The Cold War.ppt.Moodle

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

The Cold War1945-1989 : 

The Cold War1945-1989

Recap of WWII : 

Recap of WWII The USSR lost around 20 million people in WWII Stalin was determined to make the USSR secure in the future In Contrast: Great Britain lost around 370,000 USA lost 297,000 people.

The Rise of Superpowers : 

The Rise of Superpowers Before WWII there were a number of countries which could have claimed to be superpowers. After WWII only two countries had the military strength and resources (weapons) to be called superpowers: The United States and USSR (Soviet Union)

What happens to the countries previously occupied by Germany? : 

What happens to the countries previously occupied by Germany? Two conferences were held in 1945 at Yalta and Potsdam A major aim was to discuss the future: What would happen to the occupied countries after liberation, especially those of Eastern Europe

USSR Now Occupies much of Eastern Europe : 

USSR Now Occupies much of Eastern Europe

Slide 6: 

YALTA (in the USSR) Date: Feb 1945 Present: Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin

Slide 7: 

POTSDAM (Germany) Date: July 1945 Present: Churchill, Truman and Stalin Roosevelt died in April.

Differences Lead to the Cold War : 

Differences Lead to the Cold War US wants to hold open elections and form democratic nations. The USSR wants to form communist nations.

US vs. USSR : 

US vs. USSR They were complete opposites They had allied against Fascism. Now the common enemy (Germany) had been defeated and the reason for cooperation was gone. . .the Cold War begins!

Cold War : 

Cold War The Cold War was a time after WWII when the USA and the Soviet Union were rivals for world influence. Definition of the Cold War: A state of tension, without actual fighting, between the United States and the Soviet Union, which divided the world into two camps

Review : 

Review What is the Cold War? A state of tension, without actual fighting, between the United States and the Soviet Union What two major countries were involved in the Cold War? The United States and The Soviet Union

A New Form of Foreign Policy : 

A New Form of Foreign Policy Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan NATO The US Response

President Harry S. Truman : 

President Harry S. Truman The Truman Doctrine A March 1947 promise that the US “would support free peoples who are resisting communism”

Marshall Plan : 

Marshall Plan Began in 1947 US provides 13 billion to western Europe (then Japan, Korea, and Taiwan) to rebuild Hoped to stop the spread of Communism Named after Secretary of State, George C. Marshall

Alliances Formed : 

Alliances Formed NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization Pro-Democracy: USA, France, Great Britain, West Germany Warsaw Pact – Pro-Communist: Soviet countries – USSR, and all countries controlled by the USSR. Communist Countries vs. Democratic Countries. If a Warsaw Pact country attacks a NATO country, then they are attacking ALL NATO countries and vice versa.

Can you name 3 ways the US tried to stop the spread of communism after WWII? : 

Can you name 3 ways the US tried to stop the spread of communism after WWII?

3 Ways the US tried to Stop Communism : 

3 Ways the US tried to Stop Communism Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan NATO