After_Alexander,_Before_Rome_-_Project_1 (2)

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After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome The Ptolemaic, Seleucid Rule, Maccabean War & Hasmonean Dynasty (320-63 BC) By Jennifer Stasney

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Ptolemaic Rule (320-198 BC) Ptolemy I Soter – Trusted General of Alexander the Great Governor, then King of Egypt Capital at Alexandria Hellenized Northern Cities (Forced Greek ways on)

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Judean Life under Ptolemy Enjoyed relative freedom Paid taxes to local Ptolemic governor Many lived in other areas- thus called The Diaspora or Dispersion - Hellenized Jews

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Hellenized Jews Began to speak Common Greek Youth drawn into social/athletic centers Clothing styles changed Corrosion of traditional Jewish lifestyle

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Septuagint Written 250 BC – Greek Translation of Hebrew Bible Six men from each tribe who were fluent in Greek & Hebrew were chosen Traveled and worked in Alexandria 72 days of work Sponsored by Ptolemy Philadelphus Became the standard used

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Seleucid Rule Seleucus I Nicator- Trusted general of Alexander the Great Ruled Babylon, the upper Euphrates valleys, Syria, and Asia Minor Seleucid Rule in Palestine (198-167 BC) Control of Judea began following successful war against Ptolemies

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Seleucid Rule under Rome Antiochus was defeated by Scipio of Rome in Turkey True control of the region was now under Roman control Antiochus sued for peace – allowed to continue rule

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Antiochus IV, Epiphanes Allowed by Rome to rule 175 BC Continued to take bribes for high priest position Jason & Menelaus, Hellenizers, ran Temple Assumed title “ manifestation”- the revealing of God on earth

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Antiochus IV, Epiphanes Defeated by Rome in Egypt 168 BC Judeans rebelled- Epiphanes- Sacked Jerusalem Tore down walls Looted Temple treasury Outlawed- Temple Festivals, Circumcision, Possession of Scriptures

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Desecration of the Temple Worship of Zeus became mandatory Acra- pagan citadel established in Jerusalem Pigs sacrificed in the Temple for three years Fulfilling the desecration of the Temple – Daniel 11:31

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Rebellion Hasidim (pious ones) had been in opposition to Hellenism for years Criticized youthful compromise Temple Desecration caused outrage among all Jews Men rebelled against forced worship of Zeus Eleazar, priest, refused to sacrifice to Zeus— stoned to death

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Maccabean War Mattathias, priest, refused to compromise Killed Greek soldiers forcing him to worship Zeus in Modein Sons: Judas, Simon, Eleazar & Jonathan- fled with him Judeans began to fight

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Maccabean War Son, Judas leads the war after Mattathias dies nicknamed “ Maccabeus”- hammer Won battles in Emmaus & Beth-Zur Cleansed the Temple in 164 BC- inaugurated the festival of lights (Hanukkah) Defeated Antiochia (Jerusalem), built a palace

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Hasmonean Dynasty (141-63 BC) Judas’ brother Jonathan established peace with Rome- rule continued thru this family Judas & Jonathan die in battle Simon declared “high priest forever until a trustworthy prophet should arise,” by a popular assembly

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Hasmonean Dynasty Jewish calendar reset to begin with this theocracy Jewish money minted True Jewish autonomy gained

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Growing Dynasty John Hyrcanus I, Simon’s Son, expanded the Kingdom Hired professional mercenaries Territory stretched from Samaria northward, Idumea southward Almost as large as during the time of David & Solomon

After Alexander; Before Rome:

After Alexander; Before Rome Crumbling Dynasty The Hasmoneans began to consolidate power & wealth Conflict with the Pharisees (Hasidim) intensified leading to the death of 100’s of Pharisees Six thousand Jews massacred after they ridiculed Alexander Jannaeus when he was serving as high priest All of this led to a complete defeat to Rome in 63 BC

PowerPoint Presentation:

Bibliography: The New Testament in Antiquity by: Gary Burge, Lynn Cohick, Gene Green Encountering the New Testament by: Walter A. Elwell, Robert W. Yarbrough

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