How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning!

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Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Pedagogical agents are virtual life-like characters you can use in online learning environments to help guide the learning processes.

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Presentation Transcript

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About the Author Annu Paulose , a senior Instructional Designer for InfoPro Learning, has more than six years of experience in the field of ELearning. She received a Masters Degree in Industrial Psychology and valuable experience of teaching the same subject in graduate and pre-university levels before beginning her career as an ID. Annu finds her inspiration mainly through reading, especially works of fiction.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Here are Two Sample Course Screens:

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Which Sample Do You Find More Effective? For most of us, it is easier to relate to the second example. Why? Because it is in harmony with the personalization principle—it uses a conversational style, has an effective on-screen coach, and a visible author. Let’s look at the significance of the second aspect of the personalization principle—using effective on-screen coaches or pedagogical agents.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agents Pedagogical agents are virtual life-like characters used in online learning environments who help guide the learning processes.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agents These on-screen coaches serve various instructional goals, they: Act as instructors or motivators Interact with learners Provide cognitive support Offer social enrichment to the learning experience Provide human-like assistance Reduce learner anxiety and frustration Act as a learning companion Support learning and instruction Guide learners

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning How Can You Represent Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning? You can represent them visually as cartoon-like characters, as a talking-head video, or as virtual reality avatars; and represent them verbally through machine-simulated voice, human recorded voice, or printed text. You can also represent them as real people using video and human voice or artificial characters using animation and computer-generated voice.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Do Pedagogical Agents Enhance Learning? Why should you invest time and money to incorporate pedagogical agents into your elearning ? Because if you don’t, your learning outcomes will suffer.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agents Improve Performance In a study by Moreno, Mayer, Spires, & Lester, 2001, it was seen that students who learned by interacting with an on-screen agent generated 24 to 48 percent more solutions in transfer tests than the students who learned without an agent.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agents Improve Performance In another study (Atkinson, 2002), a group of students learned to solve proportionality word problems with the help of an on-screen agent who spoke to them, giving a step-by-step explanation for the solution. On a subsequent transfer test, these students generated 30 percent more correct solutions than the students who learned without an agent.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agents Improve Performance Hence, there is clear evidence suggesting that it is worthwhile to consider the role of animated pedagogical agents as aids to learning.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agent Qualities What makes an effective agent? Do people learn better from human-looking agents or cartoon-like agents?

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Pedagogical Agent Qualities Research suggests that a lifelike image is not always an essential component in an effective agent. There is not much of a difference in learning when a real character is used or a cartoon-like animated character. In addition, people learn just as well when the image of the character is present or absent, as long as they can hear the agent’s voice.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Agents Need Realistic Human-Like Behavior Agents may not have to look real, but evidence does indicate that these agents should demonstrate human-like actions in terms of their gestures, movements, and eye-gaze. In a study by Lusk and Atkinson (2007), it was found that students learned better from an on-screen agent who used human-like locomotion, gestures, and eye-gazes rather than from an agent who was physically present but did not move, gesture, or gaze at the learner.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Agents Need Realistic Human-Like Behavior Therefore, on-screen pedagogical agents do not need realistic human-like appearance but do need realistic human-like behavior.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Agents Have to Sound Conversational An important factor that makes the agents effective is that they have to sound conversational. Various studies show that people learn better when: Words are spoken rather than presented as on-screen text (modality effect) Words are spoken in a conversational style rather than a formal style (the personalization effect) Words are spoken in a human voice rather than a machine-simulated voice

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Consider the Following Suggestions When Using Pedagogical Agents:

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning I Present the agent’s words as speech rather than text, in conversational style rather than formal style, and with human-like rather than machine-like articulation

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning II Use agents to provide instruction rather than for entertainment purposes

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning III Use some first- and second-person constructions—“I,” “we,” “me,” “my,” “you,” and/or “your”—in the script for a narration or the text for an on-screen passage to create the feeling of conversation between the course and the learner

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning IV Do not overdo the personalization style in the script as this might distract the learner

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning Though pedagogical agents are constrained by programming, and cannot replace a real teacher or mentor, it is advisable to use them in your online courses, as research indicates a positive impact on learning.

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How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning To Read the Original Article Click Here: How to Use Pedagogical Agents in Your eLearning

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We help organizations rapidly transform talent by focusing on Learning for Performance. A global, award-winning learning and training solutions company for almost 20 years, InfoPro provides performance improvement strategies, blended learning solutions, and managed training programs. One of the world’s leading providers of learning and training solutions. About InfoPro Learning For more information, visit www.infoprolearning.com

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