Colonial America Pt 4

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Southern Colonies:

Southern Colonies

VOCAB TERMS::

VOCAB TERMS: Indentured Servant Middle Passage Cash Crop Overseer

Maryland:

Maryland 1632 - created as a proprietary colony Granted to a group of Catholics People were required to plant tobacco and two acres of corn Many also planted wheat, veggies, fruit and had livestock

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To bring settlers to the colony Land was given for the number of people on the farm Larger plantations due to land being given Large plantations = need for cheap labor INDENTURED SERVANTS - people who agreed to work without pay to get to America African slaves

Virginia :

Virginia Jamestown John Rolfe Tobacco

The Carolinas:

The Carolinas Created by charters in 1663 and 1665 Means “ Charles ’ Land ” in Latin - Named after King Charles of England 1719 - the settlers seized control of the colony from the proprietors 1729 - split into North and South due to major differences

North Carolina:

North Carolina Mostly farmers with small plantations Little need for slaves/indentured servants Grew tobacco and sold forest products No good harbor, so they relied on Virginia ’ s ports

South Carolina:

South Carolina Very fertile farmland = large plantations Excellent harbor in Charleston 1740s - discovery of indigo by Eliza Young Blue flowering plant used to dye textiles Many settlers were from the Barbados

Georgia:

Georgia Established in 1733 Created for English DEBTORS and the poor Created numerous laws: Banned slavery Banned Catholics Banned rum Forced to keep the size of the farms small Most settlers objected these laws 1751 - Colony turned back to the King