prepositions

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Prepared by: Miss Asmaa Sh. R.:

Prepared by: Miss Asmaa Sh. R. Prepositions of place and time

Prepositions are words which specify to us the time / place as well as direction of things. Prepositions of place are words that tell us where something / somebody is. :

Prepositions are words which specify to us the time / place as well as direction of things. Prepositions of place are words that tell us where something / somebody is. Where is it?

This diagram shows some of the more common prepositions of place and indicates their meaning. There follows a sample sentence for each preposition shown.:

There is a cup on the table. The helicopter hovered above the house. The police placed a sheet over the body. He stood in front of the door and rang the bell. Ram sat beside Tara in the cinema. A small stream runs below that bridge. He put the key under the doormat. He put his hands behind his back. This diagram shows some of the more common prepositions of place and indicates their meaning. There follows a sample sentence for each preposition shown.

More pictures to demonstrate prepositions of place included in the following diagram::

Sheri came out of the bathroom wrapped in two towels. The cinema is between the mall and the theater. We walked twice around the building searching for the entrance. They parked their car along side the pavement. I went down the stairs. Can you help me carry that box up to the second floor? Among all the players he was the one with the blue shirt. The car passed through the tunnel. More pictures to demonstrate prepositions of place included in the following diagram:

Prepositions of time tell us when does something happen. How much time did something take to happen or when did it start. Prepositions of time include: :

Prepositions of time tell us when does something happen. How much time did something take to happen or when did it start. Prepositions of time include: At: We use "at" with specific times - at 7 o'clock, at 6.15 at night specific places in a city - at school – at a party – at the club British English - "at the weekend OR at weekends" On: We use "on" with specific days - on Friday, on New Year's Day, on April the 19th American English - "on the weekend OR on weekends"

PowerPoint Presentation:

In: We use in with months - in May seasons - in winter country - in Greece city or town names - in New York times of the day - in the morning, afternoon or evening BUT at night! Since and for: we use since and for to identify a period of time where something has happened To: We use "to" with verbs which show movement such as go and come - He goes to school. She returned to the store. They are coming to the party tonight

Note Bien! we use “on” to express walking. Example: I went to the stadium on foot. We use “by” to express traveling by all means of transportation example: by car – by airplane – by bus :

Note Bien! we use “on” to express walking. Example: I went to the stadium on foot. We use “by” to express traveling by all means of transportation example: by car – by airplane – by bus

Now lets test your understanding through some exercises::

Now lets test your understanding through some exercises: Choose the right preposition: a) in - up - on - across - to - off 1. He swam ……… the river very quickly. 2. I haven’t been ……… Hermitage since winter. 3. Last Sunday we got ……….. at sunrise. 4. ……… the fourth of June we shall go to the country. 5. ……… summer the sun sets late in the evening. 6. The knife fell ……… the table.

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b) by - with - of - in - since - about 1. What is it made ……….? 2. My friend succeeded ……….. translating this difficult text. 3. I fed my cat ………. fish. 4. Never pull the kitten …….. its tail. 5. What are you thinking ………? 6. I have been living in this town ……… my childhood.

PowerPoint Presentation:

without - through - on - back - to - in 1. The doctor insisted …….. my staying at home. 2. Will you object ……… my smoking here? 3. I haven’t yet looked ………. all the magazines sent to us from him. 4. He said that he would be ……… soon. 5. He took my dictionary ………. asking for permission. 6. That would end ………. A scandal.

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d ) next to - with - between - down - of under 1. There is a garden ………. two houses. 2. He was sitting ……… me. 3. This man is ………. arrest. 4. I cut my finger ……….. a knife. 5. Let’s go ……….. to the river. 6. I like the taste ……….. honey.

Now try to guess the correct preposition::

Now try to guess the correct preposition: 1 ) Autumn comes ____________ summer. 2) We shall go ___________ the theatre. 3) May I come __________ your room? 4) Our lessons begin ___________ nine. 5) Winter begins ____________ December. 6) Sometimes she gets to work ____________ foot. 7) Lots of things depend __________ you. 8) What has happened ___________ you? 9) Many outstanding people have graduated ____________ Oxford. 10) The academic year begins ____________ the first of September .

PowerPoint Presentation:

11) Have you read any books ___________ Jane Austen? 12) The book belongs __________ me. 13) Letter B comes ____________ A and C in the alphabet. 14) I have known him ___________ six months. 15) I used to live ___________ Nottingham when I was a child. 16) Julia goes to her fitness class ____________ Tuesdays. 17) I got ___________ at 6am this morning. 18) Mary isn't available _____________ the moment. 19) Waiter, there's a fly ____________ my soup. 20) Can you tell me the way ______________ the bank? 21) Room 101 is ____________ the first floor; your mother-in-law's already there waiting for you.