Wetland

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Wetlands

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH What are Wetlands ? Wetlands are: Cradle of biodiversity and harbor a wide variety of flora and fauna. Important for survival of many plants and animal species. Significant for methane emission as well as carbon sequestration.

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Manipur has a number of wetlands: Loktak, Pumlen, Khoidum, Loushi, Waithou, Ikop, Utrapat, Poiroupat, Sanapat, etc Manipur has a total of 61558 ha (LRIS, 2003) which is 2.71 % density to total geographical area. Manipur stands 2nd highest in the country in wetland density in landlocked states WETLANDS OF MANIPUR:

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Functions of wetlands are : Water storage Storm protection and flood mitigation Shoreline stabilisation and erosion control Groundwater recharge Groundwater discharge Water purification Retention of nutrients Retention of sediments Retention of pollutants Stabilisation of local climate conditions, particularly rainfall and temperature.

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH WETLANDS OF MANIPUR

LOKTAK, THE LARGEST FRESH WATER LAKE IN NORTH EASTERN INDIA : 

M.KHELENDRO SINGH LOKTAK, THE LARGEST FRESH WATER LAKE IN NORTH EASTERN INDIA Unique feature of Loktak is presence of ‘Phumdi’ (Floating Biomass) which are heterogeneous mass of organic debris with soil

Manipur, Ranked 6th in India in Wetland density (37641 Kg/sq km methane emitted from these wetlands) : 

M.KHELENDRO SINGH Manipur, Ranked 6th in India in Wetland density (37641 Kg/sq km methane emitted from these wetlands)

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Wetlands in India is divided into nine zones according to Asian Wetland Directory (Scott, 1989) 1. Tanks and Reservoirs - Deccan Peninsula 2. Backwaters and Estuaries – West Coast of peninsula 3. Saline Expanses – Rann of Kachch in Rajasthan and Gujarat 4. Freshwater Lakes and Reservoirs – Gujarat through Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh 5. Deltaic Wetlands (including Mangroves), Lagoons and Salt Swamps – East Coast of India 6. Marshes, Swamps and Chaur lands - Indo Gangetic Plains 7. Lakes and Rivers of the montane - of Kashmir and Ladakh 8. Floodplain of Brahmaputra , Mashes and Swamps in northeastern India - high altitude Lake 9. Wetlands ,primarily mangroves associations with Coral Reefs – Islands of India in Sundarban & Andaman and Nicobar

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Wetlands contribute 22% of methane emission globally Of this, Tropical wetlands contribute 60% - 66 Tg/Yr Methane Emission from Indian Wetland - 1.27 Tg/Yr

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Satellite Image of Pumlen

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Satellite Image of Loktak Wetland Manipur Source : Manipur Remote Sensing Applications Centre, Imphal Loktak Wetland Area - 258 sq km

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH PUMLEN LAKE

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH Ithai Barrage Developed in GIS by Rajkumari Sunita

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M.KHELENDRO SINGH SAVE ENVIRONMENT SAVE YOURSELF THANK YOU

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