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Types of Movies & Elements of narrative:

Types of Movies & Elements of narrative Professor Jared Saltzman


CHAPTER THREE Types of Movies

Definitions of Narrative:

3 Definitions of Narrative A narrative is a story A type of movie A way of structuring fictional or fictionalized stories presented in narrative films A broader concept that both includes and goes beyond any of these applications

Narrative Concept:

4 Narrative Concept A cinematic structure that arranges events in a cause and effect sequence This causality is the basic organizing structure of most movie narratives Movies do not have to arrange events in conventional order to employ narrative organization

Narrative Structure :

Narrative Structure 5 A structure defined by Aristotle in Poetics (335 BCE): Exposition Rising action Climax Falling action Denouement

Types of Movies:

6 Types of Movies Narrative Documentary Experimental

Narrative Films:

7 Narrative Films

Narrative Films:

8 Narrative Films

Narrative Films:

9 Narrative Films

Four Documentary Approaches & Documentary Concepts:

Four Documentary Approaches & Documentary Concepts Approaches: Factual Instructive Persuasive Propaganda Concepts: The recording of reality Education of the viewer Presentation of political or social analyses 10

Documentary Types: Factual Films:

11 Documentary Types: Factual Films

Documentary Types: Persuasive Films:

12 Documentary Types: Persuasive Films

Documentary Types: Propaganda Films:

13 Documentary Types: Propaganda Films



Experimental (avant-garde) Movies:

15 Experimental ( avant-garde ) Movies

Fred Camper’s Six Common Criteria for Most Experimental Films:

16 Fred Camper ’ s Six Common Criteria for Most Experimental Films Not commercial Personal Do not conform to conventional expectations of story and narrative cause and effect Exploit the possibilities of cinema Critique culture and media Invite individual interpretation

Genre & Uses of Genre:

17 Genre & Uses of Genre Categorization of narrative films by the stories they tell and ways they tell them Allows us to predict what sort of movie to expect Helps audiences to select the movies they attend Reviewers ’ critiques compare one film to others in its genre Movie rental and retail sales organization Movie listings



Genre Conventions:

19 Genre Conventions Story formulas Themes Character types Setting Presentation Stars

Six Major American Genres:

20 Six Major American Genres Gangster Film noir Science fiction Horror Western Musical

Elements of the Genre: Gangster:

21 Elements of the Genre: Gangster

Elements of the Genre: Film Noir:

22 Elements of the Genre: Film Noir

Elements of the Genre: Science Fiction:

23 Elements of the Genre: Science Fiction

Elements of the Genre: Horror:

24 Elements of the Genre: Horror

Elements of the Genre: Western If the video is not loading you can use the link below: https://youtu.be/tz57YuZeYWI :

Elements of the Genre: Western If the video is not loading you can use the link below : https:// youtu.be/tz57YuZeYWI 25

Elements of the Genre: Musical:

26 Elements of the Genre: Musical

Evolution & Transformation of Genre:

27 Evolution & Transformation of Genre The process by which a particular genre is adapted to meet the expectations of a changing society A hybrid may combine any combination of genres Subgenres occur when areas of narrative or stylistic specialization arise within a single genre


CHAPTER FOUR Elements of Narrative

What Is Narrative?:

29 What Is Narrative? A cinematic structure in which the filmmakers have selected and arranged events in a cause-and-effect sequence occurring over time Narrative movie – a fiction film, as opposed to other movies modes, such as documentary or experimental Narration – the act of telling the story The Narrator – who or what tells the story

Narrators, Narration, and Narrative If the video is not loading you can use the link below: https://youtu.be/6ymwIiZU-Zw :

Narrators, Narration, and Narrative If the video is not loading you can use the link below: https:// youtu.be/6ymwIiZU-Zw

The Primary Narrator:

31 The Primary Narrator In every movie, the camera is the primary narrator. Its narration consists of the many visual elements it captures and arranges in every composition in every shot. Other cinematic elements such as lighting, set design, makeup, performance, and editing contribute to the narrative.

Possible Narrator Types:

32 Possible Narrator Types

Possible Narrator Types:

33 Possible Narrator Types

Basic Types of Characters:

34 Basic Types of Characters


35 Characters Protagonist Antagonist Anti-hero Imperfect characters in a narrative

Narrative Structure:

36 Narrative Structure Most narratives structures can be broken down to: Beginning (Act I) – sets up the story and establishes the normal world Middle (Act II) – longest section that develops the story End (Act III) – resolves the story



Story and Plot:

38 Story and Plot

Plot Order and Events:

39 Plot Order and Events Plot order – a fundamental decision filmmakers make about how to relay story information Events – happen in a logical order and their relative significance to the story defines them as either major or minor (secondary)

Elements of Narrative: Duration:

40 Elements of Narrative: Duration

Elements of Narrative: Exposition:

41 Elements of Narrative: Exposition Provides background information on the characters, setting, and basic conflict Ends with an inciting moment that sets the rest of the narrative in motion

Elements of Narrative: Suspense vs. Surprise:

42 Elements of Narrative: Suspense vs. Surprise Surprise – taken unaware, can be shocking. Our emotional response is generally short-lived and can only happen in the same way once. Suspense – anxiety brought on by partial uncertainty or even knowing what is going to happen. The means by which its created is uncertain, and we want to warn and protect the empathetic characters.

Suspense vs. Surprise If the video is not loading you can use the link below: https://youtu.be/VNsjMmiJX6w :

Suspense vs. Surprise If the video is not loading you can use the link below : https:// youtu.be/VNsjMmiJX6w

Elements of Narrative: Repetition:

44 Elements of Narrative: Repetition Repetition – the number of times a story element recurs in a narrative plot Familiar image – an audio or visual image that a director periodically repeats in a movie to stabilize its narrative By its repetition, the image calls attention to itself as a narrative element may be symbolic


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