Roman Rule & the Herods-1

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Roman Rule & the Herods:

Roman Rule & the Herods Janna Lutz

Pompey:

Pompey Highly successful military officer for Rome (106-48 BC) Given the task of strategically expanding roman borders to include Egypt and Syria Brought Judea under roman control in 63 BC

Antipater:

Antipater Ruled Judea from 63-43 BC Understood local politics Aided in transitioning Judea to Roman control

Herod:

Herod Son of Antipater Regional ruler of Galilee Fled Judea during Parthian take over Returned to rule Judea in 37 BC with the support of Rome Ruled until 4 BC

During Herod’s Reign:

During Herod’s Reign Jewish province prospered Focussed on creating infrastructure, which was financed by heavy taxation Reconstructed Jerusalem’s temple ( 20 BC-63 AD) Constructed one of the largest harbours in the Mediterranean Paranoid of conspiracy

Sons of Herod:

Sons of Herod Archelaus (4BC-AD6) Vicious and feared ethnarch of Judea, Samaria, and Idumea Removed from power in 6AD after citizen uprisings Antipas (4BC-AD39) Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea Philip (4BC-AD34) Tetrarch of the northern regions

Roman prefects and Jewish rulers:

Roman prefects and Jewish rulers Judea comes under direct Roman control After Archelaus’s removal Judea is governed by Roman prefects System of governors is briefly retired Herod’s grandson Agrippa 1 st is appointed by Claudius to rule Judea After Agrippa’s reign, Judea returns to Roman governors called Procurators

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