Child Development

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Child Development :

Child Development Late Elementary Ages 10-11 By: Jennifer Jones & Joe Prince University of St. Augustine


GROSS MOTOR SKILLS Smoother, coordinated movements, with increased speed and reaction time 1 Riding a bike Serving a tennis ball Skating Jumping rope Swimming Climbing


GROSS MOTOR SKILLS Video example of gross motor development: 3 YEAR OLD PLAYING TENNIS: http:// 2 11 YEAR OLD PLAYING TENNIS: http:// 3


NOTE: To change images on this slide, select a picture and delete it. Then click the Insert Picture icon in the placeholder to insert your own image. FINE MOTOR SKILLS “Master complex, intricate, rapid movements ” 1


VISUAL MOTOR DEVELOPMENT Ability to react to only relevant cues Drawings show dramatic gain 3-D is evident via drawing overlapping objects Depth perception is enhanced Diagonal placement Converging lines Master cursive writing Increased hand-eye coordination


COGNITIVE CHANGES Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory: The Concrete Operational Stage Classification 1 Seriation 5 Reversibility 5 Conservation of substance 5 Conservation of distance 5 Transformation 5 Morals 5


COGNITIVE CHANGES Information Processing Memory 1 Long term memory Working memory Knowledge and expertise Thinking 1 Critical thinking Creative thinking Scientific thinking Metacognition 1 “Developing prefrontal cortex = improved attention, reasoning, cognitive control ” 1


SELF-HELP SKILLS IN THE KITCHEN 4 GETTING READY 4 AROUND THE HOUSE 4 Independently use microwave Pick out outfits Load/unload dishwasher Plan /decide meals Shower independently Clean /put away laundry Prepare simple meals Shave legs (females) Sweep and vacuum Operate a toaster Use restroom alone day and night Clean toilets/ dust Cut food with knife Iron clothes Clean room Assist with grocery shopping Independent all grooming Mow grass Pack own school lunch Independent all personal hygiene Assist with siblings


COMMUNICATION EXPRESSIVE Very talkative 6 Wants to explain things 6 Writes several paragraphs 10 Presents his/her beliefs 10 Expresses own opinion 10 Better manners 12 RECEPTIVE Listens well 12   Comprehends metaphors 12 Understands double- meaning 12 Quickly breaks down derivatives   12 Improved handling of rejection 12 http:// 7 Click on the link below for a video explanation of these terms:


SOCIAL MILESTONES EMOTIONAL MILESTONES “ Through interactions with parents, teachers and peers, the child will become more knowledgeable on socially approved ways to display emotions.” 11 Enjoys working in groups 6 Perceptive taking 12 Increased understanding of others 12 Third-party thinking 12 Separates masculine vs feminine 12 Alpha males established 12 Leaders vs. followers 12   Trust becomes pivotal 12 Children become more conscience in self-regulating their behaviors by a sense of personal responsibility . 12    Wrong doings evoke guilt 12 New accomplishments spark pride 12 Being shamed can trigger depression 12 Intense anger 12 Drops in self- esteem creates withdrawal 12 Emotion- and problem-centered coping 12 Mood swings (typically seen in females, due to puberty beginning) 12 “Children have a greater chance of reaching their potential when they have access and opportunity to engage in stimulating environments, experiences, and interactions that support and promote their individual capacities and capabilities.” 13


DEVELOPMENTAL PLAY STAGE: COOPERATIVE 5 NOTE: To change images on this slide, select a picture and delete it. Then click the Insert Picture icon in the placeholder to insert your own image.




HEARING &VISUAL DEVELOPMENT Visual Visual anticipation 10 Refined depth perception 10 80% of learning occurs through eyes 11 More demand on vision 11 Integrate parts and the whole into the total picture 5 Hearing Hearing should be tested twice a year Important for learning


Now that you know what a normal developing 10-11 year old looks like, can you think of an activity that is common amongst this age group?


BELOW ARE A FEW EXAMPLES: Watch these videos… 11 year old girl : https:// 8 10 year old boy: https:// 9


References: 1. Santrock , J. Life-span development . 14 th ed. New York: McGraw Hill 2013 . 2 . Teaching tennis to a 3 year old [Video]. YouTube https :// . Published April 6, 2012. Accessed June 18, 2015. 3 . 11 year old boy playing tennis (next big aussie star) [Video]. YouTube http:// . Published November 4 2012. Accessed June 18, 2015. 4. Self Help and Chore List. The National Association for Child Development website http:// . Accessed June 19, 2015. 5.Peters-Brinkerhoff , C. Unit 6: Self-care and play. Child Development Course Notes. University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences; 2015 . 6. What Every 5 th Grade Teacher Needs to Know About Setting Up and Running a Classroom. Northeast Foundation for Children website https:// . Accessed June 23, 2015. 7. Expressive and receptive language [Video]. YouTube http:// . Published May 7, 2013. Accessed June 23, 2015. 8. Adeline Pastor 11 years old [Video]. YouTube https:// . Published August 11, 2007. Accessed June 24, 2015. 9. 10 year old baseball kid [Video]. YouTube https:// . Published December 9, 2008. Accessed June 24, 2015. 10. Tween Child Development. MedicineNet website http:// . Updated January 14, 2014. Accessed June 24, 2015. 11. School Aged Vision. American Optometric Association website http :// Accessed June 24, 2015. 12. Berk , Laura E. Development through the Lifespan. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon 2009 . 13. Mah VK, Ford-jones EL. Spotlight on middle childhood: Rejuvenating the 'forgotten years'. Paediatr Child Health . 2012;17(2):81-3.

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