Response to Intervention (RtI) Presentation

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Response to Intervention (RtI):

Response to Intervention ( RtI ) Jenny M. Guillen Azusa Pacific University

What is rti?:

What is rti ? A systematic and data-based method for identifying , defining , and resolving students’ academic and/or behavioral difficulties. General set of procedures that can be applied to the specific needs of students in schools A way of looking at the cause-effect relationship between academic or behavioral intervention and the student’s response Includes Three-Tiers of instruction

Three-Tiers of instruction:

Three-Tiers of instruction Tier 1 Most important part of RtI Affects general education curriculum Comprehensive and universal About 80% of students are able to be successful with Tier 1 instruction alone Tier 2 Added to Tier 1 For the estimated 20% of students unsuccessful with Tier 1 alone Students that struggle the most in school generally require more instruction to attend their learning goals. About 15% of those students (on average) are successful with Tier 1 and Tier 2 interventions.

Three-Tiers of instruction, Contd.:

Three-Tiers of instruction, Contd. Tier 3 Include comprehensive evaluation to identify whether a student has a specific disability and/or meets the criteria for special education For those with partial success with Tier 1 and Tier 2 They receive intense instruction daily In this model, Tier 3 is NOT special education It’s the time when additional data are gathered and decisions about the instruction that a struggling student needs are made

Rti model:

Rti model CONTINUUM OF ACADEMIC INTERVENTIONS CONTINUUM OF BEHAVIOR INTERVENTIONS Tier 2: Strategic Small- Group Instruction With Regular Progress Monitoring Tier 2: Strategic Small- Group Instruction With Regular Progress Monitoring Tier 1: Scientifically Based Core Instruction and Triannual Screening Assessments for all Students Tier 1: Schoolwide Positive Behavior Rules and Implementation with Screening Data for all Students 5% 15% 80% 5% 15% 80% D A T A D A T A D A T A D A T A S P E C I A L E D U C A T I O N

RTI components iN NCLB and IDEA:

RTI components iN NCLB and IDEA NCLB set up a set of requirements whereby states must implement scientifically-based instruction and monitor student progress to verify that the programs are effective. Specific language in IDEA 2004 included three elements that integrate evidence-based practices Use of scientifically-based reading instruction Monitoring student response to intervention Emphasis of the role of data in decision-making These requirements are components of RtI

Procedures of rti:

Procedures of rti Ten major steps needed to implement RtI Implement scientifically-based general education core instruction Conduct triannual universal screening of all students’ performance Identify students at-risk Provide scientifically-based small-group instruction Monitor student progress towards goals Use data-based instructional decision-making Increase intensity , duration , and/or frequency of instruction Review, revise, or discontinue small-group instruction Comprehensive evaluation Special education eligibility

Benefits of rti:

Benefits of rti It can offer great promise for increasing the likelihood that all students will be successful in school. It does this by providing a comprehensive and systematic way of ensuring that all students get the help they need as quickly as possible. The skills necessary to implement RtI such as benchmark data collection and date interpretation can help teachers review their own past or current assessment and instructional practice.

Resources available:

Resources available National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) Council for Exceptional Children California Association of School Psychologists (CASP) National Center on Response to Intervention


references Brown- Chidsey , R. and Steege , M. W. (2010). Response to intervention: Principles and strategies for effective practice. New York, NY: Ther Guilford Press. Brown- Chidsey , R., Bronaugh , L., and McGraw, K. (2009). RTI in the classroom: Guidelines and recipes for success. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

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