American History Project

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Immigration/ Urban Life


By: Fullard (112 month(s) ago)

Can I get a copy sent to my email. This is a presentation I can certainly use. thanks

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The First Wave of Immigrants : 

The First Wave of Immigrants Spoke English White Europeans From North & West Skilled

The Second Wave of Immigrants : 

The Second Wave of Immigrants Didn’t Speak English Darker Skinned From South and East Laborers

Conditions of the Atlantic Crossing : 

Conditions of the Atlantic Crossing Most immigrants booked into less expensive “steerage" class, cost at least $25 Second class cabins cost about $20 more

Cont. : 

Cont. Steerage compartments were in the lowest deck, along with ship’s steering controls and engines steerage passengers were assigned a canvas or burlap mattress stuffed with hay or seaweed, a life preserver which doubled as a pillow, and a tin pail and utensils for meals bunks were typically stacked two high and two side by side compartment might accommodate 100 to 400 or more passengers

Chinese Immigration : 

Chinese Immigration The Exclusion Act Passed in 1882 Racial tensions increased as more Chinese emigrated, occupied jobs, and created competition on job market By 1882, Chinese were hated enough to be banned from immigrating; the Chinese Exclusion Act, - initially only a ten year policy - extended indefinitely, made permanent in 1902 -- In 1943, China was an important ally of United States against Japan - Chinese Exclusion Act repealed

Cont. : 

Transcontinental Road Livestock rustled by tribal raiders Raiders also boldly shot up work crews and terrorized isolated station towns Route surveyors struck out on their own ahead of work crews, sometimes paid for it with their lives Twice, Native Americans sabotaged the iron rails themselves Cont.

Cont. : 

Cont. In August 1867, a Cheyenne raiding party decided to attempt derailing a train they tied a stick across the rails and succeeded in overturning a handcar, killing its crew of repairmen exception of William Thompson shot and scalped, but lived to tell about it traveled back to Omaha with his scalp in a pail of water by his side

Angel Island : 

Angel Island opened in 1910 new detention facility was considered ideal because of its isolation buildings to house and care for detainees regular boat service to mainland during next 30 years, this was point of entry for most Chinese immigrants approximately 175,000 came to Angel Island average detention was two to three weeks many stayed for several months a few were forced to remain on the island for nearly two years

Types of Tenements : 

Types of Tenements most immigrants lived on Lower East Side of Manhattan where rents were low. each apartment had only three rooms: a living or "front" room a kitchen a tiny bedroom often seven or more people lived in each apartment no bathrooms inside building. residents did not have electric power until after 1918

Jane Adams : 

Jane Adams social reformer and pacifist known as the founder of Hull House in Chicago one of the first social settlements in North America. co-winner, with Nicholas Murray Butler, of the 1931 Nobel Prize for Peace

Social Darwinism : 

Social Darwinism a belief, popular in the late Victorian era in England, America, elsewhere, which states that the strongest or fittest should survive and flourish in society, while the weak and unfit should be allowed to die the theory was chiefly expounded by Herbert Spencer, whose ethical philosophies always held an elitist view and received a boost from the application of Darwinian ideas such as adaptation and natural selection

Slide 13: 

Assimilation – to take in and incorporate as one’s own, absorb, convert, compare Pluralism - a theory that there is more than one basic substance or principle Nativism- a policy of favoring native inhabitants as opposed to immigrants Discrimination- treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit

Steerage : 

Steerage in the early days of emigration the ships conveyed the emigrants were originally built for carrying cargo the passengers were placed in the cargo hold temporary partitions were usually erected and used for the steerage accommodation to get down to between-deck, passengers often had to use ladders passageway down between the hatches could be both narrow and steep.

Ellis Island : 

Ellis Island located in the Hudson River off the New York City harbor From 1892 to 1954, immigrants were stopped at Ellis Island to check for diseases or a status that would disqualify them from entering the United States Over 100 million American men, women, and children can trace their heritage to the arrival of immigrants at Ellis Island those with suspicious symptoms were marked and detained for further inspection also asked a myriad of questions as to their origins, their past, how much money they had, where they were going, and their intentions in America

Urbanization & Its Effect on Immigrants : 

Urbanization & Its Effect on Immigrants anti-immigration acts problems that resulted from overcrowded cities political machines Civil Service Commission,

Life In A Tenement : 

Life In A Tenement The worst type of tenement is the "double-decker dumb-bell," peculiar to New York. In English manufacturing towns, small cottages--rows upon rows in narrow alleys--were built on leased land. No unnecessary expenditures were made, as the houses were intended to fall when the lease expired. Damp cellars, dark halls, vermin, filth, lack of repair, no ventilation or adequate water-supply are characteristic of all slum dwellings. Not only does a whole family often occupy one room, but sometimes several families.

Jacob Riis : 

Jacob Riis the third of fifteen children born in Ribe Denmark, on May 3, 1849 worked as a carpenter in Copenhagen before emigrating to United States in 1870 unable to find work was often forced to spend the night in police station lodging houses.

Settlement Houses : 

Settlement Houses important reform institutions in late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Chicago's Hull House was the best-known settlement in the United States most were large buildings in crowded immigrant neighborhoods of industrial cities

Ghetto Slums – and their conditions : 

Ghetto Slums – and their conditions slum - a particular part of the city where people live who have low-incomes and suffer from social, legal, or economic pressure Ghetto -a poor area of the city where people of a specific ethnic group do not feel comfortable living with the country's customs or language; therefore living with other people of their own ethnic background. Both environments were unavoidable due to the large number of poor immigrants seeking jobs and housing in the late 1880's.

Slide 21: 

THE END By Jenny Rohde & Nicole Tsamis

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