Topic 2 Political Parties

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Topic 2:Political Parties in America : 

Topic 2:Political Parties in America

1790-1796 : 

1790-1796 President George Washington Vice President John Adams Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton

the Federalists : 

the Federalists John Adams and Alexander Hamilton

the Democratic-Republicans : 

the Democratic-Republicans Thomas Jefferson and James Madison

1st Party System : 

Federalists Strong central government Emphasis on Presidency Preferred Industrialization Favored close ties with Britain Established National Treasury and Debt Democratic – Republicans States’ Rights Emphasis on Congress Preferred agricultural economy Supportive of France Distrust of National Bank 1st Party System

1796 : 

1796

1800 : 

1800 Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr

1st Big Party Power Play! : 

1st Big Party Power Play!

the Federalists! : 

the Federalists! Jonathan Dayton, Speaker of the House

1804 - 12th Amendment : 

1804 - 12th Amendment

Electoral College modified : 

Electoral College modified

Electors select a President and a Vice-President : 

Electors select a President and a Vice-President

Political Parties : 

Political Parties

1820 : 

1820 President James Monroe Democratic-Republican Senate Democratic-Republicans 37 – Federalists 9 House Democratic-Republicans 158 – Federalists 25

1824 : 

1824

1824 : 

1824 Corrupt Bargain? New Party - Democrats

Slide 23: 

by 1830

Democratic Convention, 1832 : 

Democratic Convention, 1832

2nd Party System : 

2nd Party System Whigs Big federal Government Economic Protectionism and Modernization Favored gradual expansion of territories Moral Reforms Government Regulation of Slavery Democrats State’s Rights Dislike of National Bank and government regulations in business Sought Territorial expansion through purchase or war Localism No government involvement in Slavery

Slide 28: 

William Henry Harrison Zachary Taylor

Party Politics in the U.S. : 

Party Politics in the U.S.

slavery : 

slavery

Slide 34: 

Article 1, Sec.2 Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. 1787

1820 Missouri Compromise : 

1820 Missouri Compromise

Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 : 

Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

creation of Republican Party : 

creation of Republican Party

Split amongst the Whigs and amongst the Democrats : 

Split amongst the Whigs and amongst the Democrats

Slide 40: 

Northern Democrat Stephen A. Douglas

“popular sovereignty” : 

“popular sovereignty”

States’ rights : 

States’ rights

Southern Whigsand Southern Democrats : 

Southern Whigsand Southern Democrats

v. : 

v.

anti-slavery expansion : 

anti-slavery expansion

Powers of the Union : 

Powers of the Union

1860 : 

1860 Whig Representative Republican President

3rd Party System : 

3rd Party System Republicans ? Democrats ?

3rd Party System : 

3rd Party System Republicans Federal Government should be able to dictate whether new States are ‘free’ or ‘slave’ Democrats Territories wishing to join the Union should be able to decide whether they are ‘free’ or ‘slave’ based on ‘popular sovereignty’

Party of Whigs, Free Soilers, and Union Democrats : 

Party of Whigs, Free Soilers, and Union Democrats

National Union Party, 1864 : 

National Union Party, 1864

13th Amendment, 1865 : 

13th Amendment, 1865 Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation

Reconstruction : 

Reconstruction

“solid South” : 

“solid South”

Democrats : 

Democrats

‘black codes’Jim Crow Laws : 

‘black codes’Jim Crow Laws

1901-1909 : 

1901-1909

Slide 62: 

Conservative Republican Speaker of the House 1903-1911 ‘Uncle Joe’ Cannon

Bull Moose Party, 1912 : 

Bull Moose Party, 1912

1921-33Republicans control White House and Congress : 

1921-33Republicans control White House and Congress

Republican Party:laissez faire capitalism;unregulated industrialization;private charity to help with poor. : 

Republican Party:laissez faire capitalism;unregulated industrialization;private charity to help with poor.

Democratic party:regulation of industry; government sponsored safety net for low-income; union protections;opportunities for minorities;farm relief. : 

Democratic party:regulation of industry; government sponsored safety net for low-income; union protections;opportunities for minorities;farm relief.

New Deal/Democratic Coalition : 

New Deal/Democratic Coalition Poor in Cities and on Farms Labor Unions Immigrants African Americans Small business owners Southerners

“solid South” : 

“solid South”

Civil Rights Movement : 

Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Act, 1964 : 

Civil Rights Act, 1964

Republican Party: : 

Republican Party: Reaganomics - ‘trickle down effect’; Aggressive Foreign Policy; Anti-Communists, at any costs; Big Military; Preach balanced budgets and reduced government spending; Family values and Morality.

Reagan Coalition: : 

Reagan Coalition: Conservative Republicans; Business Interests; ‘Reagan Democrats’/Catholics; “solid South”

New Democrat, 1992 : 

New Democrat, 1992

FDR/Democratic Coalition : 

FDR/Democratic Coalition Poor in Cities and on Farms Labor Unions Immigrants African Americans Small business owners Southerners

New Democratic Base : 

New Democratic Base Business Interests; Women; Latinos.

balanced budgets; reduced spending; healthy economy. : 

balanced budgets; reduced spending; healthy economy.

moral issues : 

moral issues

Republicans v. Democrats : 

Republicans v. Democrats

Current Party System : 

Current Party System Republicans Tax Cuts; Limited regulation on businesses; Government involvement in moral issues; Foreign Policy based on US interests alone. Democrats Targeted Tax Cuts; Government regulation and oversight in business; Limited government involvement in moral issues; Foreign Policy in concert w/other governments.

Slide 96: 

friends “after 6pm”

Party Organization : 

Party Organization

2 Party System : 

2 Party System

electoral college : 

electoral college

winner-take-all system : 

winner-take-all system

Difficult to get a candidate’s name on a ballot : 

Difficult to get a candidate’s name on a ballot

fusion ballot : 

fusion ballot

Federal Election Campaign Act : 

Federal Election Campaign Act

Primaries take care of insurgents : 

Primaries take care of insurgents

Reform Party : 

Reform Party

1992 Presidential Debate : 

1992 Presidential Debate

Slide 112: 

Buddy Roemer

Green Party : 

Green Party

Green Partyof the United States : 

Green Partyof the United States began as the Association of State Green Parties formed as national party after the 1996 elections in 2000 nominated Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke for President and Vice President

2000 Election – Florida Results : 

2000 Election – Florida Results George W. Bush 2,912,790 Al Gore 2,912,253 Ralph Nader 97,488 Green Party Candidate “Spoiler Controversy”

Slide 116: 

Jill Stein Roseanne Barr

Can it be absorbed? : 

Can it be absorbed?

even if elected, : 

even if elected,

difficult to govern : 

difficult to govern

Independents : 

Independents

Independents : 

Independents Joe Lieberman (ID-CT) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)

Role of Parties : 

Role of Parties

find candidates : 

find candidates

raise money : 

raise money

get voters : 

get voters

develop platforms : 

develop platforms

govern : 

govern

Political Machines : 

Political Machines

Huey P. Long, a.k.a. KingfishLouisiana Governor, US Senator, Presidential Candidate : 

Huey P. Long, a.k.a. KingfishLouisiana Governor, US Senator, Presidential Candidate

Slide 138: 

1936

Richard J. Daley, Chicago (1955-76) : 

Richard J. Daley, Chicago (1955-76)

Stolen election? : 

Stolen election?

Slide 143: 

Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris (R)

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