William Shakespeare

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Background on the Bard


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William Shakespeare:

William Shakespeare A brief overview of the man behind the words

Have you seen this man?:

Have you seen this man? Actor, playwright, poet, theater administrator

The Early Years:

The Early Years

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April 23, 1564: William Shakespeare was born Born to John Shakespeare and his wife Mary Arden Lived in Stratford-upon-Avon 103 miles west of London Eldest of 7children Shakespeare home at Stratford-upon-Avon

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John Shakespeare held a lot of jobs Glove Maker Alderman and Bailiff (mayor) Served on the city council Suffered financial problems – stopped attending council meetings and church because he feared creditors This happened around 1570 Embarassing for William as he grew older Scholars believe he attended King’s New School in Stratford Learned reading and writing Received free tuition because of his father’s status “The Lost Years” refer to the period after schooling No records of Shakespeare for 7 years Rumored to be in hiding for poaching OR teaching school

Then Comes Marriage:

Then Comes Marriage

Anne Hathaway:

Anne Hathaway Married Shakespeare in 1582

The Shakespeare Children:

Susanna 1583-1649 Twins, Judith and Hamnet b. 1585 Hamnet died in 1596 of the bubonic plague Judith died in 1662 Grandchildren Susanna’s daughter – Elizabeth Judith’s sons Shakespeare Quinney 1616-1617 Richard Quinney 1617-1639 Thomas Quinney 1619-1639 The Shakespeare Children

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Shakespeare left Anne and the children in the late 1580’s to go to London The last record of Shakespeare in Stratford is in 1585 – he does not appear in London until 1592 Shakespeare returned only briefly throughout the years to buy property

The Playwright:

The Playwright

Upstart Crow:

Upstart Crow 1592- First Record of Shakespeare in London “… [ William Shakespeare] is an upstart Crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tiger's heart wrapped in a Player's hide, supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank verse as the best of you: and being an absolute Johannes factotum, is in his own conceit the only Shake-scene in a country.” – Robert Greene 1593 – London Theaters Close due to the Bubonic Plague

The early Works of William Shakespeare:

The early Works of William Shakespeare The Classical plays: Inspired by the Classical Plays: Plautus served as the model for The Comedy of Errors , Seneca for Titus Andronicus The History plays: inventing a new genre Henry VI (1,2, and 3) Richard III . The Narrative Poems and Sonnets : Venus and Adonis and Rape of Lucrece , both dedicated to Henry Wriothesley , Earl of Southampton. The sonnets were written between 1593-1597 Experiments in comedy: The Taming of the Shrew , based on Italian comedy Two Gentlemen of Verona Love's Labour's Lost

The Globe Theater:

The Globe Theater

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Built in 1599 Shakespeare was partial owner – earned 10% of the profits Located in Southwark Going to the Globe was an event – featured merchandise and food Cost a penny to sit in the pit, 2 pennies to sit in the gallery Burned down in 1613

More Facts:

More Facts

The Plays:

1589 Comedy of Errors 1590 Henry VI, Part II, Henry VI, Part III 1591 Henry VI, Part I 1592 Richard III 1593 Taming of the Shrew, Titus Andronicus 1594 Romeo and Juliet, Two Gentlemen of Verona, Love's Labour's Lost 1595 Richard II, Midsummer Night's Dream 1596 King John, Merchant of Venice 1597 Henry IV, Part I, Henry IV, Part II 1598 Henry V, Much Ado about Nothing 1599 Twelfth Night, As You Like It, Julius Caesar 1600 Hamlet, Merry Wives of Windsor 1601 Troilus and Cressida 1602 All's Well That Ends Well 1604 Othello, Measure for Measure 1605 King Lear, Macbeth 1606 Antony and Cleopatra 1607 Coriolanus, Timon of Athens 1608 Pericles 1609 Cymbeline 1610 Winter's Tale 1611 Tempest 1612 Henry VIII The Plays


John & Mary - parents Anne Hathaway – wife Susanna, Judith, Hamnet – children Queen Elizabeth I – patron of the arts Christopher Marlowe – fellow playwright, and competition King James I – patron after Queen Elizabeth dies John Fletcher – partner in composing Shakespeare’s final 3 plays People

What did you learn?:

What did you learn?

Question 1:

What city was Shakespeare born in? a. Stafford b. Stratford-upon-Avon c. London d . Galway Question 1

Question 2:

What are the “lost years” The years Shakespeare was married The years Susanna and the twins were born The years there is no record of Shakespeare How long it took to write Hamlet Question 2

Question 3:

What year did Shakespeare arrive in London? 1692 1592 1565 1585 Question 3

Question 4:

Why did theaters in London close in 1593? The Bubonic Plague Influenza They got bored Dysentery Question 4

Question 5:

Sir Laurence Olivier played which famous Shakespeare character? Hamlet Romeo King Henry IV Falstaff Question 5

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Correct! Select the next question 1 2 3 4 5

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Try Again. Select the question you got incorrect – TRY AGAIN 1 2 3 4 5


Resources Doolin , N. (Performer) (2006). Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare [Web ]. Retrieved from http ://nikolledoolin.com/alo/? p=17 Gray , T. (1998). A shakespeare timeline . Retrieved from http ://shakespeare.palomar.edu/timeline/timeline.htm Olivier , L. (Director), & Shakespeare, W. (Writer) (1948). Hamlet [Web ]. Retrieved from http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ks NbCHUns&feature =related Shakespeare birthplace trust . (2012). Retrieved from http :// www.shakespeare.org.uk/explore shakespeare /faqs.html Shakespeare festival - clemson globe tour [Web]. (2007). Retrieved from http :// virtual.clemson.edu/caah/shakespr/vrglobe/VRGlobe.php William S hakespeare - biogaraphy . (2012). Retrieved from http :// www.biography.com/people/william-shakespeare9480323 William Shakespeare information . (2011). Retrieved from http://www.william shakespeare.info/site-map.htm

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