the evils of humanity.  She opened it out of simple curiosity.

Magic and Witchcraft:

Magic and Witchcraft Women were traditionally the guardians of folk medicine . It was considered white magi c . Fear of women’s power of doing black magic originated the myth of witches .

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Although accusations of  witchcraft seem to have been most commonly made against older women who lived on the margins of society, women who were too powerful could become targets as well. Joan of Arc is one famous example.

Marriage:

Marriage For a long time, marriage was the most important item to define the place of a woman in society .

Women’s Suffrage:

Women’s Suffrage Only on 20 th Century, Women had finally won the right to vote .

Some women in History who changed the world :

Some women in History who changed the world Marie Curie , a pioneer researcher on radioactivity, was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in  multiple sciences. She was also the first female professor at Sorbonne.

Some women in History who changed the world :

Some women in History who changed the world Rosa Parks , the “first lady of civil rights”, refused to obey bus driver  order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.

Some women in History who changed the world :

Some women in History who changed the world Mother Teresa devoted her life to the service of the poor and dispossessed. She became a global icon for selfless service to others. She was awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1979.

Some women in History who changed the world :

Some women in History who changed the world Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani  school pupil and education activist who wrote  detailing her life under Taliban rule and her views on promoting education for girls . On 2012 , Yousafzai was shot in the head and neck while returning home on a school bus .

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today Honour-Killings

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today Forced marriages

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today Rapes

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today C lothing Requirements

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today Restricted access to education

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today Female Infanticide

Women are still oppressed today:

Women are still oppressed today Deprivation of Freedom and Citizenship

Inequalities:

Inequalities

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