PhD Dissertation - ICCR 2011

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BUILDING A VIBRANT AND HEALTHY CHURCH THROUGH EFFECTIVE DISCIPLESHIP: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF SOME CHURCHES IN LAGOS METROPOLIS.

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1 BUILDING A VIBRANT AND HEALTHY CHURCH THROUGH EFFECTIVE DISCIPLESHIP: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF SOME CHURCHES IN LAGOS METROPOLIS. BY OYEWOLE OLABANJI SARUMI Matric No. ICCR/LAG/DR/026 BEING A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Ph.D DEGREE IN MINISTRY AND CHURCH GROWTH TO INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR CHURCH RENEWAL ICCR SEPTEMBER 2012

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2 DECLARATION PAGE I declare that this study samples cases and findings in this research work is original. References made to other existing materials on this topic is duly acknowledged. ----------------------------------------------------- Oyewole O. Sarumi

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3 APPROVAL PAGE This Research Project has been read approved and accepted as meeting the requirement of the International Centre for Church Renewal Lagos Nigeria in partial fulfilment for the Award of Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D Degree in Christian Ministry and Church Growth. ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- DR. J.A DANIELS DATE SUPERVISOR ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- DR. E. AWOSOPE DATE LECTURER ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- DR. M. OLUWANIYI DATE REGISTRAR ----------------------------------------------- DR. FRANCIS BOLA AKIN-JOHN CHANCELLOR

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4 APPROVAL PAGE This is to certify that the Research Project was carried out under my supervision and that the findings in the research work are accurate. ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- SUPERVISOR DATE ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- INTERNAL EXAMINER DATE ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------- EXTERNAL EXAMINER DATE

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5 DEDICATION This study is dedicated to my lovely wife Pastor Mrs. Folakemi O. Sarumi for her remarkable courage limitless support over these three years of my wandering around the Institute while she faithfully and dutifully kept the home front without fretting with unbiased attention. I hope the outcome of this theological journey will be an example to our three children to be disciples of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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6 ABSTRACT The study investigates the impact of effective discipleship programme in building vibrant and healthy church. Many researchers recognise the influence of effective Discipleship on the total health of any church and the spiritual growth of members into maturity. The study adopted both qualitative and quantitative research methodology. The qualitative research consisted of 20 in-depth interviews with some church workers ministers and church leaders. The quantitative research was gathered using structured questionnaires. 150 questionnaires were sent to 20 churches within the area of jurisdiction of the research and 105 responses were received. The response rate was 75 upon which the results and conclusion of this study were based. The results of the questionnaire revealed an average level of usage of discipleship programme in the churches investigated. With regards to beliefs that are expected of a true disciple of Christ 70.7 of most respondent said the statements were completely true for them. On practices that disciples should display 43.03 of most respondents said they were involved in one form of spiritual practices or another. When asked on the virtues that disciples should release to others a huge 76.7 of most respondents said they are fully engage in these. The in-depth interviews revealed that church member assumed that attending 2-3 services weekly is enough to help them grow into maturity. The

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7 church workers/ministers assumed that being in God’s service is a form of discipleship as most were not frequent to participate in the small group meeting that could help them grow spiritually. Interviewed church leaders felt they were doing enough discipleship programmes to help their members grow spiritually. Most of these leaders believed that organising programmes is a form of discipleship while there was apparent neglect of teaching on doctrines that grow members. The interview revealed that church leaders who were disciplers did better to help members grow spiritually and vice-versa. The discipleship programmes well instituted in a church have positive effect on the rate of growth in that church. There exist a significance difference between churches headed by leaders who are disciplers and those without disciplers. There is a positive and direct relationship between discipleship programme instituted in the church and the rate of growth observed and experienced. It is recommended that church leaders should develop a well organised and coordinated discipleship programme as process that help converts to grow into maturity. It is also recommended that leaders spend quality time at least 60 to teach their congregation and mentor a few under-leaders who would assist to fan the embers of discipleship in the church. It is recommended that further research be carried out into specific churches to discover the depth of their discipleship practices and proffer solution that are specific and relevant to assist in the building of a healthy church that will draw men to Christ.

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8 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I firstly would like to give thanks to the Almighty God for His bountiful grace abundant loving-kindness provision unwavering protection and enriching experiences He has granted me throughout my learning expedition and research at the International Institute of Church Renewal Lagos Nigeria. This institute brings together every year experienced and anointed men and women of God from different denominations and background to work together which I find highly revealing enriching and unforgettable. While the idea of this study is entirely mine my gratitude goes to many people who provided needed support at the right time. So this work is a combination of many efforts and experiences of giants in the field of church growth who breathed into me the needed life that gave birth to this research study. Every student of research has only one pedestal to stand on to see afar in the forest of academic/theological spectrum and that is where the shoulders of many contributors and theological forerunners who had done great works upon which I have benefited immensely. I am one of those students who received unflinching support and assistance of those we can truly call remarkable lecturers and friends who readily lent helping hands to produce this jewel of a work.

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9 The success of this study goes to the President of my Institute Dr. Francis Bola Akin-John who has taught me consciously and unconsciously how churches can grow in the midst of challenges. His wealth of knowledge on churches laced with repository of wisdom on church health has enabled him to positively impact a part of his life and essence into the fabric of my life and ministry. I am deeply grateful for joy and enthusiasm that he exudes and radiates anytime he comes to our class for without which this course is incomplete. Thank you very much sir. I wish to express my appreciation to my promoter and supervisor Dr. Joseph O. Daniels for being honoured to accept me as one of his PhD student this year. I appreciate your contributions of time ideas provision of useful research materials to make my research experience productive stimulating and rewarding. I am also grateful for the excellent example he has provided for me as a successful and resourceful church growth expert and consultant of repute that belong to a superior category. I owe a debt of gratitude to all our lecturers in the Institute starting from the ever-present and amiable Registrar Dr. Michael Oluwaniyi whose constant admonition to us on the need to expedite action on this study helped me to a large extent. I have also benefited from the invaluable lectures encouragement and admonition of the following without whose touch this work would be incomplete: Dr. Elijah Awosope Evang. Adedeji Adekusibe Dr Alex and Dr

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10 Mrs Kemi Akin-John. I must gratefully acknowledge the encouragement advice and good wishes of Dr. Yinka Akinsanya whose persistency gave me the impetus to trudge on even when pressure mounts contrariwise of this course and studies. I would like also to extend my warm thanks to all the staff of the Institute who were working in the shadows to put things right thereby creating a conducive learning environment worthy of commendation. I need to recognise the contribution of my brother and friend Dr. Olayode Fatoki of the Department of Statistics University of Lagos whose advice and labour in the collation of the huge data and dogged analysis contributed in no small measure to the outcome of this study. His succinct suggestions helped to produce the sterling quality that this work represents. I also thank the Librarians of West African Theological Seminary Ipaja Lagos the Redeemed Christian Bible College and International Bible Training Centre IBTC for their assistance in accessing relevant monographs and research resources for this work. To my friends in discipleship ministry for over two decades I am full of thanks to Pastors Constance Iwenya O.O. Odunuga and Bro. Yomi Taiwo for the opportunity given to me to use many of their books and reference materials that enriched the quality of this study. My manuscripts were a mass of papers which my Assistant Mr. Uchenna Akunna relentlessly

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11 worked upon to put the jig-saw puzzle together to become something readable and useful so to him I say a big thank you. It would be incomplete not to appreciate Mr. Adeseun Adewole who was not only outstanding and warm hearted to edit this work at short notice but did it with infective enthusiasm that is unparalleled in spite of time constraints. The entire class of Doctorate student 2012 were a special group of talented resourceful and appreciative people whose believe trust and positive contribution contributed to the completion of this study. To you all I say thank you for everything. Finally I like to appreciate my jewel of inestimable value Pastor Mrs. Folakemi O. Sarumi unto whom this study is dedicated for believing in me and keeping the home front dutifully without any lacuna. Like I posited in the dedication I pray that the outcome of this theological journey will be an example to our three children all away from home Omofolawole Ayodeji and Anjolaoluwa to follow and be disciples of our Lord Jesus Christ. While I owe all that I have mentioned above a lot of gratitude for their contributions to this study I take full responsibility for all the views hereby expressed in this work. Oyewole Olabanji Sarumi September 2012

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12 TABLE OF CONTENTS Index Page Cover Page ………………………………………………………. Declaration Page………………………………………………….. Approval Page …………………………………………………… Certification Page…………………………………………………. Dedication ……………………………………………………….. Acknowledgement ………………………………………………. Abstract …………………………………………………………… Table of Contents ………………………………………………….. Page CHAPTER ONE 1.0 General Introduction …………………………………………. 1.1 Introduction…………………………………………………… 1.2 Statement of the Problems…………………………………….. 1.3 Scope of Study………………………………………………… 1.4 Significance of Study………………………………………… 1.5 Hypothesis……………………………………………………… 1.6 Limitations……………………………………………………… 1.7 Definitions of Terms…………………………………………...... CHAPTER TWO 2.0 Literature Review………………………………………………… 2.1 Introduction………………………………………………………..

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13 2.2 The Meaning of Discipleship……………………………………….. 2.3 The Discipleship Models………………………………………….. 2.4 Historical Perspectives on Discipleship……………………………. 2.5 The Concept and Basis of Discipleship…………………………….. 2.6 The Path of Discipleship……………………………………………. 2.7 Who is A Disciple............................................................................ 2.8 The Cost of Discipleship……………………………………………. 2.9 Understanding the Conditions for Discipleship……………………. 3.0 The Proof of Discipleship…………………………………………… 3.1 The Place of Mentorship in Discipleship………………………………. 3.2 The Meaning of Church Growth……………………………………….. 3.3 The Church and Growth Consciousness…………………………………. 3.4 The Principles of Church Growth………………………………………… 3.5 The Discipleship Process for Church Growth…………………………… 3.6 Why Most Church Discipleship Programme Fails………………………. 3.7 The Importance of Discipleship in Church Growth…………………….. 3.8 The Concept of Mentoring Discipleship Counselling………………. 3.9 The Rewards of Discipleship…………………………………………….. 4.0 How to Multiply Godly Members……………………………………….. 4.1 The Church that is really Growing………………………………………. CHAPTER THREE 3.0 Methodology………………………………………………………..

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14 3.1 Introduction……………………………………………………….. 3.2 Research Design…………………………………………………… 3.3 Population Sample…………………………………………………. 3.4 Method of Data Collection…………………………………………. 3.5 Data Analysis……………………………………………………… 3.6 Conclusion…………………………………………………………. CHAPTER FOUR 4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data……………………………….. 4.1 Introduction…………………………………………………… 4.2 Findings and Results of Analysis………………………….. CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 Summary Conclusion and Recommendation………………. 5.1 Introduction……………………………………………………. 5.2 Summary……………………………………………………… 5.3 Conclusion……………………………………………………. 5.4 Recommendations……………………………………………. Bibliography…………………………………………………… Questionnaires……………………………………………………

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15 1.0 CHAPTER 1 1.1 General Introduction When things go wrong in the church we often look at the peripheral issues in resolving the problem. If we look deeper the abysmal state of churches today is the lack of effective discipleship process that helps young Christian converts become matured and be a follower of Jesus Christ both in words and deeds. It is no wonder that the church is now in an unfortunate generation where greater percentage of Christians are loaded with messages that are centred on hollowed and peripheral kingdom life. So many things are responsible for the shallowness that is pervasive in today’s church. Some of these are self projection of leaders and followers peripheral scriptural and inspirational knowledge of the person of Jesus Christ routinised worship with no spirit-life the same person responding to altar calls many times pulpit entertainment and gimmickry with superfluity of the whole essence of the church. The most worrisome is the conduct and character of some church leaders and ministers whose sole duty is to raise disciples of Jesus Christ. In many of them we can see pride anger greed hatred filthy lucre immorality politicking for self aggrandisement among others. However most of the so called today’s Christians are not disciples of Jesus Christ but the disciples of their pastors and

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16 ministers. This is an apparent failure of no effective discipleship process in most of our churches that make people to become Christ - centred. In the church of today we have large crowds of people who only come to seek the blessing from the Lord but not to become genuine followers of the Lord whose blessing they are after. They see God as Father Christmas and many pastors are not ready to disciple anybody. Some are reformed but not truly transformed hence there are large numbers of carnal ministers who are not disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ and many workers are working for the Lord they have not met. There are several believers who never believe in the Lord whom they profess while others are serving the God not known to them. In spite of the obvious decadence in this age the Lord still has remnants among current church leaders and ministers who are standing right in some of our churches today. There are still many Christians and teachers whose lives clearly illustrate deep knowledge of Jesus Christ personal and persistent relationship with the Lord integrity and deep life of Christ that keeps reflecting from them. These men and women are few but their life emits the true heavenly fragrances that challenge some of us who look up to them but annoys those who think they are too serious for God. The unfortunate thing is that they are few but if they can start shining to reproduce themselves in the various places where they are located things will start to change for better in the churches.

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17 In the 21 st century the main issue in the church is the holistic approach of church health and not just church growth in numerical terms. The church may be ‘growing’ but not healthy. Church Growth as we know is the fulfilment of the great commission. It is defined according to Akin-John 2005 as “a careful study which investigates the nature function and health of Christian churches as they relate to the effective implementation of the Great Commission.” To achieve this the church needs the balanced diet of the Word of God through effective and thorough discipleship in other to grow and be healthy. Leith Anderson 2007 a pastor said “a Church could grow warmer through fellowship stronger through worship broader through ministry larger through evangelism. It is only through discipleship that will guarantee health in the growth of the Church.” What else could be the truth Jesus Christ said in Luke chapter six verse sixty “A disciple is not above his teacher but everyone who is perfectly trained will be like his teacher”. So from Christ’s perspective the need for discipleship is to produce those like Him through training teaching biblical mentoring character tailoring using the missile of the Word and the thread of biblical teaching so that the church can be full of strong and mature people who will reproduce themselves for the church to thrive.

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18 According to Greg L. Hawkins and Cally Parkinson 2011 there are four best practices and one overarching principle of leadership for most disciple making churches. Instead of offering up a wide-ranging menu of ministry opportunities to newcomers best-practice churches firstly promote and provide a high- impact nonnegotiable pathway of focused first steps - a pathway designed specifically to jumpstart a spiritual experience that gets people moving toward a Christ-centered life. Secondly at best-practice churches the Bible goes well beyond its role as the foundation for teaching and life instruction. These churches breathe Scripture. Every encounter and experience within the church begins with the question “What does the Bible have to say about that” And church leaders’ model living their life according to the answers to that question. Thirdly best-practice congregants don’t just belong to their church they believe they are the church. They embrace its discipleship values as part of their identity. Best-practice churches inspire and hold people accountable for changing their behavior — for becoming more Christlike in their everyday lives as a reflection of their faith. Fourthly best-practice churches don’t simply serve their community. They act as its shepherd becoming deeply involved in community issues and frequently serving in influential positions with local civic organizations. They often partner with nonprofit organisations and other churches to secure whatever resources are necessary to address the most press- ing local needs and concerns beneficial to the overall community.

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19 In addition to these four practices Greg and Cally 2011 identified one overarching leadership principle that emerged in their interaction with the senior pastors of these top five percent churches. They discovered that “these churches are led by individuals consumed with making disciples: absolutely consumed. Making disciples of Christ was unquestionably their most important aspiration and the deepest desire of their hearts.” And that characteristic fueled all the four practices highlighted above. Many church leaders and ministers ought to ask themselves these questions: “Do I really know what’s going on in the hearts and souls of my people Are all these activities and programmes moving them closer to God or are we all just spinning our wheels year in year out without any discernible movement towards being Christlike” This research study will show us how to do a better job of helping people grow spiritually which is the main reason for our being called to lead the flock of Jesus. There are the two streams of discipleship that I have observed as I study for this research work. First there are those who say “What is important is mainly discipleship the church is irrelevant. They say let’s not discuss the church let’s instead discuss how to make disciples.” People with this mindset are suffering from lack of understanding of what a church should be as it was in the New Testament days. When people make such statements they are talking about how church has been done traditionally that includes “churches” that gather in homes parks and restaurants. So whenever people think of “church” through

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20 a traditional lens it’s not hard to see the pressing need for discipleship. Secondly the other view says ‘that you cannot separate disciple making from the church i.e. you cannot separate the forming of people into full-pledged followers of Jesus and a living breathing vibrant community that gathers under His headship. To put it another way you cannot separate discipleship from the church ekklesia just like you cannot separate child-rearing from the family. And you can’t separate the church from Jesus Himself for it’s His very body. Let me explain this with a vivid illustration. Can you please imagine a saltwater fish The fish can only survive in his natural habitat which is the ocean. Why is this so It is because the ocean surrounds the fish with everything it needs to live breathe and have its being. It is in the ocean that the fish can be all that God has destined it to become. In addition the fish is also a dependent creature and swim in schools. Now let’s consider a different scenario in this illustration. Imagine that this fish is removed from the ocean and from its school and it’s thrown into someone’s backyard where people take turns sprinkling salt on its body and spraying the fish with a water hose every fifteen minutes. That to me is a vivid picture of our modern day discipleship which cannot help promote the cause of Jesus and His kingdom. Discipleship has been separated from the Christian’s native habitat – the Church and it has become a highly individualistic event. In the word of Frank

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21 Viola 2011 “An individual discipler ‘disciples’ an individual disciplee to become a better individual disciple.” Christianity has and always will be a collective corporate life and pursuit. The issue therefore is not discipleship. The issue is restoring the Church as God intended it to be for the Church is the Christian’s native habitat and from it flows the life of Christ and everything else including making the congregants disciples of Jesus Christ. How did the Twelve make disciples in their days The fish metaphor brings us face-to-face with a question that is rarely asked today: How did the apostles who received the original commission of Jesus to “make disciples of all nations” carry out this commission Going through the New Testament chronologically from Acts to Revelation there’s only one answer that is obvious. They did so by planting Churches all over the known world. Converts were made and sustained into complete followers of Jesus naturally and organically simply by being part of the local Church in their city. For them the church was the environment for spiritual training and it was termed “the school of Christ” by many who have commented on this. The Twelve knew the Church themselves because they lived in an embryonic expression of it in Galilee with Jesus Himself. For 3½ years the Twelve and some women lived together in a community with one another where Jesus was both the center and the head of their lives.

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22 When a Christian lives as a living expression of the Body of Christ today he or she is being discipled just by being part of that expression just as a saltwater fish grows is nurtured and is sustained simply by living in the ocean and swimming with its school. The Church therefore is the birth right of every child of God. By living in it God’s people naturally absorb Christ. This is because in an authentic and healthy Church the life of Jesus Christ is constantly flowing being shared expressed revealed and imparted by and to the members. Therefore the Christian is “discipled” by Christ and into Christ through the community of the believers when it is functioning as it should. Those who are called to plant Churches today ought to carry out the so-called “Great Commission” as it was done in the beginning which is by making disciples converts and establishing them into communities where the Holy Spirit does the work of transformation and this is what many are calling “discipleship” today. And the church of today need to backtrack and return to this old landmark the New Testament way of growing members to become Christlike if the Great Commission is to be fulfilled in our time. 1.2 Statement of the Problem 1.2.1 We have identified some of the problems to be investigated in this Study. They include: 1.2.1.1 Most churches are filled with mere Christian converts rather than strong and mature Christians.

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23 1.2.1.2 Many of our churches have no proper balance between numerical and spiritual growth of the Church. 1.2.1.3 Most churches have no properly defined discipleship process that helps cleanse the church of carnality and worldliness. 1.2.1.4 Most churches lack matured Christians who can help produce saved sound and sanctified Christians. 1.2.1.5 Most church leaders lack the knowledge and know-how of how to raise true disciples of Jesus Christ. 1.2.1.6 Most of our churches are preparing their members for hell rather than preparing them as saints for heaven. 1.2.1.7 Most church leaders are failing to address the issue of shallowness that the pervasive prosperity messages without holiness of today have brought into Christianity. 1.2.1.8 The current stagnation in our churches is connected to the lack of effective spiritual counseling and mentoring processes. 1.2.1.9 Most church leaders have neglected teaching which is the bedrock of discipleship. 1.3. Scope of Study 1.3.1 This study investigates the following:

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24 1.3.1.1 The reasons for lack of discipleship process in our churches today. 1.3.1.2 The implications and consequences of what the lack of effective discipleship programme will have on the growth of the church in the short to long term. 1.3.1.3 Whether the church leaders understand the need for discipleship process or not and if any programme are currently instituted in their churches. 1.3.1.4 The challenge of lack of mentorship in discipleship is having on the overall image of the church to the world. 1.3.2 This Study will also make recommendations to church leaders on how to institute an enduring discipleship programme that build and sustain relationship among members. Also it will substantiate the need for well defined discipleship counseling programme in our churches to assist members to become heavenly focussed. 1.4. Significance of Study 1.4.1 This Study is significant because of the reasons stated below:

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25 1.4.1.1 It will assist leaders to know the true growth state of their churches in view of the qualitative revelation of spirituality in the church. 1.4.1.2 It will bring to the front burner the problems of those churches that does not care to grow members to become disciples. 1.4.1.3 It will show the church leaders that numerical growth is not synonymous to spiritual growth if nothing is done to enhance the latter in the church. 1.4.1.4 It will also enable most church leadership to access the findings of this study and employ the recommendations in it to position discipleship as a key programme in their churches. 1.4.1.5 It will also serve as a springboard for future researchers who are interested in the field of discipleship and church growth. 1.6 Hypothesis To Be Tested 1.6.1 The Hypothesis to be tested is: Ho1 Discipleship programme in churches do not enhance the rate of church growth. Ha1 Discipleship programme in churches enhance the rate of church growth.

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26 1.6.2 The Second Hypothesis is: Ho2 There is no significant difference between Churches headed by people who are disciplers with teaching gifts and those headed by people who are not disciplers with no teaching gifts. Ha2 There is a significant difference between Churches headed by people who are disciplers with teaching gifts and those headed by people who are not disciplers with no teaching gifts. 1.6.3 The Third Hypothesis is: Ho3 There is no relationship between discipleship programmes instituted in the churches and the total growth observed and experienced. Ha3 There is relationship between discipleship programmes instituted in the churches and the total growth observed and experienced. 1.7 Limitation of the Study 1.7.1 The following represents some of the limitations anticipated for this Study: 1.7.1.1 This research work may not cover all churches pan Nigeria due mainly to paucity of fund. Therefore a sizable number of these churches will be investigated as a representation of

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27 others using the simple random sampling to determine the churches to be included in the cluster sample. 1.7.1.2 In view of the number of churches to be investigated the result may not likely be a total representation of the true state but a mere and general representation of the churches in the Lagos State – the location to be studied. 1.7.1.3 This study anticipates the possibility of individual biases and doctoring of the information given concerning themselves and their churches because some of the questions to be asked from respondents are personal in nature. We recognise that this may have some effect on the final outcome of this research however this effect is not expected to be significant enough to nullify or rubbish the outcome of this research. 1.7.1.4 Time constraints during the year of this research make less time available than may be ideal for an ethnographic study of this nature. There are bound to be aspects of church practice and culture that will not be revealed during my observations and if revealed may not be captured by my assistants because I could not personally administer the questionnaires due to time constraints. Also being an outsider to these churches may also limit what is revealed to me in the course of this research.

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28 1.7.2 We made every effort in the course of this work that these limitations do not nullify or rubbish the outcome of the research. 1.8 Definition of Terms Some terms used in this proposal include: 1.8.1 Christian – A person who believes in the religion and the teaching of Jesus Christ. 1.8.2 Converts – Those who have just given their lives to Jesus Christ. 1.8.3 Matured - A showing of the mental emotional spiritual characteristics associated with a fully developed Christian that is Christ-centred. 1.8.4 Effective - Causing a result especially the desired or intended result. 1.8.5 Disciple –A learner and follower of Jesus Christ. 1.8.6 Discipler – Someone who is a dogged follower of Jesus Christ and is in relationship with a student learner called disciple. 1.8.7 Discipleship –A process of training a disciple to become like Jesus by various exposures activities and disciplines as

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29 dictated by the leadership and determination of the Lord Jesus Christ Himself. 1.8.8 Discipleship Process - The work that takes place in the church to produce matured Christians i.e. to facilitate the flows from potential converts right through to mature believers. This may occur through courses but more often discipleship is produced though informal contacts that occur in areas such as house or small groups shared mission work or general friendships. 1.8.9 Church – A local assembly of believers who have pledged their loyalty to Jesus Christ and meet regularly for services and fellowship. 1.9.0 Growth – Development or process of growing. 1.9.1 Church Growth - The numerical growth of the church whether measured by attendance membership etc regardless of which category people belong to basic discipleship mature etc. The growth may be by conversion transfer or birth. 1.9.2 Kingdom Growth-The numerical growth of the church whether measured by attendance membership etc through conversion with a discipleship process that produces a healthy balance of maturity. The church that grows through

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30 conversion and maturity is achieved by discipling of converts not by transfers from other churches. 1.9.3 Qualitative –Based on the character of something. 1.9.4 Quantitative – Based on the amount or number of something. 1.9.5 Carnality – To possess worldly virtues and attitude. 1.9.6 Spiritual – To have godly virtues and refinement with regard to the Spirit. 1.9.7 Counseling –To devotedly guide someone through advice and teachings. 1.9.8 Hypothesis -A proposed explanation based on limited evidence used as a basis for further investigation. 1.9.9 Ho - Null Hypothesis 2.0.0 Ha - Alternative Hypothesis

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31 CHAPTER TWO 2.0 Literature Review 2.1 Introduction This section provides an in-depth review of different scholastic and practical literatures on Discipleship and Church Growth to assist in lightening the dark tunnel that this study intends to explore and provide help to needy church leaders on how effective discipleship can be institutionalized in our churches to channel congregants to spiritual maturity. The monographs essays writings and books e.t.c. to which this study refers will be dutifully assessed to examine past and current debates on discipleship and church growth and contrast to our own perspective. The concept of discipleship is neither new nor exclusively Christian. Examples of disciples and disciplers are numerous both in modern and ancient societies. On one spectrum to the Greeks the process of discipleship afforded an effective way to pass on popular ideologies. The great philosopher Aristotle was a disciple of Plato. In order words Aristotle was Platos apprentice. Through close association Aristotle became steeped in Platos thoughts feelings reactions and convictions. Aristotle went on to disseminate that body of information throughout the Greek world and the discipleship process continued till today.

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32 At the other spectrum you can find a modern-day parallel of discipleship taking place in many corners and town/city streets. For instance in Nigeria the local ‘Area father’ is a disciple of a sort. Hes looking for moldable young people whom he can train not only to become addicted to his tricks but to become his distributors thus increasing his client base and his influence in the territory. Tragically this variation on the discipling process is extremely effective as we can observe with the unassuaging notoriety of this group in the life of our nation. That everyone is a product of a discipler of a different kind: father mother teacher uncle auntie among others - remain vivid examples that we have been caretakered and watched over the years to become who we are today. I remember that when I was in my early teens my grandfather a local chief and a customary court judge would take me along to magistrate courts where I sat to learn truth and honesty early in life as he pass judgement on people. On other occasions because we live together I watched him settle disputes and quarrels between families friends and associates. In most cases I stood at his side and note what he says and do to others. Those experiences left an indelible mark upon me and played a big part in shaping my present-day ministry and life perceptions. Unconsciously today I found myself with my eldest son around to accompany and participate in my ministry work and may be my grandfathers discipling influence could be passed to yet another generation.

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33 So the word disciple generally means student as we have seen. However in Greek the word has two additional shades of meaning. First a disciple is one who has learned what the discipler knows. He has collected and retained the raw data. In most schools the process stops here. Students are tested for what they remember. Regurgitating facts and figures may be all it takes to secure a good grade. But for our purposes the process is incomplete. Information is not enough performance is essential. Discipleship is not simply a matter of how much you know it is vitally concerned with how much you can do. And if the mechanism of discipleship does not move one from information to execution the process has failed. Consider the surgeon as an example. He spends years in the school learning about all the parts of the body and how they work. He learns what to cut when to cut it and how to put it back together after cutting it. But if a medical student proposes to perform surgery on you or a loved one some further discussion is definitely necessary and in order. Regardless of his grades hes not ready to be turned loose on live people who want to stay alive. Therefore he needs hands- on experience and supervised training under experts and in recognized institution. Thats the purpose for a lengthy internship of one year or more. Its the seasoning that turns raw information into professional expertise.

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34 We can then describe discipleship as a spiritual internship and specifically it is the process of spiritual development which occurs within an environment of loving accountability whereby the believer progressively moves from spiritual infancy to spiritual maturity ultimately repeating the process with others as he moves on in life. As we proceed in this literature review we shall take a critical look at discipleship and church growth in details to enable church leaders and ordinary people understand what they mean and how effective discipleship process can help in church growth if well institutionalised in our churches. 2.2 The Meaning of Discipleship As I study volumes of resource materials for this study I observed that the English terms disciple discipleship and discipling mean different things to different people. These differences noticed were dependent upon the user’s background and the context of usage. As noted by Wilkins 1997 “this is part of the problem behind the different models of discipleship in existence today.” Many scholars are of the opinion that there is the need for a standard meaning or definition for these terms so that the body of Christ will be pursuing the same purpose of moulding men for the kingdom of heaven. Before one can define these terms satisfactorily I intend to dig deep into the fabric of these terms. Looking at the English word

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35 disciple behind it lies the Latin terms discipulus masculine and discipula feminine the Greek words mathetes masculine and mathetria feminine. Both of these Latin and Greek words are nouns and have a linguistic relationship to verbs for ‘learn’ hence they were used in earlier history to refer to ‘learners’ and ‘students’. As time goes on their meanings were expanded to ‘adherents’ of a great master. As a matter of fact the Greek term used in the later part of Hellenistic period when New Testament was written was been brandied increasingly as ‘adherents’. However the types of adherent depend on the kind of master and it varied from being a companion of a philosopher to being a follower of a great thinker or master or to being a devotee of a religious head. The bottom line is this whether in the Greek or Roman clime “A disciple was a person who was committed to a significant master”. In other words “A disciple should be someone who has made a life commitment to a particular master and his way of life.” So in essence ‘commitment to the master and his ways’ are central in the issue of discipleship. The term disciple was used in the Gospels at least 230 times and 28 times in the Acts of apostles. To define disciple satisfactorily it is needful to presents it in two dimensions: general sense and specifics. In the general sense a disciple is ‘a committed follower of a great master.’ This angle is predicated on: a its usage in a non -referential

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36 manner to distinct the disciple from the master see Matt.10:24 -25 Lk.6:40 b used in reference to a follower of a great movement or leader for example disciples of Moses - John 9:28 disciples of the Pharisees – Matt.22:16 disciples of John the Baptist Matt.9:14 John 3:25 and the disciples of Jesus Christ. To define it in specific sense according to Wilkins “a disciple of Jesus Christ is one who has come to Jesus for eternal life has claimed Jesus as Saviour and God and has embarked upon the life of following Jesus.” In the Gospels disciple is the prima ry term used to address the followers of Jesus. It is also a referent term used in the early church for believers Christians brothers or sisters those of the Way the Saints among others even it is used to qualify the individual relationship with the faith and Christ Jesus. When we speak of Christian discipleship and discipling we are referring to how to grow as Christians in all area of life. If disciples refer to Christians then discipleship and discipling imply the process of becoming like Christ. These terms mean ‘living a fully human life in this world in union with Jesus Christ and growing in conformity to His image. Indeed Wilkins summarised it like this: ‘full discipleship and full Christ likeness are the same thing.’ This is more broader and in line with the theme of this study as most has conceived discipleship as more of narrow program or training period but Jesus

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37 says ‘a student is not above his teacher but everyone who is fully trained will be like his teacher Luke 6:40 which clarifi es the common principle that underlies all master-discipleship relationships. This principle says ‘a disciple is involved in a natural process that will bring him/her to be like the master.’ That is the theme of all effective Biblical discipleship i.e. in this life a disciple is always in a discipleship process with the purpose of becoming like the Master Jesus Christ. Paul the Apostle in Romans 8:28-30 asserts that ‘the goal of God’s calling in the life of the Christian is to be fully conformed to the image of Christ.’ In other words all disciples of Jesus are in the process of becoming more like the Master Jesus which is the process of discipleship and each of the disciples are handed the challenge of getting deeply involved in discipling others i.e. helping others become disciples of Jesus. Let us ask some pertinent questions that we have to answer as we pursue the meaning of discipleship further. Is Discipleship a process of spiritual development Why dont all believers attain maturity after a certain period of time Why isnt the discipling process more uniform According to Anthony Evans 1990 of the Urban Alternative Inc. “The answer lies in a mathematical formula: distance equals speed multiplied by time. Some people who have been Christians for years are still immature now since the day they were saved. They did not lack time but simply never got up to speed to do

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38 something about it. On the other hand there are those who have known the Lord for a relatively short period of time and such have grown more mature than their contemporaries. The reason why this is so is because they were conscious of speed and rose up to do something about their Christian life.” In a race if Im running and youre walking it doesnt matter that you left the starting line before me you may have more time but Im covering the distance faster and more likely to overtake you and breast the tape to collect the gold. God doesnt have favourites its simply a matter of speed multiplied by time. This is the difference between running the Christian race and walking it. For an illustration of this principle let us examine I Corinthians 3:1-3. Paul wrote this epistle in 55 A.D. that is about five years after establishing the church at Corinth. One could notice with dogged insight what he writes as he reflects on the passage of time: “Brothers I could not address you as spiritual but as worldly--mere infants in Christ. I gave you milk not solid food for you were not yet ready for it. Indeed you are still not ready. You are still worldly. For since there is jealousy and quarrelling among you are you not worldly Are you not acting like mere men” We could sense Pauls expectation that after five years of salvation experience baby Christians should have matured if they are discipled and their behaviour should have changed. It is expected that after five years in the faith a believer ought to stand out from the crowd and Christlike behaviour should be the rule in life not the exception as infancy is only appropriate for infants after all.

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39 Those who are eager to stop crawling through Christianity should have a rethink on our equation above. One’s progress is a product of time and speed. It is obvious that we cant control time but the speed at which one travel is up to the individual. Our habits determine far and fast one gets to maturity in the Christian faith. For instance if God takes second place to our T.V. viewing hobbies friends or anything else on our agenda one is assuredly likely to wind up a spiritual dwarf that is doomed to a lifetime of milk and not solid food. On the other hand if we can get enough of Gods word Gods people Gods presence Gods direction and Gods input in our life it’s guaranteed that one will cover some serious distance in a relatively short time and our spiritual life will take off and fly That is what an institutionalised discipleship programme does to an individual and the entire church. 2.3 The Discipleship Models Over the last forty five years there has been a flood of studies on discipleship that has inundated the church with many materials amidst confusion. This is so because there is no consensus to understanding what Jesus was doing and what the present church leaders should be doing in making disciples. One noted author and scholar in the study of discipleship Michael Wilkins 1992 expressed this confused state on discipleship from the responses he received in discipleship classes or churches or conferences he has taken over the years. He regularly asked these questions: firstly: “How many of you can say in the

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40 humble confidence of your heart that you are convinced that you are a true disciple of Jesus Christ Secondly “How many of you can say in the humble confidence of your heart that you are convinced that you are a true Christian Please raise your hand.” For the first question only few put up their hands as most are hesitant while others put it up half –way. To the second question immediately most hands shoot up without any doubt and hesitation. So Wilkins 1992 posited three questions to help clear the way for the models of discipleship in focus: ‘What is a disciple of Jesus What should we be like as disciples Who are to be the objects of discipleship According to Wilkins different answers are given to these questions today but from those who have studied biblical data five models of discipleship have been identified with some diversity within each model but distinct characteristics marking each one of them out from the other. Each of the views on discipleship has inherent strengths and weaknesses and every church leader must identify which of these models represents your own understanding of what it means to be a disciple of Jesus Christ today Also Z. Heather 2006 a pastor of discipleship came up with another five models which for the purpose of making this review robust and scholastic are surmised for our learning. 2.3.1 The Wilkins’ Suggested Models The five models of discipleship as detailed by Wilkins are briefly discussed:

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41 MODEL 1 – Disciples Are Learners The postulants of this model suggest that the term disciple refers to one who puts himself/herself under the teaching authority of a great teacher but it has no reference to whether or not the person is a Christian. It was Charles Ryrie 1989 who opined the following general definition of a ‘disciple’ as “A follower of a teacher and his teachings involving in Bible times travelling with that teacher wherever he went.” This was buttressed by Kenneth Wuest 1966 who says “The word merely refers to one who puts himself under the teaching of someone else and learns from him…” Also Livingston Blauvelt 1986 took it further in this regard: “the Greek word ‘disciple’ mathetes comes from the verb ‘to learn’ manthano. Many people both saved and unsaved were learning of Jesus. So He exhorted those who would follow Him to count the cost Luke 9:23 14:25-35. That the terms ‘disciple’ and ‘Christian’ are not synonymous is clear from John’s Gospel: ‘From this time many of his disciples turned back and no longer follow him’ John 6:66. Then there was Judas an unsaved disciple.” Wilkins says that this view is instructive because it emphasises that a variety of different kinds of followers were called disciples. In the Gospels we find that a disciple may be a believer in Jesus or may be a follower of someone else like John the Baptist John 1:35 or the Pharisees Matt.22:15-16. This model further point out the historical development of the ‘disciples’ of Jesus as many became His ‘disciples’ at an early part of Jesus’ ministry which was later revealed that they were not true believers based on the turn of events.

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42 There are two inherent problems with this model. First the Greek term ‘disciple’ mathetes usage in the Bible is more broader than the designate of a ‘learner’ when we look at the followers of John the Baptist who are more like adherents to the prophet and the movement around his days than student to a teacher . Second the usage of the term ‘disciple’ in the Book of Acts of Apostles is generally to address those who are Christians without any qualifiers whatsoever. Acts 11:26 says “the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch” to suggest that the meaning is larger than a mere learner or student of a teacher. MODEL 2 – Disciples Are Committed Believers Under this model there are arrays of writers who suggest that a disciple is a committed Christian a believer who has made a commitment to follow Jesus Christ and obey His radical demands of discipleship. Based on this model Juan Carlos Ortiz 1975 gave a definition of a disciple as: “One who follows Jesus Christ but because we are Christians does not necessarily mean we are His disciples even though we are members of His kingdom. Following Christ means acknowledging Him as Lord it means serving Him as a slave.” In furtherance of this model Dwight Pentecost 1971 asserts thus: “There is a vast difference between being saved and being a disciple. Not all men who are saved are disciples although all who are disciples are saved. In discussing the question of discipleship we are not dealing with a man’s salvation. We are dealing with a

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43 man’s relationship to Jesus Christ as his teacher his master and his Lord.” Even Walter Henrichsen 1974 though sarcastic but pungently put it this way: “See that man He is a believer who has refused to pay the price of becoming a disciple. In making that decision he has relegated himself to a life of mediocrity. Given a chance to be first he has chosen to be last. To use the words of our Lord Jesus Christ he is savour-less salt. Whatever you do don’t become like him.” It is noteworthy that this model pinpoints Jesus’ radical challenge to count the cost of discipleship. However it extrapolated this model to the larger group when Jesus was addressing smaller group of disciples that followed Him and emphasises that when they left all to follow him that had become models of a higher spiritual calling. This model suggests that there are two levels within the church today – disciples and ordinary believers. It is believed that a disciple is more committed than the average Christian and this is model that has gained grounds and found in different forms amongst renewal movements and some para-church organisations. Those who hold the model in esteem have drawn a line of demarcation between ‘spirit filled disciples and other Christians. Like the first model this also runs into some quagmire. First it is difficult to interpret Jesus’ discipleship messages in line with the spiritual audiences to whom they are directed Luke 14:25-33 Matt.19:16-22. Secondly this model advocate two distinct classes of Christians which to my mind cannot hold weight in the light of the concept of biblical discipleship.

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44 MODEL 3 – Disciples Are Ministers. This model is the resultant observation of the close relationship of the twelve disciples to Jesus Christ during His earthly ministry and in their own ministry to the early church. It suggests that a disciple is the believer who has been called out from among the ‘crowd of believers’ and are ushered into ministry. According to one of the proponents Karl Hermann Schelkle 1965 discipleship means ‘to be with Jesus in order to learn from Him on how to serve the crowd i.e. the church. Taken a cue from Karl on the issue of the crowd and the disciple Paul Minear 1974 posits that because the crowds represent followers of Jesus “his disciples form a much more limited and specialised group than is usually supposed to be. They are those chosen and trained as successors to Jesus in His role as exorcist healer prophet and teacher.” Coming from the same perspective Dennis Sweetland 1987 commented thus: “Everyone is called to participate in the reign of God but only some are called to be followers of Jesus…..The disciple of Jesus is called to serve other members of the eschatological community cf. Mk.1:31 and through the missionary enterprise those outside the community as well.” Like model two this model is also widespread especially in traditional churches where emphasis is on hierarchy and denominational structure that have clear differentiation between the clergy and the laity. However this model comes with some obvious shortcomings including the ones that Model two presents. Wilkins 1992 submits that “because the twelve are usually the point

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45 of reference in this model a problem arises when a distinction is not made between the Twelve as disciples and the Twelve as apostles. Most scholars agree that the terms disciple and apostle point to significantly different aspects of the Twelve.” So he asked: this model must answer this question and make the distinction: “When do the Twelve function as disciples and when do they function as apostles” MODEL 4 – Disciples Are Converts Discipleship Comes Later. This is a model proposed by most church growth scholars. They opined that ‘disciples are converts to Jesus and that discipleship comes in later. That is ‘a disciple is one who has been evangelised and born-again while the later process of growth is called ‘perfecting of the saints’ or simply ‘discipleship’. It was Donald McGavran and Win Arn 1973 that says “Church growth men use the word ‘discipling’ to mean the initial step by which people come to Christ and become baptized believers. We go on and say that the second part of church growth is ‘perfecting’ or growing in grace.” Under similar analogy a world renowned church growth expert Peter Wagner 1974 declares “a person is not a disciple just because he has been born in a Christian country or in many cases even if he is a church member……The basic meaning of a disciple in the New Testament is equivalent to a true born-again Christian….Some have confused ‘making disciples’ with discipleship. Making disciples is the right goal of evangelism

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46 and missions according to the Great Commission. Once disciples are made they can begin the life time road of discipleship.” This model place emphasis on the fact that the meaning of the Great Commission is incomplete without the ‘making of disciples’ of all nations and make them converts of Christian faith and that ‘baptising’ and ‘teaching’ the converts is what is called discipleship. It also recognized that the word ‘disciple’ is the usual appellation of ‘believers’ in the Gospel and Acts of the apostles. The challenge of this model is the separation of ‘making disciples’ from ‘baptising’ and ‘teaching’ them which may be a mere semantics after due consideration of the argument of the proponents stated above. MODEL 5 - Disciples Are Converts Who Are in the Process of Discipleship. This model is in tandem with the last as it suggests that conversion is the point of beginning to becoming a disciple of Jesus Christ however that discipleship is directly linked to it as a consequence thereof. It believed that discipleship is not a second step in the Christian faith rather it is synonymous with Christian life. In order words at conversion we become a disciple of Jesus and the process of growing into maturity as a Christian is what is termed discipleship. In his well exposed treatise Dallas Willard stresses that ‘discipleship is not an optional second step in the Christian life and to conceive of Christian life in terms of discipleship is not to imply salvation by works.’ Furthermore he says “We are not speaking perfection nor of earning God’s

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47 gift of life. Our concern is only with the manner of entering into that life. While none can merit salvation all must act if it is to be theirs.” Towing the same line James Montgomery 1986 explains that “discipleship is not a supposed second step in Christianity as if one first become a believer in Jesus and then if he chooses a disciple. From the beginning discipleship is involved in what it means to be a Christian.” The main focus of this model is a Jesus called men and women to Him during His earthly ministry and as He sent His disciples out to make disciples of others he was indeed calling them into a saving relationship with himself that surely would make a difference in their lives. In essence the purpose of the Great Commission according to Jesus is all inclusive of ‘conversion and growth’. This model is very popular and in use in different context among diverse churches depending on the angle. There is the personal side of the disciple’s committed walk with Jesus Christ and we also have the social ramifications of the disciple’s impact upon the society as another. In other clime some focus on the growth that should take place within the context of life within the Christian discipleship community as a witness to the world and other concentrate on accentuation of leadership training for key disciples while others direct their interest to the evangelistic and missionary work that will be the positive consequence of placing emphasis of discipleship. The summary of all these is that this model recognizes all true believers as disciples of Jesus and the

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48 eventual Christian life that manifests is the results of the labour of Jesus’ teachings through discipleship process in place. Like the other four models above there are some difficulties with this model. First it doesn’t clarify the demands of discipleship given by Jesus in particular neither was the purpose for such demand given. Secondly there is an apparent confusion of ‘conversion’ and ‘commitment’ for this model does not show what it means to ‘count the cost’ before one becomes a believer. Thirdly like the former model the difference between the Twelve as disciples and the Twelve as apostles remain unresolved. In models four and five as noted above a clear distinction were not made between the Twelve as disciples and the Twelve as apostles. According to Wilkins 1992 “although the Twelve were both disciples and apostles scholars agree that the terms ‘disciple’ and ‘apostle’ point significantly to different aspects. Indeed while in the Gospels the Twelve are almost always called disciples in the book of Acts the Twelve are never called disciples. In the Acts they are only called apostles to emphasise their leadership role in the early church.” Even John Nolland 1989 in ‘The Christology of Jesus’ asserts that “In the introduction to the lists of the Twelve Luke states that Jesus ‘called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them whom he also designated apostles’ Lk.6:13. This is a clue to the role of the twelve as we see it in the Gospels: not only are they Jesus’ disciples believers but they are also in training to be his apostles commissioned representatives. Both terms are applied to the twelve in

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49 the Gospels. As ‘disciples’ the Twelve are set aside as examples of what Jesus accomplishes in believers and as ‘apostles’ the Twelve are set aside as the leaders within the new movement to come the church.” 2.3.2 The Heather’s Suggested Models The five models of discipleship as detailed by Heather 2006 are briefly discussed: MODEL 1 –Relational: The first model of discipleship that we see in history is the Relational model which was the dominant approach to spiritual growth during the first few centuries of the church. It is built upon the premise that discipleship will occur naturally when Christians live in community with one another. Relational discipleship was vitally important during the early church because there was no New Testament and there were very few copies of Old Testament writings available to the common people. Spiritual truths were conveyed through the stories of the apostles and their letters to the churches. The relational model of discipleship is reflected Biblically in Paul’s encouragement to his godson in I Timothy 2:2: "And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable men who will also be qualified to teach others." The relational nature of discipleship is also reflected in the description of the first church in Acts of Apostles chapter 2

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50 where we read that they met together in homes and they devoted themselves to the fellowship of the other believers. One thing is clear within the relational approach to discipleship: “people grew in their relationship to Christ as they grew in their relationship to one another.” Modern-day expressions of this method are seen most clearly in churches that structure themselves around cell groups and neighbourhood community groups and in one-on-one discipleship models that I am advocating in this study. MODEL 2 –Experiential: As the church became more institutionalized the Relational model of discipleship gave way to a more Experiential mode of discipleship. Discipleship was directed at all 5 senses: sights sounds and smells were strategically chosen to point people towards Christ. This method of discipleship is best implemented by the Catholic Anglican and Orthodox traditions and is reflected in their architecture incense music iconography and art. The Experiential approach to discipleship is seen Biblically in the Tabernacle during the wilderness wanderings of the Israelites. Every piece of furniture every action and every smell was strategically designed and implemented by God to draw people closer to him. The Experiential approach is

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51 also seen in Acts 2 as we read that the early followers of Christ were in awe of the work of the Holy Spirit around them. They experienced miracles and signs. In Experiential discipleship “people were taught about Christ and grew in their relationship to him through a full immersion into a medieval multi- media experience.” Many post-modern or emerging churches are experimenting with these ancient forms of worship in an attempt to create an experience in which people are drawn close to Christ. MODEL 3 –Academic: The Age of Enlightenment Protestant Reformation and Industrial Revolution sparked a new form of discipleship—one that was rooted in an Academic or educational model. With the invention of the printing press Scriptures could be printed in abundance and the availability of the printed Word increased. The "common" people could own their own copy of the Bible. Great emphasis was attached to the Word-Sola Scriptura-and the emphasis on relationship and experience were diminished. New philosophies and new forms of thinking based on logic and reason influenced the way Scripture was read and applied. The academic approach to discipleship can be seen Biblically in Romans 12:2 where Paul instructs his readers "Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world but be transformed by the renewing of your mind." In other words right thinking leads to right action. We also see this model of

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52 discipleship in Acts 2 where we read that the early church was devoted to the apostle’s teaching and continued to meet in the temple courts. In the Academic approach to discipleship “people were taught about Christ and grew in their relationship to him through a systematic academic approach.” This form of discipleship is best modelled by Reformed churches and Sunday school or Equipping programs of many evangelical churches. The works of Martin Luther John Calvin and the Puritans reflect this approach to discipleship. It is a focus on renewing our minds and striving to have the mind of Christ. MODEL 4 –Personal: In the 19th and 20th centuries two new approaches to discipleship emerged: Personal and Incarnational. We will examine the Personal approach first. Theologically conservative churches tended to move towards a Personal approach to discipleship. Bibles were produced in mass. Various translations became available. And individualistic Bibles were available- for women for men for leaders for teenagers for teachers etc. Bible study literature was distributed for people to use throughout the week. Books like “Experiencing God” and the “Purpose Driven Life” were published to be used along with Scripture in spiritual formation. Many times this approach was combined with the Relational model small groups or the Academic model Sunday School however the emphasis on a "personal" relationship with Christ was most emphasized.

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53 A Biblical example of the Personal approach to discipleship is seen in 2 Timothy 2:15 where Paul exhorts Timothy. Personal approach is also seen in Acts 2 where we read that people devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching. It is interesting to note that this was also the approach to spiritual formation used by the Desert Fathers. Within the framework of the Personal approach to discipleship “the church provided people with materials and taught them how to develop a personal relationship with God and people grew in their knowledge and relationship with God through personal pursuit.” MODEL 5 –Incarnational: In the 20th century more theologically liberal churches adopted a different approach—the Incarnational approach. These churches espoused a belief that Jesus’ call to action on behalf of the poor sick and oppressed was the channel by which we learned about him became more like him and grew in our relationship with him. We become like Jesus by being his hands and feet to the world around us. The Incarnational approach is closely tied to the Relational and Experiential approaches. The greatest Biblical mandate for the Incarnational approach is seen in the separation of the sheep and the goats in Matthew 25:31-46. Jesus instructs us to take care of the hungry thirsty sick poor stranger and prisoner. The Incarnational approach is also reflected in Acts 2: "selling their possessions and

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54 goods they gave to anyone as he had need." Within the framework of the Incarnational model “people grew in their knowledge and relationship with Christ by seeking to become like him through service out outreach to others.” Conclusively all of these models are Biblically valid historically tested and continue to find expression in the contemporary church. Each model appeals to different types of people. What forms will discipleship take on in the 21st century and beyond Heather 2006 says “It is difficult to tell but history demonstrates that it will certainly be tied to the technological advances and prevailing philosophies of the day. As we harness the power of new technologies the message of discipleship will remain constant while the methods of discipleship will evolve.” It is in my opinion that every church leader should strive to create discipleship experiences that draw on the best of the historical forms while teaching Scripture and spiritual formation in ways that are relevant to their congregation and culture. Using the Bible as our foundation and tradition as a guide they could experiment with historical models of discipleship and reinvent them for the post-modern era and there-from strive to be a church that incorporates a model of discipleship that is relational experiential academic personal and incarnational in all ramifications.

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55 What is the primary method of discipleship in use in our churches Whether it is Wilkins or Heathers the two propositions are well inter-related and inter-connected. There relatedness and connectedness provide the bridge for every church leader to adopt a model that suits their members’ culture with focus on the ‘what the Bible says’ all of the time. It is in proper execution that the transformation of church members are not only assured but secured. 2.4 Historical Perspectives on Discipleship The Greek term “maqhthv” matheˉteˉs refers generally to any “student” “pupil” “apprentice” or “adherent” as opposed to a “teacher.” In the ancient world however it is most often associated with people who were devoted followers of a great religious leader or teacher of philosophy. In the Old Testament the term “maqhthv” does not occur in the Greek translation of the Old Testament i.e. the Septuagint. This does not mean however that other terms are not used or that the concept and practice is not there for indeed it seems that it is. 2.4.1 The Concept and Practice Several traditions within the national life of Israel make it reasonable to assume that the concept and practice of personal discipleship existed. Prophet Isaiah penned it down 8:16 thus: “Tie up the scroll as legal evidence seal the official record of God’s instructions and give it to my followers.” The Hebrew

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56 term for followers is from dml which means “to learn” or “instruct” and may indicate that Isaiah had built up “a circle” of disciples whom he personally instructed and who could promulgate his teachings among many in the nation. As Watts 1985 says it seems that Isaiah wanted to deposit “his treasure of warnings and teachings with his disciples.” That is while he may not have had a formal school as we see in the case of Elisha 1 Kings 20:35 2 Kings 2:3-15 4:1-38 he nonetheless gathered around himself certain men and passed his teachings on to them. In Isaiah 50:4 the prophet says that God wakes him every morning and gives him attentiveness so that he can listen and learn. In this way he is like a disciple but of God. Therefore involved in the concept of being a disciple is a willing listening and obedient heart. There are other institutions and traditions in Israel that seem to involve some level of personal discipleship. This could be expected in the school of the prophets 1 Samuel 19:20-24 1 Kings 20:35 2 Kings 2:3-15 4:1-38 and is further evidenced in the entire wisdom tradition running throughout the Jewish way of life Pro.1-9. There is however no explicit instruction given on how to personally disciple another except perhaps in the home cf. Deut 6.

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57 2.4.2 In Greek Culture The Greeks used the term “maqhthv” to refer to a “learner” or on a more committed level an “adherent.” The Sophists also used the term to refer to an “institutional pupil.” At the time of Jesus “maqhthv” was used in Hellenism to refer simply to a “learner” but apparently more often to an “adherent” of some wise teacher like Dio Chrysostom. Regarding the nature of the adherence involved Wilkins observes: “The type of adherence was determined by the master ranging from being the follower of a great thinker and master of the past like Socrates to being the pupil of a philosopher like Pythagoras to being the devotee of a religious master like Epicurus”. 2.4.3 In Jewish Culture of the First Century Just as there were “disciples” in the Greco-Roman world of the first century so there were people called disciples in Judaism as well. Such people were committed to a recognized leader or movement. This involved Jewish adherents to Philosophical schools or to religious and political sects. The Pharisees apparently had their own disciples and they too claimed to be disciples of Moses John 9:28-29. The fact is the Pharisees were unwilling to accept Jesus’ testimony about himself. He had no authority in their minds whereas they regarded themselves as the official interpreters of Moses upon whom the life of the nation had been built. The implication in their argument is

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58 that they are vitally connected to the tradition of interpretation of the Mosaic Law and Jesus is not. He therefore has never heard God speak. In their use of the term “disciple” the Pharisees are not altogether different than Socrates 469-399 BCE who has been called the disciple of Homer. Formally the Pharisees had never met Moses and Socrates had never met Homer if the latter ever existed at all yet through the Law the Pharisees claimed to follow Moses. John the Baptist also had disciples who lived with him and followed him practiced his ascetic lifestyle and promulgated to some extent his teachings Mark 2:18 Luke 11:1 John 3:25 Acts 19:1-7. In general the education of boys in the first century Judaism centred in the home around Torah learning. The Torah was taught primarily by the Father. But during the time of Jesus there is good evidence to suggest that primary schools beth Sepher had been developed to mitigate against the inroads of Hellenism. According to Everett Ferguson 1993 these schools were developed primarily but not exclusively in and around Jerusalem. Classes were held in the synagogue and taught by a scribe or hÂazzan in poorer communities. The emphasis was on reading the Hebrew Scriptures as well as learning and memorizing the Torah. Secondary schools seemed to have developed by the second century. They focused more on learning oral law i.e. the traditions of interpretations.

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59 Furthermore Watson D.F. 2000 and Emil Schurer 1979 were of the opinion that “after a boy was thirteen years of age there was no more formal education as such. If he wanted further training in preparation for being a judge teacher scribe or head of a synagogue he might continue his study of the Torah in a small group or seek to study as a disciple under a certain scholar.” The apostle Paul was an example of a Jewish boy who had left home i.e. Tarsus to study the Law under Gamaliel a famous Rabbi in Jerusalem Acts 5:34 22:3. 2.4.4 Discipleship In The Philosophic Schools Barhatulirwa 2008 handled the discussion on Discipleship in the philosophic schools with great depth in his thesis that it forms the pillar upon which this section is premised. We do not pretend that in this section we can explain how different philosophies developed through history we are simply trying to find out more about relationship between master and disciple in philosophic schools. The starting point is to define the philosophic ‘school’ in Antiquity. From the pages of literature we affirm that at least four great philosophies developed in the Hellenistic period. They are Plato’s Academy Aristotle’s Lyceum the Epicurus’ School the Garden and Zeno’s Stoa. However before this period there were the pre-Socratic philosophers who had disciples who eventually established their own independent schools where they

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60 modified the doctrines of their teachers. When dealing with philosophical schools one is compelled to start with Socrates ‘the mythic father and patron saint of philosophy’ Morrison 2006. No discussion about the history of philosophy can ignore Socrates for philosophy is what he did and he started and ended with. If one refers to the etymological definition of the term philo-sophia which is ‘love of wisdom’ it is clear that Socrates was a philosopher in the strictest sense. It is known that philosophers urged common people to convert to their philosophy which would ensure them of having wiser teachers and better knowledge Culpepper 1975. While ‘pre-Socratic philosophers’ like Parmenides and Heraclitus claimed that they had already attained wisdom Socrates professed ignorance. By conversing in the market place with whoever happened to pass by Socrates strove to demonstrate to interlocutors through a series of questions how their basic beliefs about good and bad and about how to live were unfounded Grill Pellegrin 2006. By re-directing inquiry from the world of nature to the affairs of human beings he proposed philosophy as a way of life and eventually influenced not only his followers whom he instructed to hold moral beliefs that contradicted traditional Greek values Morrison 2006 but also the entire subsequent development of philosophy. The philosophies of Hellenistic-Roman age were above all a way of life based on reason in so far as they were viewed as offering ‘inner security and stability’ Tripolitis 2002. All of them promised their followers the same self-sufficient imperturbable tranquillity that provided protection from miseries and vicissitudes of life.

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61 While Socrates never professed to be a teacher like professional sophists who charged fees for their lessons Protagoras was the first Sophist to take pupil for a fee he influenced his young associates by argument and advice but above all he led by example. The dialect method maieutics Socrates used purposefully sought to kindle a moral action in the existing situation Kittel 1967. Even though Socrates did not find a school he emphasized a purely ideal fellowship between those who contributed to his intellectual development and those who were enriched by his intellect Kittel 1967. In order to understand the greatness of Socrates and the kind of relationship between him and his followers Caizzi 2006 observes: “However we must not forget that what he calls philosophy with its familiar list of figures starting with Thales is the product of the reflection and activity of heir of Socrates notably Plato and his disciples Aristotle. In other words those who formed Socrates audience a few of them also became faithful companions were not motivated by the desire to become ‘philosophers’ but rather by the conviction that Socrates had something of importance to offer them for their own life”. Plato his genuine pupil rejected the teaching and learning practiced in the sophist schools. It is widely admitted that in Greek and Roman antiquity. Philosophy was practiced in gymnasia stoas and other public places or in private homes but not in institutions of teaching or learning. According to

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62 Meyer the platonic Academy the Aristotelian Peripatos a name commonly given to Aristotle’s school otherwise called ‘Lyceum which means a space provided for strolling in a public or private location and the epicurean garden have to be viewed as the only institutions that provided space for continuous philosophical activity and the collecting of philosophical texts Meyer 2006:20. Besides these schools stoicism must not be overlooked. Zeno is the founder of the Stoic school in Athens ca 335-265 BCE. Stoicism was both metaphysical and a system of ethics whose primary interest and emphasis was ethics. Philosophical schools were a kind of private foundation or brotherhood dedicated to teaching and philosophical reflection that grouped pupils around the head of schools whose memory after death was preserved in the school. The best-known and most original philosophers of the 3rd and 4th centuries are none other than the Platonist who gathered groups of disciples Benatouil 2006. Plato’s academy was not as such a school but circle of fellowship and intellectual life. Aristotle strongly influenced by the Socrates platonic judgment did not deal with the relationship between master and disciple but with the dependence of the pupil on the teacher. Plato’s influence may be found primarily in the development of the Middle Platonism School. In stoicism and Epicureanism the aim was the attainment of individual happiness through self- sufficiency and both these philosophies stressed the importance of ethics and morality and aimed to liberate the self from all that is external.

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63 Basically the disciples learned from their master’s not just arguments and doctrines but also attitudes and behaviours in conformity with ancient conception of philosophy as a way of life Hadot quoted by Benatouil 2006. Within the schools the disciples who entered a community lived like ‘companions’ hetairoi or ‘friends’ philoi devoted to the practice of philosophy. The older disciples assisted the scholar in training younger disciples Benatouil 2006. The principle ‘primus inter pares’ was strictly observed into the school. The particularity of the philosophical schools of the Hellenistic period is that one philosopher usually succeeded another as head of a particular philosophical school and that various schools were connected with one another cf. Sotion as quoted by Meyer 2006. The freedom afforded the ancient pupils of the schools to develop and to modify the teachings of their masters demonstrates the extent to which the disciples were aware that they followed not a teaching but a person. The disciples of philosophical schools can be seen as followers of masters. This paves the way for us to examine this term in some New Testament literature. 2.4.5 Discipleship in the Synoptic Tradition To what extent is the synoptic tradition in agreement on the issue of discipleship In order to address this important question we are compelled to reconsider the meaning and the implication of the act of being a disciple. In the light of the survey made according to Mark’s view the group of Jesus’

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64 followers is not ‘a locked but an open circle’ my own expression since it integrates both those who perform powerful deed and those who simply offer a cup of water to a thirsty person in Jesus’ Name 9.34-41. All the same in examining Marks’ perspective of discipleship to be a disciple is to follow Jesus ‘on the way’. Three initial actions ‘come after me’ ‘deny’ and ‘take up’ succeed one another placing the disciples in a process where they ‘keep on following’ in other words discipleship is defined as the act of following a person and not a teaching. Matthew regards the act of becoming a disciple as a committed act of willingness to keep following Jesus. The evolution of Matthean thought is to be taken through the act of denying oneself to taking up one’s cross. The decisive way is the rejection of one’s own ego in order to signify total dedication to God. Matthew taking into account the environment of sharpened conflict in which Jesus’ followers lived begins to radicalize the act of being a disciple. While the disciples are excluded from Jewish assemblies and alienated from their families Matthew strives to reinforce their commitment to Jesus in the midst of persecution reminding them that they are children of The Father adopted into God’s family. That is why the disciples are invited to love Jesus more than their father or mother brother and sister. The only way for them to survive is to constantly be mindful that they are part of the familia dei from which all the opponents even the authorities and parents are excluded.

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65 In Luke’s perspective following Jesus cannot be made concrete reality without self-sacrifice. Giving up one’s possessions for the sake of The Kingdom of God seems to have conditioned Luke’s concrete perspective of discipleship. Nevertheless not only goods and homes have to be abandoned relationships with brothers sisters mothers and father have to be sacrificed too. Matthew says that they should not love other more than God but Luke radicalizes discipleship by inviting disciples to hate those whom they are tied to by family bonds. The cost of discipleship is separation from the so-called encumbrances of relatives or possessions. In summary we can say that all evangelists share the view that a disciple keeps following a person and not a teaching or philosophy. However from Mark to Luke through Matthew an evolution is perceptible being a disciple is a matter of much sacrifice self-sacrifice as far as it implies the sacrificing or breaking down of any encumbering connection human or material even legitimate relations like those with parents siblings or a spouse or goods possessions or one’s life. Conclusion There is evidence that personal discipleship was carried on among the Greeks and the Jews. Though the term “disciple” is used in different ways in the literature of the period there are examples of discipleship referring to people

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66 committed to following a great leader emulating his life and passing on his teachings. In these cases discipleship meant much more than just the transfer of information. Again it referred to imitating the teacher’s life inculcating his values and reproducing his teachings. For the Jewish boy over thirteen years this meant going to study with a recognized Torah scholar imitating his life and faith and concentrating on mastering the Mosaic Law as well as the traditional interpretations of it. 2.5 The Concept and Basis of Discipleship According to Encarta dictionary the word ‘concept’ means “something thought or imagined or a broad principle affecting perception and behaviour”. From this definition the concept of discipleship would entail some principles that guide discipleship among Christians. Akanni 2003 has thoroughly discussed this and submits the following as the key concepts that should guide discipleship: 2.5.1 A Process of Reproducing/Imparting Life: Discipleship is a process of reproducing or imparting the life of a teacher to a pupil. It is a life-long process a systematic and cumulative way of making someone a student a pupil a trainee an apprentice a raw material a disciple to be conformed or transformed into the image the stature and the full personality of the Master which in this case The Lord Jesus Christ.

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67 2.5.2 A means to Achieve God’s Eternal Purpose: Discipleship is God’s means of achieving His eternal purpose and central goal of calling any man to Himself to be conformed to the image of His only Son The Saviour Jesus Christ in order that Christ might be The First Born among many brethren. Rom.8:28-29 Heb.2:10-11. Without this conformity to His Image such that we become the same stock Quality Nature and Personality with Him He will become ashamed or shrink to call us brethren. Discipleship is the only means designed by God to bring us into the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ growing up into Him in all things. Eph.4:13-15. 2.5.3 It Is A God’s Family Training School: Discipleship is God’s family training scheme designed by God the Father: Gal.4:1-2 Heb.12:7-11 for all His heirs. As children of his inheritance God keeps us under training and tutelage till we grow to walk into the heritage of His likeness. This involves discipleship and training of character and the tutors and governors of the Kingdom are men and women appointed by our Father God to watch over our growth and development until we become like the Son whom He Loved. This is Discipleship. Those who refuse to partake of this family training would

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68 grow wild and become a bastard and even a vagabond in the Christian fold. 2.5.4 There Is Relationship Building: Discipleship can be likened to a “Master-Apprentice” or “Teacher-Pupil” relationship with a predetermined curriculum and behavioural objective between the Christian and The LORD Jesus Christ. It is a personal apprenticeship under the Master Jesus with a view of becoming like Him. Luke.6:40 Matt.4:19-20 Matt.11:29-30. This process has a beginning an entrance and a definite starting point which is not unconscious but deliberate when the pupil voluntarily yields his neck to the yoke of The Master to learn of Him but it has no definite end. 2.5.5 It Is A Step By Step Process: Discipleship is a process because the conformity to His Image will not take place in one experience. It consists of a systematic set of steps exposures and training carefully arranged in order until God’s goal is achieved in the life of the individual. It is not a program nor a course nor an activity but a relationship. It is a life connection which is not physical or visible the flow of the divine new life-style in exchange for the old lifestyle. This exchange of lifestyle involves most of the time falling and rising correction and whipping we may sometimes weep and bleed but

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69 the latter glory is profitable and it calls for a very close association and walk with The Master. 2.5.6 There Is Need For Direct Interactions: It involves direct encounters and interactions with The Master Himself in prayer In His Words in Service and in following in His Footsteps all the way in our Christian journey. Jn.8:31-32 15:8-10 1Pet.2:21. 2.5.7 It Is Peculiar Based On Individual: Discipleship for each person is unique and peculiar to the individual. The pace the instrumentality the arrangement of lessons and dealings are as determined by The Master for the individual. The path each must tread to glory the portion of service and talents allotted to him is also unique. Hence no disciple should compare Christ’s dealings with him with another disciple’s experience with Christ. To whom much is given much is required. We should consider Christ dealings with Peter in John.21:15- 25 Thomas in John.20:19-20 24-29 and comparing these with the labourer in Matt.20:1-6 we observed the peculiarity of the Lord’s dealing with the individual which is unique tailor-made and enduring in nature. 2.5.8 It Is A System That We Build Upon Daily: Discipleship is not a spurious kind of thing. It is systematic and cumulative. It is ordered and arranged by The Lord Himself. He exposes

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70 the individual disciple to diverse experiences at various times and stages of his development. 2.5.9 There is Character Change: When the disciple has made real progress in his discipleship relationship with The Lord his character deeds and manner of life and speech shows obviously to those around that he “….had been with Jesus” Acts.4:13. Conclusively Akanni suggested in this wise “Discipleship is therefore the “ship” that brings the willing volunteer pupil disciple across the ocean of the natural lifestyle the gulf of the fallen nature into the new spiritual lifestyle. The very life of Jesus-not just being a babe in Christ with all the potentials but undeveloped but becoming ‘a full-grown man into the measure of the stature of the fullness’ of Christ”. The Bible teacher believes ‘when any man is born- again he is a new creation in Christ and has all the potentials of divine nature living within but undeveloped and immature. To become a man in Christ that Christian must be on board this ‘ship’ called Discipleship. 2.6 The Path of Discipleship The adventure of discipleship involves obedience to Jesus Christ and He exercises His Lordship over us so that we can obey Him through the Bible. It is clear from this assertion that there can be no real discipleship apart from Bible study and it is no option for Christians in this regard. According to John M.

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71 Boice 1986 “Bible study is the most essential ingredient in the believer’s spiritual life because it is only in the study of the Bible as that Christians are blessed by Holy Spirit to hear Christ and discover what it means to follow Him”. Studying the Bible must be a daily regular and consistent pursuit for the disciple rather than a minor occassional or vacation time endeavours. Knowing the Bible is important for the disciple for it is from it that he or she can get bearing for life’s journey. James M. Boice 1986 stated that there are three key paths of discipleship that all disciples must take if they are to follow the Master. They are discussed below. 2.6.1 The Path of Obedience Jesus in Luke 6:46 says “Why do you call me Lord Lord and do not do what I say” What this statement connotes is that Jesus cannot be our Lord without obedience and if He is not our Lord we do not belong to Him. He does not like profession without corresponding practice which has been the problem through biblical history as detailed by prophets Ezekiel and Isaiah. Ezekiel 33:30-32 Isaiah 29:13. Even Apostle James saw this problem of profession without practice in the early church as he exhorted them in chapter 1:22-25. Paul told the Christians in Corinth that “the man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God for they are foolishness to him and he cannot understand them because they are spiritually discerned.” I

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72 Cor.2:13-14. To all who are in discipleship the path of obedience is not controvertible in their walk with the master. To understand how to walk this path without failing and falling the Bible is the means through which Jesus speaks. Therefore the disciple must do the following with his Bible: 1 Study the Bible daily at least once each day - Acts 17:11 2 Study the Bible Systematically not in random manner – Joshua 1:7-8 3 Study the Bible comprehensively so as to be acquainted with the whole book and understand it better – II Tim.3:16-17 4 Study the Bible devotionally so as to know God His will and ways and may sometime memorise some portion to enrich our spirit man and 5 Study the Bible prayerfully for it is impossible to study it devotionally without praying on revelation that we have received. It was Boice 1986 that said ‘without regular personal Bible study and prayer we are not walking with Christ as His followers and we are certainly not obeying Him in specifics’. Elisabeth Elliot 1981 maintains that ‘it is only in setting out to obey Christ completely that we find true freedom.’ This is in conformity with the words of Jesus in John 8:31-32 which says “If you hold to my teachings you are really my disciples. Then you will know the truth and the truth will set you free”. Jesus was of the opinion that once we are free from the bondage of sin the demonstration of true freedom and escape from sin is through obedience to

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73 Him in daily life. The path of obedience leads the disciple to freedom from self and liberty to do all that we desire to do under Christ’s guidance and instruction. 2.6.2 The Path of Service Discipleship is an individual thing as no one can do for you all that the disciple should do. You must do these things yourself or else you are not a disciple indeed. The doctrine of individualism is another thing entirely. This doctrine says “a practice based on the assumption that the individual and not society is the paramount consideration or end”. So Christian faith is not individualistic as it urges one to always give due recognition and consideration to other persons. The law or the commandment spoke of individual relationship with God and individual relationship with and to all other people. Lev.19:18 Matt.22:39-40. Jesus in John 13:1-17 laid down the example to his disciples on how to serve others. According to Ray C. Stedman 1975 he sees Christ’s action as a parable of His entire ministry as He gave vivid example of how to serve. Stedman stated that “John tells us that Jesus got up from super…like He rose from His throne of glory in preparation for His coming into the world…..He took off His outer clothing…..divesting Himself of the outward manifestations of His Godhead and appeared as a true man…….He wrapped a towel around His waist…..the uniform of a servant a role Paul says He took upon Himself. Finally He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’

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74 feet…..like He poured His blood for the washing away of the sins of the world.” Stedman concludes thus: “There can be little doubt that here Jesus was deliberately working out a parable for the instruction of his disciples. He was dramatising for them the character of his ministry. He was showing them by this means what He had come into the world to do and what He would send them out to do.” Many have turned this passage into the doctrine of feet washing a clear deviation from the intent of Jesus Christ. His intention is to emphasise by example the need for those who would follow Him to take up the servant role. It is like Jesus was saying “I am your master but I have served you so you go from here and do likewise to others that is - serve other people and one another.” James Boice highlighted at least six ways in which a true disciple can serve others and demonstrate the servant nature of our Master. First ‘we must listen to others’ and quoting from Dietrich Bonhoeffer in his book ‘Life Together’ “listening to others is the first part of genuine Christian service and that listening to others can be a greater service than speaking”. Second ‘we must help one another’ as many people around us need help as their speech if we listen attentively is a cry for assistance. Helping people is not easy as this may compete with our own personal need and challenges. The test of true disciple is the ability to render help to people in areas where we need assistance

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75 too. The story of the Samaritan in Luke 10: clearly explain the spirit of service in spite of our own need or focus. This means putting others’ well-being as more important than our own and as Boehoeffer says “…it is part of the discipline of humility that we must not spare our hand where it can perform a service and that we do not assume that our schedule is our own to manage but allow it to be arranged by God.” Thirdly ‘we must give to others’ as God has called true disciples to be givers whether convenient or not. Giving to others is a form of Christina living and the best giving is first to give ourselves. We must be generous with what we have not counting it our own but rather what God had given us as stewards for others’ benefit. The world is fond of saying “what is mine is mine and what’s yours is mine if I can get it”. However the Christian government says “I have nothing but what I have were first received from God and I am just a steward of these possessions. So what’s mine is yours if you have need of it it is available for you.” This was the practice in the early church in Jerusalem selling all that they had and distributing them to the church for use and the needy in the church. The Macedonian church became distinct examples of a discipled church through their generous giving even in their poverty they first gave themselves to God and His servants and it became easy for their possessions to be released to the church and the needy.

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76 Fourthly ‘we must bear one another’s burden’ as Christ’s whole work on earth was meant to demonstrate this to His followers. Isaiah 53:4. To bear one another’s burden small groups are very important in our churches as this represents the way to build acceptance. To bear another’s burden in extremely disoriented and needy person means the getting involved with them at our own cost and inconvenience and we can only do this bear it by a genuine crucifixion of ourselves. As Bonhoeffer writes ‘Since the sin of every member burdens and indicts the whole community the congregation rejoices in the midst of all the pain and the burden the brother’s sin inflicts that it has the priviledge of bearing and forgiving’. Fifthly ‘we must speak God’s truth to the other person’ and at the right time. Although as Christians real service begins with active listening to the other party with prejudices. However there’s also the right time to speak out the truth of God’s Word to one another as may be necessary which is helpful curative and give hope to the despair than what the psychologist and counsellors does in the secular engagements. Sixthly ‘we must restore one another’ as we speak the truth in love. This exposes sin and eschews repentance from the offender and the pronouncement of forgiveness turns him/her back to Christ for restoration. This is the Christian greatest form of service to the body of Christ as exemplified by Jesus in the feet washing example in John chapter thirteen. In His explanation of His action to

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77 Peter we learn that Jesus had in mind cleansing from the defilement of sin followed by restoration of the one who had sin. This washing with the Word should be done gently praying that the grace of God would help them respond positively. According to Harry A. Ironside in his commentary to John 13:13-17 he points out thus “that if we are going to wash another’s feet we ought to be careful of the temperature of the water”. Stedman 1975 points out that in trying to cleanse others some Christians attempt to do without water at all. They try to dry-clean the feet as they scrape them free of dirt and unfortunately sometimes take the skin with it”. James Boice concludes thus. “Instead of this we are to approach the other in meekness and great love realizing that we are capable of the same sin ourselves”. 2.6.3 The Path of Humility Humility as a virtue is essential to true discipleship. Jesus Christ did not only modelled path of obedience during His earthly ministry He also demonstrated unparalleled humility. According to Philippians 2:8 “And being found in appearance as a man he humbled himself and became obedient to death… even death on a cross” Obedience and humility are virtues that all Christians must copy from Christ as our mark of following Him. Many Christian theologians agreed that humility is a difficult school that is quit- essential if we are to meet with our maker. Humility takes the believer back to

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78 the need to die to self and do the hardest thing of ‘take up the cross and follow the Master’ in our daily life. The story in John 13 that we referred to earlier on the washing of the disciple’s feet by Jesus came about as a result of Jesus’ determination to impress it upon the soul and spirit of His disciples the need to walk the path of humility. According the John Boice ‘the problem was that the disciples had been fighting over who should be the greatest in the kingdom which supposedly Jesus would soon establish. They were thinking of the pomp and circumstance and not the cross as they assumed that Jesus was going to take over the throne of His father David and they were jockeying to see who would stand closest to the throne exercise greatest influence and receive the greatest honour that day. See Mathew 20:25-28 Luke 9:46-48 Mark 10:14-15 42-45. So when Jesus washed their feet He was speaking of service and humility and saying that ‘humility is the pre-requisite for service and that it is only when we become like a little child or even more like a slave…. that we can really follow Jesus and help others in this life. Learning humility for a disciple must begin with God see everything in relation to Him rather than in relation to ourselves. This connotes that we must acknowledge and embrace the fact that this universe is God-centred and not man-centred. God can change the vilest of human who decide to obey Him and do His bidding. When we take time to learn humility from Jesus according to

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79 Tozer A.W 1948 in his book ‘The Pursuit of God’ it delivers us from four crushing burdens. The first is the burden of pride which he said is a heavy burden to bear. Tozer asks us to consider how much trouble has come into our own lives because of our prideful reaction to someone who has offended us. He said further “As long as you see yourself up as a little god to which you must be loyal there will be those who will delight to offer affront to your idol. How then can one hope to have inward peace The heart’s fierce effort to protect itself from every slight to shield its touchy honour from the bad opinion of friend and enemy will never let the mind have rest. Continue this fight through the years and the burden become intolerable. Yet the sons of earth are carrying this burden continually challenging every word spoken against them cringing under every criticism smarting under such fancied slight tossing sleepless if another is preferred before them.” The second is the burden of pretense which is pretending to be something we are not and hiding what we are. Boice says “The man who is moderately successful in business tries to look wildly successful. He is ashamed to be thought only a moderate achiever. A person of limited education pretends to be more highly educated that he or she is and fears to meet a thoroughly educated man. Even if well educated the person fears to meet one who is better educated or to be in a position where the unfavourable comparison shows.”

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80 Tozer added that “Let no one smile this off. These burdens are real and little by little they kill the victim of this evil and unnatural way of life.” The third is the burden of artificiality which is a problem closely related to pretense. However as Tozer pointed out ‘it is a step beyond pretense a step in the wrong direction as it involves fear of relaxing and an enforced affectation’. This is what we commonly refer to as ‘playing or acting a role’ which can be amusing but as time progresses we come to realise that we do not really know this person as such as the ‘face he or she carries’ does not bear resemblance to the real person. The reality of the cross knocks down any spirit of artificiality in a life nailed to it through unwavering following of Christ. The story was told of the children whenever they were in the presence of Aslan in the ‘Chronicles of Narnia’. Any dishonest word or self-serving statement dries up not because the fear that he would punish them but simply because evil could not stand before the one considered all-powerful and completely good. In this wise those who follow Jesus should portray this type of experience as we walk with Him we should grow in humility. If the contrary is our case then pride pretense and artificiality is the order of our lives then we are not of Christ and not following Him. The fourth is the burden of self-struggle from which we are to be delivered from if we walk in humility of heart. This is the kind of ‘struggle to make it or gain recognition’ in our work ministry and in the world. This is the

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81 kind of ‘struggle for self-advancement that flows from the root of pride within us’. Every disciple of Christ must learn how to be content with whatever they are and have and the circumstances they found themselves in the Lord. Humility removes a disciple from these burdens and sets him free to become all that he/she can be Jesus. When we ceased from self-struggle the result is the contentment of the spirit and our life. Jeremiah Burroughs 1964 explained lack of contentment as “failure to see ourselves as we truly are which means that lack of contentment flows from prideful life.” According to him the cure he provided are embedded in the teachings of Jesus knowing as follows “that in ourselves we are nothing that we deserve nothing that we can do nothing that we are worse than nothing since sin pits us against God that if we perish it will be no loss and that our chief wisdom consists in the denial of self and the taking up of our cross in Christ’s service. Buroughs concluded thus “there was never any man or woman so contented as a self- denying man or woman. The nearer we come to learning to deny ourselves as Christ did the more contented shall we be”. Jesus delivers us from these burdens when we follow Him and He does this by bringing us before Himself face to face with God before whom ‘all hearts are opened and all desires are known’.

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82 2.7 Who is A Disciple A disciple is first of all one who has been born again. Jn.3:1-7. Someone declares “Except a man is born anew by the Spirit…. He has no potential to become like Jesus.” A baby lizard can never grow up to become a crocodile no matter the training the feeding and the exposures. Even if all the principles of discipleship are applied a sinner cannot develop by training to become a saint. First he/she has to be born again as “that which is born of the flesh is flesh and will always and ever be flesh.” It is only those who are born again that have the ticket to come on board the ‘ship’ of discipleship. Having had rest from sin and the devil the disciple voluntarily yields his neck under the yoke of the Lord Jesus Christ so as to be taught and nurtured by Jesus through an earthly master called disciple until the disciple becomes like Christ. Matt.11:29-30. We discovered in the scripture that there are two kinds of rest. The Master says “Come unto me…. And I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and... you will find rest unto your soul.” The first is rest from the labour and load of sin and this happens as soon as one comes unto Jesus for salvation. However the healing and deliverance here is not the end. There is the second rest that The Lord promised us but can only be found through the fulfilment of a condition – by taking His yoke upon us and learning from Him. That is discipleship. The Lord Jesus expects that if anybody has received rest from Him

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83 in terms of forgiveness of sins and rest from sickness and demons the next thing he/she ought to do is enrol voluntarily with Christ as a learner for discipleship training which is life-long. It is not by force it is voluntary and He enjoined all to respond likewise before rest could be found for our soul. So a disciple is that person who has voluntarily yielded his neck under the yoke of the Master and is prepared to learn from Him. What then is a yoke According to Gbile Akanni 2000 “a yoke is a wooden bar put across the necks of two animals of the same kind to hold them together for the purpose of ploughing farmland. A yoke does not allow you to do what you like. It compels you to walk in the same step as the other yoke- fellow. So when Jesus says ‘take My yoke upon you and learn of Me’ it means ‘enroll under My tutelage bind yourself to Me do that where I go there you will go also what I allow is what you will eat’. Anybody who has voluntarily and deliberately done that is a disciple.” There are four major things that a disciple should be. Akanni 2000 highlighted these as follows: 1. Since a servant cannot be loyal to two masters at a time a disciple is a man of one focus under one master. He possesses a single eye lives singular life not an intermix of the natural and spiritual and must have a clear testimony of a deliverance form sin. 1John.3:5-10 Matt.6:21-24 Lk.1:74-75.

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84 2. A disciple is a pupil who has voluntarily conceded the pedagogical authority to the teacher so that God’s purpose might be fulfilled. He has come to accept the wisdom of the teacher as the best ever possible for his own life. He is not afraid of anything Rom.8:28-29 Jn.6:68-69 Job.13:15. He knows that the teacher knows what he is doing. He is willing to stay through all the process. He sees everything permitted in his life as divine apparatus to get him conformed into the Image of his Master whom he loves and highly esteems. 3. A disciple is not choosy. He does not mind what means the master chooses to hammer him into the desired shape Job.19:25-27 2Cor.4:16- 17 Eccl.3:11a Rom.8:28. He accepts joyfully the master’s decision as the best in making him become all that The LORD designs him to be. He believes in the love of the Master. His confession and persuasion can be summarized in Romans.8:28 “…we know that all things works together for good to those who love God…He submits to the divine often unseen hand moulding him into shape according to the heavenly pattern. He believes and trusts The Master. He knows him as “the Only Wise God” who does everything beautifully in its time. 4. A disciple loves his master is loyal submissive committed to him and is zealous for his the master’s honour and interest at all cost. When we consider David’s men in 1Chro.11:15-19 Peter and John in Acts.4:19-

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85 20 5:32-42 and Paul in Acts.20:22-24 21:10-14 we can notice that love is important in the master-disciple relationship. Drawing from the elaboration above as posited by Akanni 2006 he concluded that “Discipleship therefore is a process of reproducing the life of a master in the apprentice imparting the life of the teacher in the pupil. It is the process designed by God to make everyone of His children to be conformed to the image of The Lord Jesus Christ. It is a life – long relationship and it is systematic and cumulative. In this relationship a disciple voluntarily yields his neck under the yoke of The Master knowing and being persuaded that all things works together for good to them that love God. When any man is born again he has all the potentials of the divine nature living within him but undeveloped and immature. To become a man in Christ every Christian must be on board this ‘ship’ called Discipleship. Many cannot truly say they are a disciple of Jesus as they see the terms as too strenuous tasking and tough.” We have discovered as we studied on discipleship that there is no other way to put on the garb of Christlikeness unless through a lifelong sojourn in the school of discipleship. 2.8 The Cost of Discipleship Luke recorded for us in chapter 9:57-62 of his gospel an account of three 3 men whom Jesus met as He travelled along with his disciples. Two of these men declared that they wished to follow Jesus to become His disciples but the

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86 third was the one whom Jesus summoned to follow him. Jesus’ approach to issue of discipleship is different and a radical departure from what obtains in today’s church. He seems to spend a great deal of His time trying to dissuade men from following after Him arbitrarily without counting the cost in the long run. An old preacher man said to a young minister “Son always endeavour to keep your church as small as you can” For someone with inclination for church growth that is strange but what he meant was ‘preach the truth of God’s salvation and the demands of following Jesus so clearly that only those who have counted the cost and are ready to give up all for Christ will join themselves to you.’ Jesus’ way of dealing with those who expressed a desire to follow Him is that He wants them to think it through first to count the cost involved so that once they do following Him will be easy and they’ll never turn back and non- negotiable as they had been prepared for it. According to Pastor 2006 the cost of discipleship or following Jesus are three fold: 2.8.1 The Follower Of Jesus Has No Earthly Security. When Jesus stepped out of His throne in glory to come to the earth and live and die for us He left behind all that He had. He exchanged wealth for poverty - out of the ivory palaces into a rude cattle shed. He exchanged rulership for servanthood. He says “Foxes have holes and birds have nests but the Son of man has nowhere to lay His head”. What an irony . . . the King of

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87 glory - heir apparent to the throne of the Universe - doesn’t even have a place to call “home”. He has no earthly security. He was loaned accommodation by those who loved Him. He borrowed a coin to tell a story. He borrowed a donkey to ride into Jerusalem and fulfil prophecy. He was even buried in a borrowed tomb Those who follow Him must be prepared for the same road of no earthly security. Note that there is security in following Jesus - but it’s not any earthly security. It’s not the security of possessions or money or homes or any such things only the security of God’s faithfulness and a life beyond this one that nothing can take away Though the Christian have nothing to his name in this life yet he is more secure than the richest most powerful of men of this world. The follower of Jesus has no earthly security and those who will follow Jesus - and walk His road - it may well cost them everything hence it is needful to count the cost Such who follow Him should remember the words of Jesus in Matt.10:29: “whoever loses his life for my sake shall find it” That is the promissory note for all who take upon them the burden of his yoke under discipleship. 2.8.2 The Follower Of Jesus Has No Earthly Ties. If you’re going to follow Jesus Christ the claims of His Kingdom come before anything and anyone else. Jesus said that “He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me”. The picture of the kind of devotion that he

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88 is calling for is that when we are pressed into a choice between family responsibility and him he comes first and indeed some have had to lose family to follow Christ as we read in the history of the martyrs. The follower of Jesus has no ultimate earthly ties and Jesus says: “leave it behind” and follow me. An insight into Jewish funeral procedure might make this Jesus’ instruction in discipleship to be clearer. When a person dies an initial burial take place shortly after. Then one year later after the first burial the son of the dead would return to re-bury the bones in a special box in a slot in the tomb wall. If that’s the situation here and it seems reasonable to assume it was then this man who has been called by Jesus could be asking for up to a year’s delay before following in discipleship Jesus says “Others can take care of that my friend - the demands of the Kingdom are more urgent - my call cannot wait.” The follower of Jesus has no earthly ties. What Jesus says is “leave it behind......follow Me. 2.8.3 The Follower Of Jesus Has No Earthly Distractions. If you’re going to follow Jesus in discipleship there must be no going back hence another reason why we count the cost first before embarking on the journey of discipleship. Another way Jesus put it in Luke 14:32-34 was like this: “Which one of you when he wants to build a tower does not first sit down and calculate the cost to see if he has enough to complete it Otherwise when

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89 he has laid a foundation and is not able to finish all who observe it begin to ridicule him saying ‘This man began to build and was not able to finish’. Commenting on those words John Stott wrote this: “The Christian landscape is strewn with the wreckage of derelict half-built towers - the ruins of those who began to build and were unable to finish. For thousands of people still ignore Christ’s warning and undertake to follow Him without first pausing to reflect on the cost of doing so. The result is the great scandal of Christendom today so-called ‘nominal Christianity’. In countries to which Christian civilization has spread large numbers of people have covered themselves with a decent but thin veneer of Christianity. They have allowed themselves to become somewhat involved enough to be respectable but not enough to be uncomfortable. Their religion is a great soft cushion. It protects them from the hard unpleasantness of life while changing its place and shape to suit their conveniences. No wonder the cynics speak of hypocrites in the church and dismiss religion as escapism.” The true follower of Jesus allows no earthly distractions as we don’t look back for anything or anyone. When Peter James and John followed Jesus they literally “dropped” their fishing nets to go after Him. And it was when it looked like business was picking up for Jesus had just got them a bumper stock for sale but they went back for nothing as the Master had called them. Some have looked back when God called them forward. Some of them include Lot’s wife Judas Iscariot

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90 Demas among others and not one of them is remembered for any good thing for they were not worthy of the Kingdom. Jesus’ words are strong as it will cost you everything to follow Him obediently. He calls for us to commit ourselves completely to Him and hold nothing back. And that is the picture of the authentic Christian. The follower of Jesus has not earthly security no earthly ties and no earthly distractions. Jesus said to the first man: “count the cost”. He said to the second man: “leave it behind” and he said to the third man: “don’t look back”. For every action there is a consequence. The cost of not following Him is huge and includes the loss of eternal life no divine guidance or meaning in this life and no opportunity to glorify God. 2.8.4.1 What is This Cost This question was asked by Boice 1986 in his classics titled “Christ’s Call to Discipleship” as he considers Walter J. Chantry’s view on ‘Synthetic Gospel’ of today. In his book “In Today’s Gospel: Authentic or Synthetic Chantry 1972 examines Christ’s encounter with the rich young man as penned in Mark 10:17-27 and concludes that His approach was radically different from what most evangelicals would do in similar circumstances. The man was sincere with himself as he recounted his deeds but Jesus was not carried away by his intimidating credentials. He challenged him in regard to his conception of God confronted him with God’s law and lastly called for repentance and faith in

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91 Himself with these words: “ Go sell everything you have and give to the poor and you will have treasure in heaven then come follow me”. Chantry’s view was that ‘Jesus’ demand for this turning from everything else to Himself as a condition of discipleship’ is not attractive to today’s Christian leaders as many of them have failed to declare this to their congregation hence they are not preaching Jesus’ gospel but self-gospel. In Luke 14:28-33 Jesus did not make following him an easy thing as following Him involves radical life changes and everything He enumerated about true discipleship involved costly change. According to this scripture there is accost to discipleship a failure to see this has caused some people to the journey without adequate understanding and commitment and that this cost must be paid if a person is to become His disciple and be eventually saved eternally. Also in Luke 9:22 this cost includes denying oneself taking up a cross and following Him. This issue of ‘cost-paying’ has raised dust among some evangelicals who opined that it looks like a works-salvation which the Bible strictly condemned. According to Ernest C. Reisinger 1982 “any teaching that demands a change of conduct toward either God or man for salvation is to add works or human effort to faith and this contradicts all scripture and is an accursed message”. People like Reisinger wants to rule out any gospel that is not sola Scriptura

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92 according to Scripture alone sola fide by faith in Jesus Christ alone and sola gratia by the grace of God alone. Sola Scriptura means by ‘Scripture alone’. This affirms the written word of God as the only and full authority that must rule and control the life of a Christian. The Word takes pre-eminence over any church creed tenets teachings and traditions. If this is true then to follow Christ as His disciple we must make the word supreme over our self belief and traditions. In other words every true disciple of Christ must pay the cost of the destruction of our own religious opinions traditions and way of life. Here there must be true repentance turning away from our sins sinful thoughts and ideas to follow Jesus Christ. Everything we thought of doing or we are doing must be renounced and repudiated now that we have discover true and the right way in the scripture. This brings forth in the disciple a change of mind solely on the revelation of the Word of God. To such disciples what scripture condemned must be shunned what scripture commend must become a lifestyle so no one can have sola scriptura with paying the cost. Sola fide teaches that salvation is by the work of Christ received through faith alone. Saving faith is a living union with Christ and not a mere intellectual belief and it involves full commitment to Him as Lord and Saviour from those who claim to His disciples. A distinctive cost payable here is the lost of world’s good opinion. According to Boice Bishop J.C. Ryle 1959 wrote an excellent

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93 exposition on this based on Luke 14:28 thus: “A man…..must be content to be thought ill of by man if he pleases God. He must count it no strange thing to be mocked ridiculed slandered persecuted and even hated. He must not be surprised to find his opinions and practices in religion despised and held up to scorn. He must submit to be thought by many as a fool……It is always unpleasant to be spoken against and forsaken and lied about and to stand alone. But there is help for it. The cup which our Master drank must be drunk by his disciples. They must be ‘despised and rejected of men’ Isa.53:3. Let us set down that item last in out account. To be a Christian will cost a man the favour of the world”. Sola gratia teaches that salvation is by the grace of God alone with no mixture or iota of human work added to it. Sola gratia emphasise that all our good works must be surrendered. The cost to the disciple is his own self righteousness and this is a high cost to pay and many will not give them up to pay this cost easily. Many today’s Christian depicts the outward Christian mannerism which is easy to display. They go to church attend services pray when instructed give and contribute offering to needs in the church and through these and others we receive good opinion of others especially the leaders. In all these we refuse to emphasise self denial and sacrifice which are key for one to gain heaven.

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94 So in condemning this outward Christianity Ryle 1959 surmised thus: “It does cost something to be a real Christian according to the standard of the Bible. There are enemies to overcome battles to be fought sacrifices to be made and Egypt to be forsaken a wilderness to be passed through a cross to be carried a race to be run. Conversion is not putting a man in an arm-chair and taking him easily to heaven. It is the beginning of a mighty conflict in which it costs to win the victory.” Those who are to Jesus’ disciples must therefore be ready to count these costs and give up everything to follow Him. Boice summed up the various cost that Disciples of Christ must be ready to pay by asking “What must I pay to be a Christian” He listed at least six of the cost that a Christian who is following Christ ought to pay. First the disciple must pay the price of his own self righteousness as explained earlier. Secondly he must pay the price of those sins now cherish by giving all of them up and come to now know the joy of holiness rather than the empty mockery of sin. Thirdly he must pay the price of his own understanding of life of what it is all about and of what ultimately matters. He must be ready to submit his confused and contradictory opinions to the revelation of God’s Word in the Scriptures. Fourthly a disciple must pay the price of this world’s friendship. He will be in the world but not part of the world and not of it. The world must be despised and forsaken to follow Christ intimately. Fifthly he must pay the price of his plans for his life for he may have many ideas on what to do or to

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95 become this must all be given up willingly and joyfully. This is because a disciple cannot run his life and also have Jesus to run it for him for Christ must be the Lord of all or He will not be the Lord at all. Lastly a disciple must pay the price of his own will because that sinful selfish will must be completely renounced and replaced by the good and perfect pleasing will of God in Christ. Boice concluded in this wise: “I say that the minimum amount a person must believe to be a Christian is everything and that the minimum amount a person must give is all. You must give all. You cannot hold back even a fraction of a percentage of yourself. Every sin must be abandoned. Every false thought must be repudiated. You must be the Lord’s entirely.” 2.9 Understanding the Terms and Conditions for Discipleship True Christianity is an all-out commitment to The Lord Jesus Christ. The Saviour is not looking for men and women who will give half of their life to Him and half to the devil. The devil will surely take the half but God will definitely reject the other half because if God cannot have your all He does not need a half of you. As someone said ‘many give him their spare evenings some weekends or their years of retirement’ but I rather say it is too late.’ H.A. Hopkins asserts that “He looks today as He has ever looked not for crowds drifting aimlessly in His tracks but for individual men and women whose undying allegiance will spring from their having recognized that He

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96 wants those who are prepared to follow the path of self-renunciation which He trod before them”. In order words nothing less than unconditional surrender could ever be fitting response to His Sacrifice at Calvary. Christianity should not be viewed as an escape route from hell fire into a guaranteed and secured abode in heaven. Rather The Lord Jesus made stringent demands terms and conditions on those who would be His disciples and many has overlooked these demands in these days of loafing Christianity. We can accept that fact that soldiers give their lives for patriotic reasons. We do not think it strange that communist give their lives for political reasons but that “blood sweat and tears” should characterize the life of a follower of Christ somehow seems remote and hard to grasp. And yet the words of The Lord Jesus are clear enough. According to William Macdonald 1963 here set out below are the terms of discipleship as laid down by The Saviour of the world. 2.9.1 A Supreme Love For Jesus Christ. “If any man come to me and hate not his father and mother and wife and children and brethren and sisters yea and his own life also he cannot be my disciple” Luke.14:26. This does not mean that we should ever have animosity or ill will in our hearts towards our relatives but it does mean that our love to Christ should be so great that all other loves are hatred by comparison. Actually the most difficult clause in this passage is the expression “yea and his own life also” Self-love is one of the major

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97 hindrance to discipleship. Not until we are willing to lay down our very lives for Him are we in the place where He wants us. 2.9.2 A Denial Of Self. “If any man will come after me let him deny himself ….” Matthew.16:24. Denial of self is not the same as self-denial. The latter means foregoing certain foods pleasures or possessions. But denial of self means such complete submission to The Lordship of Christ that self has no rights or authority at all. It means that self abdicates the throne. It is expressed in the words of Henry Martyn “Lord let me have no will of my own. Or consider my true happiness as depending in the smallest degree on anything that can befall me outwardly but as consisting altogether in conformity to Thy will.” 2.9.3 A Deliberate Choosing Of The Cross. “If any man come after me let him deny himself and take up his cross ….” Matthew.16:24. The cross is not some physical infirmity or mental anguish these things are common to all men. The cross is a pathway that is deliberately chosen. It was A.A. Coates that posits that it is “a path which so far as this world goes is one of dishonour and reproach”. The cross symbolizes the shame persecution and abuse which the world heaped upon the son of God and which the world will heap on all who choose to stand

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98 against the tide. Any believer can avoid the cross simply by being conformed to the world and its ways. 2.9.4 A Life Spent In Following Christ. “If any man come after me let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me” Matthew.16:24. To understand what this means one need simply ask himself “What characterized the life of our Lord Jesus” it was a life of obedience to the will of God. It was a life lived in the power of the Holy Spirit. It was a life of unselfish service for others. It was a life of patience and long suffering in the face of the gravest wrongs. It was a life of zeal of expenditure of self control of meekness of kindness of faithfulness and of devotion Galatians.5:22 23. In order to be His disciples we must walk as He walked. We must exhibit the fruit of Christlikeness John.15:8. 2.9.5 A Fervent Love for All Who Belongs To Christ. “By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples if ye have love one to another” John.13:35. This is the love that esteems others better than oneself. It is the love that covers multitude of sins. It is the love that suffers long and is kind. It vaunts not itself and is not puffed up. It does not behave itself unseemly seeks not its own is not easily provoked thinks no evil. It bears all things believes all things hopes all things and endures all things

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99 1 st Corinthians.13:4-7. Without this love discipleship would be cold legalistic asceticism. 2.9.6 An Unswerving Continuance In His Word. “If ye continue in my word then are ye My disciples indeed” John.8:31. For real discipleship there must be continuance. It is easy enough to start well to burst forth in a blaze of glory. But the test of reality is endurance to the end. Any man who looks back after putting his hand to the plough is not fit for the Kingdom of God Luke.9:62. Spasmodic obedience to the scriptures will not do. Christ wants those who will follow Him in constant unquestioning obedience. One hymn writer penned this: “Keep me from turning back. The handles of my plough with tears are wet The shears with rust are spoiled and yet and yet My God My God Keep me from turning back”. 2.9.7 A Forsaking Of All To Follow Him. “So likewise whosoever be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath he cannot be my disciple” Luke.14:33. This is perhaps the most unpopular of all Christ’s term of discipleship and may well prove to be most unpopular verse in the Bible. Clever theologians can give you a thousand reasons why it does not mean what it says but simple disciples drink it down eagerly assuming that the Lord Jesus knew what he was saying. What is meant by

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100 forsaking all It means an abandonment of all one’s material possession that are not absolutely essential and that could be used in the spread of the gospel. The man who forsakes all does not become a shiftless loafer he works hard to provide for the current necessities of his family and himself. But since the passion of his life is to advance the cause of Christ he invests everything above current needs in the work of The Lord and leaves the future with God. In seeking first the kingdom of God and His righteousness he believes that he will never lack food and clothing. He cannot conscientiously hold on to surplus funds when souls are perishing for want of the gospel. He does not want to waste his life accumulating riches that will fall into the devils hands when Christ returns for His saints. He wants to obey the Lord’s injunction against laying up treasure on earth. In forsaking all he offers what he cannot keep anyway and what he has ceased to love.” These are the clear unambiguous and unequivocal seven terms and conditions of Christian discipleship. If today’s’ Christians would dare keep to the tenets of these terms our churches will be filled with spiritually discerning people. 3.0 The Proof of Discipleship The relationship of all believers to the Bible is expected to be the same as his or her relationship with Jesus Christ. According to Derek Prince 1993 there are four vital facts to show or prove that a believer is indeed a disciple of Jesus Christ. First keeping the word of God is the supreme feature which

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101 distinguishes the disciple of Jesus from the world. Second keeping God’s word is the supreme test of the disciple’s love for God and the supreme cause of God’s favour toward the disciple. Thirdly Jesus Christ manifests Himself to the disciple through the word of God as it is kept obeyed and applied daily. Fourthly the Father and the Son come into the life of the disciple and establish their enduring home with him through the infallible Word of God. 3.1 The Place of Mentorship in Discipleship Jesus’ primary call to His disciples is seen in His words "Come to Me" Matthew 11:28 and "Follow Me" Matthew 4:19. Mark records: "He appointed twelve that they might be with Him and that He might send them out to preach and to have authority to cast out the demons" Mark 3:14 15. Notice that Jesus’ relationship with His disciples preceded His assignment to them. Discipleship is the intensely personal activities of two or more persons helping each other experience a growing relationship with God. Discipleship is: being before doing maturity before ministry and character before career. Discipleship occurs within an environment of loving accountability. For example if necessary an expectant mother can deliver her own baby. Its not recommended but its certainly not desirable. However it has been done several times all over the world. At the same time it is a

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102 generally accepted fact that babies dont raise themselves as they need care supervision and guidance in order to grow into mature adults. In this wise new born babes in Christ are not different. They can be born without help but they cant grow that way into maturity. So effective discipleship must occur within an environment of loving accountability that is the precise atmosphere that should exist within the local church. Jesus personally raised the original disciples and then turned that job over to His body the church. Each of us functions as a cell in that body dividing and reproducing over and over again as we participate in the growth process. The body however requires more than the reproduction of cells to stay healthy. It needs antibodies to protect it from disease. As a physician explains: “Inside all of us viruses and renegade cells occasionally pop off and begin doing their own thing. Soon they start affecting or infecting the cells around them. Before long a tumour a cancer or some other disease develops. The result would inevitably be fatal if not for antibodies. Antibodies are specialized cells that hunt down these renegades and destroy them before they destroy you. You dont have to think about it it happens automatically in a healthy body.” In a healthy church the process is remarkably the same. When renegade church members bring the infection of discord disunity or immorality the right cells automatically go to work fighting the disease. When physical emotional or spiritual needs develop the bodys defence’s react immediately and

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103 instinctively. This is made possible when the body is healthy through effective doing and following of the Word of God. The measure of a church is not the size of its membership roll the structure of its staff or the extent of its programming. The measure of a church is the extent to which it fosters spiritual maturity in its people. Why is the church so critical today In I Timothy 3:14-15 Paul puts it this way: “Although I hope to come to you soon I am writing you these instructions so that if I am delayed you will know how people are to conduct themselves in Gods household which is the church of the living God the pillar and foundation of the truth.” Its glaringly obvious that the world today no longer holds truth in high regard. Out in the real world dirty and crooked games are being played and lots of tricks and subtlety are in vogue with lack of much truth. The church should be the one place where one can count on finding the truth the whole truth and nothing but the truth so the quest for Gods truth should be the priority of what draws you to the church on Sunday mornings. That is what a true and effective discipleship does to a Christian in an atmosphere where it is nurtured and allowed to thrive without inhibition. In addition theres a relational side to this mathematical formula of distance equals speed multiplied by time earlier mentioned above. Every part of our body is in dynamic relationship with all of its other parts. If one of our legs were to be cut off how far could one walk If one or two fingers is cut off from our wrist how well could the hand write Once a part of the body is severed it

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104 can no longer perform its function effectively. It ceases to grow and develop. The hand moves only because it is physically connected to the rest of the body and by means of the nerves to the brain. Everything is interconnected and functions as a unit. The church is a body that functions in a dynamic relationship. A church cant grow around one person because one person does have everything the person needs. Thats why we see much emphasis on small groups in the New Testament and this context facilitates encouragement supervision mutual support mentorship and accountability. Without it the church is just a loose-knit association of individuals-- and the process of discipleship is short-circuited defeated and becomes a monumental failure in the end. Discipleship is a progressive movement toward maturity. This is why we call some people mature and others immature. Quite simply put maturity is acting your age. You wouldnt call a two-year-old immature when he plays with his food--thats what toddlers do However by the time that youngster turns 21 or 22 his behaviour should have changed as dramatically as his body had done. He should have made continual progress toward maturity. Such trend should be expected at least as much from young Christians who are growing in faith. A new believer is bound to struggle and stumble at first but as time goes by those who were abusive should grow more gentle and tolerant. Those controlled by their passions should grow more temperate. Those who lacked love should grow more caring and loving. In short the goal of

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105 spiritual maturity is measured by our Christ-likeness. Jesus aim in discipleship is to make one look like Himself. In II Corinthians 3:18 we read: “And we who with unveiled faces all reflect the Lords glory are being transformed into His likeness with ever-increasing glory which comes from the Lord who is the Spirit.” In one of his writings Anthony Evans 2000 succinctly brings this analogy to bear in a vivid way thus: “A member of my church pulled me aside recently as I was walking with my oldest son. My that boy looks like you she said. Anthony Junior has many of my features and the comparison pleased me. I hope Anthony felt likewise God wants to make that same comparison. He wants to look at Jesus and look at you and then look back at Jesus and remark about the uncanny resemblance. Of course as you grow to resemble Christ youll start looking less and less like the rest of the world. In fact the time will come when the world will neither recognize you nor understand you. Paul warns about this phenomenon in I Corinthians 2:14: ‘The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God for they are foolishness to him and he cannot understand them because they are spiritually discerned.” One has to devote oneself to spiritual maturity if you are growing to resemble Christ. To the world one may appear different and weird it is not because of trying to be weird but because you no longer conform to the worlds

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106 image. Those who will grow into maturity must learn this: dont let the pressure to conform impede your progress toward the goal of spiritual maturity. The process of discipleship repeats itself once it is institutionalised. How does one know when he/she have become a mature disciple It is when you begin discipling others. The Apostle Paul summed it up succinctly. Follow my example as I follow the example of Christ he said. I Corinthians 11:1. This verse could make us feel uneasy and question the rationale of following a mortal man That brings us back to accountability in discipleship. Let the truth be told there is nothing wrong with following people provided the person you are following is following Christ. This is the principle and how the process of discipleship works. If it stops with you how will the faith be passed on The greatest danger facing a healthy Christ-centered Bible- teaching church is the temptation to get comfortable sitting on the truth. If what is taught does not change how you live if it does not compel you to reach out to others if it does not affect your community your workplace and your home the time you spent in the church was wasted and discipleship process has been broken. Every genuine Christian should know that the truth that nourishes one can also paralyze one if not put to use. We need to look for opportunities to put Gods truth to work by passing on what we have received. Let us remember what Paul told Timothy: The things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable men who will also be qualified to teach others. II Timothy 2:2.

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107 It started with Christ. Jesus taught Paul Paul taught Timothy. Timothy taught reliable men and so on. Each believer in that chain committed himself to the same process of spiritual development within an environment of loving accountability and progressively moved from spiritual infancy to spiritual maturity ultimately repeating the process with others. This succession has continued without interruption from then until now and every church leader needs to reflect on this as he/she does this work of leading men to their eternal heavenly home. The question is will today’s church leaders accept the challenge of passing the baton to a new generation of believers The very survival of the church hinges on the answer. Every Christian is both a disciple and a discipler in the context of his Christian relationships. We have the awesome privilege and responsibility both to be a teacher and a learner of what it means to be in Christ walk in the spirit and live by faith. Some may have a role in our family church or Christian community which gives us specific responsibility for discipling others such as husband/father pastor Sunday school or home fellowship teacher discipleship group leader etc. But even as an appointed discipler we are still a disciple who is learning and growing in Christ through our relationships. Conversely we may not have an "official" responsibility to disciple anyone yet we are a discipler. We have the opportunity to help our children friends and other believers grow in Christ through our caring and committed relationship with them as I noted earlier.

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108 Similarly every Christian is both a counsellor and counselee in the context of his Christian relationships. A good counsellor should be a good discipler and a good disciple should be a good counsellor. Biblically they are doing the same role. Our level of maturity may dictate that we do a lot of Christian counseling. There will still be times when we may need to seek or receive the counsel of other Christians so there never will be a time when we don’t need each other in the faith to assist one another to grow. In later sections we shall briefly discuss the concept of discipleship counselling and mentoring and how it helps grow a Christian into maturity if its principles are incorporated into discipleship process in our churches. 3.2 The Meaning of Church Growth In pursuit of this research work I have read scores of books on church growth indeed many of the available books on church growth contain great ideas and great principles. Most of them relate to the story and principles that led to phenomenal numerical growth in a specific church. It is inferred in all of the books that if other churches copy these principles they too will experience this kind of growth. One of the main problems with this is that no two churches are identical. While some principles from these "successful" churches might be applicable and adaptable to our setting what works in one church might not work in another. Furthermore none of these previously published strategies

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109 work in every church of every size and in all locations. We also noticed that many church leaders floundered as they import the ideas in these books with little or no meaningful results. Someone then may ask: ‘Were the ones who wrote those works just lucky or are those copying them doing it wrong” To my mind those who wrote the books were lucky and those who copied didn’t consider location culture and diversities before adopting any of the Church growth models in existence. As I laboured on this study trying to find the "secret" to church growth I came across one book which laid it all out so clearly and so simply and could hardly believe what I was reading. This book explained the churchs origin builder durability purpose and function. It challenged almost everything the modern church growth movement encourages and promotes. Instead of making the unchurched and unsaved feel comfortable this book tells us not to be conformed to the world. Instead of meeting for primarily evangelistic purposes this book tells us to meet for the edification of the saints. Instead of marketing the church via worldly methods this book tells us to neither love the world nor the things in the world. Instead of giving people what they want to hear this book tells us to teach what God wants the people to hear. Instead of being program-oriented this book tells us to be people and ministry oriented. The book is the Bible the Holy Scriptures or the Word of God whose principles are

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110 eternal universally tested and applicable with no iota of variation when done to pattern. I want to begin by defining what we mean by "church growth" citing authorities in this field. Before we can look at how the church grows we need to come to an agreement of what the "church" is. We discovered that according to the Bible “the church is not a building instead the church body consists of the universal and local gathering of believers under the headship of Christ meeting regularly and orderly for the purposes of exalting God edifying one another and evangelizing the world.” On what Church growth is Akin-John 2007 said “Simply put Church Growth means life energy new horizons new attainments and fulfilment of expectations. If the church fails to grow it is a sure sign that life is not really in the church. If we do not grow we are not really living”. The church as a living organism is expected to grow as growth is a fact that is certain in life. So without growth the church starts to decay and eventually dies. A classical definition says: “Church Growth is that discipline which investigates the nature expansion planting multiplication function and health of Christian churches as they relate to the effective implementation of God’s commission to ‘make disciples of all peoples’ Matt. 28:18-20. The Great Commission remains the heart beat of Church Growth. It is a careful study of growing churches both in

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111 the Bible days and in contemporary history and applying the knowledge for the growth of Christian churches Akin-John 2003. This third definition is more current and practical. It says “Church growth is not produced by a program plan or marketing strategy. Your church’s greatest need is not a clearer understanding of its demographics but a clearer understanding of its God. Church growth is not something we do or produce in the church. Church growth is not the result of any program or plan. Church growth is the by-product of a right relationship with the Lord of the church. Church growth is by definition a supernatural activity and thus is accomplished through the church by the Lord Himself. When Jesus founded the church He promised that He Himself would build the church. Church growth occurs when the local church supernaturally and faithfully fulfils the Great Commission in its unique context and with a vision for the world” Hemphill Antioch Effect. I align with this definition as Church Growth is a reflection of a right relationship with the Lord who commands the growth. Perhaps the most inclusive definition is the one put forward by the North American Society for Church Growth: “Church growth is that discipline which investigates the nature expansion planting multiplication function and health of Christian churches as they relate specifically to the effective implementation of God’s Commission to “make disciples of all nations” Matt.28:18-20. That definition is immediately elaborated on thus: Students of church growth strive to combine the eternal

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112 theological principles of God’s Word concerning the expansion of the Church with the best insights of contemporary social and behavioural sciences employing as the initial frame of reference the foundational work done by Donald McGavran. Growth Partners Vol. 3 No. 3 May/June 1986 p 1.5. From these definitions it became obvious that churches may be growing but not healthy so church growth involves the health of the church. Hence it is expedient to examine what is ‘Church health’ as many growths do not results into healthy churches. According to Akin-John 2007 “Church health speaks of the state of wellness wholesomeness well-being and vitality of the church. It is not being a perfect church but a healthy living and lively one. It is being free from sicknesses and diseases that are ravaging churches of today. It is being a thriving vital living lively growing and vibrant church.” I posit that a well institutionalised discipleship program and system in a church would make the church to be physically internally externally and spiritually wholesome and vibrant. Such church will grow into Christlikeness in all areas such as evangelisation of its community to reach the unchurched and sinners matured leadership that is spiritual and strategic in outlook and absence of internal bickerings and politics that have decimated many denominational churches across the continent of Africa.

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113 3.2.1 The Eight Major Areas Of Effective Church Growth Tremendous growth can be truly experienced in churches that are healthy as sick and diseased churches can hardly grow and blossom. Akin-John 2007. The outcome of Church vitality and health is a solid and good growth experiences but where growth occurs without corresponding health what we see is fickleness shallowness and rapid growth that is hollow which might not endure. Akin-John’s singular effort on church growth since 1994 has strongly contributed to lay the ground foundation for more research in church growth especially in Africa. He posited that “the church as a living organism must grow and that effective church growth therefore covers eight major areas namely: The first is numerical growth – This is where new people are added to the church. Secondly there is spiritual growth – Those who are saved through evangelisation of the community are brought to the church to be discipled and assimilated into the body and thirdly sociological growth – This is having good image and positive relationship and relevance with the community where the church is located. The fourth is material growth which constitutes the material resources and equipments require for the church whilst fifth is physical growth which involves the human resources properties and structures require for effective running of the church.

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114 The sixth is financial growth which emphasise the fact of improve and steady financial situation importance in the church the seventh is extension growth that involves the planting of new and satellites churches to expand the catchment areas of the church to unreached locations and eighth is Church health which is to ensure that the church is not afflicted with sicknesses and diseases that kill churches. Church growth is a practical study that critically looks at these eight areas in our churches to ensure vibrant and virile growth. The growth of the church could be rapid gradual silent or noticeable. It could be natural or supernatural for growth is the non-negotiable will of God for the Church on earth. Psalm 92:12-14 Acts 2:46 5:14. 3.2.2 Biblical Definition Of Growth. In our definition of church the first part of it was that the church is made up of believers. The church consists of all those who believe in Jesus Christ for eternal life. Therefore real church growth happens not when numbers increase but when believers mature in the faith. Church growth is about growing people: “Church growth is teaching and training the people who are in the church to become what God wants them to be so they can do what God wants them to do.” To put it more simply church growth happens when Christians grow into spiritual maturity. One Anonymous Bible scholar put this growth issues in this perspective saying “The amazing thing about this kind of growth is that every church can accomplish this no matter how large or small the church is. If the

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115 church has ten people and one year the pastor is doing all of the ministry but a year later it is the pastor and one other person that is doing all of the ministry that church has experienced 100 church growth even if there are still only 10 people. If another year passes and two more people get involved in the ministries of the church then that church has just doubled again even if there are still only 10 people in church. This is true and Biblical church growth. Its not about numbers. Its about maturity and ministry involvement. Growth is not adding numbers to your church it is helping those who come to the church become more like Christ and lives more obediently to Christ.” Reflecting on this position I concur that true and biblical church growth should not be just addition of numbers but breeding more heavenly focus disciples who are obedient to Christ and His Word. 3.3 The Church and Growth Consciousness Church leaders in Africa must develop growth consciousness if the current decline in most churches is to be arrested. Church growth as we know is a theological conviction and leaders must believe that one of the purposes of the church on earth is to grow in the eight dimensions mentioned above while critically examining their churches with ‘church growth eye’ to see where necessary changes can be introduced or stop hurtful actions. Growth leaders should do everything with growth in view discovering hindrances to growth and finding ways to surmount them.

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116 Also such leaders must be ready to pay the price for growth which may include clear vision learning fasting/praying spiritual warfare and encouraging the congregants to also pay their own prices. Most leaders shy away from taking some painful decisions and changes that are growth favourable if they desire growth these must be done promptly by abiding by the principles of church growth as discussed is subsequent sections of this study. 3.4 The Principles of Church Growth What are Principles Principles are natural laws and fundamental truths. When you obey them it is to your benefits and when you disobey them it is to your own disadvantage. They are timeless universal and produce predictable outcomes. They are not practices or values and it operates with or without our acceptance for they are external to us. They are guidelines for human conducts that are proven to have an enduring permanent values. Principles enumerated and used in life include among others: Fairness Integrity/Honesty Quality Human dignity Encouragement Potential Growth Patience Nurturance among many others. Anything or action not based on principles no matter how long will soon die. What Principles does for us is that: It guides – A true guidance to follow it guards – From error whims and deception it gauges – A kind of measure of performance and it grows - helps growth qualitatively and quantitatively.

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117 We can learn the Growth Principles from Jesus on how He gathered several men of questionable characters and they became Apostles as documented by Akin-John in his classics titled “The Church Growth Principles of Jesus which I briefly enumerated in this section below. It was Phil Van Austen 2011 that said. “Church growth does not take place unless a new Christian enters Gods Kingdom. Transferring memberships between churches is "recycled" man-made growth.” This is very true in most churches today and because the society is breaking down morally most church growth opportunities today come from crisis ministry such as divorce unwanted pregnancies alcohol and drug addiction family abuse among others. Church growth experts have opined that most crisis ministry church members can be disruptive to church routine and require a lot of time and attention. However highly legalistic churches dont view the "crop" in crisis harvest fields to be very worthy of harvesting. It is important to note that Church growth requires the church to be all things to all people. 1 Cor. 10:33. God has a unique purpose and plan for each local church so He is doing special work in each church and the church leaders should find where Gods special construction site is for their local church and go to work there. If we want our church to grow we should work where God is already working in our midst. The more a church grows numerically the more it must engage in discipleship. New Christians need disciplers to nurture them to maturity or else

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118 they will become half-baked and useless to the body of Christ. Hence Church growth is discipleship. The best form of discipleship is "on-the-job" ministry service to the unsaved and to those in crisis. Disciples of Christ must get beyond the comfortable walls of the local church and go out into the world where people are hurting and searching for forgiveness and a fresh start in life. The local church cannot grow if it seals itself off from the world for fear of being "tainted" by sin. We have the whole armour of God to help us be in the world but not be of the world. Ephesians 6:13. Churches should look for ministry partners such as prison fellowship community Christian service agencies and other congregations of like minds to provide exploitation of the growth opportunities that abound in their communities. Christs local church is not a business so church leaders are to be spiritual role models reflecting the light of the Holy Spirit to the congregation and a dying world. The local church must not use the devices of the world entertainment material wealth and comfort power slick marketing gimmicks autocratic management to run itself and promote its interests. The church must emphasize outreach to the unsaved over in-reach programmes to the comfortable congregation. Therefore discipleship focus- church leaders must encourage and empower members to get away from the church for outreaching ministry activities.

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119 Church leaders are to empower members not control them which is the proper role of the Holy Spirit. When we seek to control people someone goes out the back door of the church every time a new member arrives through the front door. The Bible is meant to be applied not merely studied in an atmosphere filled with the Holy Spirit of God. Austen 2011 posited that the wrong church growth tools as used by some churches are numerous. They include pressure competition guilt and entertainment. He proffered the right church growth tools to be used as follows: prayer sanctification discipleship outreach sacrifice discomfort sorrow compassion diversity Bible-applying as members continue to grow into maturity. There are foundational church growth insights that are applicable in whatever culture across the world. Whether it is a church of 20 or 20000 these principles will help leaders to invest the talents God has given them to the church so that when the Master returns there are fruits to show for the grace received in ministry. Charles Arn 2010 in his writing titled “The Top Five Church Growth Principles” proposed some distinct five principles that is the basis for effective church growth. According to him Principle 1 stressed ‘Disciple-making’ as the priority. His view is that ‘The longer a congregation exists the more concerned it tends

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120 to become with self-preservation—and the less concerned with its original purpose. Time money staff and even the prayers become increasingly inward- focused. The result not surprisingly is that the church stops growing.’ This foremost principle says that leaders must keep or turn the focus of their church away from themselves and back to their primary goal—and Christs primary goal—of making disciples. This happens through programming prayers budget staffing and evaluating all the churchs ministries on their contribution to increasing the number of Christian disciples. He noted that though ‘a church can do many good things but a church should do a few important things and that there is only one essential thing a church must do: "…go out and train everyone you meet far and near in this way of life..." Matthew 28:19 The Message. Principle 2 talked about using the social networks as the vehicle. He called this a "silver bullet" that any congregation can use to reach more people: non-Christians come to Christ and the church primarily through relationships with Christians. He noted that ‘Christian friends and relatives bring over twice as many new believers into the kingdom of God. To apply this principle we need to encourage each person in our church to list their unchurched friends and relatives in the community. The average Christian can list at least four or five. Next we encourage members to pray specifically for these people. He mentioned the example of Glenkirk Presbyterian Church Glendora CA who

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121 distributed an index-sized card reminding members to pray for one person on their list at one oclock for one minute during one month. Third we should encourage members to invite one of these people to an appropriate church- related event in the next six months and in addition remind members that they may be Gods only connection to these unreached people. The Principle 3 focused on the fact ‘felt needs’ of the people as the connecting point to their soul. He stressed that ‘most unchurched people are not walking down the streets of your community thinking about the eternal destiny of their soul. Rather they are thinking usually about something of immediate interest: their jobs friends health kids finances hobbies and so on. So if the gospel of Christ is really relevant to all aspects of our lives we need to show unreached people how it is relevant to whats on their minds.’ In John chapter four Jesus began his conversation with the Samaritan woman on a topic of interest to her—water. Then in a microcosm of the disciple-making process he talked about water that would cause her to never thirst again. He urged leaders not to start with your agenda but start with theirs and they will be eager to listen to our message. Charles Arn taken a cue from a list from Neil McBride summarizes the needs of people today:  People feel disconnected and isolated they are looking for a place to belong and feel part of a family or community.

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122  People are feeling the pressure of a busy and stressful world. They are looking for a greater sense of balance and ways to manage priorities.  People sense the shallowness of superficial encounters with others. They are looking for authentic relationships.  People are feeling empty and drained from striving to meet their desires through work material possessions or entertainment. They are looking for spiritual answers to their unfulfilled "hunger."  People are feeling overwhelmed by the pace of change in every aspect of their world. They are looking for help through transitions. Finally he concluded that “When your church speaks to unreached peoples felt needs you will get a hearing because now your message is from their point of view relevant.” The Principle 4 emphasise that Relationships are the glue of church growth. He asked the question “Whats the primary ingredient that keeps people active in church” It is one thing to getting people in the front door of your church keeping them from quietly disappearing out the back door is another issue in its entirety. Friendships he said is the ingredient for if people have friends at church they stay. If they dont have friendships they wont stay. According to one study new members who stay beyond their first year made an average of seven new friends in the church while those who dropped out made fewer than two. So he encourage leaders to ‘be a "relational matchmaker"

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123 when and even before people join the church and youll increase the likelihood of them staying for a long time.’ The Principle 5 states that ‘Transitions provide the window of opportunity.’ This principle emphasises the fact that the ‘unchurched persons in your community are not equally receptive to becoming Christians or members of your church but some are quite responsive while others not at all.’ Jesus spoke of this principle in telling us to turn our eyes to the fields that are "white unto harvest" John 4:35 to plant the seed of the gospel in good receptive soil Matthew 13:1-9 to preach in the towns that are receptive and leave the ones that arent Luke 9:1-6. How can church leaders and members identify receptive people in their social networks and in communities It is through life-transition events which is one important way. This is because significant changes in peoples lifestyle move them toward spiritual receptivity and such changes may be controlled events like marriage divorce relocation retirement or uncontrolled ones death of a spouse medical crisis job loss. Therefore we must encourage our members to be cognizant of transition events in the lives of people in their social network and respond with genuine Christian love. Church leaders are to develop specialized ministries that focus on transition events and then craft workable plan to share Gods unconditional love with people during these windows of opportunity.

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124 3.4.1 Other Profound Principle Of Church Growth Another profound principle of Church Growth was an exposition by Akin-John 2010 in his classical writing titled “Church Growth Principles of Jesus” which detailed the 42 timeless truths that works in every age tribe and people groups. These principles are briefly summarised to enrich this study: PRINCIPLE 1- JESUS PREPARED HIMSELF FOR MINISTRY Jesus took the first 30 years of His life to prepare for His 3½ year Ministry. He manifested a glimpse of His Divine calling at age 12 and later used the rest 18 years to get ready for ministry. He submitted Himself and allowed God to use various humbling experiences to thoroughly cook Him for His Divine Work. He understood that preparation time is not a wasted time and that private preparation leads to public manifestation. God will have to make you very well before He can use you. The worth of your preparation will be the greatness of your manifestation. PRINCIPLE 2:- JESUS WAS A RESPONSIBLE AND COMMITTED CHURCH MEMBER Jesus went to church regularly. He believed in the church and was a committed member of the church. He partook in the Sabbath worship. He submitted Himself to be led by the Pharisees and Sadducees of His day. He was a worker

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125 in the synagogue because He read the lessons every week. He assembled with other worshippers. PRINCIPLE 3:- JESUS STARTED WITH PROTRACTED PRAYERS AND SPIRITUAL WARFARE JESUS started His ministry with intensive prayers and spiritual warfare. He took time to pray fast and seek The Face of GOD at the onset of His ministry. He considered the work so seriously that He had to resort to protracted prayer first and foremost. He equally maintained this habit throughout His ministry Mark.1:35 Luke6:12-16. He built His work on prayer and by prayer. He drew God’s power into the work by prevailing prayers. He taught that the church must be a true house of prayer Mark.11:15-17. PRINCIPLE 4:-JESUS DID MINISTRY WITH A CLEAR VISION AND PURPOSE JESUS knew the purpose of His coming and pursued that vision to the letter. He was clear on His purpose and saw the vision clearly. He knew that He came to save the world and to destroy the works of the enemy. 1 st John.3:8. PRINCIPLE 5:-JESUS SOUGHT FOR THE PRESENCE AND POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN HIS LIFE AND MINISTRY. The Holy Spirit was the source of the Power in the Ministry of Our Lord JESUS. He was conceived by The Holy Spirit Luke.1:35. Led by The Spirit and Anointed by The Spirit to do many wonderful works Luke.4:18-19. He preached and prayed by the empowerment of The Holy Spirit. He cast out

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126 demons by The Spirit. He did not do anything in the absence of The Holy Spirit. He even died and Resurrected by The Holy Spirit John.1:47-48. And at His ascension He promised the power of The Holy Spirit to His disciples which He fulfilled on the day of Pentecost when The Spirit was poured out upon the church. PRINCIPLE 6:-JESUS DREW FROM THE WISDOM OF MENTORS FORE- RUNNERS AND LEADERS BEFORE HIM JESUS respected and honoured the leaders above Him. He went to the religious leaders of His days and learned from them. He asked questions and answered questions. He came to John the Baptist to be baptized of Him. He humbled Himself to be mentored and introduced by those before Him. He knew that HE needed the platform and influence of these leaders to launch out His Ministry. He gave honour unto whom honour is due John.1:29-34. PRINCIPLE 7:-JESUS BUILT HIS LIFE AND MINISTRY ON THE UNDILUTED WORD OF GOD JESUS lived believed practiced and worked according to the Word of God that has been written concerning Him Matt.26:53-56. He did all His Ministry in fulfillment of The Word of God. He lived to fulfil The Scriptures. PRINCIPLE 8:-JESUS CALLED PEOPLE TO TRUE DISCIPLESHIP FROM ONSET JESUS did not deceive people as He made it clear the type and kind of people He is looking for from the onset of His ministry. He called people to true

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127 repentance and sacrificial way of following Him. He rebuked and fought sin in the lives of those who want to follow Him. PRINCIPLE 9:-JESUS FOLLOW-UP AND ESTABLISHED THOSE WHO GOT SAVED AND HEALED JESUS practiced follow-up and integration of those who have received His touch and professed Faith in Him. He often visited them to see how they are doing. He kept those who came to Him. He assimilated new members through proper follow-up and integration. He did not lose anyone through carelessness as He kept His backdoor closed. John.17:12 PRINCIPLE 10-JESUS ENCOURAGED SMALL GROUP MEETING IN HOMES AND OTHER PLACES JESUS did not only held large crowd meetings He also welcomed and met with people in homes and places. John.12:1-2. He was at home with thousands and with two and three also. While He held the big meetings for awareness and impact He held the small meetings for impartation transformation and equipping. He used homes and every available place to teach share pray and affect people one on one. True church growth calls for both temple and house meetings.Acts.20:20 PRINCIPLE 11-JESUS RAISED HEAVENLY MINDED PEOPLE JESUS brought change and new ways of serving God. He called for people to be transformed from within and to become transformers. He called for people that will be true light and salt in the world. He wants people that will make the

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128 difference in the society and at the same time be Heavenly minded. He placed Heaven in their hearts as the ultimate. He didn’t raise 6:30 pm Christians – earthly minded and heavenly useless. Nor did He raised 12 noon Christians – Heavenly minded and earthly useless. But He raised 6:00 o’ clock Christians whose feet are on the ground but head and heart up. He emphasized heaven and hell so much that nobody is in doubt of their existence. And that your character behaviours lifestyle and choices will definitely determine where you will end up – heaven or hell Mark.9:43-48. PRINCIPLE 12-JESUS KEPT ALL THOSE WHO CAME TO HIM. JESUS closed His backdoor firmly. He masterfully kept all those who came to Him. Even He loved Judas and warned him till the very end. He did not lose anyone carelessly. He administered and managed the ministry and the disciples very well. Without imbibing this principle how can we build a truly glorious church today PRINCIPLE 13-JESUS RAISED A CHURCH WITH STRONG FAITH IN THE LORD AND IN HIS POWER. Jesus laid so much emphasis on faith. He emphasized faith as the key to walking with God and doing great exploits for Him Matt.8:7-1017:20. He built a people of strong faith in The Lord. He encouraged them to have faith in God His word and His power. He encouraged them to manifest faith to touch God for themselves and others. He built their faith so that they can do great

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129 works on their own. Faith to do the impossible draw down the Power of God and bring blessings to others is what Jesus ingrained in His disciples. PRINCIPLE 14-JESUS USED EVERY STRATEGY OF EVANGELISM TO WIN THE LOST Evangelism and winning the lost was the priority of Jesus’ earthly ministry. He went everywhere to seek and save the lost. He spends and was spent for it. He used open air crusades village outreach banquets with high society people healing services Matt.8:4-17 temple meetings John.19:47 door to door outreach two by two outreach Luke.19:5-10 personal evangelism John.4 and house to house meetings to win the lost back to The Lord. He used every occasion and opportunity to evangelize and win the lost. He was always on the move and totally committed to it. He planned and strategized for outreach. PRINCIPLE 15-JESUS USED ADVERTISEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY TO ENHANCE HIS MINISTRY The brethren of Jesus prompted Him to go and advertise what He was doing to the public and He did not object. He equally used technology of ‘water echo’ to spread and relay His messages to the ears of the crowd that came to listen to Him. Even though public address system had not been invented then yet He used the water –echo as His public address system. He rode on the young calf and used whatever will illustrate His message better Luke.5:1-3.

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130 PRINCIPLE 16-JESUS WAS WHOLISTIC IN HIS MINISTRY APPROACH JESUS preached taught and healed the people. He blessed and built people for The Lord. He was not one-sided. He preached The Gospel of The Kingdom taught people deeply about the truths of Kingdom lifestyle and then blessed their sicknesses and diseases. While He was reaching many and drawing crowds with HIS healing and miracles He was also raising few through deep teachings and discipleship. He did not build His ministry on the crowds but on those few disciples that obeyed His teachings. Matt.12:46-50. PRINCIPLE 17-JESUS MET NEEDS AND SOLVED PROBLEMS JESUS was a problem-solver He showed empathy identified with the tears and aches of the people and provided the way out. He was practical relevant and need-meeting. He did not preach religion but demonstrated the heart of God that cares and meets people at their point of needs. He showed that God cares and He’s willing and ready to solve the problems that daily confront the people. PRINCIPLE 18-JESUS WAS COMMITTED TO GROWTH AND FRUITFULNESS JESUS was growth conscious. He loves fruitfulness and fruit bearing. HE encourages planning and working for growth. He did everything with the motive of growth impact and fruitfulness. He demonstrated growth attitudes all the time. He does not want an empty house. He does not want a fig tree without fruits Luke.13:6-9 He does not want proclamation without response

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131 Luke.7:31-32 He does not want sowing without reaping Matt.13:3-8. He wants results and growing in His work and people. PRINCIPLE 19-JESUS TOOK STEPS TO PURGE REVIVE REVITALIZE AND RESTORE THE OLD CHURCH. The church that Jesus met was deep in religious rituals traditions of men man- made philosophies idolatry and demonic infiltration. The true worship of God prayers and sharing of The Word have been replaced with commerce merchandising and mercantile spirit ruling and reigning. The temple has become a den of thieves robbers and false doctrines. PRINCIPLE 20-JESUS WAS COMMITTED TO MISSIONS AND HARVEST THEOLOGY. JESUS kept on going to where He had never gone before. He was mission- minded and full of compassion for the unreached people groups of His day. Ever church leader must emulate this behaviour demonstrated by Christ to become relevant on earth and in heaven. PRINCIPLE 21-JESUS WAGED WAR AGAINST SATAN HIS DEMONS AND WITCHCRAFT IN THE CHURCH JESUS conquered Satan in His wilderness encounter. He then started to cast out demons wherever He found them. He knew that Satan will infiltrate corrupt and render the church barren from within. He therefore dealt with demons inside the temple and gave Authority and Power to His disciples to cast out demons wherever they are found both within and without the church.

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132 PRINCIPLE 22-JESUS WAS COMMUNITY CONSCIOUS JESUS was conscious of the community where He ministered He sought to obey their laws and strive not to be an offence to anyone. He paid tax and was conscious of building a good image for His Ministry. He sought to be a contributor to community progress and built a platform of goodwill towards them. PRINCIPLE 23-JESUS DEMONSTRATED THE POWER OF THE KINGDOM Jesus preached The Gospel of The Kingdom and performed several miracles signs and wonders to draw people from darkness to light. He did Spiritual mapping and warfare prayers to nullify the power of the wicked one Luke.11:17-22 10:17-19. Jesus operated with Kingdom mentality. He knew that there are only two Kingdoms Kingdom of light and kingdom of darkness. He showed that The Gospel of The Kingdom is only antidote to the activities of the kingdom of darkness. PRINCIPLE 24-JESUS PRAYED RAISED INTERCESSORS AND CONTINUED TO INTERCEDE FOR THE CHURCH. JESUS was born through intercession by intercessors. He birthed the church in prayers and carried out His ministry literally on His knees. He prayed and interceded for Peter. He interceded for the church. After His ascension He still carried on His priestly ministry of intercession for the church. The church has been sustained in the world through continuous intercession.

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133 PRINCIPLE 25-JESUS BUILT A FINANCIALLY CREDIBLE MINISTRY The ministry of Jesus did not suffer as a result of financial lack. People gave gifts to Him and He had financial donors and supporters. He provided for the needs of those working with Him and they lacked nothing. He even gave to the poor and widows. He appointed a treasurer to keep the finances John.12:4-6 13:27-29. He enjoyed supernatural provisions too. He taught His disciples how to make money. He was a Master and Manager of men machinery and methods. He administered the financial aspect of His Ministry in a most credible way. No man can accuse Him of impropriety and misappropriation. PRINCIPLE 26-JESUS INVESTED IN THE YOUTH AND CHILDREN JESUS strategically reached out to children and young people. He prayed for them talked with them allowed them to come close to Him and healed them. He performed miracles in their presence and used them as illustrations in His sermons. He lovingly touched and transformed them because He knew that the future of the gospel will depend on the children and youth. He did not only reach the adults He also reached out to the children. PRINCIPLE 27-JESUS ATTRACTED MEN AND BUILT HIS MINISTRY ON MANLY MEN JESUS was a real man and He chose twelve male disciples. His ministry was magnet to men. Jesus’ strong leadership blunt honesty and bold actions mesmerized men. He attracted men in large numbers and gave manly leadership

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134 to them. His disciples also followed this truth and attracted men in large numbers. They were able to transform large numbers of men. PRINCIPLE 28-JESUS COMMISSIONED PEOPLE MEN AND WOMEN TO START THEIR MINISTRY JESUS networked with others. He recognized the ministry of others and allowed them to thrive. He even commissioned people to start their own ministries. A good example is the woman in John chapter 4:28 to 30 39-43. PRINCIPLE 29-JESUS DISPLAYED THE MARKS OF AN OUTSTANDING LEADER JESUS is The Ultimate Leader. He led well and built trust with His people. He was firm courageous and decisive. He was not afraid to offend and He pursued a great vision. He chose His associates trained them and empowered them to work. He delegated responsibility and allowed them to perform. He was secure relational and approachable. He was never a limiter. He served His people and was a true servant and a sacrificial leader. He understood that 100 sheep being led by a lion will defeat 100 lions being led by a sheep. PRINCIPLE 30-JESUS KNEW HIS AUDIENCE AND FOCUSED ON THEM. JESUS knew whom He was sent to – the lost sheep of Israel not the gentiles. Jesus did not waste His efforts on those who are unresponsive. He only went where He was accepted. Mtt.8:34

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135 PRINCIPLE 31-JESUS WAS A GOOD COMMUNICATOR Preaching in a simple relevant and powerful way is a principle of church growth that Jesus used and which we cannot do without today if we hope to truly grow His Church. The preaching that touches the heart not the one that only tickles the ears is the key to Church growth that many church leaders have failed to employ. PRINCIPLE 32-JESUS RAISED LOYAL FAITHFUL COMMITTED AND DEDICATED ASSOCIATES JESUS was intentional from the commencement of His ministry as He called men to salvation and service with Him. His agenda was to raise loyal faithful committed and dedicated associates whose hands He can delivered this great work into when He has gone into glory. Mark1:17 PRINCIPLE 33-JESUS DE-EMPHASISED POSITION AND TITLE BUT ENCOURAGED SERVICE JESUS was service oriented in His leadership. He never encouraged people into position. Rather He allowed leaders to emerge. He taught against ambition and cut ambitious people to size. He wants leaders to serve the people. Servant leadership is what He practiced and taught. PRINCIPLE 34-JESUS BUILT A TEAM MINISTRY AND DELEGATED RESPONSIBILITY JESUS did not do ministry alone. He appointed associates qualified them and formed them into a team. He welcomed their ideas and worked through them

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136 John.6:5-12. He delegated responsibilities to them and gave them the authority to carry it out. He allowed them to function. PRINCIPLE 35-JESUS SPENT TIME TEACHING TRAINING AND DEVELOPING LEADERS FOR THE WORK JESUS deliberately worked to raise leaders for The Work. While He spent the day preaching and healing the multitudes He spent the night teaching and equipping those who will do the work after Him. He worked on their faith character relational skills and ability to work without supervision Matt.17:16- 21. He made them have experience with Him and played with them. He loved them and was vulnerable before them John.131 23 Mark.9:1-10. PRINCIPLE 36-JESUS HANDLED THE CRISIS OF MINISTRY WITH COURAGE Jesus was not immuned from ministry crisis. He was antagonized by the religious leaders of His day. He was plotted against to be killed but He escaped. His disciples plotted together and many of them went back from following Him John.13:21-27. One of those closest to Him was a thief and was to betray Him. Yet He handled all with love maturity and courage. He was not overwhelmed nor get discouraged. He understood that problems of ministry are oftentimes people-initiated and people focused and people-oriented. PRINCIPLE 37-JESUS DID NOT WORK WHERE THE ATMOSPHERE WAS NEGATIVE JESUS was very conscious of the atmosphere in which HE operated. He was

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137 sensitive to prevailing atmospheres. He didn’t do much where the atmosphere was negative. The atmosphere of infighting quarrel unbelief doubt and disobedience hindered Him from displaying His Power in some places. PRINCIPLE 38-JESUS TOOK CARE OF HIS WORKERS AND GAVE THEM GOOD RETIREMENT PACKAGE JESUS valued appreciated and held those working for Him in high esteem. He cared for them and never allowed them to go hungry. He fed them provided for them and made it clear that their service for Him is rewardable. JESUS did not practice ‘use them and dump them syndrome’ which many Christian leaders and organizations are very good at today. He gave His workers the retirement package that is out of this world. Who would not be absolutely committed to such a leader PRINCIPLE 39-JESUS BUILT THE MARRIAGE AND HOMES OF HIS DISCIPLES Though He did not marry yet He believed in the institution of marriage and family. He partook in a wedding and performed a miracle there John.2:1-11 He visited homes and brought healings peace and harmony to families Matt.9:18-26. He emphasized the place of the home to the well-being of our lives. PRINCIPLE 40-JESUS APPOINTED LEADER TO LEAD THE WORK FURTHER JESUS was a master developer of other leaders. He did not impose a leader on

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138 the disciples rather He allowed the leader to emerge through influence. He did not leave the work without an arrowhead. He chose and installed His successor. He often appeared to them after His resurrection to further equip them for the task ahead. JESUS was not an abusive leader nor a dictator. He often allowed Himself to be talked to by His successor. He had leadership retreats with them. PRINCIPLE 41-JESUS TOOK TIME OFF FOR RETREAT RENEWAL AND STOCK-TAKING JESUS did not paint the picture of work work and work without time for relaxation renewal and stocktaking. He took time apart to rest and recaptures His zeal Passion and Impact so far. He took time to renew Himself and reassessed His work. This practice helped Him to refocus His strength and the work grew in leaps and bounds. PRINCIPLE 42-JESUS BUILT HIS WORK ON HIS LIFE JESUS exemplified epitomized and demonstrated what He preached in His Life. He was an example of a godly sincere and transparent leader in His days. He lived in an open and simple way. He was a good person first. He was okay in His person more than anything else. He demonstrated love genuine compassion truthfulness obedience humility concern for others and fear of God. He lived what He preached. He walked the talk before talking the walk. No man could accuse Him of committing sin evil fraud and wickedness. He was good kind and nice to all. His life empowers what He preached. He lived a surrendered and crucified life. He was full of grace and truth John.11:14.

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139 Every church leader who desire growth should take a cue from Jesus and imbibe His principles on how he grew His ministry while on earth. A panoramic review of the Acts of Apostles revealed that the Apostles were successful in the mission to spread the gospel and build the church of Christ on earth by embracing these eternal principles. They remain the footprint upon which all wise and spirit-filled leaders ought to copy to remain relevant in the work of the ministry for now and eternity. 3.4.2 Richard Krejcir’s Principle Of Church Growth Using another dimension according to Richard J. Krejcir 2009 he summarised these principles as ideas to consider for effective biblical Church Growth Principles that Works and they are briefly summarised below: a. The preaching ability of the pastor is key and very important. Luke 3:1-7. b. The number one reason why people stop coming to your church is conflict and gossip. James 3:5-6 c. The number two reason that people leave a church is poor “people skills” of the pastor and/or leadership because they do not manage the conflicts and gossip d. The Bible must be taught in such a way that it is real and can be applied to the lives and situations of the people. You are to equip and disciple people

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140 not just in the basics of the faith but also in how to be Christians in their families work and relationships. e. Preach holiness how to worship how to deal with sin how to relate to one another and how to love one another while modelling it yourself. f. The best growing churches in the world have solid Biblical preaching at their core. These churches do not water down the Gospel so much that you cannot see the lifted cross They do not overemphasize the seeker and ignore discipleship g. Real heartfelt God exalting adoration must be the focus of the worship service. It must never lift up the leaders or be a performance to entertain. It is God who is the audience and we are the people who are to praise and glorify Him All that we do in the church--from faith fellowship and outreach to facilities should come to this point and reason: TO WORSHIP CHRIST Psalm 138:1-4 h. You must have a well thought out empowered vision and mission statement with a clearly defined purpose and strategies on what God has called you to do and be. It must be real and authentic and you must be willing to act on it. i. Teach and model passionate spirituality. The Christian life is not meant to be dry and mundane. Even the Puritans were vibrant just read their writings Your job is to convince the people in your church to grow beyond just doing their duty to achieving spiritual passion and conviction. Phil. 3:7-11

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141 j. The training discipling recognition and encouragement of the church are critical roles for the pastor. If the senior pastor feels he does not have the gifts and abilities to equip and train others to do ministry then he needs to build a team around him that does k. Have a system of pastoral care to train your staff and leaders to immediately respond when they hear of a church member especially another leader most churches neglect their leaders thinking they are okay and do not need anything or someone in their family with a pastoral need or emergency. Assign a key person to be in change by 24-hour shifts. l. Confront sin evil and heresy in the church immediately The leadership must put down conflict quickly whether it involves political agendas the colour of the carpet how to say an offertory prayer what songs to sing or who is to be in leadership. The church must move in purpose and unity. This is tough but possible Philippians 2:14. m. The church must be willing to spend at least one-third of its resources of time talent and money in outreach and missions. Psalm 90:1-2 n. Political agendas that are contrary to God’s Word and Will are the second biggest disruption to the church John 13:35. Deal with it o. The church should strive to be effective. The best way to do this is by following the precepts of the Scripture. We can organize the church by mobilizing the people according to their Spiritual Gifts So few churches do this even though it is so scripturally clear Romans 12

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142 p. The church can achieve the extraordinary when the people serve in their area of their giftedness in a team manner. The quarrels and apathy will dry up as the energies are redirected and channelled in a godly way. People will function less in their own strength and more in the power of the Holy Spirit. 1 Corinthians 12-14 q. Good Biblical teaching and preaching will provide the Holy Spirit with fuel that energizes people and facilitates growth. The biggest growing churches are the ones who preach the Word with power conviction and in truth. r. The leadership must have a real genuine sense and modelling of being Christ’s servant and the people in their care as His children. This is Servant Leadership Development. Galatians 2:20-21 Ephesians 4:11-13. s. Leaders of growing churches need to empower the people in their care. They do not see or use volunteers just as helpers but as the tools and the prime resources with which to glorify God and enablers of the goals of missions and needs to be reached. They do this by encouragement training and organization all centred to have the people of God growing in and receiving the Spirit in order to reach the full potential that God has for them. t. The leadership must be able to steer the church through rough white waters especially when things are not as they ought to be. Matthew 18. 3.5 The Discipleship Process for Church Growth The question ought to be asked here “What is Discipleship Process”

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143 Akin-John 2010 gave some thought-provoking insights. He said that “Discipleship process is a process of growth that a new believer must pass through to come to Christian maturity and it speaks of two main things that are essential for spiritual growth. First the necessity of provision of balanced spiritual diet that a new believer must eat for him to become strong in The Lord. Second the necessity of spiritual disciplines a new believer must pass through that will produce Christlikeness in him.” Therefore this Discipleship process is the systematic training of believers with the accurate word of God and teachings of Christ in order to facilitate their spiritual growth towards becoming His genuine disciples as their lives conform increasingly to His lifestyle. 3.5.2 Why Do We Need Discipleship Process As we have seen in this review discipleship is not a school or a program that one graduate from it is life time affairs. According to Matt. 28:19 we need the discipleship process in obedience to the Great Commission which says “Go ye therefore and make disciples of all nations”. The commandment of Jesus to all ministers is to go and make disciples not just convert unbelievers. The reality in our churches today is that we have more of Christian converts than true disciples of Christ. This process is needful to produce strong and mature Christians as it is important to state that Christian maturity does not answer to age but the ability to successfully handle responsibilities. The call of God to every Christian

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144 according to Ephesians 6:10 is “Be strong in The Lord”. Unfortunately there are more of weak Christians in our churches today than strong ones. Discipleship process will definitely build spiritual strength in them. Discipleship process is expected to help bring proper balance between the numerical growth of the church and the spiritual growth. In churches that we have observed growth numerically but with no obvious action to inculcate discipleship process into her programme lack of proper spiritual growth has become the norm. Where we have this process institutionalised the church will be delivered from worldliness and carnality that is prevalent among the Christian fold today. Hence if we are desirous of building a spiritual minded church discipleship process must be established and practiced in details. The production of sound saved and sanctified Christians becomes easy in a church where this process is functioning. This will help eliminate so several inconsistencies and unChristly lifestyles that are prevalent in today’s church which is a by-product of not following the true discipleship process as Christ commanded. To raise true disciple of Jesus Christ the discipleship process remains the tool that every endtime church ought to employ. It is only true disciples that are willing to lay down their lives for the course of the gospel and are wholly

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145 committed to the course of heaven. It is noteworthy that to prepare the saints for heaven only those who are true disciples produce through this process will make heaven. Finally to address the issue of shallowness that prosperity messages without godliness have brought into Christianity a systematic discipleship process that the church leaders pursue as part of the church life will help reduce the bad influence of such messages in our midst. 3.5.3 Discipleship Process Cycle What the Church Growth Services term as ‘Discipleship Process Cycle or Cycle of Discipleship Process’ is the process of discipling a new convert to maturity so that he or she can also disciple others. The diagram below shows the process: Diagram Representation Of The Process Foundation Beleivers Baptismal Discipleship Leadership

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146 As shown in the illustration above the foundation for this cycle is the new convert as everybody who comes to the church must be converted if they are to join the cycle. To be a convert the gospel of Christ must have been preached to the person by someone who is already converted and the one who hears the gospel must be convinced that they are in need of a Saviour. Nobody becomes a member of the church without passing through the conversion programme. Although church growth recognizes the fact that apart from conversion growth there are other means by which people come to church like transfer of members biological members church planting etc. but the most acceptable and effective Biblical means is conversion growth. We have observed the apparent lack of conversion in most services and this trend is on the increase and require concerted efforts on the part of church leadership to institute a total system that will bring the unchurched to the church to hear the gospel message or take the converted to the community so that the gospel is delivered to them in a manner that is acceptable and strong enough to engender the conversion of their souls. 3.5.4 Practicing Church Growth Discipleship Process In Today’s Church. Many churches are still at a loss whether the practice of church growth is a programme to be done now or postponed till appropriate time. However it is clear from experience and literatures that Church growth is more of a process than a programme. For any church to really experience balanced church growth

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147 the discipleship process must be fully operational and well integrated into the fabric of every true church. Church growth has come to identify with the following discipleship process stated below with no bias as to the name preferences as this is optional and with great flexibility. The primary aim of any form of discipleship process is to help the believers to grow to maturity. The following groups have been identified in every church. a Visitor’s Class – Friends of Jesus’ Family b New convert – foundational Class c Baptismal Candidates – Believers Class d Church Members – Discipleship Class I e Church Workers – Discipleship Class II f Church Leaders I – Ministers Class g Church Leaders II – Missionary For each of these groups there must be discipleship training programme with standardised manual to guide the disciples and the discipler. From experience many churches that have instituted such discipleship programmes have given different names to these groups to make them relevant and even acceptable. While the name and methods may come in various ways as required the primary purpose remains the same which is “Nurturing believers to Maturity”. It is equally important that the church workers group and the church

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148 leadership group can come in different form to suit the need of the individual churches. 3.5.5 The Challenges Of Discipleship Process In Todays Church In a treatise on “Discipleship Today” Daniels J.O. 2011 through researches studies among churches and heartfelt prayers he submitted the following as the main challenges facing successful discipleship process in our churches: a The challenge of spiritual blindness to the concept of discipleship in relation to the great commission: - A church general overseer once said “The primary purpose why we go to church is to pray to God”. These are the churches where discipleship process is seen as the great omission instead of the great commission. b Church leaders who are not disciples: - It is a fact today that many church leaders general overseers Apostles Prophets Evangelist Pastors and Teachers were never disciple by anybody. And the life of discipleship is never in them. How can such operate discipleship programme in the church c Discipleship process is very strange to some churches. I remembered the church where I gave my life to Christ there was nothing like discipleship programme. That was why after about two years I had to go and do my Water Baptism in another church. Many of our churches today only exist for ceremonial worships.

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149 d The wrong motives of some church leaders for discipleship:- Many church leaders motive for starting discipleship programme are completely antichrist. Some see it as another programme to raise money for the church. While some see it as a way of having many followers after them. Many never seek for divine revelation of its purpose but operate by human information. e The challenge of National and global poverty:- Our nation today is a nation where 90 of the people are poor. Poverty drags many to church not Salvation. The multitude that followed Jesus because of bread and fish were never included in His discipleship programme. That’s why many who come to the church hate discipleship discipline teachings and lifestyle. f The challenge of church traditions that work against the revelation of discipleship process. There are so many antichrist traditions in the church today that work against true discipleship. g The challenge of imbalance preaching and teaching: - Preaching and teachings are instruments of raising and building disciples. The kinds of preaching and teaching that goes on in the church will determine the kind of disciple the church will raise. h The challenge of scarcity of good discipleship school: - We hear so many schools of ministries in the church today but we hear less of the school of discipleship. i The challenge of little or no emphasis on the discipleship as a condition for true church membership.

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150 j The challenge of quick and fast church growth. No one wants to patiently and persistently follow up the process of true discipleship. k The challenge of scarcity of discipleship materials. Many Christian’s writers today write to satisfy their greed not meet the needs of the church. That’s why many Christian literatures lack the necessary revelation that will bring transformation. l The challenge posed by Satan and his agents:- is in the world to raise and build disciples for his kingdom. He therefore resists the church from being committed to the great commission while he derails the church to glorify in great omission. m The challenge of pastors’ omnipotent status: Where the pastor is the only one to do disciple people. It will be a tough task to raise a discipleship church. In addition to the above I discovered that we need ‘Eli’ to train many ‘Samuels’ in our churches today. The challenge is that many of the ‘Eli’s are too busy blind and old archaic to be relevant to bring up the ‘Samuels’ in the way that Christ has instituted. Until the ‘Elis’ can ‘raise the bar’ and pursue the raising of men as one of their main duties to the body of Christ we will continue to witness the ‘multitudes of half-baked uncooked and malnourished Christians’ roaming the nations and leading souls in our days.

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151 3.6 Why Most Church Discipleship Programme Fails Disciples are people who learn to be like Jesus and learn to do what Jesus could do. One great writer on discipleship put it this way: Discipleship is the process of becoming who Jesus would be if he were you. A disciple is someone who with increased intentionality and passing time has a life and ministry that looks more and more like the life and ministry of Jesus. They increasingly have his heart and character and are able to do the types of things we see Jesus doing. We don’t have to look far in the New Testament to see this happening. Just look at the lives of the Disciples Apostles and the communities they led…over time they looked more and more like Jesus The church increased from 120 people in the upper room to more than 50 of the Roman Empire in about 250 years because they had a way of reproducing the life of Jesus in disciples in real flesh-and-blood people who were able to do the things we read Jesus doing in the Gospels. Today the criteria seemed to have been changed by the crop of church leaders that fate has bequeath on this generation. Many of our churches are filled with people but are they the kind of fruit that Christ expects us to bear in John chapter fifteen Would those kinds of people change the world like the early church did Probably not even if we have a growing church do the lives of the people we lead look like the lives of people we see in Scripture That’s the goal that all church leaders have left unattended to and busy chasing shadows that dishonour the owner of the work.

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152 The tragedy of today’s church is that many do not have plan for making disciples and where there is any does the plan work or workable I presume from my experience that most churches have a plan for discipleship but I am not sure that many of these plans are working the way Jesus is hoping they will hence the lack of true disciples in our midst. According to a writer he says “I think the fruit of our lives will reveal the root of our lives.” So if leaders are creating disciples who are far from the people we see in Scripture as the rule and not the exception it most likely that they are not following the blueprint of Christ. A true disciple of Christ will have a heart for the lost hence to be a disciple is to be a missionary. From an objective perspective there churches with discipling cultures that focus mainly on the transformation of individual self and churches with missionary cultures which focus on the transformation of the world/people around us and we often see tensions and crosstalk between these two as they contend for importance. Mike Brien stressed this further that “High mission/low discipleship church cultures have issues with Biblical literacy theological reflection and deficiencies in character and Creed that in the end sabotage the very mission they’re about.” It is noteworthy that critics are rightly concerned that these kinds of churches are a hair’s breath away from heresy with people largely not experiencing the depth and transformation of heart and mind Jesus invites us into.

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153 On the other spectrum Brien says “High discipleship/low mission church cultures have strength in the previous issues but lack the adventurous spirit/heart of compassion and Kingdom compulsion that so stirred the Father into action that he sent his only Son to a world he so loved. Their transformation isn’t leading to the place God is taking them.” Also critics are rightly concerned that these kinds of churches will turn into Christian ghettos creating people who lob “truth bombs” over their high secure walls creating an “us vs. them” mentality. He concluded that ‘in both something is disastrously off’ balance and should be corrected because as he puts it “As humans we are creatures of overreaction choosing polarities rather than living in tension. The truth is a TRUE discipling culture as Jesus envisioned it must have both. It’s not either/or it’s both/and. We mustn’t choose between depth and breadth but embrace the tension of having and shaping both in our communities”. To justify his position on the need for both Brien said that “being a true disciple can be toned down to two things: Character and Competency. We want the character that Jesus has and we want to be able to do the things that Jesus could do competency. Discipleship is learning over the course of our lives to become people who have both.” So how we are forming and discipling the people in our churches will be dependent on how honestly leaders can answer the kingdom/disciples questions he listed below:

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154  Character: Are their lives characterized by grace Peace Love Transformation Patience Humility Is there a deep relationship with the Father A love of the Scriptures Can they submit to Scriptures and church authorities Do they see the world through the eyes of the Kingdom and not the prevailing culture around them  Competency: Can they disciple people well who can then disciple others Can they do mission well Can they hear the voice of their Father and respond with action with His authority and power When they pray do things happen as they did for Jesus Can they read and teach the Scriptures well In essence as I stated in the introduction to this study if you make disciples you will always get the church but if you make the church you won’t always get disciples. If the people in your community are discipling people who can answer “yes” to those questions you’re doing what Jesus asked you to do and you’ve sought first the Kingdom and the rest will be added. Examining the matrix below will bring to fore the importance of both character and competence in our effort to build a good and great discipling church:

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155 Discipleship as we have learnt so far is about faithfulness and reflection. We need to be faithful and obedient to the things Jesus has asked of us when it comes to character and competency and let him control the outcomes. At the same time we need to be reflective about whether we’re good at the things Jesus could do. Jesus is calling us to be faithful but he’s also asking us to get better in “his strength which so powerfully works through us” at the Kingdom things he could do. 3.7 The Importance of Discipleship in Church Growth Discipleship means to not only learn a teaching but to transform one’s own thinking and lifestyle to reflect the teaching. Being a disciple is not like a “cram session” in preparation for a test where the student typically forgets “everything” the moment the test is over. Instead there is a lifelong devotion to understanding the message of Jesus. Jesus once said “a disciple is not above his teacher but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher” Luke 6.40. Again to bring the point sharper Jesus affirmed “why do you call me

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156 ‘Lord Lord’ and do not what I tell you” Luke 6.46. Disciples are therefore those who follow Christ and obey His teachings and ways of life. The importance of discipleship is that it stands at the heart of biblical Christianity. If we miss this aspect of the faith then we have missed the very thing that defines us – we are Christians and we imitate Jesus 1 Pet. 2.21 but we cannot imitate Jesus without abiding in his teachings Tit. 2.11-14. The New Testament church demonstrated devotion to the apostolic teaching Acts 2.42 so much so that they were known as the disciples of Jesus Acts 9.1. Eventually these disciples were given a new name called Christian Acts 11.26 Isa. 62.2 hence part of being a Christian is to be devoted to learning the teaching of Jesus which is embedded in the pages of the New Testament 1 Cor. 2.11-16 14.37 Eph. 3.4. If we do not know what the Bible teaches we will not know how we ought to live our new life in Christ Col. 3.1-10 and we are not His disciples. Christian life is full of battles and battles are won or lost not by the clash of swords in battle but by the preparation or lack of preparation before the battle. Without adequate preparation the battle is lost before it has even begun. It was A. W. Tozer that submits that preparation is vital "The whole Bible and all past history unite to teach us that battles are always won before the armies take the field. The critical moment for any army is not the day it engages the foe in actual combat it is the day before or the month before or the year before. . . ." We must understand that to make disciple will inevitably bring about battle with

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157 Satan. The act of making disciples is the act of building up preparing and equipping the body of Jesus Christ to advance His Kingdom on earth. Satan has no problem with ineffective converts but he will not just sit back and allow us to be the instruments by which Jesus transforms these converts into maturing committed credible fruitful followers of Christ --capable of repeating this process in others. He will engage us in battle and we must be prepared and only disciples are adequately equipped to wage this war against the enemy of our souls and existence. Again we see A. W. Tozer speaks on the irreconcilable hostility between the follower/disciple of Jesus and Satan thus: "In the early days when Christianity exercised a dominant influence over American thinking men and women perceived the world to be a battleground. Our fathers believed in sin and the devil and hell as constituting one force and they believed in God and righteousness and heaven as the other. By their very nature these forces were opposed to each other in deep grave and irreconcilable hostility. Humans our fathers held had to choose sides-they could not be neutral. For them it must be life or death heaven or hell and if they chose to come out on Gods side they could expect open war with Gods enemies. The fight would be real and deadly and would last as long as life continued here below. People looked forward to heaven as a return from the wars a laying down of the sword to enjoy in peace the home prepared for them. . . " This irreconcilable hostility will grow when

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158 we begin to obey Jesus by making disciples. Discipleship process is the actual preparation of the Christians to join in the battle of the kingdom. Richard J. Krejcir 2005 found that “Growing in Christ is the key to growing a church. This is all about being a good and effective witness of who Christ is and what He has called your church to be and do. Following up teaching and mentoring new as well as seasoned Christians are the keys to spiritual growth and the replication of the witness. When a church forsakes discipleship its people will not grow and thus will not reach out. Many will give up on Christianity while others become confused calloused or complacent. Alternatively they will be swept away by false doctrines and cults because they do not know the difference. When we forsake discipleship we end up just living for and unto ourselves. We miss out on opportunities learning experiences growth and will exchange an eternity of rewards for a limited time of fun. This will turn into anger and bitterness later on in our lives.” So why should we grow in Christ We should grow to become attractive to others who are not in the faith and like I enumerated above to become a sharp instrument to confront the kingdom of devil. Also when we grow He allows us not only to escape the fires of hell but also gives us eternal life. Growth will be our response to who Christ is and what He did for us. When we become a true disciple it means having a willingness to trust Him completely in all aspects of life from the highest highs to the lowest lows. It means we are not only willing to trust Him to provide for our salvation but

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159 we trust Him for the future. Thus as we grow in Christ we have to keep our eyes on Him and in doing so we will be of better use to Him and become increasingly unsatisfied with anything less than His call and character. God does not ask us to seek converts. He simply asks us to disciple. Discipleship is modelling and teaching Christians the precepts of the Bible mainly prayer doctrine and Christian living which means having an attitude and heart that worships Christ. We are still to evangelize but when we do we must realize that it is the role of the Holy Spirit to bring people into an intimate relationship with God. This is an act of divine intervention and grace as He uses us as the tools but He is the means through which souls are redeemed into His kingdom. As the display case of His life and work we are to care share with others His love and character. We are to obey and reach out but we cannot lead people anywhere. He is the One who leads us as the undershepherd. All church leaders goal is to worship and model our worship to others under our purview not just our service in the church but the lifestyle of a heart surrendered and poured out to His. However when we are real and authentic in our Christian living then we are actually doing effective evangelizing and bringing others to Christ even more powerfully and frequently. It is in these that the importance of discipleship manifests in our lives. 3.8 The Concept of Mentoring And Discipleship Counselling Discipleship counselling functions well in an atmosphere of trust and

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160 mentoring represents one of the usable tools to attain this in the body of Christ. Mentoring is a personal enhancement strategy through which one person facilitates the development of another by sharing known resources expertise values skills perspectives attitudes and proficiencies. It allows the learner to build skills and knowledge while attaining goals for carrier development. Conversely it provides the opportunity for the experienced party to further enhance his/her skill and knowledge areas by continually reassuring and building upon those areas. Clinton and Stanley define mentoring “as a relational process in which a mentor who knows or has experienced something transfers that something resources or wisdom information experience confidence insights relationship status etc to a mentoree at an appropriate time and manner so that it facilitates development or empowerment.” Spiritual Mentoring is a triadic relationship between mentor mentoree and the Holy Spirit where the mentoree can discover through the already present action of God intimacy with God ultimate identity as a child of God and a unique voice for the kingdom responsibility”. Anderson Reese in Models of Spiritual Mentoring Mentoring relationships typically involve two people just like discipleship counseling: A mentoree who wishes to develop specific learning areas and a mentor who fulfils the role of an expert for those particular learning areas. In this wise a mentor is a coach guide tutor facilitator counsellor and a trusted advisor and someone willing to spend his or her time and expertise to

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161 guide the development of another person. A mentor provides a model to follow because modelling is the greatest form of unconscious learning. Mentors offer hope a place of hospitality a safe shelter where accumulated knowledge and fears can be unpacked. On the other hand a mentoree is a student protégé apprentice and eager learner and someone who wants to learn from someone who knows and seek their valuable advice in order to grow personally and/or professionally. Therefore mentoring is a relationship between a mentor and mentoree with the goal of sharing knowledge and expertise between the mentor and mentee. It can be formal with written goals and scheduled meetings times or it can be as informal as an occasional chat. Martin Sanders says “It is life-long relationship where one helps the other reach their God-given potential”. A good mentor knows about the life and family of the person cared for. She holds a mirror before that person to extend their self-awareness helping to observe their growth and acknowledge changes. Mentoring has both scriptural and business antecedent. Although so many people saw Father Jethro the priest of Midian as the father-in-law to Moses he was also a mentor to Moses because he later taught Moses organizational leadership or what is called administration today Exodus.18:1-27. Over 3000 years ago God put mentoring models in the Bible for us to learn from and copy and this represent an excellent emphasis for all Christians. I have discovered the Bible to be primarily a great book on biography. The Old Testament is built

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162 through the lives of Abraham Moses David and Elijah. Jesus Peter and Paul had life-stories that glue the New Testament together. Paul writes a command to believers “Be ye followers of me.” To copy a person to use him or her as a model is biblical as long as this person is walking with Christ. We must always keep one eye on Jesus as we live on earth. Mentoring is Gods way to lift another toward their full potential. In Genesis we read about mentoring as Moses is counselled and encouraged by his father-in-law Jethro. Moses reaches out to mentor two leaders in Israel Joshua and Caleb. In other books we see Naomi mentoring Ruth watch a young prophet in training Elisha running to keep up with Elijah to learn. These were “parents” or pacesetters to those who followed them. Another form of mentoring in the Bible is side-by-side mentoring. An example of this is seen in Jonathans peer-mentoring of David who later became the king of Israel. In the New Testament God sent His Son to be the supreme model of mentoring. Day and night Jesus taught encouraged modelled and invested in the twelve. Jesus training wasnt dependent on sermons to shape his men. “He ordained twelve that they should be with him . . .” Mark 3:14. He shared his life and ministry with them daily for three years. Also in Acts 9 Ananias also became a mentor to Apostle Paul after which Barnabas took over Paul as a mentoree to show that we can have different mentors in our journey of life based on needs. Today businesses and even people in politics and government

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163 circle take the issue of mentoring or coaching very seriously and church leaders should learn from this to develop disciples for the kingdom work. 3.8.1 The Historical Perspectives of Mentoring Philosophy The mentoring model was the primary method of leadership and craft development prior to the industrial age and formalised in guild societies and adopted in the language and ranking of modern labour organisations. Today western individualism has eroded the relational context in which traditional mentoring has taken place. The contemporary rush to build mentoring structures in organisations is in reality a move to fill the vacuum in learning relationships that were considered a normal part of the life in the pre-industrial age. Therefore mentoring is a gift that is shared and a relationship that enables purposeful conversations which assist the mentoree to reflect on their own experience make informed decisions and act upon the ideas that are generated. The purpose of mentoring is development. It is about learning not teaching or taking instructions. In mentoring people develop a synergetic relationship through a conversation that enables them to set and achieve goals make decisions and solve problems. Any person who has the skill to facilitate the mentoring process may be a mentor. Mentoring must be enriching and satisfying for both partners.

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164 3.8.2 The Mentoring Process It is pertinent to state that mentoring is not a programme it is a process. The role of the mentor is to build rapport ask questions listen and elicit the mentee’s own wisdom. The mentor does not have to be older wiser or have specialized knowledge in any field. What they need is to be skilled in leading a mentoring conversation. The process can be as depicted diagrammatically below: The mentoring conversation invites the mentees to reflect on their own experience with a situation issue or problem then gather information from a

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165 variety of sources sort through options and decide on a course action plan and implement it. Reviewing the results continues the learning circle. When mentoring is approached this way it is the mentor’s questioning skills that extend and enhance the mentees thinking processes. The mentee does not become dependent they develop independent critical thinking. The mentee is empowered having come up with his/her own answers. They also take responsibility for their actions and having explored possible consequences of actions they are less vulnerable. 3.8.3 The Mentoring Mindset Traditionally mentoring grew from the concept of the older and wiser guiding the young and aspiring. Masters and apprentices patrons and protégés and masterminds expert/novice etc. contemporary mentoring has many forms and frequently people regard each other as partners colleague or peers ignoring age status or power. This more egalitarian approach suits today’s generation and has much to offer and seems to be in tandem with the practice of discipleship. Mentoring is relational and must be deliberate. Dr. Robert Clinton in Connecting suggests ways to categorize different kinds of mentors. There is the coach spiritual guide and discipler who give intensive time to others. To that we should add parents. Then there are four occasional kinds of mentors: the

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166 teacher the sponsor the counsellor and the historical mentor. This person who may have lived at another time reaches our hearts through biography. 3.8.4 The Ways To Mentor People Mentoring over the ages has been a one-on-one process in an informal and unstructured manner depending on those involved. However contemporary mentoring now take many forms and though informal mentoring often occurs naturally and spontaneously more structured approaches are emerging. Some of the most considered ways of mentoring includes: Informal which involves conversations that happen by chance or by arrangement formal i.e. a relationship in a structured programme. Others are peer mentoring - two colleagues mentoring each other reverse mentoring where pastors are mentored by non Pastors. We also have cascading mentoring i.e. senior Pastors mentoring those who they are senior to those working under them group mentoring where one mentor meets with several mentees. In other climes we have seen mentoring roundtables involving peers interacting in a group mentoring conversation and mentoring circles which is a facilitated group where each person mentors one person and is mentored by another and mastermind mentoring where expert coaches a novice. All of these ways of mentoring are important if discipleship process will be entrenched in any congregation.

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167 3.8.5 Factors for A Successful Mentoring Relationship In order to be effective mentoring relationship needs to possess several factors such as:  Collaboration – Both mentor and mentee plays a partnership role in growth and development of the relationship  Respect – Mutual appreciation is core - both of the mentor’s knowledge and of our investment of time and energy.  Responsiveness – As in any respectful collaboration both mentor and mentee need to be sensitive and responsive to the goal needs and perspective of the other.  Confidentiality – This supports the ability to be vulnerable yet safe in difficult conversations.  Joint Accountability – When you and your mentor keep agreements’ this strengthens trust and helps keep the learning relationship focused and productive.  Free and Honest Expression – The mentor and mentee can share strengths and weaknesses dreams and goals past present and anticipated experiences. Both can offer and hear feedback in the spirit of building on competencies and strengthening areas of weakness as they interact on regular basis.

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168 The three vital signs in successful mentoring relationship are Respect Accountability and Responsiveness RAR. When these three vital signs are present we will find that the relationship will be rewarding to both parties. If one or more of the three vital signs is missing or begins to dissipates then the mentoring relationship will suffer and lose its effectiveness. Respect is the starting and sustaining aspect of the relationship. Learning is greatly enhanced when mentee and mentor feel a sense of personal and professional respect for one another. Mutual respect forms the foundation of the successful mentoring relationship. Responsiveness refers to our ability to learn from our mentor and the mentor’s willingness to respond to our learning needs. Responsiveness is a willing attitude put into action. If it is present we will find it revealed in the consistent pacing and priority placed upon the mentoring relationship. When our mentoring attitude toward one another is positive our relationship is more likely to be responsive. Accountability refers to mutually held expectations and agreed upon mentoring activities including activities to monitor and evaluate progress toward stated developmental goals. Accountability supports the sense of meaning and purpose in the mentoring process. 3.8.6 Mentoring Or Discipleship – It Is A Relationship Issue. The mentoring relationship is based on mutuality i.e. the mentor and mentee collaborate in development of this relationship. Mentoring does not require a high degree of personal connectedness in order to pass on the desired

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169 skill knowledge attitudes or behaviour. However there is the need to learn how the transfer of learning will take place and how the learning will be monitored and evaluated. However discipleship requires a strong and personal level of connectedness to inculcate into the disciple the required behaviour of the disciple. With the support of a mentor we can survive the terror of the coming journey undergo a transformation by moving through and not around our fears appearing near the outset of a journey as a helper equipping one serving as a midwife to birth ones dreams. Martin Sanders then conclude that “mentoring is the facilitation of a life-long development process whereby individuals move through various stages of human emotional spiritual educational intellectual and other aspects of development.” Mike Oney the Senior Pastor of Grace Assembly in Wake Forest North Carolina with extensive background in executive denominational leadership church planting consulting coaching and mentoring has this to say: “I have come to the conclusion that effective mentors must have five key qualities: 1. The ability to assess when there is a correct fit between the passions of the mentor and the passions of the mentoree. 2. A deep understanding of the mentees ideal self. 3. An ability to encourage the investment of the mentees life into becoming their ideal self. 4. A deep honesty that will not avoid honest talks about persistence in the face of deeply unpleasant contexts in life. 5. A

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170 willingness to not only "tell the way" but also "show the way" with my own values and choices.” As mentors we will do well to consider the question that Saint Augustine encouraged: "What do I wish to be remembered for" For Augustine this was the beginning of adulthood. In a society where success is often idolized above significance we must have men and women who are willing to not only give others the tools for succeeding at tasks but the means for finding significance. To succeed in life and most especially in ministry requires that Christians should have somebody’s shoulder to stand on to see afar. The journey to become a true disciple will be quicker and smoother if every disciple and discipler will borrow a leave from the principle of mentoring to pursue the learning process required in discipleship. 3.9 The Rewards of Discipleship Jesus’ earlier promise of treasure in heaven to the rich young ruler Matt. 19:21 probably challenged Peter to ask what the disciples will gain from following Christ. The disciple is not rebuked for his question on the contrary Jesus says His followers will receive “a hundredfold and will inherit eternal life” Matt.19 27–30 implicitly affirming that Peter’s question is not wholly out of order.

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171 According to Mark’s account the hundredfold reward Jesus promises is not limited to the future it is also experienced in the present 10:29–31. We will enjoy our blessings fully only in the new heavens and earth but we are in error if we expect them in the age to come alone. Therefore disciples’ rewards are twofold: the present reward here and the eternal rewards eternal relations and eternal possessions in the world to come. The scripture affirms however that the benefits today will not be without hardship Mark’s record says that good things come with persecutions v. 30. This cautions us against thinking believers will be the most wealthy and successful of all peoples according to earthly standards. Yet Christians are better off than unbelievers even when our standard of living seems comparatively less than theirs. John Calvin writes that “God gladdens his people so that the small portion of good which they enjoy is more highly valued by them and far sweeter than if out of Christ they had enjoyed an unlimited abundance of good things.” Jesus also says that in the age to come many who are first will be last and vice versa Matt. 19:30 but the exact sense of this metaphor in this context remains unclear but James M. Boice helpfully interprets it to mean that “those who have the most here will not necessarily have the most in heaven” The Gospel According to Matthew vol. 2 p. 411. In other word all who for the Saviour’s sake reject power position and possessions now though they suffer

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172 much will find in eternity that their sacrifice was worth the temporary shame of being last today. As a Bible Scholar a journey through the Gospels reveals some lists on which one can erect the pillars of the benefits of discipleship upon. They are listed at a glance below:  Disciples get a little bit closer to Jesus than the crowds of people Matthew 5:1.  Disciples get to follow Jesus where He goes. The uncommitted can’t. Matthew 8:23.  Disciples get to watch crazy situations that Jesus gets invited into and see what He does Matthew 9:18-26.  Disciples get authority from Jesus to heal the sick and cast out demons Matthew 10:1.  Disciples get to become like their Master Matthew 10:25. Note not everyone likes this.  Disciples are defended by Jesus when accusers come and He finds no fault in them Matthew 12:1-7.  Disciples are invited to become Jesus’ family Matthew 12:46-50.  Disciples are close enough to ask questions. It’s been granted to them to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven Matthew 13:10-11.

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173  Disciples get to combine classic truth with God’s new revelation in a way that honours the Kingdom Matthew 13:52.  Disciples get to see Jesus revealed in all His glory Matthew 17:1-8.  Disciples get Jesus’ perspective in their confusing situations Matthew 17:14-21.  Disciples are told the truth even when they aren’t looking for it Matthew 18:1-6.  Disciples get insight into Jesus’ plan nature and mission that no one else gets Matthew 20:17-19.  Disciples get to rest and relax with Jesus Matthew 26:20.  Disciples get taught how to pray Luke 11:1-13.  Disciples get critical direction during transitional moments in history Luke 12:1  Disciples get to enter into joyous praise that the rest of the created order is experiencing even now Luke 19:39-40.  Disciples are those who have been set free John 8:31-32.  Disciples are served by Jesus Himself John 13:5.This seems to be the biggest paradigm shift of the age. Jesus our King washes our feet and shows us that leadership in the Kingdom is a position of service.  Disciples bear fruit for the Kingdom John 15:8.  Disciples can be continually filled with joy and the Holy Spirit Acts 13:52.

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174 A quizzical review of the above list nudged one to ask the question: “Why aren’t there more disciples in our churches today if these rewards are there” One must admit that Jesus does these things on His schedule not the disciples but for many of today’s disciples the answer is that “the cost seems too high for them to pay”. An excerpt from C.S. Lewis’ book ‘The Weight of Glory’ helps one to put this list and most disciples’ behaviour in the right perspective: “If there lurks in most modern minds the notion that to desire our own good and earnestly to hope for the enjoyment of it is a bad thing I submit that this notion has crept in from Kant and the Stoics and is no part of the Christian faith. Indeed if we consider the unblushing promises of reward and the staggering nature of the rewards promised in the Gospels it would seem that Our Lord finds our desires not too strong but too weak. We are half-hearted creatures fooling about with drink and sex and ambition when infinite joy is offered us like an ignorant child who wants to go on making mud pies in a slum because he cannot imagine what is meant by the offer of a holiday at the sea. We are far too easily pleased.” As I labour on this research work I have discovered that any reward that God gives us is by His grace for He is the one who prepares good works for us and enables us to do them Eph. 2:8–10. Since it is all by His grace we should not be arrogant to demand that He bless us but neither should we not expect a reward in this life from Him who know what to do Heb.6:10. If disciples take

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175 time to think on the blessings of Christian friends our church family and other such things in this present age we would make sure to thank the Father for all of these rewards and those we expect in the age to come. 4.0 How to Multiply Godly Members Jesus Christ said in Matt 16:18 “…..I will build My church and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it”. NKJV. The Owner of the church is God but delegated men/women to lead it on earth. Through the centuries till date we have denominational independent mainline Catholic Pentecostal charismatic congregational Methodist Anglican Lutheran Presbyterian Baptist holiness and Apostolic churches and many are still on the line. Akin-John 2010 discussed the 5 Major Ways Men Built Churches. They are: a. TRADITIONAL APPROACHES – This says God has called us to be faithful not successful. It is preaching the social gospel and doing good works. They do church as a religion devoid of life vitality and power. They have much religiousity and nominalism and concentrate on building structures rather than the people. b. MODEL APPROACH – This is copying the example of a growing big or middle size church somewhere and building your church on it. Lot of churches were built like this because every church leader believes their

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176 church model is the best. The truth is that every model has inherent problem that are not visible when you copy. c. BREAKTHROUGH APPROACH – This is focusing the church on one line of truth which has brought numerical financial and material success and growth to some churches. Prayer miracles financial success holiness deliverance prophetic emphasis are good examples. Each of this truth will attract crowd but many are not balanced hence others who uses the same focus draw your people away. d. PERSONALITY APPROACH – A method where churches are built on the personality gifts and graces of the leader. Here everything revolves around the leader and nothing moves without him/her. This makes the leaders heros gurus and deities. Many of these leaders have abused their positions priviledges and respect as they are accountable to no one and financial squabbles remains the albatross of such leaders. e. PRINCIPLE APPROACH – This is building the church on the truth of the WOG and leading as the Word directs. Many churches started with the Word but later veered off to other approaches. This is the main reason for the majority of deformed powerless weakened scripturally irrelevant and stagnant churches producing ungodly and carnal members called Christians today.

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177 4.0.1 The Problems of Today’s Church Leaders Today many Church leaders and ministers are bringing multitude into the church the wrong way and are abandoned after fleecing them. They love the crowd but hate the people. Why They never cared for their soul but the savings never cared for their pulse but their purse never cared for the hearts but the pockets never cared for their health but their wealth. They do everything to bring in the multitude but little to make them ‘kingdomtitude’. They operate through the usage of miracles and power demonstrations lowering the gospel standard using of gimmicks deceit and outright lies preaching one line of truth with no balance telling people what they want to hear building of big edifices structures image advertisement etc while some even employ ‘christo- paganism’ principles which combines African traditional mystical beliefs with Christian practices. When we look at the example of Jesus Christ who preached to the multitudes Matt.4:25 13:2 15:30 Mk.1:33 2:13 etc. He was not deceived or carried away by them. Out of the multitudes He drew out the following:  Believers – Those who believe in His name.  Disciples – Those who receives Him as both Lord and Saviour.  Apostles – Those who have grown to minister develop leaders and extend His kingdom.

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178 Jesus was able to strike the balance for He knew that “the strength of a church is not measured by the seating capacity but by its sending capacity”. So the principle of balance demands that a church must preach to multitudes equip many develop some but empower few. They must be moved in the following direction through the sieve of the church: a. COMMUNITY – Create much awareness through outreaches and presentation of the gospel to bring them to the church. b. CROWD – The crowd that comes to the church from the community must be told the truth of Christ and the demand of His Kingdom. c. CONGREGATION – The people must be taught and trained to become true believers and followers of Jesus. d. COMMITTED – Disciples must be developed and commitment must be made to wholeheartedly follow Jesus. e. CORE - Gifts and Graces must be discovered and used to witness and bring others to Christ and those who have been blessed must rise up and be a blessing to others. 4.0.2 The Need For A Complete Minister According to Akin-John 2011 there are the two kinds of ministers operating in Nigeria for the past 20 years. They are the blessers and the builders. God need real and correct ministers to fulfil the kingdom mandate but charlatan

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179 ministers are now in charge of many churches. There can’t be progress production and prevailing without the real ministers called by God in our time. He further stresses that “The Complete Minister knows when to bless and when to build. They preach to the crowd develop many and invest in few. Unless the church pastors and ministers begin to lay emphasis on developing empowering equipping the people real genuine exemplary and godly Christians will continue to be scarce. Churches that only press for multitude never lasts because they don’t stay for they are always on the move.” So Akin-John posited a question: Who are the Real Minister He argue that the real minister should be men/women of sound/unrepentant faith truthful living godly life styles full of divine character harmless as dove wise as serpent separated from the sinners undefiled and open channel of God’s power grace and glory. Heb.7:26 John 15:16. 4.0.3 Spiritual Health Booster To Build Members If your church is not internally correct in spiritual sense it can’t be physically correct no matter the decoration and decoy or deception. There are two most important things the pastor must look at if you must multiply godly members. They are the Word of God and the people of God. The question is: how are you treating them in your local assembly These are the two things we shall take to heaven as none of our physical material and financial attainments will have no place there hence it is imperative to pass this across to souls under our care.

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180 4.0.4 Boosters for your Church Internal Health. Boosters generally are something that causes improvement strengthens or encourages people in the church to grow into maturity which help accentuate your Church Internal Health. Some of these boosters are:  A whole some return back to bethel – Gen.35  A healthy and competent pastor.  A courageous return to the whole counsel of God.  Institutionalise discipleship process for consistent growth and maturity.  Personal and corporate prayers.  Strong and balance teachings  Discover and develop spiritual gifts  Focus on evangelism missions outreaches.  Creation of small groups sharing and nurturing  Demand obedience to the Word of God from your people.  Create atmosphere that will aid the process of spiritual growth.  Practically organize programmes to get everyone involved in the growth process.  Train and retrain your workers and make joining the workforce attractive.

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181 4.0.5 Methods of Equipping the Laity All leaders should note that the more qualified laymen that you get involved the greater the growth of the church. “Every member a Minister” is a motto of a church in Columbia. A congregation does not need more Members it needs more Ministers. Every church should have at least 50 of the people doing one ministry work or another. The Equipping through Pareto Principle is fundamental to developing mature Christians. In any church only 20 of the people will do 80 of the work. So every church leader should profile their congregation and classify them according to influence importance commitment etc. Then by spending 80 of their your time on the top 20 people by feeding training and pouring out your life into them the rest 80 will be taken care of by the 20 without the leader taking care of everybody. If our priority is right as church leaders and ministers we work less and have more results and vice-versa. The purposes for equipping members are many. They include improving the quality of service through new and fresh ideas and opinions to gain new knowledge and become more effective and help develop flexibility and commitment. Also to keep them up-to-date and informed remove old archaic and unworkable principles and replace with new and effective ways and help discover their gifts and ministry. Others are to help them function effectively in line with God’s expectation of them and assist individual self-development and growth.

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182 4.0.6 Methods of Equipping Members There are several methods of equipping members in our congregation today. The following are outstanding ways that has been used successfully across cultures and social milleu: 1. General membership training – Involving the whole church. 2. Selected membership training – Selection of key committed and influencial people 3. Leadership Training – This involves those in position of leadership like all of you in this conference. 4. Departmental Training – This may involve the departments and ministries from time to time and in the order of importance. 5. Literacy Training – This involve books resources and attendance at conferences workshops etc. 6. Bible School – This can be set up with the aim of training and developing those who are being called into the ministry and to be sent out. 4.0.7 The Problem of Discipleship Today Discipleship today has run into a quagmire because of many influences that has plagued the church. Now there’s crave and lust for miracles and the wrong conception of success in ministry is not helping the matter also. The prevailing economic problem in Nigeria has lured those who were not called into the pulpit where there are few available opportunities. Also the influence of

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183 satanic deception through the influence of Endtime syndrome is huge. We have also noticed that there are few available books and resources on Discipleship which could help both the disciple and discipler. This question is relevant at this level – Is Discipleship relevant in today’s church My response is categorical yes in the affirmative. From the various reviews done in monographs and other materials discipleship can achieve the following:  Helps build a lasting ministry  Build an eternal rewardable work  Deliverance without discipleship is double work.  Brings true rest and success.  Helps to raise an army not a nursery.  Helps to raise Participators and not Spectators.  It is the master’s strategy for the assignment.  Brings multiplication more labourers and rewards in heaven.  Discipleship is the endtime ministry of the church. 4.0.8 The Church Needs Disciple-Making Leaders The missing link today is the lack of disciple-making pastors and ministers Matt.28:18-20 and apparent success of the church lies in the establishment of more disciple-making churches. It is the multiplying effect of

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184 these leaders that will birth godly and spiritual members. The church is God’s incubator where church members could be influenced transformed and equipped to become a disciple of Jesus. A portrait of a Disciple-Making Leader should be someone who is a disciple many pastors are not has fervent desires to reproduce other workers and to share his/her knowledge with others. He/She must make time to follow up and train does not feel threatened or in competition with gifts and ministries of others and duly recognise that his/her gift is to prepare others to do what he/she is doing. They love to see others do what he/she is doing as an encourager motivator and a trainer. They should have vision and passion to see others grow and go any length to see these realised and are very patient and loves young believers. 4.0.9 How To Become A Disciple-Making Leader To become a disciple-making leader there are some things that must be done and present in such person. They are listed below: a. Conceive and develop a vision for disciple-making church. b. Develop conviction from the Word of God that it is the plan and purpose of God for your life and ministry. c. Equip educate and attend trainings in this area of ministry. d. Pray and intercede for the establishment and wisdom to begin a disciple-making church.

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185 e. Share the vision with likely minded people ministers and friends to assist you. f. Pray and trust God to send few men/women that you can start disciple-making with. g. Establish a disciple-making programmes in your church h. Ensure you grow in the disciple-making business. i. Evaluate your progress and don’t stop equipping and updating yourself in this area of ministry. The Result of Disciple Making Leaders are numerous among which are solid and established membership – Jn.15:16 growth and maturity of believers – II Pet.3:18 expansion and extension of ministry with ease – Acts 6:17 self fulfilment and spiritual satisfaction - IITim.4:7 and heavenly rewards for fulfilling the Great Commission – I Pet.1:8. 4.1.0 Ways of Doing Discipleship System The Discipleship system is a process of nurturing and training that changes members to becoming a godly:  Convert-Disciple: Matt.28:18-20  Disciple-Disciple-Maker: II Tim.2:2  Disciple-Labourer: Matt.9:35:37  Labourer-Equipper: Eph.4:11-12

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186 There are many kinds of discipleship system in practice. Some are discussed briefly below: a. STRUCTURING DISCIPLESHIP – Organized teaching classes in your church: Acts 2:42. Such Classes include: Visitors’ Class New Believers’ Class Baptismal Class Membership/Maturity Class Workers-In-Training Class School of Discipleship and School of Ministry. b. RELATIONSHIP DISCIPLESHIP- This is discipleship through organized relationship groups based on sex age profession or other affiliations. Acts 2:42 c. PERSON-PERSON DISCIPLESHIP – Matt.28:18-20. This is a kind of discipleship where an experienced disciple becomes a discipler to a new disciple who will learn from the discipler both practical ways of living and scriptural teachings on regular basis. d. PARTNERSHIP DISCIPLESHIP – This is mentoring through an earthly/godly master e.g. Paul/Timothy Elijah/Elisha Eli/Samuel. e. RECREATIONAL DISCIPLESHIP – This is a loose or informal type of discipleship that comes up as a result interactions in recreational activities. f. COUNSELING DISCIPLESHIP – This is discipleship that arose as a result of counseling process over a time period.

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187 g. DEVOTIONAL DISCIPLESHIP – This comes through a matured Christian devoting his/her energy to bring a disciple to become equipped to do same for others willingly. 4.1.1.0 Some Innovative Ways for Discipleship to Blossom Some new innovations in discipleship will help restore the lost dignity and the pride of place that it should have and take among believers and church leaders today. Leaders must avoid traditions understand their community and membership and embrace change and be creative. Discipleship is better done through small groups and organised but structures long hours weekend training seminars on regular basis. We should establish short training courses with prize awarding ceremonies and have monthly core teachings on discipleship and other related subjects while making Bible study attractive with study materials and also encourage our members to use the internet facilities for training and learning. If Church leaders are serious to revitalising discipleship in their church they should engage and interview people to find feel feed and field them pray for revival and re-awakening never give up on people and incorporate change management as may be necessary. They can also bring in gifted trainers to revive their programme and presents new challenges to the people who will view such as a way to make contribution to the body of Christ through this enrichment processes.

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188 4.1.1.2 Conclusion God is looking for disciples and not members for His kingdom work. All church leaders must align to the kingdom desire if they will not work in vain. Our calling is to produce godly and heavenly bound Christian. The church is the most important entity that God owns on earth and He is concerned about it. All truly called church leaders and ministers must labour to build a bigger better balanced and broader church that fulfil the kingdom mandate on earth. Someone said: “Blessed are the balanced for they shall outlast everybody else”. We leaders must make our churches to be both heavenly focused and very relevant on the earth by doing all in our capacity to fulfil the mandate of Christ delivered unequivocally to His followers: “Go ye into the world and make disciples of men…” 4.1 The Church That is Really Growing If we are to know the church that is really growing we may need to examine converse critically i.e. those things that represent the enemies of a growing congregation. According to Tony Morgan 2000 he enumerated on some enemies of a growing church as listed below: a. Lack of Faith- If we don’t believe that growth can happen in our church and life it won’t just happen. We have to expect what we believe and work for it.

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189 b. Lack of Knowledge-Those leaders who don’t know that church growth is possible will not bother to pursue any new and challenging things. Since they haven’t been exposed to the principles of church growth they are perishing because of lack of knowledge. Someone said: “What you don’t know can kill you.” I posit also that “what you don’t know can stifle your church’s growth in your own eyes”. c. Failure to realize that God is no respecter of persons-All Leaders should know this: God doesn’t love just a select group of people He has no respect for persons but loves those who fear and obey Him”. d. Failure to realize growth is always the goal of a New Testament church- This in my own opinion is a wrong notion that many uninformed leaders have imbibed and even practised. The New Testament church was a growing church though it started small. An adage says “It doesn’t matter how small your town is your church is supposed to grow.” Also like someone said “The city doesn’t need to be big if the church has big ideas.” e. An Unsure Pastor: If the church leader is unsure with no confidence he/she cannot demonstrate they are in control. People are looking to leaders as the person with answers to all questions and challenges. You have to be sure about your leadership. Today many are leading with too much ambiguity and we have too many politically correct pastors but spiritually dis-positioned with God. Many don’t say what the Bible says because they are afraid to offend people or lose their sustenance and support.

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190 f. Failure To Build Upon Small Victories: Many leaders forget this: ‘Small victories lead to bigger victories’ so we need to learn how to build on small beginnings and grow steadily. We all remember that David killed a lion and a bear before he killed Goliath. When your church gets used to victories it will have no doubt that there isn’t anything too big for God. g. Failure To Preach The Announcements: Pastors forget that ‘whatever you want the masses to know it must not only be announced it must be preached first then after the message you give an invitation through announcement for involvement. h. Lack Of Corporate Fasting And Prayer: Today’s modern church leaders are de-emphasising prayer and fasting but this is unscriptural. We all know that some things will only come about through fasting and prayer. When we neglect prayer and waiting on the Lord we neglect growing and productive Church Life and Ministry. i. Failure To Get Started: The ability to initiate an idea and go for it is the strength of a leader. The phrase “Go with the going crowd” should not be the motto of a Growth-Influencing-Pastor GIP. If a leader can’t influence anyone you’re in the wrong profession. j. Poor Motive: Wrong and poor motive we’ve discovered remain the bane of most leaders that fail their people and God. For instance ‘Why do you want a big church’ You have to want it for the right reason. God knows your heart. Church growth should be about bringing glory and honour to God

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191 only. If God is not pleased and satisfied it doesn’t make a difference in heaven no matter the applause of men or recognition of admirers. Going further a growing church can easily be recognised if it fulfils the opposite of the above and possess many of the features discussed below. From all the literatures reviewed so far we have observed that productive Churches must be a soul winning Church. Akin-John 2011 submitted that no Church can claim to be a productive Church when nobody is being developed trained and discipled for the Lord. In such church souls must be regularly saved and discipled in a reproducing manner. A growing Church is the one that disciples and develop others to go into the world and reproduce others of their kinds. For any church to grow and become productive Akin-John 2011 submits that the following are important for any aspiring church and leaders: a. Set Faith Goals: Any church that refused to set goals cannot score goals. Goals have been described as decisions of attainment with time frame: goals are statement of faith. Growth cannot be nurtured and kept on course in the Church without a goal to aim at. Someone said: ‘when goal goes growth goes and when growth goes life goes dead on our hands’. Leaders must set short medium and long-term goals. Churches must set goals: numerical financial physical social community goals etc. which are necessary to

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192 nurture our Church to growth. Goals will keeps us focused motivated and purposeful and allow accurate measure of progress achieved. b. Obey The Holy Spirit: The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of growth and increase without which nothing good can happen in the church. Church leaders must welcome Him and allow Him unhindered reign in the Church be open to His leading and pray down His special presence regularly. The Power of The Lord Supernatural Signs and Wonders must be sought and obtained. When the presence of The Holy Spirit is overwhelming in the Church then growth can start and continue with ease. c. Secure and Share God’s Vision for the Church: Church experts agreed that no two churches can be the same and that God has a purpose and vision for each church and He will give the vision to the leader who will share and communicate it with the people. If the leaders refused to discover the vision be guided and driven by it growth will be a mirage. God’s vision should be communicated simply pictorially continuously and through the Pastors’ modelling the vision through sermons teachings and exhortation on regular basis. Maxwell John states that “for godly leaders the call of God becomes a personal foundation for the ministry a point of revelation. One dare not enter a spiritual position without a divine calling.” It is from this calling that the leader receives requisite vision for the work. Those who have accomplished

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193 great stride in ministry had been driven by vision so a church growth leader is that man or woman with a consuming passion laced with vision. d. Build a Strong Prayer Base: To grow a church you need 60 strategies and 40 prayers Akin-John 2000. It is clear that without prayer and spiritual warfare the church cannot really grow for the foundation of warfare prayer deals with demonic activities inside the Church outside the Church and territorial spirits debarring growth within the community. Consistent prayers must be done together with dedicated fasting. Therefore regular warfare prayer must become a ministry in the Church and prayer warriors and intercessors must be trained to engage in consistent warfarism in a pinpointed manner. David Yonggi Cho said ‘prayer prayer and prayer’ is the three factors of his secret of church growth. This was corroborated by Peter Wagner who said “I believe the church as a spiritual force in the world cannot win the world without the power of prayer”. There is no method programme and wisdom that grows a church better that regular persistent and unceasing specific prayers. e. Commitment to Evangelism: The command from the Lord is “Go ye” not “Sit ye” as we see today. Many churches are no more going in search of the sinners but waits for the sinners to come to the church. The Church must be

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194 built on strong commitment to evangelism and outreach if it will grow. The needs of members must be met in order for them to be able to enthusiastically bring their friends colleagues neighbours relations and those they are in contact with. Evangelism must take strong priority. The lost must be actively and continuously sought by the Church. Through teaching preaching trainings motivations the people must be challenged to reach out to others. It is a mistake to think that the saints will reach out without active encouragement by the Leaders. We can be a specialist in key spiritual areas but all Christians especially disciples are compelled to be a soul-winner to delight the heart of God. f. Be a Possibility – Thinking and Dynamic Leader-Pastor: The growth of the church has been tied to the person of the Pastor by the sovereign will of God. The colour of the pastors’ person will be reflective on the church. If he/she is pessimistic weak visionless they can’t lead a church to growth. However if the leader has contagious dynamic strong effective spirit coupled with unfeigned peoples’ believe and trust then growth is certain. Olaleye S.A.K. 2012 supported this and stated that “If the matter of spiritual transformation of the pastor is not settled first there is no strategy of church growth that can work well”.

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195 g. Preaching of Good Messages: One of the secrets of churches that grow is good preaching and people love to go to churches where they will hear a good and blessed preaching. Church leaders desirous of nurturing their Church to growth know the demand of good preaching and inspiring messages. Our pulpit should be used as the controlling centre to inform inspire motivate challenge and recharge our people to actively take part in the growth of the Church. h. Effective Teaching Is Important: The price of teaching cannot be overemphasized in nurturing the Church to growth. Balanced growth is both numerical and spiritual. The people will not grow up in the spiritual life without proper and balanced teaching. The teaching must be stratified and classified to fit the new people who must be taught the basics of faith while those other members and the workforce must be taught on service membership stewardship doctrinal and discipleship lessons to help them in their journey into maturity. i. Keep Learning and Growing: If the church member will grow and keep growing the leaders must continue to learn about how to grow and nurture the church members. The personal growth of the leaders cannot be jettisoned on the excuse of busyness hence specialized courses should be taken on leadership Church growth administration and organisation. Also leaders

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196 should develop the habits of reading books and resources relevant to growth and paying visit to study growing churches locally and abroad where skeletal ideas could be picked for use when necessary. j. Authenticity Leader: Church leaders must demonstrate honesty and sincerity if people must come to their Churches. If people don’t see authenticity in church leaders’ lives they would not trust the church with their lives. People that are genuinely reached can trust the leader and grow in all ramifications. k. Everyone a Personal Evangelist: There must be deliberate intentional and well coordinated organized effort to make every member a personal soul- winner without which the Church won’t grow and be productive. In this regard people must be trained and challenged to go out and share the gospel of Jesus with sinners. Obedience to the Great Commission must be stressed. Every church leaders must encourage everyone member to bring their friends relations associates and neighbours to services and other specially organised programmes. l. Proud of the Pastor and the Church: When the present members are happy and proud of their pastor and with what God is doing in their Church they will gladly invite their friends and relations to the Church. They will

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197 create a platform and bridge that will enable them to reach sinners and invite them to Church. Leaders who will reach this level in the heart of their members must be caring loving and godly. m. Good Atmosphere of Love and Acceptance: When our Church is a haven of love and acceptance we cannot but produce souls. This kind of atmosphere can nurture such souls to become giants for the Lord’s army. We must demonstrate love amongst ourselves and accept sinners just as they are praying and believing that God will change them as they are fed with the undiluted word of God. n. Fullness of Enthusiasm and Joy: A Church that is full of enthusiasm and joyful people will be attractive to the unsaved. Wherever the joy of The Lord is demonstrated as a result of God’s power and believing of the people in the God they serve will grow and blossom. o. No Compromise of Essentials: There are many essentials according to church experts that all churches that desire growth must possess. They include among others strong belief in the Bible Holy living and practical Christianity etc will draw the right people. On the other spectrum when we lower the standard and compromise the essentials such as salvation holy

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198 living and being heavenly-minded will only lead to serious people not coming or withdrawing from church. p. Training of the Laity: Church leaders cannot do all the work of the ministry alone so they must encourage individuals to discover and develop their spiritual gifts to be deployed for the church to grow. Training must be set up to harness God’s deposit in the people. The pastor must delegate all that others can do and major in only what others cannot do well. q. Small Group Opportunities: Discipleship thrives well under well coordinated and organised small groups. Leaders should encourage people to meet together in small units whereby they can be nurtured instructed and provided with opportunities to grow. Churches have given different names to these groups using varying parameters like age related groups with similar inclinations professions spiritual gifting etc. However the name given is not an issue but what really matter is to provide care concern which aids assimilation into the church fold. r. Creative Approach: To become a growing and productive Church creativity is required on the part of the leadership. They should be on the lookout for people in crisis families who just moved to a community those in hospital prostitutes single parents pregnant teenagers youth that can be

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199 engaged in fruitful encounter meetings and be reached for fruitfulness and growth. s. Quality Children Church: In Lagos metropolis there are few churches that has organised and qualitative Children church and we observed that most parents today want the best for their children so they seek churches with vibrant and conducive environment for them. Many churches care for the adult church but neglect the spiritual well being of their children. A good children Church can serve as an avenue to reach their parents and grow the church. t. An Evangelistic Leader: Every Church that desires to be a growing and producing Church must pray for and discover someone or group of people with passion for evangelism. Such person or group should be supported by the church leadership so that they can function without hindrance. They will require assistance in fervent prayers Holy Spirit anointing and spiritual warfare that are needed for productive growth. u. There Must be Signs and Wonders: The adage says “If they don’t see they won’t believe”. The authenticity of our ministry would be proven brought alive and made real when people receives signs miracles and wonders in their life pursuits and endeavours. Jesus’ ministry was enhanced

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200 by miraculous exploits that followed Him so let’s depend on God for the anointing and grace to do exploit for people who are looking to us for help. Genuine signs wonders miracles and prophetic demonstrations will draw people to the church and a good and systematic discipleship programme in place will transform them to spiritual giants for the Lord if leaders are committed to their calling. v. Be Community Relevant and Alive: Any church that takes a lead in the community will be the lead for others to follow. The communities where our churches are located have different peculiarities and church leaders must be sensitive approachable and reach-out to infect and affect people and the community. A good relevance in the community is a positive image that broadens the goodwill the church should be known for and this can draw many uninvited to church. Every church leader must recognise the community leaders and interface with them through visitation participation in some activities when appropriate make financial contributions and donate or build amenities that are relevant to community use. Doing all these and more will make your church their church and growth will be the results as an aftermath of these action in the long run. Akin-John 2011 a renowned church growth expert depicted vividly diagrammatically what a heavenly bound Christian that had been well nurtured

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201 through systematic discipling programme should be. In the picture below titled “Heavenly Bound Christian” and used by permission are those critical areas that an institutionalised discipling programme will build into that fabric of those who desire to follow Christ till He comes. THE HEAVEN BOUND CHRISTIAN

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202

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203 CHAPTER THREE 3.0 METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction This research involves both field investigation and library studies. The field studies took the researcher and his assistants to all the churches investigated in the designated area. The Libraries of The Redeemed Christian Bible College RCBC West African Theological Seminary WATS and International Bible Training Centre IBTC were used for the library work of this research. In addition the personal library of the researcher and those of other ministers close to him were employed to ensure a robust presentation. 3.2 Research Design The research design employed for this study is mainly structured questionnaires and a bit of in-depth interview to clarify ambiguities. The questionnaires allows for generalisation of data information and for direct comparisons between two or more variables or group. In this questionnaire we assessed where people are spiritually so we used statements about spiritual beliefs attitudes and virtues. We asked respondents to describe how they agreed with those statements. These statements are based on the scriptures and derived from the “Christian Life Profile Assessment Tool” CLPAT created by Randy Frazee a

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204 senior minister of Oak Hills Community Church in San Antonio Texas USA. We focused on the following in the questionnaire: Beliefs what we need to know such as the authority of the Bible the Church compassion stewardship and humanity. For practices what we need to do we looked at worship prayer bible study and biblical community spiritual gifts giving away my faith life time and money. Lastly for Christian virtues what we need to be and described by Frazee as “the ultimate expression of Christlikeness we looked at love faithfulness self-control and humility. 3.3 Population Sample This study focuses on the impact of discipleship on the rate of church growth in some churches in metropolitan Lagos. We employed stratified sampling procedure. This is used when the population is heterogeneous and it is important to represent the different strata or sub-populations. There is a proportional representation of strata in the sample - proportional to the population strata. We divide the entire population into strata groups to obtain groups of people that are more or less equal in some respect. Then select a random sample from each stratum. We thereafter distributed 150 questionnaires to respondents in 20 churches in about 15 Local Government Areas LGA but only 105 were recovered

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205 for analysis. Respondents in the sample population based on ministry status are church members workers ministers and Pastor/Reverend. 3.4 Method of Data Collection The following methods were adopted in the collection of data for the purpose of this study: 3.4.1 Oral Interviews – This represents a one-on-one process in which the researcher poses questions directly to an individual. These questions not only provide information and opinions from respondent but also allow the interviewer to ask probing questions to uncover the richness of emotions and hidden motivations in relations to the topic under discussion. About 20 respondents were interviewed. 3.4.2 Structured Questionnaires – This process utilises detailed questionnaires distributed to a large number of people in selected churches. 3.4.3 Personal Observations – This involves what is observed during the interviewing process and interaction in the particular church which may help to identify some peculiarities in the way the topic is treated. 3.4.4 Studying of Literatures – This utilises the avenues of monographs books and other literatures to review all that

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206 has been done on the topic to validate findings and authenticate beliefs attitudes and motivations. 3.5 Data Analysis The statistical tools used and employed in the analysis of the collected data during the course of this research are: 3.5.1 Simple Percentage Analysis Percent means out of one hundred. It is often shown with the symbol "". It is used even if there are not a hundred items. The number is then scaled so it can be compared to one hundred. Percentages are useful because people can compare things that are not out of the same number. 3.5.2 Correlation Analysis Correlations help us to determine if a relationship exists and if so what the characteristics of that relationship are. They test the extent to which two variables occur together and how related they are. Correlations can be descriptive and inferential at the same time. They can describe your data and we can also infer relationships from samples to populations. 3.5.3 Regression Analysis

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207 This is used to investigate relationships between variables. This technique is typically utilised to determine whether or not the movement of an outcome or dependent variable can be predicted from one or more independent variables. 3.3.4 T.test Analysis – When two groups are compared the statistic that is used very often the t- test. It is an inferential statistic. There are a few basic facts about t-tests: 1. A t-test is used if there are only two groups to compare. 2. This statistical technique answers the null hypothesis: There is no difference between two groups on their respective mean scores. 3. There is one Independent variable with two categories and there is one Dependent variable. Basically the independent variable for a t-test is nominally scaled. There are two discrete categories with one variable. With a t-test there is also only one dependent variable. It is continuous in its numeric range and uses interval or ratio measurement scales. The t-test is very handy when you have two groups to compare. Analysis of Variance or ANOVA is the statistical technique that is analogous to the t-test and used when you have more than two groups to compare. 3.3.5 Field Assistants/Analyst. For this research to have the desired breadth and depth the researcher engaged the services of five personnel to assist in the administration of

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208 the questionnaires and effective data collection and analysis during the course of this research. They were trained for two 2 full days on how to effectively administer the questionnaires to assure quality of results. 3.6 Conclusion In this study I have employed the most applicable research standards available including a robust quantitative survey with over 20 diverse churches that cut across Catholic protestant evangelical and Pentecostal denominations. There is more work yet to be done in this regard but the result of this study contributes some excellence to the richness of materials on this topic.

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209 CHAPTER FOUR PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA ANALYSIS 4.0 INTRODUCTION This chapter involves a statistical approach in bringing together the views and opinions of the respondents from the questionnaires distributed to them. An attempt made to classify the background characteristics of the responses according to sex age marital status etc. Also we make some effort to critically analyse the respondent responses and make some deductions observation and useful conclusions that will help church leaders to know the importance of institutionalising discipleship program in the churches to enhance total and healthy grow. 4.1 FINDINGS AND RESULTS OF ANALYSIS I have carefully detailed in the following sections the findings from the respondents. Section one deals with the demographic profile of the 105 respondents. Section two deals with the spiritual assessment of respondent based on their experiences in their churches. Section three deals with views of the respondents in relation to their church and leaders and how they feel that discipleship programmes have been entrenched. The latter part of the chapter contains the results of analysis based on the findings and interpolation with comparative monograph records to see how valid the finding are and what gaps could be further probed in future study.

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210 SECTION ONE DEMOGRAPHIC STATISTICS OR PROFILE OF RESPONDENTS The background characteristics or personal data of respondents in this study are presented below: TABLE 4.1.1 The demographic statistics of respondents profile in table 4.1.1 above shows a cross section of respondents interviewed in this study. This reveals that males were 69.5 and 30.5 were females. TABLE 4.1.2 From table 4.1.2 most respondents were within the age group of 35-44 years equivalent to 33.33 while between 15-24years was 8.6 between 25-34years was 24.3 between 45-54years was 23.8 and above 55years was only 9.5. sex 73 69.5 69.5 69.5 32 30.5 30.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 male f emale Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent A ge 9 8.6 8.6 8.6 26 24.8 24.8 33.3 35 33.3 33.3 66.7 25 23.8 23.8 90.5 10 9.5 9.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 abov e Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

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211 TABLE 4.1.3 Table 4.1.3 indicates the marital status of respondents with 73.3 married 25.7 single while only 1 was divorced. TABLE 4.1.4 Table 4.1.4 reveals that respondents were from various churches in Lagos metropolis. The Redeemed Christian Church of God RCCG had 23.8 Christ Apostolic Church CAC had 11.4 Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministries MFM and Catholic Church had 10.5 each. Four Square Gospel Church FSGC and Celestial Church of Christ CCC had 1.9 Anglican Church Marital status 77 73.3 73.3 73.3 27 25.7 25.7 99.0 1 1.0 1.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 married single Div orced Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Name of the church 25 23.8 23.8 23.8 11 10.5 10.5 34.3 11 10.5 10.5 44.8 12 11.4 11.4 56.2 1 1.0 1.0 57.1 2 1.9 1.9 59.0 2 1.9 1.9 61.0 1 1.0 1.0 61.9 1 1.0 1.0 62.9 39 37.1 37.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 RCCG MFM Catholic C C.A.C Anglican C FSGC CCC Christ E Baptist C Others Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

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212 Communion Christ Embassy and Baptist Church had 1.0 each while churches that are not well known were classified as others had 37.1. TABLE 4.1.5 From Table 4.1.5 above majority of the respondents were evangelical /Pentecostals with 67.6 protestant had 23.8 while Catholic was 8.6. TABLE 4.1.6 Table 4.1.6 reveals that majority of the respondents were pastors/Reverend with 31.4 workers and ministers had 24.8 each. While church members was 19.0. Church Denomination 9 8.6 8.6 8.6 25 23.8 23.8 32.4 71 67.6 67.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Catholic Protestant Ev angelical Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Ministry Status 20 19.0 19.0 19.0 26 24.8 24.8 43.8 26 24.8 24.8 68.6 33 31.4 31.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Church Member Workers Minister Pastor/Rev d Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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213 TABLE 4.1.7 From Table 4.1.7 most respondents with the highest numerical strength of church within 1-100 was 30.5 101-200 had 19 301-500 had 13.3 201- 300 had 10.5 501-1000 had 9.5 10000 above had 7.6 1001-2500 had 4.8 5001-10000 had 2.9 while 2500-5000 had 1.9. TABLE 4.1.8 Table 4.1.8 shows church location of respondents 49.5 was medium density 30.5 was high density 13.3 was low density while churches outside Lagos metropolis Akute Lambe Sango Otta Arepo Mowe Ibadan etc was 6.2. Numerical Srength of C 32 30.5 30.5 30.5 20 19.0 19.0 49.5 11 10.5 10.5 60.0 14 13.3 13.3 73.3 10 9.5 9.5 82.9 5 4.8 4.8 87.6 2 1.9 1.9 89.5 3 2.9 2.9 92.4 8 7.6 7.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 1 - 100 101 - 200 201 - 300 301 - 500 501 - 1000 1001 - 2500 2500 - 5000 5001 - 10000 10000 abov e Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Church location/Neigh 14 13.3 13.3 13.3 52 49.5 49.5 62.9 32 30.5 30.5 93.3 7 6.7 6.7 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Low density Medium density High density Others Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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214 TABLE 4.1.9 Table 4.1.9 shows that respondents were from various local governments in Lagos State. This has been grouped to enhance positive validation as follows: Lagos-mainland/Surulere/Somolu/Kosofe had 23.8 Egbeda /Alimosho /Ikeja /Agege had 38.1 Badagry/Ojo/Amuwo/Oshodi had 15.2. Ikorodu/Ifako Ijaiye/Mushin had 7.6 Victoria Island/Lekki/Lagos Island/Eti-Osa had 6.7 while respondent living outside Lagos as already described in Table 4.9 above and classified as others had 8.6. Your location in Lagos 16 15.2 15.2 15.2 7 6.7 6.7 21.9 25 23.8 23.8 45.7 40 38.1 38.1 83.8 8 7.6 7.6 91.4 9 8.6 8.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Badg/Ojo/Amuwo/Oshodi V/I/Lekki/Lagos Island/Eti-Osa Lagos Mainland/Surulere/ Somolu/Kosof e Egbeda/Alimoso/Ikeja/ Agege Ikorodu/If ako Ijaye/Mushin Others Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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215 SECTION TWO SPIRITUAL ASSESSMENT STATISTICS OF RESPONDENTS TABLE 4.2.1 From Table 4.2.1 to the statement ‘I belief the Bible is absolutely true in matters of faith and morals’ most respondents about 83.8 says the statement applies to them completely 13.3 says it applies strongly 1.9 says it applies somewhat and 1.0 says it is not true of them each. TABLE 4.2.2 Table 4.2.2 indicates that 77.1 of most respondent says that the statement ‘I belief God gives spiritual gifts to every Christian for service to the church and community’ applies completely to them 14.3 says it applies to them strongly I belief the Bible is absolute true in matters of faith and morals 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 2 1.9 1.9 2.9 14 13.3 13.3 16.2 88 83.8 83.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I belief God gives spiritual gifts to every Christian for service to the church and community 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 3 2.9 2.9 3.8 5 4.8 4.8 8.6 15 14.3 14.3 22.9 81 77.1 77.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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216 4.8 applies somewhat 2.9 applies moderately while 1.0 says it is not true of them. TABLE 4.2.3 Table 4.2.3 shows that 54.3 of most respondents believe that the statement “God calls me to be involved in the lives of the poor and suffering” applies completely to them 28.6 says the statement applies strongly to them 9.5 applies somewhat 2.9 applies moderately while 4.8 agree that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.2.4 God calls me to be involved in the lives of the poor and suffering 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 3 2.9 2.9 7.6 10 9.5 9.5 17.1 30 28.6 28.6 45.7 57 54.3 54.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe it is important to share the gospel with my neighbours because Christ has commanded me to do so. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 7 6.7 6.7 7.6 12 11.4 11.4 19.0 85 81.0 81.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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217 From table 4.2.4 it is obvious that 81 of most respondent says that the statement “I believe it is important to share the gospel with my neighbours because Christ has commanded me to do so” applies completely to them 11.4 says it applies strongly 6.7 applies somewhat while 1 says it is not true of them. TABLE 4.2.5 Table 4.2.5 reveals that 87.6 of the majority of the respondents accept that the statement “I believe everything I am or own comes from God and belongs to God” applies completely to them 6.7 agrees that it applies strongly 3.8 applies somewhat while 1 applies moderately and also believe it is not true of them. I believe everthing I am or own comes from Godand belongs to God. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1 1.0 1.0 1.9 4 3.8 3.8 5.7 7 6.7 6.7 12.4 92 87.6 87.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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218 TABLE 4.2.6 From table 4.2.6 44.8 of most respondents agree to the statement “I read the bible daily” 29.5 agree that it applies strongly 17.19 agree that it applies somewhat 6.75 are of the opinion that it applies moderately while 1.9 validate the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.2.7 From the table 4.2.7 above it is evident that 80 of the majority of the respondent concurs that the statement “I desire Jesus Christ to be first in my life” applies completely to them 11.4 of the respondent says the statement applies strongly to them 6.7 agree that the statement applies somewhat to I read the Bible daily. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 7 6.7 6.7 8.6 18 17.1 17.1 25.7 31 29.5 29.5 55.2 47 44.8 44.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I desire Jesus Christ to bee first in my life. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1 1.0 1.0 1.9 7 6.7 6.7 8.6 12 11.4 11.4 20.0 84 80.0 80.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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219 them 1 of the respondent agree that the statement applies moderately to them while another 1 agree that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.2.8 Table 4.2.8 shows that 41.9 of respondent agree that the statement “I have close relationship with other Christians who have influence on my life’s direction” applies completely to them 38.19 agrees that the statement applies strongly to them 17.19 are of the opinion that the statement applies somewhat to them 1.9 believes that the statement applies moderately while 1.0 believe the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.2.9 I have close relationship with other christians who have influence on my lifes direction. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 2 1.9 1.9 2.9 18 17.1 17.1 20.0 40 38.1 38.1 58.1 44 41.9 41.9 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I know my spiritual gifts. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 6 5.7 5.7 10.5 17 16.2 16.2 26.7 35 33.3 33.3 60.0 42 40.0 40.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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220 Table 4.2.9 shows that 40 of most respondent agrees that the statement “I know my spiritual gifts” applies completely 33.3 applies strongly 16.2 applies somewhat 5.7 applies moderately while 4.8 say it is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.0 From table 4.3.0 it is evident that 23.8 of most respondent says the statement “I invest my time in others by praying for them” applies completely 40 applies strongly 28.6 applies somewhat 4.8 applies moderately 28.6 applies somewhat while 2.9 says that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.1 i invest my time in others by praying for them. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 5 4.8 4.8 7.6 30 28.6 28.6 36.2 42 40.0 40.0 76.2 25 23.8 23.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I give away 10 percent or more of my income to Gods work. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 6 5.7 5.7 10.5 21 20.0 20.0 30.5 27 25.7 25.7 56.2 46 43.8 43.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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221 In table 4.3.1 43.8 of most respondent indicates that the statement “I give away 10 percent or more of my income to God’s work “applies somewhat 25.7 applies strongly 20.0 applies somewhat 5.7 applies moderately and only 4.8 believe that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.2 Table 4.3.2 reveals that 29.5 of most respondents agree that the statement “I frequently share my faith with people who are not Christians” applies completely 34.3 applies strongly 20.0 applies somewhat 7.6 applies moderately while 8.6 believe that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.3 It is obvious from table 4.3.3 that 31.4 of most respondent agree that the i frequently share my faith with peoplee who are not christians. 9 8.6 8.6 8.6 8 7.6 7.6 16.2 21 20.0 20.0 36.2 36 34.3 34.3 70.5 31 29.5 29.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I am living out Gods purpose for my life. 18 17.1 17.1 17.1 5 4.8 4.8 21.9 15 14.3 14.3 36.2 34 32.4 32.4 68.6 33 31.4 31.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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222 statement “I am living out Gods purpose for my life” applies completely to them 32.4 are of the opinion that the statement applies somewhat to them 14.3 applies somewhat 4.8 believe the statement applies moderately to them and 17.19 reveal that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.4 Table 4.3.4 shows that 76.2 of most respondent agree that the statement “I believe I cannot grow as a Christian unless I am an active member of a local church” applies completely to them 10.5 believe that the statement applies strongly to them 4.8 shows that the statement applies somewhat while 8.8 concurs that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.5 I believe i cannot grow as a christian unless I am an active member of a local church. 9 8.6 8.6 8.6 5 4.8 4.8 13.3 11 10.5 10.5 23.8 80 76.2 76.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I exist to know love and serve God. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 1 1.0 1.0 3.8 7 6.7 6.7 10.5 17 16.2 16.2 26.7 77 73.3 73.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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223 In table 4.3.5 it can be deduced that 73.3 of majority of the respondent concur that the statement “I exist to know love and serve God” applies completely to them 16.2 applies strongly 6.7 applies somewhat 1.0 applies moderately while 2.9 show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.6 Table 4.3.6 makes it clear that 61.9 of most respondent reveal that the statement “I believe I cannot grow as a Christian unless I am an active member of a local church” applies completely to them 14.3 shows it applies strongly 13.3 says it applies somewhat 3.8 declares it applies moderately while 6.7 show the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.7 i believe cannot grow as a christian unless I am an active member of a local church. 7 6.7 6.7 6.7 4 3.8 3.8 10.5 14 13.3 13.3 23.8 15 14.3 14.3 38.1 65 61.9 61.9 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe i am responsible before God to show compassion to the sick and imprisoned. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 5 4.8 4.8 5.7 7 6.7 6.7 12.4 22 21.0 21.0 33.3 70 66.7 66.7 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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224 In table 4.3.7 66.7 of most respondent show that the statement “I believe I am responsible before God to show compassion to the sick and imprisoned” applies completely to them 21.0 applies strongly 6.7 applies somewhat 4.8 applies moderately while 1.0 says it is not true of them. TABLE 4.3.8 Table 4.3.8 draw that the statement “I believe a Christian should live a sacrificial life that is not driven by the pursuit of material things” applies completely to 68.6 of most respondent 22.9 applies strongly 6.7 applies somewhat while 1.9 applies moderately. TABLE 4.3.9 Table 4.3.9 reveals that the statement “I attend religious services and worship with other believers each week” applies completely to 53.3 of most i believe a christian should live a sacrificial life that is not driven by purusit of material things. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 7 6.7 6.7 8.6 24 22.9 22.9 31.4 72 68.6 68.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I attend religious services and worship with other believers each week. 9 8.6 8.6 8.6 4 3.8 3.8 12.4 8 7.6 7.6 20.0 28 26.7 26.7 46.7 56 53.3 53.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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225 respondent 26.7 applies strongly 7.6 applies somewhat 3.8 applies moderately while 8.6 shows that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.0 In table 4.4.0 it can be deduced that the statement “I regularly study the Bible to find direction for my life” applies completely to 50.5 of most respondent 30.5 respondents show that the statement applies strongly 9.5 applies somewhat 8.6 applies moderately while 1.0 shows that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.1 Table 4.4.1 shows that the statement “I see every aspect of my life and work as service to God” applies completely to 56.2 of most respondent 23.8 applies I regular study the Bible tio find direction for my life. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 9 8.6 8.6 9.5 10 9.5 9.5 19.0 32 30.5 30.5 49.5 53 50.5 50.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I see every aspect of my life and work as service to God. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 1 1.0 1.0 2.9 18 17.1 17.1 20.0 25 23.8 23.8 43.8 59 56.2 56.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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226 strongly 17.1 applies somewhat 1.0 applies moderately while 1.9 show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.2 From the statistics in table 4.4.2 it is clear that the statement “I participate in a group of Christians who really know me and support me” applies completely to 29.5 of most respondent 41.0 applies strongly 15.2 applies somewhat 10.5 applies moderately while 3.8 show the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.3 In table 4.4.3 the statistics show that the statement “I regularly use my spiritual gifts in the ministry to accomplish God’s purposes” applies completely to I participate in a group of christians who really know me and support me. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 11 10.5 10.5 14.3 16 15.2 15.2 29.5 43 41.0 41.0 70.5 31 29.5 29.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I regularly use my spiritual gifts in ministry to accomplish Gods purposes. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 8 7.6 7.6 12.4 17 16.2 16.2 28.6 31 29.5 29.5 58.1 44 41.9 41.9 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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227 41.9 of most respondent 29.5 applies strongly 16.2 applies somewhat 7.6 applies moderately while 4.8 show the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.4 Table 4.4.4 shows that the statement “I regularly give money to serve and help others” applies completely to 40 of most respondent 35.2 applies strongly 21.9 applies somewhat while 2.9 applies moderately. TABLE 4.4.5 Table 4.4.5 show that the statement “I try to live so that others will see Christ in my life” applies completely to 57.1 of most respondent 23.8 applies strongly 12.4 applies somewhat 3.8 applies moderately while 2.9 say the statement is not true of them. I regularly give money to serve and help others. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 23 21.9 21.9 24.8 37 35.2 35.2 60.0 42 40.0 40.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I try to live so that others will see Christ in my life. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 4 3.8 3.8 6.7 13 12.4 12.4 19.0 25 23.8 23.8 42.9 60 57.1 57.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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228 TABLE 4.4.6 The data in table 4.4.6 reveal that the statement “I give up what I want to meet the needs of others” applies completely to 39.0 of respondent 41.9 show it applies strongly to them 16.2 reveal that the statement applies somewhat to them while 2.9 of respondent are of the opinion that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.7 In table 4.4.7 it is clear that the statement “I believe Jesus is God in the flesh who died and rose bodily from the dead” applies completely to 73.3 of most respondent 18.1 show that it applies strongly to them 4.8 reveal that the statement applies somewhat to them 2.9 of respondent show that the I give up what I want to meet the needs of others 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 17 16.2 16.2 19.0 44 41.9 41.9 61.0 41 39.0 39.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe Jesus is God in the flesh - who died and rose bodily from the dead. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 3 2.9 2.9 3.8 5 4.8 4.8 8.6 19 18.1 18.1 26.7 77 73.3 73.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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229 statement applies moderately to them while 1.0 are of the opinion that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.8 Table 4.4.8 makes it clear that the statement “I believe the Bible has decisive authority over what I say and do” applies completely to 69.5 of majority of the respondent 24.8 believe the statement applies strongly to them 1.9 say the statement applies moderately while 2.9 say the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.4.9 Table 4.4.9 shows that 78.1 of most respondent agree that the statement “I believe God is actively involved in my life” applies completely to them 17.1 I believe the Bible has decisive authority over what I say and do. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 1 1.0 1.0 3.8 2 1.9 1.9 5.7 26 24.8 24.8 30.5 73 69.5 69.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe God is actively involvedd in my life. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 4 3.8 3.8 4.8 18 17.1 17.1 21.9 82 78.1 78.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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230 applies strongly 3.8 applies somewhat while 1.0 says it applies moderately. TABLE 4.5.0 From table 4.5.0 it is clear that 73.3 of most respondent reveal that the statement “I believe God loves me even when I do not obey Him” applies completely to them 16.2 applies strongly 6.7 applies somewhat 1.9 applies moderately while another 1.9 of respondent show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.5.1 Table 4.5.1 shows that the statement “I believe all people are loved by God Therefore I too should love them” applies completely to 69.5 of most I believe God loves me even when I do not obey Him. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 2 1.9 1.9 3.8 7 6.7 6.7 10.5 17 16.2 16.2 26.7 77 73.3 73.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe all peoplee are lovedd by God therefore I too should love them. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 2 1.9 1.9 2.9 9 8.6 8.6 11.4 20 19.0 19.0 30.5 73 69.5 69.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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231 respondent 19.0 applies strongly 8.6 applies somewhat 1.9 applies moderately while another 1.0 show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.5.2 In table 4.5.2 it can be deduced that the statement “I believe I should stand up for those who cannot stand up for themselves” applies completely to 56.2 of respondent 25.7 applies strongly 14.3 applies somewhat 2.9 applies strongly 14.3 applies somewhat 2.9 applies moderately while 1.0 show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.5.3 Table 4.5.3 reveal that the statement “I believe Christians should give at least 10 percent of their income to God” applies completely to 65.7 of respondent I believe i should stand up for those who cannot stand up for themselves. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 3 2.9 2.9 3.8 15 14.3 14.3 18.1 27 25.7 25.7 43.8 59 56.2 56.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe Christians should give at least 10 percent of their income. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 6 5.7 5.7 7.6 9 8.6 8.6 16.2 19 18.1 18.1 34.3 69 65.7 65.7 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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232 18.1 applies strongly the statement applies somewhat to 8.6 of respondent 5.7 of respondent show that the statement applies moderately to them while 1.9 of respondent are of the opinion that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.5.4 From table 4.5.4 it is obvious that 70.5 of respondent are of the opinion that the statement “prayer is a central part of my daily life” applies completely to them 16.2 applies strongly 9.5 applies somewhat 2.9 applies moderately while 1.0 of respondent show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.5.5 Table 4.5.5 shows that the statement “I seek to be obedient to God by applying the truth of the Bible to my life” applies completely to 63.8 of most Prayer is a central paRT of my daily life. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 3 2.9 2.9 3.8 10 9.5 9.5 13.3 17 16.2 16.2 29.5 74 70.5 70.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I seek to be obedient to God by applying the truth of the Bible to my life. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 12 11.4 11.4 16.2 21 20.0 20.0 36.2 67 63.8 63.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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233 respondent 20.0 applies strongly 11.4 applies somewhat while 4.8 applies moderately. TABLE 4.5.6 In table 4.5.6 it is clear that the statement “I spend each day reading God’s word and praying” applies completely to 37.1 of respondent. 41.9 of respondent agree that the statement applies strongly to them 14.3 applies somewhat 3.8 applies moderately while 2.9 of respondent show that the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.5.7 From table 4.5.7 the statement “I allow other Christians to hold me accountable for my actions” applies completely to 33.3 of respondent 41.0 says it I spend time each day reading Gods Word and praying 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 4 3.8 3.8 6.7 15 14.3 14.3 21.0 44 41.9 41.9 62.9 39 37.1 37.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I allow other christians to hold me accountable for my actions. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 5 4.8 4.8 8.6 18 17.1 17.1 25.7 43 41.0 41.0 66.7 35 33.3 33.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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234 applies strongly 17.1 say it applies somewhat 4.8 say it applies moderately while 3.8 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.5.8 Table 4.5.8 reveals that the statement “I give away my time to serve and help others in my community” applies completely to 27.6 of respondent 37.1 says it applies strongly 7.6 say it applies moderately while 1.99 say it is not true. TABLE 4.5.9 It is clear from table 4.5.9 that the statement “My first priority in spending is to support God’s work” applies completely to 37.1 of respondent 35.2 of I give away my time to serve and help others in my community. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 8 7.6 7.6 9.5 27 25.7 25.7 35.2 39 37.1 37.1 72.4 29 27.6 27.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent My first priority in spending is to support Gods Work. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 5 4.8 4.8 6.7 22 21.0 21.0 27.6 37 35.2 35.2 62.9 39 37.1 37.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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235 respondent say it applies strongly 21.0 say it applies somewhat 4.8 says it applies moderately while 1.9 say the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.0 In table 4.6.0 the statement “I know how to share my faith with non-Christians” applies completely to 36.1 of respondent 40 of respondent says the statement applies strongly 17.1 says the statement applies somewhat 2.9 says the statement applies moderately while 3.8 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.1 From table 4.6.1 above it is evident that the statement “I give away things I possess when I am so led by God” applies completely to 41.9 of respondent. 41.0 of respondent says the statement applies strongly 10.5 says the I know how to share my faith with non- christians 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 3 2.9 2.9 6.7 18 17.1 17.1 23.8 42 40.0 40.0 63.8 38 36.2 36.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I give away things i possess when i am so led by God 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 4 3.8 3.8 6.7 11 10.5 10.5 17.1 43 41.0 41.0 58.1 44 41.9 41.9 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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236 statement applies somewhat 3.8 says the statement applies moderately while 2.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.2 In table 4.6.2 it is clear that the statement “I demonstrate love equally towards people of all races” applies completely to 43.8 of respondent 42.9 says the statement applies somewhat to them. 9.5 say the statement applies moderately while another 1.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.3 Table 4.6.3 reveals that the statement “I forgive people who deeply hurt me” applies completely to 56.2 of respondent 28.6 says the statement applies I demonstrate love equally towards people of all races 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 2 1.9 1.9 3.8 10 9.5 9.5 13.3 45 42.9 42.9 56.2 46 43.8 43.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I forgive people who deeply hurt me 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1 1.0 1.0 1.9 14 13.3 13.3 15.2 30 28.6 28.6 43.8 59 56.2 56.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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237 strongly 13.3 says the statement applies somewhat 1.0 says the statement applies moderately while another 1 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.4 Table 4.6.4 shows that the statement “I believe people are saved because of what Jesus Christ did not because of what they do” applies completely to 76.2 of most respondent 19.0 says the statement applies strongly 1.0 says the statement applies somewhat 2 says the statement applies moderately while another 2 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.5 Table 4.6.5 shows that the statement “I believe the Bible is relevant to address I believe people are saved because of what Jesus Christ did not because of what they do 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 2 1.9 1.9 3.8 1 1.0 1.0 4.8 20 19.0 19.0 23.8 80 76.2 76.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe the Bible is relevant to address the needs of contemporary culture 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 2 1.9 1.9 4.8 7 6.7 6.7 11.4 19 18.1 18.1 29.5 74 70.5 70.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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238 the needs of contemporary culture” applies completely to 70.5 of most respondent 18.1 of respondent shows that the statement applies strongly 6.7 of respondent shows that the statement applies somewhat 1.9 shows that the statement applies moderately while 2.9 are of the opinion that the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.6 Table 4.6.6 shows that the statement “I believe God enables me to do all things I could not do all things I could not or would not otherwise do” applies completely to 79.0 of most respondent. 11.4 says the statement applies somewhat 2.9 says the statement applies moderately while 1.0 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.7 I believe God enables me to do all things i counld not or would no t otherwise do 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 3 2.9 2.9 3.8 6 5.7 5.7 9.5 12 11.4 11.4 21.0 83 79.0 79.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I belive the purpose of church is to share the gospel and nurture christians to maturity in christ 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 2 1.9 1.9 3.8 4 3.8 3.8 7.6 14 13.3 13.3 21.0 83 79.0 79.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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239 From table 4.6.7 it is clear that the statement “I believe the purpose of the church is to share the gospel and nurture Christians to maturity in Christ” applies completely to 79.0 of most respondent 13.3 says the statement applies strongly 3.8 says the statement applies somewhat 1.9 says the statement applies moderately while another 1.9 say the statement is not true. TABLE 4.6.8 Table 4.6.8 makes it clear that the statement “I believe Christians should not purchase everything they can afford so that their discretionary money can be available to help those in need” applies completely to 58.1 of respondent 24.8 says the statement applies strongly 10.5 says the statement applies somewhat 5.7 says the statement applies moderately while 1.0 says the statement is not true. I believe Christians should not purchase everything they can afford so that their discretionary money cna be available to help those in need. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 6 5.7 5.7 6.7 11 10.5 10.5 17.1 26 24.8 24.8 41.9 61 58.1 58.1 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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240 TABLE 4.6.9 Table 4.6.9 reveals that 71.4 of most respondent agree that the statement “I believe all people who place their trust in Jesus Christ will spend eternity in heaven” applies completely 17.1 says the statement applies strongly 5.7 says the statement applies somewhat 1.9 says the statement applies moderately while 38 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.7.0 From table 4.7.0 it can be deduced that the statement “I believe God will bless Christians now and in the life to come for their good works” applies completely to 76.2 of most respondent 9.5 says the statement applies somewhat 2.9 says the statement is not true. I believe all people who place their trust in Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ will spend eternity in Heaven 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 2 1.9 1.9 5.7 6 5.7 5.7 11.4 18 17.1 17.1 28.6 75 71.4 71.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I believe God will bless Christians now and in the life to come for their good works. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 3 2.9 2.9 4.8 10 9.5 9.5 14.3 10 9.5 9.5 23.8 80 76.2 76.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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241 TABLE 4.7.1 In table 4.7.1 the statement “I seek to grow closer to God by listening to Him in prayers” applies completely to 64.8 of respondent. 24.8 says the statement applies strongly to them. 8.6 says the statement applies somewhat. 1.9 also says the statement applies moderately. TABLE 4.7.2 Table 4.7.2 shows that the statement “I have a good understanding of the contents of the Bible” applies completely to 33.3 of respondent to 44.8 it applies strongly 18.1 says it applies somewhat while 3.8 says it applies moderately. I seek to grow closer to God by listening to Him kin prayers. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 9 8.6 8.6 10.5 26 24.8 24.8 35.2 68 64.8 64.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I have a good understanding of the contents of The Bible. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 19 18.1 18.1 21.9 47 44.8 44.8 66.7 35 33.3 33.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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242 TABLE 4.7.3 Table 4.7.3 shows that the statement “I daily pray for and support other Christians” applies completely to 33.3 of respondent. Another 34.3 says the statement applies strongly 24.8 says the statement applies somewhat 5.7 says the statement applies moderately while 1.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.7.4 In table 4.7.4 the statement “I regularly volunteer at my church” applies completely to 40.0 of respondent 31.4 says the statement applies strongly. 15.2 of respondent says the statement applies somewhat. 10.5 says the statement applies moderately while 2.9 says the statement is not true. I daily pray for and support other christians. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 6 5.7 5.7 7.6 26 24.8 24.8 32.4 36 34.3 34.3 66.7 35 33.3 33.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I regularly volunteer at my church. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 11 10.5 10.5 13.3 16 15.2 15.2 28.6 33 31.4 31.4 60.0 42 40.0 40.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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243 TABLE 4.7.5 From table 4.7.5 above one can deduce that the statement “I pray for non- Christians to accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour” applies completely to 41.0 of respondent 26.7 of respondent says the statement applies strongly. 19.0 of respondent says the statement applies somewhat. 8.6 says the statement applies moderately while 4.8 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.7.6 Table 4.7.6 shows that the statement “I serve God through my daily work” applies completely to 45.7 of respondent. 30.5 says the statement applies somewhat 1.9 says the statement applies moderately while 5.7 says the statement is not true. I pray for non-christians to accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 9 8.6 8.6 13.3 20 19.0 19.0 32.4 28 26.7 26.7 59.0 43 41.0 41.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I serve God through my daily work. 6 5.7 5.7 5.7 2 1.9 1.9 7.6 17 16.2 16.2 23.8 32 30.5 30.5 54.3 48 45.7 45.7 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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244 TABLE 4.7.7 Table 4.7.7 shows that the statement “I am not upset when my achievements are not recognized” applies completely to 43.8 of most respondent 36.2 says the statement applies strongly 12.4 says the statement applies somewhat 2.9 says the statement applies moderately while 4.8 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.7.8 From table 4.7.8 it is clear that the statement “I frequently give up what I want for the state of others” applies completely to 32.4 of respondent 35.2 says the statement applies strongly. 3.8 says the statement applies moderately while 5.7 says the statement is not true. I am not upset when my achievements are not recognised. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 3 2.9 2.9 7.6 13 12.4 12.4 20.0 38 36.2 36.2 56.2 46 43.8 43.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I frequently give up what I want for the sake of others. 6 5.7 5.7 5.7 4 3.8 3.8 9.5 24 22.9 22.9 32.4 37 35.2 35.2 67.6 34 32.4 32.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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245 TABLE 4.7.9 Table 4.7.9 reveals that the statement “I follow through on commitments I have made to God” applies completely to 41.0 34.3 says the statement applies strongly 18.1 say the statement applies somewhat 5.7 say that the statement applies moderately while 1.0 says that the statement is not true. TABLE 4.8.0 In table 4.8.0 the statement “I do not have sexual relationship that is contrary to Biblical teaching” applies completely to 51.4 of respondent 30.5 of respondent agree that the statement applies strongly 10.5 says it applies somewhat 3.8 says the statement applies moderately while another 3.8 says the statement is not true. I follow through on commitments I have made to God. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 6 5.7 5.7 6.7 19 18.1 18.1 24.8 36 34.3 34.3 59.0 43 41.0 41.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent I do not have sexual relationship that is contrary to Biblical teaching. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 4 3.8 3.8 7.6 11 10.5 10.5 18.1 32 30.5 30.5 48.6 54 51.4 51.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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246 TABLE 4.8.1 Table 4.8.1 shows that the statement “I am willing to risk everything important in my life for Jesus Christ” applies completely to 59.0 of respondent 25.7 says the statement applies strongly 11.4 says the statement applies somewhat 1.9 says the statement applies moderately while another 1.9 say the statement is not true. I am willing to risk everything important in my life for Jesus Christ. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 2 1.9 1.9 3.8 12 11.4 11.4 15.2 27 25.7 25.7 41.0 62 59.0 59.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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247 SECTION THREE ABOUT THE CHURCH LEADERS TABLE 4.8.2 From table 4.8.2 it is clear that 61.9 of respondents believe that the statement “Church leaders help them to understand the Bible in depth” applies completely. 25.7 of respondent says the statement applies strongly 4.8 says the statement applies moderately while another 3.8 says that the statement is not true. TABLE 4.8.3 Table 4.8.3 shows that 55.2 of respondent say the statement Church leaders “Help me to develop a personal relationship with Christ” applies completely Help me to understand the Bible in depth. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 4 3.8 3.8 7.6 5 4.8 4.8 12.4 27 25.7 25.7 38.1 65 61.9 61.9 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent help me develop a personal relationship with Christ. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 3 2.9 2.9 4.8 9 8.6 8.6 13.3 33 31.4 31.4 44.8 58 55.2 55.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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248 31.4 says the statement applies strongly 8.6 says the statement applies moderately while 1.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.8.4 In table 4.8.4 it is clear that 61.0 says that the statement church leaders “Help me develop a prayer life” applies completely 25.7 says the statement applies strongly 7.6 says the statement applies somewhat 3.8 says the statement applies moderately while 1.9 say the statement is not true. TABLE 4.8.5 Table 4.8.5 shows that the statement church leaders “Help me in my time of emotional needs/challenges” applies completely to 48.6 of respondents 29.5 says the statement applies strongly 14.3 says the statement applies somewhat while 7.6 say the statement is not true. Help me develop a prayer lifed. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 4 3.8 3.8 5.7 8 7.6 7.6 13.3 27 25.7 25.7 39.0 64 61.0 61.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent help me in my time of emotional needs/challenges. 8 7.6 7.6 7.6 15 14.3 14.3 21.9 31 29.5 29.5 51.4 51 48.6 48.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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249 TABLE 4.8.6 Table 4.8.6 reveals that the statement church leaders “provide a clear pathway to guide my spiritual growth” apply completely to 47.6 of most respondent. 32.4 says the statement applies strongly 14.3 says the statement applies somewhat 4.8 says the statement applies moderately while 1.0 says the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.8.7 In table 4.8.7 it can be deduced that the statement church leaders “challenge me to grow and take the next steps” applies completely to 55.2 of respondent 26.7 says the statement applies strongly 15.2 says the statement applies Provide a clear pathway to guide my spiritual growth. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 5 4.8 4.8 5.7 15 14.3 14.3 20.0 34 32.4 32.4 52.4 50 47.6 47.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Challenge me to grow and the next steps. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 2 1.9 1.9 2.9 16 15.2 15.2 18.1 28 26.7 26.7 44.8 58 55.2 55.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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250 statement while 1.9 says the statement applies moderately to them and only 1.0 says the statement is not true of them. TABLE 4.8.8 Table 4.8.8 shows that the statement church leaders “help me feel like I belong to a part of the church” applies completely to 50.5 of respondent 30.5 says the statement applies strongly 17.1 says the statement applies somewhat 1.0 each says the statement applies moderately and not true respectively. TABLE 4.8.9 Table 4.8.9 reveals that the statement church leaders “provide strong program for discipleship known to members” applies completely to 52.4 of respondent 22.9 says the statement applies strongly 14.3 says the statement applies Help me feel like I belong and part of the church. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1 1.0 1.0 1.9 18 17.1 17.1 19.0 32 30.5 30.5 49.5 53 50.5 50.5 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Provide strong program for discipleship known to members. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 8 7.6 7.6 10.5 15 14.3 14.3 24.8 24 22.9 22.9 47.6 55 52.4 52.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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251 somewhat 7.6 says the statement applies moderately while another 2.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.0 From table 4.9.0 above one can deduce that the statement church leadership “Is a model for complete growth” applies completely to 44.8 of respondent 32.4 agree that the statement applies strongly 13.3 agree that the statement applies somewhat 5.7 are of the opinion that the statement applies moderately while 3.8 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.1 Table 4.9.1 makes it clear that church leaders “Encourage accountability and Is a model for complete growth. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 6 5.7 5.7 9.5 14 13.3 13.3 22.9 34 32.4 32.4 55.2 47 44.8 44.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Encourage accountability and mentoring. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 9 8.6 8.6 9.5 16 15.2 15.2 24.8 33 31.4 31.4 56.2 46 43.8 43.8 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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252 mentoring” applies completely to 43.8 of respondent 31.4 of respondent says the statement applies strongly 15.2 says the statement applies somewhat 8.6 says the statement applies moderately while 1.0 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.2 The data shown on table 4.9.2 above reveals that the statement church leaders “provide a chance for people to grow with others in small groups” applies completely to 51.4 of respondent 25.7 says the statement applies strongly 19.0 says the statement applies somewhat while 3.8 say the statement applies moderately. TABLE 4.9.3 Table 4.9.3 clearly shows that the statement church leaders “encourage me to Provide a chance to grow with others in small groups. 4 3.8 3.8 3.8 20 19.0 19.0 22.9 27 25.7 25.7 48.6 54 51.4 51.4 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Encourage me to take responsibility for my own growth. 1 1.0 1.0 1.0 3 2.9 2.9 3.8 19 18.1 18.1 21.9 31 29.5 29.5 51.4 51 48.6 48.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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253 take responsibilities for my own growth” applies completely to 48.8 of respondent 29.5 of respondent says the statement applies to strongly 18.1 say the statement applies somewhat 2.9 say the statement applies moderately while 1.0 say the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.4 In table 4.9.4 it is obvious that the statement church leaders “encourage me to go out on my own to witness my faith” applies completely to 48.6 of respondent 27.6 of respondent says the statement applies strongly 15.2 says the statement applies somewhat 6.79 says the statement applies moderately while 1.79 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.5 Empower me to go out on my own to witness my faith. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 7 6.7 6.7 8.6 16 15.2 15.2 23.8 29 27.6 27.6 51.4 51 48.6 48.6 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Inspire a sense of church ownership in me. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 6 5.7 5.7 7.6 18 17.1 17.1 24.8 38 36.2 36.2 61.0 41 39.0 39.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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254 Table 4.9.5 makes it clear that the statement church leaders “inspire a sense of church ownership in me” applies completely to 39.0 of respondent 36.2 says the statement applies strongly 17.1 says the statement applies somewhat 5.7 says the statement applies moderately while 1.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.6 From table 4.9.6 above it is obvious that the statement church leaders “provide a compelling worship atmosphere” applies completely to 41.0 of respondent 41.9 says the statement applies strongly 9.5 says the statement applies somewhat 2.9 says the statement applies moderately while 4.8 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.7 Provide a compelling worship atmosphere. 5 4.8 4.8 4.8 3 2.9 2.9 7.6 10 9.5 9.5 17.1 44 41.9 41.9 59.0 43 41.0 41.0 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Set clear expectations for members. 9 8.6 8.6 8.6 17 16.2 16.2 24.8 31 29.5 29.5 54.3 48 45.7 45.7 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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255 Table 4.8.7 makes it obvious that the statement church leaders “set clear expectations for members” applies completely to 45.7 of respondent 29.5 says the statement applies strongly 16.2 says the statement applies somewhat while 8.6 say the statement applies moderately. TABLE 4.9.8 In table 4.9.8 the data above shows that the statement church leaders “incorporate communion into worship service” applies completely to 53.3 of respondent 27.6 says the statement applies strongly 11.4 says the statement applies somewhat 4.8 says the statement applies moderately while 2.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 4.9.9 From table 4.9.9 the data above reveals that the statement church leaders Incorporate Communion into worship services. 3 2.9 2.9 2.9 5 4.8 4.8 7.6 12 11.4 11.4 19.0 29 27.6 27.6 46.7 56 53.3 53.3 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent Promote a strong serving culture. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 4 3.8 3.8 5.7 8 7.6 7.6 13.3 33 31.4 31.4 44.8 58 55.2 55.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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256 “promote a strong service culture” applies completely to 55.2 of respondent 31.4 says the statement applies strongly 7.6 says the statement applies somewhat 3.8 say the statement applies moderately while 1.9 says the statement is not true. TABLE 5.0.0 Table 5.0.0 shows that the statement church leaders “provide a chance to serve those in need” applies completely to 56.2 of respondent 27.6 says the statement applies strongly 10.5 says the statement applies somewhat 3.8 says the statement applies moderately while 1.9 says the statement is not true. Provide a chance to serve those in need. 2 1.9 1.9 1.9 4 3.8 3.8 5.7 11 10.5 10.5 16.2 29 27.6 27.6 43.8 59 56.2 56.2 100.0 105 100.0 100.0 Not true of me Applies moderate Applies somewhat Applies strongly Applies completely Total Valid Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulativ e Percent

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257 4.3 HYPOTHESES TESTING In this research work three hypotheses were formulated. The hypotheses were tested statistically using Statistical Package for Social Science SPSS and statistical tools used are Regression t-test and Correlation test. The detailed of the analysis is included in the appendix. 4.3.1 The Proof of Hypothesis One H o : Discipleship programme do not enhance the rate of church growth. H i : Discipleship programme enhance the rate of church growth. Table 5.0.1: Regression Analysis Test Source Df Level of significant F.calculated F.table value Decision Regression Residual 1 103 0.05 4.618 3.9201 F.calcualted F. table value. That is 4.618 3.9201 Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected which implies that it is statistically significant From table 5.0.1 F.calculated value is greater than F.table value at 5 level of

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258 significant for 1 and 103 degrees of freedom. That is 4.618 3.9201 which implies that it is statistically significant. Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected while the alternative hypothesis is accepted and it stated that discipleship programme have positive effect on church growth. This result is in tandem with most authors who have investigated the impact of discipleship programme in the rate of church growth. Akin-John 2007 reinforces this assertion by stating that “…if we hope to build quality churches discipleship and rugged living for Christ must not be an option but mandatory for every member of the church. We must share the vision of discipleship with those coming and institute the process of turning them from mere worshippers to regular attendees to saved Christians to disciples and workers in the vineyard of the Lord”. Also Rainer of Life-Way Christian Resources retorted that “churches that emphasized moving as many members as possible into a small group of discipleship assimilated those members five times better than those who attended only worship services. He opined that “another sign of a healthy small group structure was the involved leadership of pastors and senior pastors as such have seen the critical importance of members and guests connecting in a smaller setting”. A sustainable discipleship programme is constituted by leaders who develop other under-leaders to help fan the embers of the process in the church. Such churches take issues of regular prayers consistent reading and studying of the

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259 scriptures ability to share the gospel of Jesus Christ without been compelled to do but willingly as kingdom lifestyles. 4.3.2 The Proof of Hypothesis Two H o : There is no significance difference between churches headed by leaders who are disciplers and those without disciplers. H i : There is significance difference between churches headed by leaders who are disicplers and those without disciplers. Table 5.0.2: Paired Samples Test Df Level of significant t.calculated t.table value Decision 104 0.05 1.861 1.658 t.cal. t.table value. That is 1.861 1.658 Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected which means it is statistically significant. From table 5.0.2 t.calculated value is greater than t.table value at 5 level of significant for 104 degree of freedom. That is 1.861 1.658 which means that it is statistically significant. Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected while the

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260 alternative hypothesis is accepted and it says that there is a significant difference between churches headed by leaders who are disciplers and those without disciplers. According to Thom Rainer 2012 in research among the churches he studied “preaching teaching was primary for those with healthy conversion growth and meaningful discipleship ministries. Pastors who preached each week spent five times as much time in sermon preparation as those who preached in unhealthy churches.” He concluded with this powerful statement: “There is a powerful correlation between sermon study time and the health of the church.” Furthermore Akin-John who conducted a study to explore the impact of disciple pastors on the church said “a portrait of a disciple-making leader should be someone who is a disciple many pastors are not has fervent desires to reproduce other workers and to share his/her knowledge with others. He/She must make time to follow up and train does not feel threatened or in competition with gifts and ministries of others and duly recognise that his/her gift is to prepare others to do what he/she is doing. They love to see others do what he/she is doing as an encourager motivator and a trainer. They should have vision and passion to see others grow and go any length to see these realised and are very patient and loves young believers. The disciplines of any leader who intends to grow the church should include praying visioning hardworking listening ability studying and teaching. Ron

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261 Edmondson 2011 stated that “A spiritual leader who desires to be like and lead like Christ must be disciplined to be a student of God’s Word investing in others: that’s ultimately the call of the Christians life. Spiritual leaders must always be kingdom-minded and disciple other Christ-followers and leaders.” When a church is led by a disciple-making leader the results are numerous which includes solid and established membership growth and maturity of believers expansion and extension of ministry with ease self fulfilment and spiritual satisfaction and heavenly rewards for fulfilling the Great Commission. 4.3.3 The Proof of Hypothesis Three H o : There is no relationship between discipleship programme instituted in the church and the total growth that is observed and experienced. H i : There is relationship between discipleship programme instituted in the church and the total growth that is observed and experienced. Table 5.0.3: Correlation Test N Pearson correlation Sig 2. Tailed Decision 105 0.207 0.034 Correlation is significant at 0.05 level. Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected From table 5.0.3 correlation is significant at 0.05 level. Therefore the null hypothesis is rejected. The Pearson correlation value of 0.207 implies positive

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262 and direct relationship between discipleship programme instituted in the church and the total growth that is observed and experienced. Richard Krejcir 2005 in his writing on the importance of discipleship on church growth states that “Growing in Christ is the key to growing a church. This is all about being a good and effective witness of who Christ is and what He has called your church to be and do. Following up teaching and mentoring new as well as seasoned Christians are the keys to spiritual growth and the replication of the witness. When a church forsakes discipleship its people will not grow and thus will not reach out. Many will give up on Christianity while others become confused calloused or complacent. Alternatively they will be swept away by false doctrines and cults because they do not know the difference. When we forsake discipleship we end up just living for and unto ourselves. We miss out on opportunities learning experiences growth and will exchange an eternity of rewards for a limited time of fun. This will turn into anger and bitterness later on in our lives.” So there is a positive relationship between a well institutionalised discipleship programme and the rate of growing a church. It has been said that God does not ask us to seek converts but He simply asks us to disciple. So every church leader that embraces discipleship is modelling and teaching Christians the precepts of the Bible such as prayer doctrine and practical Christian living which means having an attitude and heart that

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263 worships Christ. We grow as we look to and trust in Him and as we pursue our lives in Christ. That means careful pursuit and continual growth which involves an in-depth and committed life. Growing is surrendering our will to His. Surrender is the process through which we grow toward Him and His will and away from our will. Surrender is making Christ the Lord of all of our lives so that worship discipleship and growth can happen. The finding in table 4.2.5 reveals that 87.6 of the majority of the respondents accept that the statement “I believe everything I am or own comes from God and belongs to God “applies completely to them which confirms that those who are growing in the Lord willingly surrender all to Him. This assertion is also supported in this work table 4.4.4 by about 75.2 of most respondent that says that the statement “I regularly give money to serve and help others” strongly applies to them while about 80.9 of most respondent says that the statement “I give up what I want to meet the needs of others” strongly applies to them. See table 4.4.6. Therefore those who are growing usual practice the principle of surrender which involves the act of focus release and fascination. For this to truly happen we must rid ourselves of false presumptions perceptions reckless ideas faulty thinking and other such things that are barriers to our growth so we can make room for Him. In His purposes we find real contentment joy and fulfillment. This can be summed up in the adage “we cannot be doing the work of God unless we are

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264 the people of God.” We have to be growing before we can be effective. From our finding in table 4.3.3 above only 31.4 of the respondents say the statement “I am living out God’s purpose for my life” while 32.4 says it applies strongly to them. This reveals that as many as 63.8 has discovered real contentment joy and fulfilment in His purpose.

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265 CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 5.1 Introduction This study examines the building of vibrant and healthy church through effective discipleship programme in Lagos metropolis in Nigeria. Discipleship we have discovered is the pillar of any spiritually healthy church. As already documented a disciple is "one who abides in Jesus words" John 8:3. This would imply being a diligent student of the teachings of Christ. It also requires one to be a "doer" of the Word Mt 7:21-27 Jam 1:21-25. In view of this a true disciple would not fail to study the Bible diligently and not willingly refrain from opportunities to study with others e.g. Bible classes church services gospel meetings. A disciple is also "one who loves the brethren" John 13:34-35 with a love patterned after the love of Jesus "as I have loved you" which is visible to the world "by this all will know". Therefore a true disciple would make every effort to get to know his brethren take advantage of occasions to encourage and grow closer to them e.g. attending services on Sunday and any weekdays and night vigils. We have learnt that a disciple is one who wants to become like his teacher. Jesus Christ was willing to sacrifice time and effort for His brethren during His earthily ministry and every disciple of His must do likewise if they are truly His disciples

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266 A disciple is "one who bears much fruit" John 15:8. We noticed the word "much" in this verse also found in verse 5 but Jesus is not talking about an occasional good deed but a lifestyle which prompts people to glorify God Mt 5:16. This is so important to a disciple that failure to bear much fruit will result in being severed from Christ John 15:1-2 and how can one be a disciple if he or she is cut off from Christ The point should be made clear: to be a disciple of Jesus Christ means more than just a casual church member. It requires commitment especially in regards to: the teachings of Christ the love of brethren and bearing fruit to the glory of God. The kind of commitment involved is seen further when we consider the "high cost" of discipleship demanded by Jesus in Lk. 14:25-33. The issue is that Jesus must come first before anyone else including members of our own family and even before ones own self. We must be willing to suffer for Christ and while trying to live godly lives in an ungodly world we may find that following Christ sometimes involves ridicule and persecution 2Tim. 3:12. Even if we are blessed to escape such things we must still be willing to expend time and effort in promoting the cause of Christ in positive ways. Putting it simply we must forsake all to follow Christ and in other words Jesus must be King and Lord of our lives while nothing should take precedent over Him and His Will for us. This kind of "high cost" of discipleship demanded by Jesus caused many people to turn away from following Him. But Jesus wasnt trying to attract large crowds He wanted disciples The cost is worth it if we consider some of the rewards of

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267 discipleship i.e. the rewards of being a disciple. There is the promise of "future blessings" i.e. we shall be saved from the wrath of God which is yet to come upon the world for its sins Rom. 5:9 we can look forward with joyful anticipation of eternity with God free from sorrow pain and death. There are also "present blessings" which following Jesus offers like peace the world cannot give to calm the troubled heart His words inspire joy to lift our spirits out of any depression and He also offers to those who follow Him the abiding love of God which cast out fear while He makes it possible for us to be members of the family of God which is able if need be to replace our physical family Mk 10:28-30. There are many other blessings we could mention that are enjoyed by disciples of Jesus but these suffice to demonstrate that though discipleship is costly the rewards far exceed the cost In this study using various questions from Pastor Randy Frazee’s CLPAT we have amassed huge database showing different beliefs practices and the virtues of respondents from which useful conclusions and recommendations are made. 5.2 Summary From the above introduction the finding of this research reveals different aspects of beliefs practices and virtues that disciples must possess and demonstrate in their lives. So what are the core competencies of someone who is growing in his/her love for God and others We focused on the following in

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268 the questionnaire: Beliefs such as the authority of the Bible the Church compassion stewardship and humanity. For practices we looked at worship prayer Bible study and biblical community spiritual gifts giving away my faith life time and money. For Christian virtues we examined love faithfulness self-control and humility. The findings based on these beliefs and practices are highlighted below: a. On the authority of the Bible most respondents 83.8 says that the Bible is absolutely true to them in matters of faith and morals where as 69.5 say that the Bible has a decisive authority over what they do or say. This implies that they hold the authority of the Bible as sacrosanct in living their Christian life and this is an important thing for disciples of Jesus to uphold. b. On the church most respondent 76.2 says that they cannot grow as a Christian unless they become an active member of a local church. This implied that as a disciple they hold on to the belief that the church is God’s primary way to accomplish His purpose on earth today. In this wise they will come to church on regular basis to participate in most spiritual activities.

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269 c. On humanity most respondents 69.5 says that they believe that all people are loved by God therefore the disciples should also love them. This is in tandem with scriptural view that Disciples of Christ know that all people are loved by God and need Christ as their Saviour. d. With regards to compassion 54.3 of most respondents says that God call them to be involved in the lives of the poor and suffering 66.7 of most respondents say that they are responsible before God to show compassion to the sick and imprisoned while 56.2 says they should stand up for those who cannot stand up for themselves. In Psa. 82.3-4 disciples are instructed “to defend the cause of the weak and fatherless maintain the rights of the poor and oppressed. This means that God calls all His disciples to show compassion to those in need and most respondent uphold this belief. e. On stewardship 87.6 of most respondents believe that everything they are or owned comes from God and belongs to God 68.6 says that a Christian should live a life of sacrifice that is not driven by the pursuit of material things while 65.7 believes that Christians should give at least 10 percent of their income. In line with Paul the Apostles directive to his godson Timothy everything a disciple is or owned belongs to God. I Tim.6:17-9.

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270 For practices such as worship prayer bible study and biblical community spiritual gifts giving away my faith life time and money the summary of our findings are detailed: f. On worship as a practice 53.3 of most respondent says they attend religious services and worship with other believers while 26.7 says this applies to them strongly. This conforms to the disciples’ creed to worship God for who He is and what He has done for them. g. When the issue of prayer life was considered using different statements disciples are to pray to God to know him to lay their requests before him and to find direction for their daily life. This was affirmed by most respondents as 70.5 are of the opinion that prayer is a central part of their life while about 64.8 seeks to grow closer to God by listening to Him in prayers. For a disciple praying regularly and consistently is one sure way to abide in Christ. h. On Bible study practices of disciples they are expected to study the bible to know God know the truth and find direction for their daily life experiences. In this study 44.8 of most respondents agree they read the Bible daily 50.5 says they regularly study the Bible to find direction for their life 68.8 says they seek to be obedient to God by applying the truth of the Bible to their life while only 33.3 says they have good

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271 understanding of the Bible. It clear that most respondent have little knowledge of the Bible which may likely be a reflection of minimal discipleship training within their churches. i. On biblical community especially as it was in the early church they fellowship with other Christians to accomplish God’s purpose in their life others’ lives and the world. Only 41.9 of most respondent say they have close relationship with other Christians who have influence on their life’s direction 29.5 says they participate in a group of Christians who really know them and give support 33.3 says they allow other Christians to hold them accountable for their actions while only 33.3 says they daily pray for and support other Christians. This study reveals that the practice of communal relationship among brethren is on the wane and can only be resuscitated if effective discipleship is put in place in most churches. j. When we consider spiritual gifts as a practice all disciples who serves in the church ought to know their spiritual gifts and use them to fulfil God’s purpose. From this study 40 of most respondent say they use their spiritual gifts while 41.9 says they regularly use their spiritual gifts in ministry to accomplish God’s purposes. It seems that there are still many believers who are yet to discover their gifting hence discipleship

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272 entrenchment into the fabric of the church will help to improve this virtue in the church. k. On giving away my faith disciples should be ready to act in faith to fulfil God’s purpose in life and ministry. About 57.1 of most respondent say they tried to live so that others will see Christ in their lives while only 29.5 says that they frequently share their faith with people who are not Christians. The implication of this is that evangelism and mission has not received the benefit of place because church leaders have diverted attention away from discipleship making programmes. l. Considering giving away my life is required for all disciples to obey in order to fulfil God’s purpose. Based on the findings of this study only 31.4 of respondent says they are living out God’s purpose for their lives 39.0 says that they try to live so that others will see Christ in their lives 41.9 says they give away things they possess when they are so led by God while about 45.7 says they serve God through their daily work. The indication of this result is the gross neglect of discipleship which helps inculcate the tenets of life-giving service into believers. m. Looking at giving away of my time many who have put their hands on the plough of the kingdom service know that it is one of the actions

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273 required of them to gladden God’s heart and fulfil His purpose. About 40.0 of respondents says they regularly volunteer at their church to serve without being forced while only 23.8 says they invest their time in others by praying for them. This connotes that many in the churches visited are yet to imbibe the spirit of giving away time in the service of others which discipleship teaches and Jesus commanded that we should do ‘….greater works than these shall ye do…’ John 14:12. n. On giving away of money disciples are not to hold whatever they have unto themselves as they know that it was released to them for the use of the kingdom work. Many disciples are aware what E.V. Hills said about money: “If God will pass it through you He will give you it to you”. About 43.8 of most respondent says they give away ten percent or more of their money to God’s work 40.0 says they regularly give money to serve and help others while 37.1 says their first priority in spending is to support God’s work. This study reveals how most respondent treats money. There is still much of love and attachment to money that less than over 60 gives less priority to give in support of God’s work. In most churches visited there is much need for money and this trend can be altered if church leaders will engage in discipleship tenets and teaching giving biblically as a relationship issue based on love for God.

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274 On Christian virtues such as love faithfulness self-control and humility the summaries of findings are as follow: a. On the issue of love which is to sacrificially and unconditionally love and forgive others I John 4:10-12 about 32.4 of most respondent say that they completely and frequently give up what they wanted for the sake of others while 35.2 says it applies strongly. This indicates that many of the respondents are yet to fully embrace longsuffering and a fore-bearing spirit which all disciples of Jesus should possess. b. When we examined faithfulness the statement “I follow through on commitments I have made to God applies completely to 41.0 while 34.3 says it applies strongly to them. The implication is that faithfulness as a virtue are well embraced by the respondents which may reveal the kind of leadership who teaches faith and have some form of discipleship programme that help develop faithfulness in place. Faithfulness itself as a virtue says that as a disciple ‘I have established a good name with God and with others on my long term loyalty to that relationship’. c. On self-control as a virtue for disciples the tenet is that all disciples must have power through Christ Titus 2:11-13 for self-control. The statement ‘I do not have sexual relationship that is contrary to Biblical

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275 teachings’ applies completely to 51.4 of respondent while 30.5 says it applies strongly to them. This implies that most respondents practice chasteness as a virtue to affirm that they are able to do all things control themselves through the power of Christ which lives inside of them. d. When we consider humility as a virtue the disciple must choose to esteem others above himself in all things Phil.2:3-4. The statement “I am not upset when my achievements are not recognized” applies completely to 43.8 of most respondent 36.2 says the statement applies strongly to them. This findings show that most respondents have some demonstrable level of humility which disciples should possess and points to the presence of some discipleship programming in some of the churches. On the view of respondents on their church and leadership the following are the summaries of the results. Most respondents desire that their church and leaders will do the following to help them grow spiritually as detailed below: a. Help me to understand the Bible in depth – 87.6. b. Help me to develop a personal relationship with Christ – 86.6. c. Help me to develop a prayer filled life – 86.7. d. Help me in my time of emotional needs and challenges – 78.1. e. Should provide a clear pathway to guide their spiritual growth – 80.

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276 f. To challenge them to grow and take the next steps – 75.3. g. To help them feel like they belong to a part of the church – 77.2. h. To provide a strong programme for discipleship known to members – 75.2. i. To be a model for complete and total growth – 77.2. j. To encourage accountability and mentoring process in the church – 75.2. k. To provide a chance to grow with others in small groups – 77.1. l. To encourage them to take responsibility to own growth – 78.1. m. To empower then to go out and their own to witness their faith – 76.2. n. To inspire a sense of church ownership in them – 75.2. o. To provide a compelling worship atmosphere devoid of noise – 82.9. p. To set clear expectation for members and engage them positively – 75.2. q. To incorporate communion in to worship services – 80.9. r. To promote a strong serving culture within and outside the church – 86.6. s. To provide a chance to people to serve those who are in need within the body of Christ and outside the church walls – 83.8 If the church leaders will take note of the above and act on them in their sphere of influence building vibrant and healthy church using the platform of

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277 discipleship would become easy as this works well only when the process are well institutionalized. This study has revealed the true growth state of the churches under review in view of the qualitative revelation of spirituality in them. Therefore church leaders should know that numerical growth is not synonymous to spiritual growth as the lack of effective discipleship programme in the church will not enhance the spiritual quality of members. 5.3 Conclusion All disciples are called to put their faith into practice. In this study many of the respondents take their relationships mentoring and learning lightly and didn’t practice them regularly in their daily life. They could have expressed these in service giving doing projects evangelising and missions. According to Krejcir this is only a small but necessary aspect of service. Service to him is “how we daily live our lives modelling His character to those around us. When we are in ministry we need to realize it is not what we do but whom we can equip. As we practice by reciprocating what we have learned to others we will also be built up. We are called to build a network of relationships so we can build one another up in the faith through friendship and mentoring.”

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278 This study reveals that the Word of God must touch us and transform the very core of our being in a discipleship ‘infested’ church. We cannot lead others to Him when we do not know the way and in order to know the way we must have knowledge. Knowledge comes from experience and experience comes from discipleship. The will of God is that we study His Word which will change our behaviour. A Christian especially a leader in the church must have the knowledge and experience to put into practice the work that needs to be done. The disciple should be studious so that the Word nourishes him. He must study and apply the Scriptures not just read them occasionally like a novel. The Word must touch who we are and transform the very core of our being. This is the knowledge that church leaders need to possess to lead and transform the members of their congregation. It is evident that from the character of Christ comes the conduct of Christ and those who choose to follow Him must import His values to our daily walk and let them drive their behaviours which in turn influence others who are watching them. Someone said “You cannot lead where you have not been or when you do not know the direction to go” hence this is why discipleship is so essential to every aspect of being a Christian especially to witness the gospel of Jesus. We are called not to just visualize faith and discipleship but to do it not to just read about it but to do it and not to just talk about it but to do it. What an effective church should do is to take the Scripture and the call of our Lord

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279 seriously gather prepare and then put it all into practice so that our peoples’ life will be transformed. The reasons for lack of discipleship process in our churches today are numerous as discovered from this study. It includes not being in a right relationship with God through faith in Jesus minimal believe in the authority of the Bible as the Word and standard to follow little love for God and His people and releasing what we have for the purpose of promoting God’s work. Others are lack of effective teachings on prayer which transcends to low prayer life laziness to study and meditate on the Word of God the individuality in today’s world that is destroying the community of brethren inability to discover the graces and gifting endowed with and how to use them to bless and impart the body of Christ. The rush for gains and monetary returns in the world has made evangelism and mission to be pushed to the back and growth through conversion is the culprit. If the church leaders can commence training other leaders in the act of discipling the members sanity and health would return to the church of God. These are the implications and consequences of what the lack of effective discipleship programme will have on the growth of the church in the short to long term. The challenge is for church leaders to become disciple-making leaders so that the health of the church would not suffer in these last days.

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280 Some of the church leaders understood the need for discipleship process and they have even instituted effective programme but quite a huge number are still groping in the dark and it seems they don’t believe in discipleship programme hence it is not currently instituted in their churches. To stem this church leaders are encouraged to initiate mentorship programme to help cement the discipleship process to be instituted to help broaden the overall image of the church to the world. In 604 Pope Gregory wrote about the "Seven Deadly Sins" which includes pride gluttony envy lust anger greed and laziness. In the spirit of the Popes top seven Steve Murrell came up with his list of "Seven Deadly Sins of the Pulpit" that is summarised below: a. Preaching Christ Without The Cross. This is no-cost Christianity. Paul was determined to know and preach nothing except Christ and Christ crucified 1 Corinthians 2:2. Today it seems we preach everything but Christ and the cross causing many to live as enemies of the cross Philippians 3:18. Discipleship programme well instituted can help to correct this in our churches.

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281 b. Preaching Salvation Without Sanctification. This is no-change Christianity. So many claims Christ today with no evidence or change in their lives and the pulpit is at least partially to blame. c. Preaching Decisions Without Discipleship. This is no-commitment Christianity. The churches are getting crowds and decisions but are they making disciples d. Preaching Love Without Lordship. This is no-compliance Christianity. Jesus is Lord and because He is Lord He heals delivers provides and saves. If Jesus is not the Lord of all then He cannot be the Lord at all. e. Preaching Prosperity Without Purpose. This is no-cause Christianity. God blesses us so that we can be a blessing. That is what discipleship teaches that we are blessed to become a blessing to our generation. f. Preaching Blessing Without Birthright. This is no-covenant Christianity. We all know that Bro. Esau threw away his birthright and he was still expecting a blessing. It does not work that way. If we want the blessing we must accept the covenantal responsibilities that go with the birthright.

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282 g. Preaching Revival Without Reformation. This is no-transformation Christianity. We are called to be salt and light to impact individuals and cultures families and nations. The gospel is supposed to be transformational and that is what discipleship is all about – transformation. Many church leaders have been guilty of all of the above at different times in their life as a preacher of the Word. We found some of these exemplified among those we interacted with in the course of this study. However as we matured in faith we hopefully become more and more faithful to preaching the whole counsel of God. This should be the dictum of every one whose calling is from heaven. When discipleship is institutionalised in our churches our teachings 60 and preachings 40 will not be producing spiritually dead congregants but spiritually vibrant and healthy people who can help others to grow into maturity. 5.4 Recommendations This study makes the following recommendations to church leaders on how to institute an enduring discipleship programme that build and sustain relationship among members. As the study has substantiated the need for well defined discipleship counseling programme in our churches to assist members to become heavenly focussed these recommendations will go a long way to help

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283 build vibrant and healthy church through the instrumentation of effective discipleship programmes: a. All church leaders must possess the fundamental skills necessary for effective performance in ministry. b. Discipleship programme should be a part of every church using small group so that everyone can be reached and helped. c. The Pastor of the church must be interested in his or her own personal growth and work to develop and horn his core competencies so that he is well equipped to develop other leaders. d. The church leaders should have a group of people chosen by him from the church under his training purview so that he can infuse into them the requisite knowledge and potency to affect others in the church. e. The Pastor should be visionary amenable to change be prayerful and make friends within and outside the church. The relationship of the leader will help the church if well defined and harnessed. f. The church leader must be interested in the ministries outside the church by developing leaders to explore and do this for the church. A missionary- oriented leader is always rated high by God. This study should serve as a springboard for future researchers who are interested in the field of discipleship and church growth as there are still many issues that were unearthed in the field but are beyond the scope of this work.

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284 BIBLIOGRAPHY Akanni Gbile. 2006. “Understanding the Concept and Conditions for Discipleship.” Peace House Press Gboko: Nigeria. Akin-John Francis Bola. 2007. “Grow the Pastor Grow the Church”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria. Akin-John Francis Bola. 2006. “Leading your Church to Lasting Growth”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria. Akin-John Francis Bola. 2006. “25 Pillars of Church Health”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria. Akin-John Francis Bola. 2007. “22 Dynamic Laws of Church Growth”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria.

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285 Akin-John Francis Bola. 2007. “Quality Quantity Growth in Churches”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria. Akin-John Francis. 2100. “Church Growth Principles of Jesus”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos Nigeria. Akin-John Francis. 2007. “40 Strategic Ways to Increase Church Attendance”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos Nigeria. Anderson Neil T. 1995. “Discipleship Counseling”. Regal Books Ventura California: USA. Auken Phil Van. 2011. “Principles Of Healthy Church Growth: Understanding Church Growth”. http://business.baylor.edu/vanauken/ Mar. 23 Arn Charles. “The Top Five Church Growth Principles” from http://www.rev.org/article.asp Krejcir Richard J. 2000. “Principles of Church Growth”. From www.intothyword.com Feb.17

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286 Brien Mike. 2011. “Why Most Church Discipleship Plans fail” from www.churchleaders.com. Nov. 16. Boice James M. “The Gospel According to Matthew”. Vol. 2 p. 411 Boice James M. 1986. “Christ’s Call To Discipleship”. Moody Press Grand Rapids MI: USA. Bonhoeffer Dietrich 1954. “Life Together” Translated by John W Doberstein Harper Row New York: p.97. Bonhoeffer Dietrich. 1959. “The Cost of Discipleship”. SCM Press Ltd St Alban’s Place London: UK. Hawkins Greg L Parkinson Cally. 2011. “Move: What 1000 Churches Reveal About Spiritual Growth”. Zondervan Grand Rapids Michigan: USA. Murray Andrew. 2005. “Absolute Surrender”.

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287 Joint Heirs Publications Benin City: Nigeria. Prince Derek. 1993. “The Spirit-Filled Believer’s Handbook”. Charisma House Lake Mercy: USA. MacDonald William. 1973. “True Discipleship”. Maranatha Publications Benin City: Nigeria. Poonen Zac. 2003. “Practical Discipleship”. Stream Christian Publishers Jos: Nigeria. Evans Anthony. 1990: “The Meaning of Discipleship”. The Urban Alternative Inc. Edited by: Steve Harris http://www.tonyevans.org/site/c.feIKL pGlF/b.2065707/k.94D2/ March 5. Ferguson Everett. 1993. “Backgrounds of Early Christianity” 2 nd ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans USA. Watson D. F. 2000. “Education: Jewish and Greco-Roman” in Dictionary of New Testament Background ed. Craig A. Evans and Stanley E. Porter Inter Varsity Downers Grove IL: 308-313.

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288 Schürer Emil. 1979. “The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ” Revised and edited by Geza Vermes Fergus Millar and Matthew Black: T T Clark: Edinburgh 415-22. Heather Z. 2006. “Models of Discipleship Throughout” http://discipleshipgroups.blogspot.com /2006/02/models-of-discipleship. Jan.17 Ryle J.C. 1976. “Expository Thoughts on the Gospels: St. Luke Vol.1”. James Clark Cambridge: p.195. Elliot Elizabeth. 1981. “The Liberty of Obedience” Abingdon Pub. Nashville: USA. Torrey R.A. 1906. “How to Succeed in the Christian Life” Revell Westwood N.J. p.50. Stedman Ray C. 1975. “Secrets of the Spirit”. Revell Old Tappan N.J. pp13. Tozer W. 1948. “The Pursuit of God”. Christian Publications Harrisburg Pa. pg 112. Jeremiah Burroughs 1964. “The Rare Jewel of Christian Contentment”.

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289 Banner of Truth Trust Carlisle Pa. pp.89-90 Chantry Walter J. 1972. “Today’s Gospel: Authentic or Synthetic” Banner of Truth Trust Carlisle Pa. USA. Reisinger Ernest C. 1982. “Today’s Evangelism: Its Message and Methods”. Craig Pub Phillisburg N.J. USA. Ryle J.C. 1959. “Holiness: Its Nature Hindrances Difficulties and Roots”. James Clarke Cambridge. UK. Lewis C.S. “The Weight of Glory” Wagner C. Peter. 1993. “What Is Making Disciples” Evangelical Missions Quarterly 9 p 285-293. Arn Win and Charles Arn. 1982. “The Master’s Plan for Making Disciples.” Church Growth Press Pasadena.

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290 Blauvet Livingston Jr. 1986. “Does the Bible Teach Lordship Salvation” BS 143 569 1986 37-45. Wuest Kenneth S. 1966. “Studies in the Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament Vol.3 Wuest’s Word Studies”. Eerdmans Grand Rapids 25. Henrichsen Walter A. 1974. “Disciples Are Made-Not Born”. Victor Books Wheaton Ill. USA. Ryrie Charles C. 1989. “So Great Salvation: What It Means to Believe in Jesus Christ”. Victor Books Wheaton Ill. USA. Wilkins Michael J. 1977 “The Use of MAOHTHE in the New Testament”. Unpublished M.Div. Thesis Talbot Theological Seminary. USA. Wilkins Michael J.1988 “The concept of Disciple in Matthew’s Gospel: As Reflected in the Use of the Terms

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291 Supplement to Novum Testamentum” Vol. 59 Leiden: E.J. Brill USA. Wilkins Michael J.1992. “Following the Master: Discipleship in the steps of Jesus”. Zondervan Publishing House Grand Rapids: Michigan USA. Frazee Randy. 2005. “The Christian Life Profile Assessment Tool Training Kit”. Zondervan Grand Rapids: Michigan USA Ortiz Juan Carlos. 1975. “Disciple” Creation House Carol Steam Ill. USA. Pentecost Dwight. 1971. “Design for Discipleship”. Zondervan Grand Rapids: USA. Schelkle Karl Hermann. 1955. “Discipleship and Priesthood trans. Joseph Disselhorst rev. ed. New York.

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292 Minear Paul S. 1974. “The Disciples and the Crowds in the Gospel of Matthew” AThR Sup. Series 3 March 1974: 28-44. Sweetland Dennis M. 1987. “Our Journey with Jesus:Discipleship According to Mark”. GNS 22 DelMichael Glazier Wilmington USA. McGavran Donald A. and Arn Win 1973. “How to Grow a Church”. Gospel Light Glendale Calif. USA. Wagner C. Peter. 1974. “Stop the World I Want to Get On”. Regal Glendale Calif. USA. Willard Dallas. 1988. “The Spirit of the Disciplines: Understanding How God Changes Lives”. Harper Row San Francisco USA. Anderson Neil T. 1995. “Discipleship Counseling”. Regal Books Ventura California: USA. Murray Andrew 2005. “Absolute Surrender”.

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293 Joint Heirs Publications Benin City Nigeria. Awosope Elijah O. 2011. “The Importance of Mentoring in Life and Ministry”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria. Culpepper R.A. 1975. “The Johannie School: An Evaluation of the Johannie School. Hypothesis Based on an Investigation of the Nature of Ancient Schools”. Scholar Press. Missoula. USA. Morrison D.R. 2006. “Socrates”. In: Gill M.L. Pellegrin P. eds A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Maiden: Blackwell Publication. 101 -18 Tripolitis A. 2002. “Religions of the Hellenistic Roman Age.” W.B. Eerdmans Publishing Company Grand Rapids: USA. KittelG. 1967. “Theological Dictionary of the New Testament”. W.B. Eerdmans. Grand Rapids: USA.

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294 Caizzi F.D. 2005. “Minor Socratis In: Gill M.L. Pellegrin P. eds A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell Pub. 119-135 Meyer J. 2006. “Ancient Philosophy and the Doxographical Tradition In Gill M.L. Pellegrin P. eds. A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Malden 20-23. Benatouil T. 2006. “Philosophic Schools in Hellenistic Roman Times. In: Gill M.L. Pellegrin P. eds A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell Pub. 415-23. Barhatulirwa V.M. 2008. “A Comprehensive Reading of John 9: ASocio- Rhetorical Perspective of Discipleship in the Gospel of John.” A published thesis for Doctor of Theology – University of South Africa. Krejcir J. Richard. 2005. “The Importance of Discipleship and Growth” from www.churchleadership.org July 23.

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295 Olaleye S.A.K. 2012. “Strategies for Church Growth”. Spirit and Life Equipping Ministries SLEM: Lagos Nigeria. Daniels Joseph O. 2011. “Treatise on “Discipleship Today”. Church Growth Services Inc. Lagos: Nigeria. Growth Partner Mag. This definition appeared in Growth Partners Vol. 3 No 3 May/June 1986 p 1. Edmondson Ron. 2012. “7 Disciplines of a Spiritual Leader” at www.churchleaders.com/ June 21 Rainer Thom. S. 2012. “Secrets of Healthy Churches” From www.lifeway.com/ July 7

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296 APPENDIX HYPOTHESES TESTING

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297 In this research work three hypotheses were formulated. The hypotheses were tested statistically using Statistical Package for Social Science SPSS and statistical tools used are Regression t-test and Correlation test. Table 4.31: Descriptive Statistics Mean Standard Deviation N Rate of Church Growth 3.3429 2.46057 105 Discipleship Programme 4.3704 0.44854 105 Table 4.32: Model Summary Model R R square Adjusted R Square Standard error of the estimate 1 0.207 0.043 0.034 2.41885 a. Predictors: constant Discipleship programme. Table 4.33: ANOVA Model Sum of square df Mean square F Sig Regression 27.021 1 27.021 4.618 0.034 Residual 602.636 103 5.851 Total 629.657 104 a. Predictors: Constant Discipleship programme b. Dependent variable: rate of church growth. Table 4.34: Paired samples statistics

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298 Mean N Standard Deviation Standard Error of mean Church Headed by Disciplers 4.1883 105 0.63575 0.06204 Church Headed by Non Disciplers 4.2740 105 0.49019 0.04784 Table 4.35: Paired Samples Test Paired differences 95 confidence interval of the difference Mean Standard Deviation Standard error mean Lower Upper t df Sig 2.taile d Church Headed by Disciplers/ Non- Disciplers 0.08569 0.47173 0.4604 - 0.17698 0.0056 0 1.861 104 0.066 Table 4.36: Correlations Test Discipleship Programme Rate of Church Growth Discipleship Programme Pearson Correlation sig. 2 tailed N 1 105 0.207 0.034 105 Rate of church growth Pearson correlation sig. 2 tailed N 0.207 0.034 105 1 105 Correlation is significant at 0.05 level 2-tailed.

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299 THE QUESTIONAIRE Please circle the response that is most appropriate and applicable to you. A. PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT 1. Sex: a Male b Female 2. Age: a 15-24 years b 25-34 c 35-44 d 45-54 e 55 Above. 3. Marital Status: a Married b Single c Divorced d Widowed e Separated f Living –In g Others Please Specify………………………………………. 4. Name of Church Please : ……… ……… ……… … ……… … ……… ……… ……… … ……… … ……… … 5. Church Denomination: a Catholic b Protestant c Evangelical d Pentecostal 6. Ministry Status: a Church Member b Workers c Minister d Pastor/Revd 7. Numerical Strength of Church:a 1-100 f 1001-2500 b 101-200 g 2500-5000 c 201-300 h 5001 -10000 d 301-500 i 10000 Above e 501-1000 8. Church Location/Neighbourhood: a Low density b Medium Density c High density e Others Please Specify……………………

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300 9. Your Location in Lagos: PART B: SPIRITUAL ASSESSMENT Instruction: Please circle the appropriate answer in each of the following Statement: S/ N The Statements Not True of me Applies somewhat/ moderately Applies Strongly/ completely 1. I believe The Bible is absolutely true in matters of faith and morals 1 2 3 4 5 2. I believe God gives spiritual gifts to every Christian for service to the Church and community. 1 2 3 4 5 3. God calls me to be involved in the lives of the poor and suffering 1 2 3 4 5 4. I believe it is important to share the gospel with my neighbours because Christ has commanded me to do so. 1 2 3 4 5 5. I believe everything I am or own comes from God and belongs to God. 1 2 3 4 5 6. I read The Bible daily 1 2 3 4 5 7. I desire Jesus Christ to be first in my life. 1 2 3 4 5 8. I have close relationship with other Christians who have influence on my life’s direction. 1 2 3 4 5 9. I know my spiritual gifts. 1 2 3 4 5 10. I invest my time in others by praying for them. 1 2 3 4 5 11. I give away 10 percent or more of my income to God’s work. 1 2 3 4 5 12. I frequently share my faith with people who are not Christians. 1 2 3 4 5 13. I am living out God’s purpose for my life. 1 2 3 4 5 14. I believe The God of The Bible is one in essence but distinct in person – Father Son and The Holy Spirit. 1 2 3 4 5 15. I exist to know love and serve God. 1 2 3 4 5 16. I believe I cannot grow as a Christian unless I am an active member of a local church. 1 2 3 4 5 17. I believe I am responsible before God to show compassion to the sick and imprisoned. 1 2 3 4 5 18. I believe a Christian should live a sacrificial life that is not driven by pursuit of material things. 1 2 3 4 5 19. I attend religious services and worship with other believers each week. 1 2 3 4 5 20. I regularly study The Bible to find direction for my life. 1 2 3 4 5 21. I see every aspect of my life and work as service to God. 1 2 3 4 5 22. I participate in a group of Christians who really know me and support me. 1 2 3 4 5 23. I regularly use my spiritual gifts in ministry to accomplish God’s purposes. 1 2 3 4 5 24. I regularly give money to serve and help others. 1 2 3 4 5 25. I try to live so that others will see Christ in my life. 1 2 3 4 5 26. I give up what I want to meet the needs of others. 1 2 3 4 5 27. I believe Jesus is God in the flesh – who died and rose bodily from the dead. 1 2 3 4 5 28. I believe The Bible has decisive authority over what I say and do. 1 2 3 4 5 29. I believe God is actively involved in my life. 1 2 3 4 5 30. I believe God loves me even when I do not obey Him. 1 2 3 4 5 31. I believe all people are loved by God therefore I too should love them. 1 2 3 4 5 32. I believe I should stand up for those who cannot stand up for themselves. 1 2 3 4 5

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301 33. I believe Christians should give at least 10 percent of their income. 1 2 3 4 5 34. Prayer is a central part of my daily life. 1 2 3 4 5 35. I seek to be obedient to God by applying the truth of The Bible to my life. 1 2 3 4 5 36. I spend time each day reading God’s Word and praying 1 2 3 4 5 37. I allow other Christians to hold me accountable for my actions 1 2 3 4 5 38. I give away my time to serve and help others in my community 1 2 3 4 5 39. My first priority in spending is to support God’s Work. 1 2 3 4 5 40. I know how to share my faith with non-Christians. 1 2 3 4 5 41. I give away things I possess when I am so led by God. 1 2 3 4 5 42. I demonstrate love equally towards people of all races 1 2 3 4 5 43. I forgive people who deeply hurt me. 1 2 3 4 5 44. I believe people are saved because of what Jesus Christ did not because of what they do. 1 2 3 4 5 45. I believe The Bible is relevant to address the needs of contemporary culture 1 2 3 4 5 46. I do not give or take bribe depending on situation 1 2 3 4 5 47. I believe the purpose of the church is to share the gospel and nurture Christians to maturity in Christ. 1 2 3 4 5 48. I believe Christians should not purchase everything they can afford so that their discretionary money can be available to help those in need. 1 2 3 4 5 49. I believe all people who place their trust in Jesus Christ will spend eternity in Heaven. 1 2 3 4 5 50. I believe God will bless Christians now in the life to come for their good works. 1 2 3 4 5 51. I seek to grow closer to God by listening to Him in prayers. 1 2 3 4 5 52. I have a good understanding of the contents of The Bible. 1 2 3 4 5 53. I daily pray for and support other Christians. 1 2 3 4 5 54. I regularly volunteer at my church to serve whether convenient or not. 1 2 3 4 5 55. I pray for non-Christians to accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Saviour 1 2 3 4 5 56. I serve God through my daily work. 1 2 3 4 5 57. I am not upset when my achievements are not recognized. 1 2 3 4 5 58. I frequently give up what I want for the sake of others. 1 2 3 4 5 59. I follow through on commitments I have made to God. 1 2 3 4 5 60. I do not have sexual relationship that is contrary to Biblical teachings. 1 2 3 4 5 61. I am willing to risk everything important in my life for Jesus Christ 1 2 3 4 5 62. I belong to at least one small group that assists me to grow spiritually 1 2 3 4 5 63. I believe God enable me to do things I couldn’t or would not otherwise do. 1 2 3 4 5 64. I am accountable to a least one spiritually matured Christian apart from my church pastor. 1 2 3 4 5 PART C. ABOUT YOUR CHURCH/LEADERS 1. Help me to understand the Bible in depth through regular teachings 1 2 3 4 5 2. Help me develop a personal relationship with Christ 1 2 3 4 5 3. Help me develop a prayer life 1 2 3 4 5 4. Help me in my time of emotional needs/challenges 1 2 3 4 5 5. Provide a clear pathway to guide my spiritual growth maturity. 1 2 3 4 5 6. Challenge me to grow and follow the next steps 1 2 3 4 5 7. Help me feel like I belong and part of the church 1 2 3 4 5

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302 8. Provide strong program for discipleship known to members 1 2 3 4 5 9. Is a model for complete growth 1 2 3 4 5 10. Encourage accountability and mentoring 1 2 3 4 5 11. Provide a chance to grow with others in small groups 1 2 3 4 5 12. Encourage me to take responsibility for my own growth. 1 2 3 4 5 13. Empower me to go ‘out on my own’ to witness my faith 1 2 3 4 5 14. Inspire a sense of church ownership in me 1 2 3 4 5 15. Provide a compelling worship atmosphere 1 2 3 4 5 16. Set clear expectations for members 1 2 3 4 5 17. Incorporate Communion into worship services 1 2 3 4 5 18. Promote a strong serving culture 1 2 3 4 5 19. Provide a chance to serve those in need. 1 2 3 4 5 20. Someone in my church monitor/guide my spiritual growth life 1 2 3 4 5

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