THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE:

THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE By: LILIAN B. SALAN Teacher II Bailingasag Central School Balingasag , Misamis Oriental PHILIPPINES

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE Managers play a very vital role in an organization. They hold the direction towards the common goals of the group.

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Let us contemplate on the considerable skill of management… the construction of the famous rice terraces THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE t he b uilding of pyramids

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE the massive workforce that build the Taj Mahal

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE Douglas McGregor's X-Y theory is a simple reminder of the natural rules that govern people management.

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Fundamental Approaches to Managing People Theory X Theory y

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Theories Compared Theory X ('authoritarian management' style) The Average Person: Dislikes work and will avoid it if he can. Theory Y ('participative management' style) The Average Person: Physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Theories Compared Theory X ('authoritarian management' style) The Average Person: Must be coerced to work with the threat of punishment towards organizational objectives Theory Y ('participative management' style) The Average Person: The average person is not lazy and will exercise self-direction if committed to objectives .

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Theories Compared Theory X ('authoritarian management' style) The Average Person: Prefers to be directed Theory Y ('participative management' style) The Average Person: Commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Theories Compared Theory X ('authoritarian management' style) The Average Person: Tends to avoid responsibility Theory Y ('participative management' style) The Average Person: People usually accept and often seek responsibility .

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Theories Compared Theory X ('authoritarian management' style) The Average Person: Is relatively un-ambitious Theory Y ('participative management' style) The Average Person: The capacity to use a high degree of imagination, ingenuity and creativity in solving organizational problems is widely, not narrowly, distributed in the population

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THEORIES OF MANAGING PEOPLE The Two Theories Compared Theory X ('authoritarian management' style) The Average Person: Wants security above all Theory Y ('participative management' style) The Average Person: In industry the intellectual potential of the average person higher than what is actually utilized

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Individual Motivation and Organizational Behavior Motivation is a very important for an organization because of the following benefits it provides :

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1.Puts human resources into action . 2. Improves level of efficiency of employees 3. Leads to achievement of organizational goals 4.Builds friendly relationship 5. Leads to stability of work force

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We can summarize by saying that motivation is important both to an individual and a business. Motivation is important to an individual as:

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4 . An individual would always gain by working with a dynamic team. 1. Motivation will help him achieve his personal goals. 2. If an individual is motivated, he will have job satisfaction. 3. Motivation will help in self-development of individual.

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Similarly, motivation is important to an organization as : 1. The more motivated the employees are, the more empowered the team is. 2. The more is the team work and individual employee contribution, more profitable and successful is the business.

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3 .During period of amendments, there will be more adaptability and creativity. 4. Motivation will lead to an optimistic and challenging attitude at work place.

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WORDS OF THOUGHT: Unity to be real must stand the severest strain without breaking. Mahatma Gandhi