Health accessories by jawad khan

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health accessories by jawad khan

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Health Accessories By: jawadkhan

Health accessories: are the items, the use of which improves the patient quality of life and provides them maximum physical independence. :

Health accessories: are the items, the use of which improves the patient quality of life and provides them maximum physical independence.

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Health accessories Health accessories include CONVALESCENT AIDS ORTHOPAEDIC BRACES HOME DIAGNOSTIC AIDS DRESSING AND FIRST AIDS

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Convalescent aids

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Convalescent aids: convalescent mean Gradual return to health and strength after illness.

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AIDs For discusion purposes convalescent aids include Ambulatory aids Hospital beds Patients lifters Orthopaedic braces

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Ambulatory aids Ambulatory aids mean relating to or adapted for walking . A device designed to assist walking or otherwise improve the mobility of people with a mobility impairment.

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Ambulatory aids Ambulatory aids include Canes Walker Crutches Wheel chairs

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C anes Walking canes are very simple and light weighed devices that serve two important functions such as weight transfer and balance .

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A cane provides a means to transfer weight off the weak limb of patient. Weight transfer . balance In case of a weak limb the centre of gravity moves from side to side. The use of walking cane provides a balance by providing adjusting the centre of gravity forward

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Types of canes The canes may be made up of wooden or metallic . Wooden canes made for male are typically heavier than those made for females .

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Crutches

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Crutches : are the device used generally by the patients with temporary disabilities e.g. fractured or by patient who require more support than a cane .

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Types of crutches Forearm crutch Axillary crutch Quad crutch Shepherd’s crook crutch

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Also called Canadian or lofstrand crutch supports patient’s wrists and elbows , attaching to the fleshy part of the forearm by a collar or cuff.it is used by patients who need crutches on long term basis. It should be on the side opposite the weak leg. Forearm crutch

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It is usually made of wooden or aluminium. Under arm commonly used crutch and provides more support than the forearm crutch since it braces both wrist and elbow. The weight bearing should be on the hand grip s to avoid the danger of injury to the lymph glands and nerves that’s why it may lead to crutch paralysis . Axillary crutch

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The quad crutch is a forearm crutch with a quadrangular(four sided) base attached to the main shaft with a flexible rubber mount. This design allows the quad feet to maintain constant contact with the ground Quad crutch

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Shepherd's crook crutch : a type of axillary crutch resembles a forearm crutch except that the hand grips point to the rear and axillary rather than forearm support is provided.

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walker A walker or walking frame is a tool for disabled or elderly people who need additional support to maintain balance or stability while walking .

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TYPES OF WALKER

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NON WHEEL WALKER The non wheeled walker have four widely placed legs.

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WHEELED WALKER Also called a rollator walker made up of steel has wheels with multi-braking system and variable wheel resistant. This walker has adjustability to control the ambulatory gait of the user..

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FOREARM PLATE FORM ATTACHED WALKER These walker are used for patient with a disability or injury involving the hand or wrist making it non weight-bearing. The platform attachment allows forearm to bear the weight instead of the hand or wrist.

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USE OF WALKER Recommended for the patients who need more support than a cane but have reasonably good arms, hand and wrist function.

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WHEEL CHAIRS . It is used for weak and infirm patient and elder people having less strength . It promotes the patient maximal physical independence .

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The following option should be considered when selecting a wheelchair Seat size (HOSPITAL PHARMACY NADEEM IRFAN BUKHARI P.H.D page 173) Wheelchair dimensions (HOSPITAL PHARMACY NADEEM IRFAN BUKHARI P.H.D page 173)

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TYPES OF WHEEL CHAIRS

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MANUAL WHEEL CHAIR A wheelchair widely used with specifications mentioned above the user runs this wheelchair with his arms.

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BATTERY OPERATED WHEEL CHAIR A battery operated wheelchair, also called an electric wheelchair is costly and used for people can not move but need more mobility or the user with week arms.

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THREE WHEELED BATTERY OPERATED WHEEL CHAIR Another wheelchair category is a three-wheeled battery-operated scooter. These are often useful for people with limited mobility .

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PATIENT LIFTER: The patient lifters are used to transfer a patient on bed, chair, or to commode. These lifters are either hydraulic or screw-type.

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HOSPITAL BED ACCESSORIES AND TYPE Bed Ridden Aids

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Mattresses: Polyforms mattresses are excellent for hospital beds. A mattress should be covered by plastic impregnated mattress ticking and its well to provide plastic mattress covers.

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Bedside safety rails: The bed side safety rails are the safety device that prevent the patient from falling out of bed.

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Trapeze bars: The trapeze bars are over bed bars used as an assist in sitting up and getting into and out of bed.

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It support the patient on bed for eating and working in bed in relatively comfort Support the patient legs to achieve muscle flexion. Protect the patient from bruises and occurrence of pressure sores. Bed cushions:

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Other bed accessories

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Faeces collecting bedpans are made up of plastic stainless steel or porcelain use for collection of faeces of bedridden patients . Faeces collecting bed pane :

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Over bed tables : Variety of special tables and trays are available for patient comforts. Variety bed tables are available to serve meals to patients .

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Over bed trays: Over bed trays are used for spill preventing safety aid. A solid or inflatable plastic shampoo tray facilitates shampooing for patients who cannot leave their beds.

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Urine collecting bed pane : male female Urine collecting bedpans are smaller sloping and flatter containments used for collection of urine of immobilized or overweight patients.

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BATHROOM SAFETY EQUIPMENT The bathroom safety equipment's are categorized into equipment's primarily need at toilet and in tub for patient safety. The beside commodes used by the patient who can not ambulate from his bed to the bathroom are also included in the former class of safety products.

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The elevated toliet can be attached with the usual bathroom commodes to make it easier for a patient to sit or stand. Elevated toilet s eats are used by people with limited mobility. Elevated toilet seats:

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The toliet safety rails or hand rails are attached either with the elevated seats as mentioned above or can bee affixed in wall to support the patients for support. while walking through bathroom or during getting on and off the toilet commodes. toilet safety rails :

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Bath tub safety aids

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A transfer bench is used with two legs in the tub and two legs on the floor outside the tub. The patient can sit down o the portion of the seat which in outside the tube and shift itself by sliding . Bench type tub seat:

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This bath seat also called bath lift is powered by either water pressure or a hydraulic pump which actually raise or lowers the height of the seat from the height of the tube side to near the bottom. Powered tub bench:

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The bathtub grab bars range from those which attach to the side of the bathtub to wall- mounted grab bars. It help patient from getting out of the tub. Bath tub grab bars:

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The commodes are portable toilets used by people with limited mobility and are unable to walk from bed to the bathroom. Commodes:

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Orthopedic braces and surgical fitting

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cervical collars are used to provide support or limit the range of motion of neck. These may be soft or of foam for a mild support and stability to neck. Cervical collars:

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It keep shoulder and arm still. They are used for separation dislocations , and injury to the shoulder area. Shoulder immobilizer:

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Clavicle support (also called figure eight straps because of there appearance ) are used as aids for the reduction and stabilization of clavicle fractures Clavicle supports:

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Tennis elbow applies pressure to inflamed forearm muscle to provide support and cushions to those with tennis elbow. Tennis elbow:

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Wrist braces are used to reduce motion and to protect and stabilize wrist from sprains and strains. Wrist braces:

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The arm slings are used to provide comfort and support during recuperation from fracture , sprains and surgery. Arm slings:

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Rib belts are used to stabilize rib fracture .female rib belts are shaped to go under the breast. Rib belts:

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Abdominal support are used to provide abd support and to hold surgical dressing in place after surgery. Abdominal supports:

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Knee braces ( also called knee cages) are used for stabilization and support of knee. Knee braces:

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Knee immobilizer prevent any motion of the knee and are used for severe injuries or fractures. Knee immobilizer:

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Home diagnostic aids

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Oral thermometer :

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Rectal thermometer:

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Electronic thermometer:

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Liquid crystal thermometer

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Disposable thermometer

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Baby soother thermometer:

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Pregnancy test kit detec ts the presence of human chorio nic gonado tropin (hCG) in u rine . The pharmacist must instruct the consumers about the prop er instruction carefully. Pregnancy t est kit:

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The ovulation test kit helps predict ovulation time and is used to increase the chance of conception. This kit measures the search of luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs before ovulation. Ovulation test kit:

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Glucose test kit monitors the glucose levels of the diabetic patient. A drop of blood is first pl aced on the strip and then just inserted in glucos e monitor for measurement. Blood glucose test kit:

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The urine glucose test kit Include such product as benedict’s solution, tablets, and usually test strips. Urine glucose test:

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The ketone test kit helps in detecting the presence of ketone in diabetic patient’s. urine as an indication of glucose control. Ketone test kit:

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Blood pressure monitor devices

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This model is the most accurate and does not require calibration. It is generally more expensive and require the use of stethoscope . The mercury model:

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These model are the easiest to operate . And they do not require stethoscope. Electronic or digital model:

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Components of first aids

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Hot bottles is and instruments for applying dry heat.it is made of rubber , hot water bottle has an opening through which warm water is added and stopper securely sealed with a washer. Pharmacist must instruct that bare rubber should never be allowed to come in contact with the skin, or burns may result. Hot-water bottle

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The advantages of electric heating pad over the hot water bottle include no possibility of leaking and precisely control over temperature. Electric heating pads

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It contains bead which become hydrated in boiling water and combine into a gelatanious which has the unique property of holding its temperature for longer than any other pack about 30 t0 40 minutes Moist-heat packs

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Ice cap is a reusable instrument of application of cold it is usually a circular rubber or rubberized mackintosh cloth bag. Ice cap

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Tonsillectomy ice bag an adaptation of the ice cap is used for throat inflammation .it is the collar-shaped rubber bag and it fits snugly around the neck, holding the ice on the parts. Tonsillectomy ice bag

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These are also called cold packs, which are instead of using ice , filled with glycerine or and isopropyl alcohol-water mixture. Redi-freeze ice pack

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Based on chemical reaction is either endothermic producing cold , or exothermic producing heat .they maintain heat or cold for 30 minutes. Instant hot/cold pack

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