How to deal with dictionary

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How to Use Dictionaries in English Language Learning:

How to Use Dictionaries in English Language Learning

Contents:

Contents Why dictionaries? 1 How to use it? 3

Slide 3:

Why do English language learners need dictionaries?

Why dictionaries?:

Why dictionaries? A craftsman who wishes to practice his craft well must first sharpen his tools. Dictionaries help us learn new words. Dictionaries help us contextualize new vocabulary. Dictionaries help us build learner autonomy.

Slide 5:

Detailed grammatical information suggest [ … ] v.tr. 1 ( often foll. by that + clause ) propose (a theory, plan, or hypothesis ) ( suggested to them that they should wait; suggested a different plan ) . --The Concise Oxford Dictionary (COD9)

Slide 6:

1. a noun phrase, 2. a noun phrase plus a prepositional phrase to somebody (not suggest somebody something ), 3. a that clause (with that being optional), 4. the – ing form of a verb phrase; 5. and that in a construction like “It has been suggested that ...” the word that is obligatory; 6. and that in British English there may be the modal auxiliary should in the verb phrase of the that clause, otherwise the verb is in its base form. Suggest can be followed by Detailed grammatical information

Slide 7:

Information about word frequencies 3000 talk about a wide range of everyday topics and read simplified English books 7000 have a basic working knowledge of English 14000 as proficient as a good English-major graduate How many English words do you have?

Slide 8:

Explanatory notes WORD CHOICE : call, phone, telephone, ring In spoken English, it is usual to say that you call or phone someone: He calls me almost every day. | Phone me when you get there. In spoken British English, it is also very usual to say that you ring someone: Have you rung Kim yet? It is fairly formal and not very usual in spoken English to say that you telephone someone. [... ]

Slide 9:

WORD FOCUS : words meaning CHEAP reasonable not too expensive | economical used about cars, systems, or methods that do not cost a lot of money to use | be good value to be well worth the price you pay | be a bargain to be very cheap Explanatory notes

Slide 10:

My advice (3) Better not to use pocket dictionaries and palmtop electronic dictionaries without examples. When you do use palmtop dictionaries, treat them with the dignity and respect a thick paper dictionary deserves. Which dictionary?

Slide 11:

How should language learners use their dictionaries?

How to use dictionaries:

How to use dictionaries Now you have made your pick of dictionaries! How to use them? Here are a few guidelines. Read the guide to the dictionary and familiarize yourself with all the symbols, abbreviations, and note markers. ( Turn to dictionaries for example .) When you look up a word in the dictionary, make sure you find the following information: pronunciation, its meaning in the context, examples, and collocation. Consolidate what you’ve just learned by making a few sentences of your own or by finishing the exercises provided. Pay special attention to any notes attached – differences between AmE & BrE, usage notes, etc. If possible, try to extend your knowledge of the word – other major meanings, grammar notes, synonyms/antonyms, reflections, etc.

Slide 13:

Let’s take “ suggest ” as an example!

Slide 14:

Do you have any questions?

Slide 15:

Thank You !

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