Typical Child Development-Vogel, Jones, Miller

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Typical Child Development 12-23 months:

Typical Child Development 12-23 months Blair Jones Courtney Miller Jessica Vogel Child Development Course Summer 2015 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Motor Development:

Motor Development Squats to play and pick up toys off floor Enjoys pushing toys Starts and stops in walking pattern Stacks 3-4 toys on top of one another Walks up and down stairs with assistance Begins throwing small ball, after adult demonstration Maintains balance while kneeling Drops toys into a small container Holds crayons with loose grip, finger wrapped around with thumb pointing downward Coordinated bimanual skills (child can do same activity with both hands such as stacking or pushing beads together) Begins taking independent steps Creeps backwards down steps Scribbles with crayon Imitates vertical strokes on paper ( Voress , 2006)

Cognition Development:

Cognition Development Can manage 3-4 toys when playing Pulls toy or object by string on floor Demonstrates use of everyday items (pretending to brush hair with comb, drinking from cup) Rolls wheeled cars across floor Begins activating toys without adult supervision Uses stick to get out-of-reach toy Looks at storybook, naming and pointing to common objects when requested Names objects out loud Places things in cup, dumps out contents Turns pages in book Begins inserting shapes into matching slots ( Voress , 2006)

Adaptive Skills:

Adaptive Skills Chews textures foods Begins using spoon/fork Cooperates with dressing and undressing Feeds self with spoon and drinks from cup Sips liquid through a straw Removes loose clothing, such as jacket Attempts to wash hands Sleeps through the night, typical nap during the day Research has linked some sensory processing patterns to sleep disturbances in infants ( Vasak , 2015) Brushes teeth with assistance May hold self or squat to verbalize bowel and bladder needs ( Voress , 2016)

Communication Development:

Communication Development Saying around 50 words Knows difference in “Mama/Dada” Uses jargon, imitating sounds Says “all gone” or “more” Points to items they want Protests by shaking head or saying “no” Uses a lot of single words to communicate Begins using possessives such as “mine” Follows simple commands “pick up the cup” Points to items when named Uses good eye contact when other speak to them, repetition of some words and sounds Points to simple body part “where’s your nose?” Understands 200-300 words ( Voress , 2016)

Social Skill Development:

Social Skill Development Has temper tantrums when frustrated Seeks parent for reassurance in novel situations Shows emerging independence, moves around and explores environment Plays alone for short periods Brings toy to share with caregiver Begins playing well in small groups of two or three children Very curious Often defiant and says “no” Enjoy simple make believe Helps put toys away Insists on doing things without help (feeding and drinking independently) ( Voress , 2006)

Developmental Play Stages:

Developmental Play Stages Children from 12-23 months engage in solitary play Explore toys with their mouths Copies other people Enjoys repetitive games such as simple puzzles Watches other children but does not engage with them Plays alone and learns through trial and error (Child Development Guide, 2007)

Toys, Activities and Games:

Toys, Activities and Games Pull toys with a string Pretend play (kitchen, cups, eating utensils) Story time with parents Kicking a ball forward Coloring with crayons Nesting and Pop-Up toys

Class Activity:

Class Activity Can you answer these questions? What does a toddler at this age do with a book? What fine motor skills did you notice at this age from the video? Difficulty using words at this age can lead to what?

References:

References Child Development Guide. (2007). Stages of play during child development . Retrieved from Child- Development-Guide.com: http://www.child- development-guide.com/stages-of-play-during- child-development.html Help Me Grow MN. (2013, June 28). Eighteen month old development stages and milestones . Retrieved from Youtube : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjt-axomdBE&feature=em-share_video_user   Vasak , M., Williamson, J., Garden, J., & Zwicker , J. G. (2015). Sensory processing and sleep in typically developing infants and toddlers. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 69 , 6904220040. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2015.015891 Voress , J., Pearson, N. (2006). Early Childhood Development Chart. Second Edition. PRO-ED, Inc. *taken from DAYC protocol evaluation kit*

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