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Slide 2:

- Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jy; jpwd;fspy; gapw;rp

Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypd; tiuaiw:

Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypd; tiuaiw Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jiyg ; gyH gytpjkhf tiuaiw nra;Js;sdH . mtw;Ws ; rpytw;iw kl;Lk ; , q;Nf fhzyhk ;. “ tFg;giwr ; # oYk ;> fw;gpf;Fk ; NeuKk ; Ruf;fg;gl;l xU fw;gpj;jy ; nraNy Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jy ;” vd;W Myd ; ( Allen ) vd;gtH tiuaWf;fpwhH . Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypy ; 5 Kjy ; 10 khztHfSf;F kl;Lk ;> 5 Kjy ; 20 epkplq;fSf;Fs ; fw;gpj;jy ; eilngWk ;.

Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypd; tiuaiw:

Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypd; tiuaiw ghrp vk;.gp. ( Buchi, M.B .) (gNuhlh) vd;gth; $Wk; NghJ> Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jy; vd;gJ ftdkhfj; jahhpf;fg;gl;l ghlg; nghUisj; jpl;lkpl;l thpirf; fpukg;gl rpwpa mstpyhd khztHfSf;F Ie;J Kjy; gj;J kzpj; JspfSf;Fs; fw;gpf;Fk; XH cj;jp vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpwhH. ,jd; tpisTfis ehk; xyp / xsp ehlhtpy; gjpT nra;J ghHf;Fk; tha;g;Gk; cs;sJ.

NguhrphpaH ‘ghrp’ Fwpg;gpLk; jpwd;fs; : jpl;lkply; jpwd;:

NguhrphpaH ‘ghrp’ Fwpg;gpLk; jpwd;fs; : jpl;lkply; jpwd; 1. fw;gpj;jy; Nehf;fq;fisf; Fwpg;gpLk; jpwd; (Skill of writing instructional objectives) fw;gpj;jy; jpwd;fs; 2. ghlk; njhlq;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of introducing a lesson) 3. ruskhf tpdhf;fs; Nfl;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of fluency in questioning) 4. fpsH tpdhj; jpwd; (Skill of probing questions) 5. tpsf;Fjy; jpwd; (Skill of explaining) 6. vLj;Jf;fhl;LfSld; tpsf;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of illustrating with examples) 7. gy;tifj; J}z;ly;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of stimulues Variation)

Slide 6:

8. nksdKk; nkhopr;rhHgw;w FwpfSk; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of Silence and non-verbai cues) 9. tYT+l;bfisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of reinforcement) 10.khzth; gq;Nfw;G kpFjpg;Lj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of increasing pupil participation) 11. fUk;gyifiag; gad; gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of using blackboard) Kbj;jy;> kjpg;gply; epHtfpf;Fk; jpwd;fs; 12. ghlk; Kbf;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of closure) 13. ftdpf;Fk; elj;ijfisAzH jpwd; (Skill of recognizing attending behaviour)

Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypy; gapw;rp:

Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypy; gapw;rp Ez;epiy fw;gpj;jypy; khzt MrphpaHfs; gapw;rp ngwNtz;ba rpy jpwd;fs; ,q;Nf gl;baypl;Lf; fhl;lg; gl;Ls;sd. mtw;wpy; Fiwe;jJ Ie;J jpwd;fspyhtJ khzt MrphpaH gapw;rp ngwNtz;baJ mtrpak;.

Slide 8:

1. tpdhf;fs; Nfl;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of questioning) 2. tYT+l;bfisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of reinforcement) 3. gy;tifj; J}z;ly;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of stimulues Variation) 4. Tpsf;Fjy; jpwd; (Skill of explaining) 5. vLj;Jf;fhl;LfSld; tpsf;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of illustrating with examples) 6. nra;J fhl;b tpsf;Fk; (Skill of Demonstration) 7. fUk;gyifiag; jpwk;gl gad; gLj;Jk; jpwd; (Skill of using blackboard) 8. fpsH tpdhj; jpwd; (Skill of probing questions) 9. ghlk; njhlq;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of introducing a lesson) 10. ghlk; Kbf;Fk; jpwd; (Skill of closure) 13. ftdpf;Fk; elj;ijfisAzH jpwd; (Skill of recognizing attending behaviour)

gy;tif J}z;ly;fis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd;:

gy;tif J}z;ly;fis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; xU nghUspy; my;yJ xU epfo;tpy; khztH gj;J tpehbfSf;F Nky; ftdk; nrYj;Jtjpy;iy. MrphpaH ,ijf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L khztHfspd; ftdj;ijf; ftug; gy;NtW J}z;ly;fisg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;bAs;sJ.

gy;tif J}z;ly;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwdpd; cl;$Wfs; ::

gy;tif J}z;ly;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwdpd; cl;$Wfs; : MrphpaH ,lkhw;wk; nka;g;ghLfs; Fuy; khw;wk; ftdk; <Hj;jy; khztH gq;fspg;G epWj;jk; Gyd; khw;wk;

fpsH tpdhj; jpwd;:

fpsH tpdhj; jpwd; tpdhf;fs; Nfl;Fk; jpwdpd; tphpthd kw;nwhU jpwNd fpsH tpdhj;jpwd;. tpilfs; miuFiwahf ,Ue;jhy; NkYk; rpy tpdhf;fs; Nfl;Nlh njhlHGila NtW nra;jpfisf; nfhL;j;Njh tpilaspf;fr; nra;ayhk; ,j;jifa tpdhf;fs; fpsHtpdhf;fs; MFk;.

fpsH tpdhj; jpwDf;fhd cl;$Wfs;:

fpsH tpdhj; jpwDf;fhd cl;$Wfs; vz;zj; J}z;ly; Nkd;Nkw; nra;jp tutioj;jy; njhlHG gLj;Jjy; tpdh – jpir jpUg;Gjy; 5. fhuzKzH Mw;wiyg; ngUf;Fjy;

tYT+l;bfisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd;:

tYT+l;bfisg; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; nkhopr;rhHGil tYT+l;Lfs; jpUk;gf;$wy; NtWtifapy; $wy; nkhopr;rhHGil xypfs; cjTk; irirf; Fwpfs; 6. fUk;gyifapy; tpilia vOJjy;

fUk;gyifiag; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd;:

fUk;gyifiag; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; fw;gpf;f cjTk; rhjdq;fspy; kpfTk; vspjhdJk;> kpfTk; mjpfkhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLtJkhf cs;sJ fUk;gyif. ,ijg; gad;gLj;jhj MrphpaNuh> ,J ,y;yhj tFg;giwNah ,Uf;f KbahJ.

fUk;gyifiag; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwdpd; cl;$Wfs; :

fUk;gyifiag; gad;gLj;Jk; jpwdpd; cl;$Wfs; njspthf vOJjy; mofhf mikj;jy; 3. nghUj;jkhdtw;iw vOJjy;

cjhuzq;fis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd;:

cjhuzq;fis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; nghJthf xU ghlg;gFjpiaNah> fUj;ijNah tpsf;Fk;NghJ> Kd;dNu ele;j my;yJ mtHfs; mwpe;j xd;iwf; $wp> mijg;Nghy; ,J vd;W $wp tpsf;FfpNwhk;. ,JNt vLj;Jf;fhl;LfSld; tpsf;Fk; jpwd; vdg;gLk;.

vLj;Jf;fhl;Lld; tpsf;Fk; jpwdpd; cl;$Wfs;:

vLj;Jf;fhl;Lld; tpsf;Fk; jpwdpd; cl;$Wfs; vspikahdit nghUj;jkhdit Rit kpFe;jit taJ> tFg;G epiyf;F Vw;wit khztH gq;Nfw;G gpd;gw;wg;gl;l Kiw (tpjp tpsf;F Kiw / tpjp tUKiw) 7. nghJf; Fwpg;G

gy;tif Jhz;ly;fis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd;:

gy;tif Jhz;ly;fis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd; c l ;$ Wfs ;: Mrpupau ; , lkhw;wk ; Mrpupau ; nka;g;ghL Fuy ; Vw;w jho;T ftdk ; < u;j;jy ; , iltpid khw;wk ; Gyd ; khw;wk ; Ngr;R epWj;jk ;

tYTl;bfis gad;gLj;Jk; jpwd;:

tYTl;bfis gad;gLj;Jk ; jpwd ; cl;$Wfs ;: nkhop rhu;Gila tYTl;bfs; jpUk;gf; $wy; NtWtifapy; $wy; nkhop rhu;Gila xypfs; cjTk; iriff; Fwpfs; fUk;gyifapy; tpil vOJjy;

tpdh Nfl;Fk; jpwd;:

tpdh Nfl;Fk; jpwd; cl ;$ Wfs ;: rhjhud tpdh , ilepiy tpdh Cau ; epiy tpdh

fUk;gyif cgNahfpf;Fk; jpwd;:

fUk;gyif cgNahfpf;Fk ; jpwd ; cl;$Wfs; ;: njspthf vOJjy; mofhf vOJjy; nghUj;jkhdij vOJjy;

ghlk; tpsf;Fjy; jpwd;:

ghlk; tpsf;Fjy; jpwd; njhlq;Fk ; njhlu ; njhlu ; , izg;G nrhw;fs ; vLj;Jf;fhl;LfNshL tpsf;Fjy ; k hztu;fspd ; mwpjpwDf;fhd tpdhf;fs ; Kw;Wtpf;Fk ; njhlu ; cl;$Wfs; ;:

ghlk; njhlq;F jpwd;:

ghlk; njhlq;F jpwd; cl;$Wfs; ;: Kd;dwpT njhlu;ghd tpdhf;Nfl;ly; Vw;w tpil je;jik njhlu;r;rp nghUj;jkhd rhjdq;fis gad;gLj;Jjy; njhlq;Fk; Kiw

ghlk; Kbf;Fk; jpwd;:

ghlk; Kbf;Fk; jpwd; cl;$Wfs; ;: Kf;fpa fUj;Jfis tupirg;gLj;jy; Kf;fpa fUj;Jfis njhFj;Jf; $wy; NkYk; fw;wYf;F tha;g;G njhlu; gzp

vLj;Jf;fhl;LfSld; tpsf;Fk; jpwd;:

vLj;Jf;fhl;LfSld; tpsf;Fk; jpwd; cl ;$ Wfs ;: Vspikahdit nghUj;jkhdit Rit kpFe;jit taJ tFg;G epiyf;F Vw;wit khztu ; gq;Nfw;G gpd;gw;wg;gl;l Kiw nghJf ; Fwpg;G

ghlk; fpsu; tpdhj; jpwd;:

ghlk; fpsu; tpdhj; jpwd; cl ;$ Wfs ; ;: tpil tUtpf;Fk ; Ezf;fq;fs ; Nkd;NkYk ; nra;jp tutioj;jy ; njhlu;G gLj;Jk ; tpdhf;fs ; tpdh jpirjpUg;Gjy ; fhuzKzu ; Mw;wiyg ; ngUf;Fk ; tpdhf;fs ;

jfty; gupkhw;Wj; jpwd;:

jfty ; gupkhw;Wj ; jpwd ; cl ;$ Wfs ;;: jfty ; mikg;G Kiw jfty ; ntspg;ghl;L Kiw jfty ; gupkhw;W Neuk ; jftiy khztu ; Vw;Fk ; Nghf;F gpd;Dhl;lk ; ngWk ; Kiw

ed;wp!:

ed;wp!

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