Group 1 Presentation on Harm Reduction Policies

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Harm Reduction & Needle Exchange Policies :

Harm Reduction & Needle Exchange Policies Group Members: Amy Jelinski , Faith Hack, Justine Hall, Kelsey Heebner, Linnea Harris & Riette Hayward


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Policies and politics of the health care system can influence the practice of each nurse RNs, LPNs, and RPNs make up a great majority of the health care workforce in Canada which places them in an ideal position to provide both their patients and themselves with a voice (Skelton-Green, Shamian , Villeneuve. 2014, p. 109). “One of the key values of ethical professional nursing practice is to promote the health and wellbeing of the recipients of nursing care regardless of age, gender, ethnicity and other sociodemographic characteristics” (CNA, 2011). Harm reduction policies such as The Street Project-Needle Exchange offers the nurses the opportunity to integrate their knowledge and experience to ensure that people are being safe during their health challenges. Introduction

Question 1::

Five factors are identified as likely to enhance the success of influencing policy.  These five factors are: High-quality evidence, effective research--policy linkages, strategic relationships, political acumen, relevant and conscientious evaluation.  Describe how these factors facilitate successful policy development and implementation regarding your issue. Question 1:

High Quality Evidence:

Ability to persuade others The Street Project – Needle Exchange and Harm Reduction within Regina In 2015, Saskatchewan had a 96% return and recovery rate of needles High Quality Evidence

Effective Research – Policy Linkage:

Research is constantly growing and evolving Three main stake holders: researchers, decision makers and members of the community HIV rates are increasing and the major risk is injection drug use Effective Research – Policy Linkage

Strategic Relationships:

Policy networks Nurses role in policy network CNA annual meeting Strategic Relationships

Political Acumen:

Power of groups, elected officials and important connection to policies and organizations Timing is key Realistic Interact with MLA Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) position statement Political Acumen

Conscientious and Relevant Evaluation:

Is the policy accomplishing what it was set out to do after implementation Ongoing Census Changes may be required dependent on results Conscientious and Relevant Evaluation

Question 2::

Describe effective strategies that you as the registered nurse can use to facilitate resolution of a  health policy issue.  Question 2:

Nurses Role :

Advocating for implementation Expanding professional network Coalition building Nurses Role


Nurses can have the ability to ensure that policies such as the Street Project Needle Exchange program can be both implemented in various regions of the district, and for it to become a sustainable policy. Nurses can provide a course of action that addresses the issue that initiated the need for a policy in the first place Conclusion


Canadian Nurses Association. (2011). Harm reduction and currently illegal drugs implications for nursing policy, practice, education and research. Retrieved from Canadian Nurses Association. (2012). Joint position statement: harm reduction . Retrieved from: Chiu, E. (2016, September 10). Northern healthy connections to triple needles handed out this year. CBC News. Retrieved from Government of Saskatchewan. (2015). Prevention and risk reduction programs & services in Saskatchewan: 2014-2015 fiscal year evaluation report . Retrieved from MacPhee , M. (2015). Power, politics and influence. Yoder-wise, P., Grant, L. (Eds.). Leading and managing in Canadian nursing. (1 st ed. p. 185-204). Toronto: Elsevier Canada. Regina Qu’Appelle Health Region. (2015). The Street Project - Needle Exchange and Harm Reduction . Retrieved from Saskatchewan Union of Nurses. (2015). SRNA annual meeting. Retrieved from Skelton-Green, J., Shamian , J., Villeneuve, M. (2014). Policy: The essential link in successful transformation. McIntyre, M., McDonald, C. ( Eds ) Realities of Canadian nursing: professional practice and power issues. (4 th ed. p.87-113). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. References