Breaking Poverty Barriers in Life and Ministry

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Breaking Poverty Barriers in Life and Ministry Dr. Oyewole O. Sarumi

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Opening Texts: • Proverbs 6:11 - Then poverty will pounce on you like a bandit scarcity will attack you like an armed robber. • Proverbs 10:15 - The wealth of the rich is their fortress the poverty of the poor is their destruction. • Proverbs 13:18 - Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuses instruction: but he that regards reproof shall be honoured.

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Opening Texts: Ps 35:27 “Let them shout for joy and be glad Who favor my righteous cause And let them say continually "Let the LORD be magnified Who has pleasure in the prosperity of His servant.“ NKJV

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Introduction • We have all heard you are where you are today because of what you did yesterday. If you didn’t change or plan ahead yesterday then you can’t expect today to be different until you change. • A poverty mindset can manifest itself in a lack of vision for the future. You end up stuck in a financial rut perhaps working a job that barely meets the financial needs of your household. Pro.29:18 • When you lack vision it’s hard for you to believe that God would give you an idea to take your household to prosperity. And if God does give you a big idea you either will not follow-up on it or you will find a way to sabotage it.

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Introduction….2 • Your poverty mindset keeps you stuck where you are. – If a person feels less than others then he will not feel deserving. – If he does not feel deserving his life is based on desperation and wanting rather than from joy and abundance. – If one feels abundant he will have abundance. – If one feels desperate and wanting he will expand the poverty in his life.

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Have you ever heard or said…. • I work so hard but still can’t make ends meet. • If the economy would turn around I might have a chance. • You don’t understand what it is like to struggle. It’s the story of my life • If I ever have any extra I’ll be the first to give back and live generously.

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Momentary motivation rarely leads to long term change Think through this……..

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What Is Poverty • Poverty is very difficult to define because it is multi-dimensional and has many intricately intertwined causes. • Some defines poverty as “unacceptable physiological and social deprivations”. – Poverty is not only a matter of lack of food shelter and clothing. – It can also be the denial of choices and lack of opportunities for living a tolerable life – A type of social deprivation that impedes people from participating fully in their society and its development.

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Dictionary Meaning Pov·er·ty • 1. the state of being extremely poor. “thousands of families are living in abject poverty” synonyms: penury destitution pauperism pauperdom beggary indigence pennilessness impoverishment neediness need hardship impecuniousness “abject poverty” antonyms: wealth 2. the state of being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount. “the poverty of her imagination” synonyms: scarcity deficiency dearth shortage paucity insufficiency absence lack more

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What is Being Poor • Simply put being poor is not having enough food clothing and shelter for your family. It is an urgent unmet need for more money and material possessions. • Being poor can also be described as being without a dream that will take you out of poverty. • One false concept is that poverty has some mysterious refining qualities. Some believe that it is spiritual to be poor. That is not the way God lives and neither does He want us to live that way. Just look how He blessed Abraham. The Bible teaches us that we are to emulate and exceed the blessings of Abraham.

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The Meaning of Poverty What We Learn is Based on Life Experiences • The word “poverty” is used to describe many different life situations. – Some people may be from generational poverty – others may be experiencing working-class poverty. – You may meet someone who faces immigrant poverty issues or – Our current economic crisis situational poverty. • Below are some characteristics of different life experiences labelled “Poverty.”

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Generational Poverty • Family has never owned land • Never knew anyone who benefited from education • Never knew anyone who moved up or was respected in a job • Highly mobile • High family Illiteracy • Focus is on making it through the day

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Working-Class Poverty • Working but rarely have money for any extras i.e. making choices between basic needs. • Most do not own property • Live pay check to pay check • Few have car ot health care • Focus on making it two weeks or through the month • Poverty seen as personal deficiency

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Immigrant Poverty • Have little or no resources • Face language and culture barriers • Seem to have a stronger sense of self and often do better than those born into poverty • Poverty is viewed as a system problem

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Depression Era Poverty • A time when the societal message was “We are all in this together.” • Poverty seen as society problem

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Situational Poverty • Person grows up in stable environment • Surrounded by people who are educated or able to earn a living wage • Attends school regularly and has health care • Has crisis health divorce etc. and income drops • Generally is able to make it back to middle-class • Has not internalized the poverty as personal problem • Does not recognize advantages of growing up in middle-class • Can be harsh judge of those in generational and working class poverty

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What Does Poverty Teach • No one cares • Everyone seems smarter • We dont belong • People like us do not go to the doctor • Life happens and there is nothing you can do about it • There is no way to buy prescriptions/food

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What Does Poverty Teach..2 • Family Loyalty...I love my family. They love me. • Children in poverty become adults quickly. They are in a war zone with adults that they love. • You learn about possibilities from the people around you. • Who do middle class people spend time with

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What Does Poverty Teach...3 • Constant Crisis: People are sick more and die younger. • Premature Baby: High Infant Mortality NOTE: • PEOPLE who understand and build in supports make the difference.

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Stereotypes about poverty • Stereotypes about poverty prevents us from working together to break barriers. Some facts about poverty: – Inadequate pay---2/3 of people in poverty are working 1.7 jobs without health care benefits – Inadequately funded fragmented support systems – Ignorance about the history/current realities of poverty – Isolation from people who have benefited from education jobs and health care – Lack of access health care stable housing – Extremely limited access to needed resources

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Some Poverty Impacts • Hopelessness and depression • Purpose of education or jobs may be unclear • Do not understand what helping professionals are telling you unfamiliar vocabulary examples and mistrust • May not have the internal or external capacity to follow-through • What is around you shapes expectations and world view • Poverty realities pull attention away from the luxury of self-development or self-actualizing to your fullest potential

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Four Tools Needed To Break Poverty Barriers • 1. A deeper understanding of poverty and its impacts on people. • 2. A Strengths Perspective Approach: Stand in awe of People fighting that evil villain poverty. • 3. Operate like NASA: Failure Is Not An Option. If you can not connect people or resolve a poverty issue who in your network or community might be able to Use an “If not me then who” approach.

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• 4. Build stronger partnerships within your organization and with community members. Breaking poverty barriers requires a comprehensive approach. – What is in your hands to assist those you serve in moving forward – What obstacles are you not able to address

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Advanced tools for breaking poverty barriers • 1. Strengths Perspective—All people have strengths. • 2. Resiliency Theory---What makes me special • 3. Social Capital Theory---Break isolation and build address with an inventory of resources

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• 4. Experiential Learning Theory: Show me and expose me to possibilities for moving forward. • 5. Understand people act and communicate differently when they are in the war zone of poverty. They are responding appropriately to their context.

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Its in the People • Believe people can make it out of poverty. • Believe people have knowledge and skills to contribute to their growth. • Have poverty competency: – Suspend judgement--Understand the structural causes of poverty and how to support communities in developing solutions from within. • Focus on programs that reduce the isolation of poverty. No one makes it out alone everyone needs help. Its in the people

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Identifying the real issue • No church is completely absent of the poverty mindset. There are pockets of it in every group of people that gather for worship. • There are some church communities that run their organization out of a poverty mindset. – They are always worried about meeting the budget. – They are uptight about last week’s giving and they don’t know how they will get through another strenuous financial year.

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Here’s the big questions: • Who are you • Are you defined by what you have what you’ve done…or by who you are • At its core the poverty mindset is an identity issue. • And it makes perfect sense that both people and entire church communities would define themselves by the resources in their possession. – Isn’t that what the rest of society does – Isn’t that the way of the world – Doesn’t that fit with the business models and consumer mindsets of our day

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Poverty Mindset Test • Here is an example: Of the three pictures of food which would you choose Pick your first choice. A B C

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Some Resounding theme of Scriptures But listen to these … – The Lord is my Shepherd I shall not want. Psalm 23:1 – Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding in all your ways submit to him and he will make your paths straight. Proverbs 3:5-6 – I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body I live by faith in the Son of God who loved me and gave himself for me. Galatians 2:20 – For you died and your life is now hidden with Christ in God. Colossians 3:3

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• According to the Bible our identity is not found in what we possess it is found in who possesses us. • Our lives are hidden in Him and the actions that we take are actions of faith. • We are not identified by our meager possessions we are identified by our Father– who created sustains and rules over all things.

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• That’s the way that Jesus lived Even Jesus said “By myself I can do nothing I judge only as I hear and my judgment is just for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me” John 5:30. • He – our perfect example – said that the only way to find your identity is to lose yourself in the lordship and leadership of the Father. And no child of the King is poor.

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• Jesus “had no place to lay his head” but was not lacking. He “had no place to lay his head” but in spite of that He called us to join Him in His abundance John 10:10. • He was rich in every way as He lived by faith and trusted in the astounding wealth of His Father. He didn’t have a poverty mindset because His identity was not wrapped up in His on-hand possessions.

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MINDSET POVERTY • Mindset poverty is a mental condition or a form of slavery in which the victim perceives life as hopeless sealed doomed and beyond recovery. It is a situation in which the victim believes poverty is ‘normal’ and even sometimes desirable. • People who are suffering from mindset poverty blame others for their woes. Even in adult life they incessantly blame their parentage demonic forces the rich in society or anything else they can think of to blame. They blame politicians even for problems like a lack of rain and wait with eager expectation the day a government will come to wave a magic wand that will put money into their pocket without tears. • In extreme cases victims of this ‘devastating complex’ fail to recognize their own state and wretchedness. Karl Marx referred to this state as ‘Alienation’.

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CAUSES OF POVERTY MINDSET There are many causes of mindset poverty some of which are discussed now:

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UPBRINGING • One’s upbringing or socialization can contribute immensely to this mindest. • For example from early childhood many African children are made to understand that their parents are poor and they must behave as such. These children grow into adulthood believing that they are poor and inferior and must accept anything that comes their way – good or bad. • They are schooled to exaggerate their poverty and present a demeanour that evokes sympathy and can attract gifts.

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POLITICAL FACTORS • After independence greed corruption and mal-administration on the part of our leaders and political office holders have kept us in poverty and contributed to the thinking of the majority of our people that our poverty has been determined by God.

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ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS • Geographical location level of literacy and lack of exposure are all contributory factors to poverty. • In an environment where people all believe behave and think the same way with a poverty mindset people will become complacent with life remain small in all their endeavours and live a dependent life consigned to oblivion.

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NEED FOR EDUCATION • The church need to embark upon education that will eradicate mindset poverty as a prerequisite for wealth creation. • Poverty reduction must begin with the mind. If hunger disease and ignorance were demons the most troublesome would be ignorance. Educate ignorance and the other two will fall into place.

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The Problem of Ignorance • It is ignorance that allows people to live in abject poverty while sitting on gold reserves. • It is ignorance that causes people to live mal-nourished lives while surrounded by leafy plants that can supply all their nutritional requirements. • It is ignorance that allows people to live a life of abject poverty while surrounded by vast opportunities for improving their lives. • It is ignorance that makes people blame their woes on political leaders and continue to wait in poverty till the day a government will come and put money into their pockets.

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Others Reasons….. • Many Pastors and church people are poorly paid and in debt – II Kgs.4:1-2. The reasons are many but include: – Hypocrisy And Prejudice About Money Issues – Financial Illiteracy – Mono-Income Lifestyle – Lack Of Good Leadership In Their Church – Lack Of Generousity – Dodging Tithing And Other Giving Opportunities – Using Money In A Wrong Way – Misappropriation Of Church Money – Being A Full Time Minister Earlier Than Required

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MINDSET POVERTY AS CONCEPT • The concept of mindset poverty is not insensitive to the plight of the poor – It seeks to diagnose how victims have allowed challenges of life to overshadow that powerful mental capability which God endowed us with. – It seeks to make people responsible for their actions and to look to themselves for answers to their problems instead of putting the blame for their troubles and failures on parents the economy or the government.

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– It encourages people to make efforts towards their own development instead of being provided with handouts which with the benefit of hindsight have proved to be inimical to the self development of the poor. – it equally stresses the power of God and the power of our own mental faculties to enable us to persevere to work hard to surmount the challenges in our lives and to turn around our circumstances for the better.

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RESEARCH FINDINGS • A critical examination of some people who live in abject poverty will reveal that sometimes people accept poverty as preferred choice of living. • Research was conducted on 12 people who were in tattered cloths begging in the street in a big city. They were convinced to take up jobs that took energy and mental acuity but with commensurate wages. Part of the duties involved solving puzzles all day. After six months only two remained at the job. The rest of the group had gone back to the street to beg.

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A TESTIMONY • Read carefully the testimonies below. • “At eighteen I was a labourer with others on a vast forest land uprooting trees with hteen I mattocks and axes to prepare the grounds for a nursery. We escaped death by the breath of the hair when a falling tree almost trapped us to death. I immediately resolved to do something about my life. At the end of the month I used my meager wages to buy books borrowed notes from friends who were in secondary school registered a correspondence course in G.C.E Ordinary level. After three and a half years of hard work and sleepless night I passed in seven subjects in G.C.E Ordinary level etc. paving the way for G.C.E Advanced level and ending up in the university with two degrees and a good job. Most of my forest mates are senior labourers now”. “I harmfully carried with me the idea that I was poor. Since all my life I had acted like a poor child I had become one. I felt that I had no purpose in life and there was no one to further my education. One day I had the opportunity to go to farm with my aunt’s husband who was an ex soldier. I did not know that he had noticed my frustration so when we sat under a mango tree after the day’s work he started to advise me as the young man that I was. He started by narrating his own life story the ups and downs he had gone through and how he turned around his life. From that meeting my hopes were restored and I began to develop a positive attitude towards myself. My perception about life also changed.”

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The Role of the Church • The church taking a cue from the life and ministry of Jesus Christ Luke 4:18-19 has since its inauguration seen the challenges of social concern and responsibility as an unavoidable consequence of evangelism and mission. • Since the Lausanne Conference on World Evangelization in 1982 the relationship between evangelism and social concern has been redefined and integrated as twin-duty. • Viewed from three levels Christian concern is now a consequence of evangelism a bridge to evangelism and a partner to evangelism

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MENTAL CAPACITY. • What the mind perceives the body conceives – so goes that great saying. Ideas have consequences. “As a man thinketh in his heart so he is” Proverbs 23:7. Our mental capability is very powerful. • The way you perceive yourself will determine who you are and what you do with your life. The environment in which we live the type of information we receive the discussions we have with peer groups significantly influence our minds.

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THE WORD OF GOD • Christianity wields a powerful tool in changing mindsets. The word of God is a powerful sword in turning around for the better people’s state of mind. • In Luke 15:11-32 we are confronted with the story of the prodigal son. He took his share of the father’s property and squandered it in profligate living. It presents a very deplorable and hopeless condition. However the verse 17 of the same chapter marks the watershed. These are few but powerful words: “WHEN HE CAME BACK TO HIS SENSES”.

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FEAR • Fear a mental condition is a stumbling block to self development and keeps people in perpetual poverty. In 2 Timothy 1:7 it is written “For God has not given us the spirit of fear but of power and love and of sound mind.” • In the parable of the talents Matthew 25:14-30 it is fear that induced the one who was given one talent to dump his treasure in the ground. • Many people fall sick and even die because they fear that something is wrong and that they are too poor to get help. Many people possess the required potentials to succeed but find it difficult to initiate the required action.

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LAZINESS • The dictionary defines laziness as “not inclined to work or exert oneself”. – It is an attitude that emanates from the mind. – It is lack of vision and mission which make people lazy. – It can also exhibit itself in procrastination – putting off work or delaying to take action. • Proverbs 6:10-11 cautions ““How long will you lay there oh sluggard When will you rise from your sleep A little sleep a little slumber a little folding of the hands to rest and poverty will come upon you like a robber.”

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HARD WORK • The Word of God has a lot of admonitions about hard work. However the theologies of some denominations have not helped much. They espouse the theology of prosperity without stressing hard work. Believers are encouraged to claim wealth by faith without hard work or tears. People are encouraged all day all week all year round to pray for prosperity without hard work. This is contrary to God’s Word.

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• Let it be known that prosperity does not come by prayer without hard work. Paul in 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 warns that Christians should not associate or entertain people who do not want to work or exert energy to provide for their daily bread. • Some preach prosperity faith and laying claim to riches without helping the listener to appreciate the place of hard work in the scheme of prosperity. Thus it is not uncommon to encounter religious gatherings letting people spend four weeks in a daylight prayer with huge attendance without recourse to work. • Religious beliefs or doctrine can make or unmake people and wrong religious teachings can spell the doom of a people.

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PRAYER • We mustn’t underestimate the place of prayer and God’s direction in our affairs. Psalms 37:5 says “Commit thy ways to the Lord trust in him and he will act.” • If your poverty is generational you need spiritual warfare prayers and even deliverance.

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LACK OF PLANNING • Some people have no defined purpose in life. They live like the butterfly whose life is determined by the wind direction. • Proverbs 6:7-8 give us an insight into the life of the ant: “Without having any chief officer or ruler she prepares her bread in summer and gathers her food in harvest.” • We have a huge problem about post harvest losses or food conservation. Year in and year out perishable commodities like tomatoes got rotten while we suffer shortages of the commodity during the lean season. • Can we draw any lessons from the ant

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Personal Financial Planning How to begin and continue first ask yourself these questions: • 1. Where do I want to be in the future • 2. Where am I now financially • 3. How am I going to get there

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You Need A Good Financial Plan A Good Financial Plan - is a collection of seven personal plans: They are: • Income Plan • Cash flow Plan • Insurance Plan • Saving/Investment Plan • Tax Management Plan • Retirement Plan • Estate Plan

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If you fail to plan… • Inefficient use of resources • Risk of not meeting financial objectives • Unprepared for the storms of life • Pay higher taxes than necessary • Delay retirement live on less money • May be difficult fulfilling God’s purpose for your life

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How To Overcome Poverty Mindset FAST • Matt 17:14-21 • And when they had come to the multitude a man came to Him kneeling down to Him and saying 15 "Lord have mercy on my son for he is an epileptic and suffers severely for he often falls into the fire and often into the water. 16 So I brought him to Your disciples but they could not cure him." 17 Then Jesus answered and said "O faithless and perverse generation how long shall I be with you How long shall I bear with you Bring him here to Me." 18 And Jesus rebuked the demon and it came out of him and the child was cured from that very hour. • 19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said "Why could we not cast it out" 20 So Jesus said to them "Because of your unbelief for assuredly I say to you if you have faith as a mustard seed you will say to this mountain Move from here to there and it will move and nothing will be impossible for you. 21 However this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting." NKJV

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Interpretation • Jesus never talked about how to overcome a poverty mindset. • What he constantly confronted his disciples with was unbelief and how it prevented them from helping the people he was sending them to. • This scripture context is casting out demons but can apply the principle to financial oppression which in my experience feels demonic with the fear level you can come under

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Significant Mindset Shift • Jesus is giving the disciples the 3 keys to getting results and trust me this was a significant mindset shift for them: • 1. He first confronts them with one real issue and it’s their lack of faith. Many Christian lack of faith and action. • 2. He tell them difficult and oppressive situations like this need more prayer. Are you praying enough or memorizing the word of God • 3. He tells them to quit eating and take action. The take away is get ready to take militant action that is killing your flesh.

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4. Practical steps to bail you out of poverty: • You can overcome poverty and lessen your financial burden by following this advice: – Get yourself informed on financial information – Develop your ministry to become more attractive outside your church – Find other work to do to complement your ministry earnings – Spend less than you earn – Have multiple streams of Income – Get involved in Investment planning – Develop key church members to partner and support the work – Learn how to be open-handed – give out regularly – Pray for favour and open door for your needs to be met as may be required. Etc.

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He will Pay your Bills • Matt 17:24-27 “When they had come to Capernaum those who received the temple tax came to Peter and said "Does your Teacher not pay the temple tax" 25 He said "Yes.“ And when he had come into the house Jesus anticipated him saying "What do you think Simon From whom do the kings of the earth take customs or taxes from their sons or from strangers" 26 Peter said to Him "From strangers.“ Jesus said to him "Then the sons are free. 27 Nevertheless lest we offend them go to the sea cast in a hook and take the fish that comes up first. And when you have opened its mouth you will find a piece of money take that and give it to them for Me and you." NKJV

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Lessons on How He Pays the Bills • Every Peter Pastor must be ready to defend his Master no matter the situation in your life and ministry. • Every Pastor Peter must be burdened by the bills to be paid for the ministry work – • The Master already knew the burden in his heart. • There’s Divine Ownership of All Things • We don’t have liberty not to pay bills • We should not give room for people to mock our God and faith. • Your labour will help pay the bills: • “Find a piece of money take and give to them for ME and YOU”. vs. 27.

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Poverty Mindset Test Answer If you chose the: • A Picture with the buffet: Poverty mindset and wanting more than you can eat hoarding and unwilling to change. • B Picture of the gourmet food – Wealth mindset meaning you enjoy the presentation more than the food itself and you are willing to break traditions. • C Picture of the plate of food is like going out to eat and you can choose what you want on the menu to suit just you it is the quality of food and you pay for what you want. It is the middle class mindset.

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Payne’s Examples of Poverty Mindset When…. Poverty Mindset Middle Class Mindset Wealthy Mindset 1. Looking at food Derives value in the “quantity” of food. Wants “quality” food. Want food with a beautiful presentation 2. Education system Children with high intelligence will continue to have poor grades. Children with high intelligence have better grades Children with high intelligence have superior grades 3. Looking for a church looks for any church to attend. looks for the “best” church which meets one’s needs. Looks for God’s presence in the church and the “best” is not the issue. 4. Jesus died on the cross We are worthless before God. Works to become worthy. We are valuable to God. 5. Looking at God “Sinner.” “Servant.” “Son.” 6. Dealing with pain Wants to escape in silence or explode in anger Works to get out of pain Stays the course 7. Dealing with material goods Hoards Lives to shop Lives to give. 8. Understanding time lives in the past and survives one day at a time Lives in the present. Lives for eternity make history and blesses the next generation. 9. Praying Prays to survive Prays to succeed Prays to bless. 10 . Having a worldview Thinks their local world is the center of the world. Thinks nationally. Thinks internationally. 11 . Believing in the supernatural acts of God “Not” “Might” “Why not” What the People with……Says:

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Summary of Payne’s Book • The poverty mindset keeps people in their own little circle or world. It is all about them and what they can get for their family. They make look for ways to only increase or make a difference in their family or circle of influence. • The middle class mindset is more than just family and circle of friends but reaching into their community and beyond. • The wealthy mindset is reaching networking and always looking for opportunities to grow on an individual basis and making a difference internationally.

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Know Poverty from the Bible • There are some things you should know about poverty from the Word of God. Take a bit of advice from one of the richest men who ever lived. That person is none other than King Solomon. 1. Poverty will attack you Proverbs 6:11 - Then poverty will pounce on you like a bandit scarcity will attack you like an armed robber. 2. Poverty will destroy you Proverbs 10:15 - The wealth of the rich is their fortress the poverty of the poor is their destruction. 3. Poverty thrives on ignorance Proverbs 13:18 - Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuses instruction: but he that regards reproof shall be honored. • 4. Unemployment leads to poverty Proverbs 14:23 - Work brings profit but mere talk leads to poverty.

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Know Poverty from the Bible….2 • 5. Too much sleep leads to poverty Proverbs 20:13 - If you love sleep you will end in poverty. Keep your eyes open and there will be plenty to eat. 6. Poverty will limit your circle of friends Proverbs 19:4 - Wealth makes many friends poverty drives them all away. 7. Get-rich-quick schemes lead to poverty Proverbs 21:5 - The plans of the diligent lead surely to plenty But those of everyone who is hasty surely to poverty. 8. Fantasizing about wealth leads to poverty Proverbs 28:19 - A hard worker has plenty of food but a person who chases fantasies ends up in poverty. 9. Failure to give will lead to poverty Proverbs 11:24 - There is that scatters and yet increases and there is one that withholds more than is meet but it tends to poverty.

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The state or condition of your mind tells you where you will be tomorrow.

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CONCLUSION • Renew your mind from having that poverty mind-set you are on your way to living the lifestyle you have always dreamed about living. Only you can make it happen. Avoid associating with negative people or those who do not have a good financial testimony. Find yourself a spiritual mentor who has overcome poverty and broken strongholds in this area and learn from them. If you want to be successful find someone who is successful. • Ask questions and be teachable and willing to make the changes that are necessary to your financial recovery.

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C ONCL USI ON….2 • In conclusion I would like to quote the renowned motivational speaker and author Emmanuel Darko. “The mind is actually you and in it is resident that part of man known as the soul or the spirit. It determines who you are what you can be and helps you create your perception towards life. All your thoughts are resident in the mind so every person has the freedom to choose his or her own life patterns and so it will be. It also means human beings can alter their lives by altering their attitudes of mind. The mind is full of ideas and it is always prepared to help you depending on how you take advantage and make good use of your thoughts.”

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References Consulted • Beegle Donna “See Poverty Be The Difference.” From: www.combarriers.com • Lynda Coates. “Breaking Barriers: Concrete Communication Tools for Working with People in Poverty”. PO Box 1866 Portland From: www.combarriers.com OR lcoatescombarriers.com • Kofi Bediako. The Eradication Of Mindset Poverty: The Role Of The Church From http://www.thechristiansentinel.com/2009/12/ •

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• Ruby K. Payne. A Framework for Understanding Poverty. Aha Process Incorporated USA • Danny Silk. Culture Of Honour. From https://shop.ibethel.org/products/culture-of- honor-book • Generational curses from Paul Cox.

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