Powerpoint for Brown vs. Board of Educat

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Brown vs. Board of Education : 

Brown vs. Board of Education 1954 Van, Thu Patel, Harsh Torres, Edgar Delgado, Anthony

Story Behind The Case : 

Story Behind The Case This case started in the year of 1954. An African American name Oliver Brown moved into a white neighborhood in Topeka, Kansas. The Browns had automatically assumed that their daughter, Linda Brown, would go to the neighboring school. However, the school board told her to attend to an all-black school that was supposedly “separate but equal.” Linda Brown had to walk a few miles to school and back every single day. Mr. Brown said about the Board of Education, “"violates the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which guarantees all citizens equal protection of the laws.” Outraged, Mr. Brown sued the school board. With that, the case of Brown vs. Board of Education started.

The Constitutional Question : 

The Constitutional Question Do racially segregated facilities violate the “equal protection” clause of the 14th amendment?

Verdict : 

Verdict The Supreme Court announced its unanimous decision on May 17, 1954. It stated that school segregation violated the Equal Protection and Due Process clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Constitutional rights (Against) : 

Constitutional rights (Against) In the opinion of Billings Brown, he wrote that the purpose of the 14th amendment was “to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law.” However, he stated that it meant political equality, not social equality. He stated that if any African American people thought enforced racial segregation stamped them with a “badge of inferiority,” the fault was not in the law, but in their attitude.

Constitutional Rights (For) : 

Constitutional Rights (For) In the opinion of Earl Warren, his opinion is completely different. He states that separation of African American schoolchildren from white schoolchildren of the same age and ability “generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affects their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone.” He said that when racial segregation is required by the law, the harm is even greater. It makes no difference that “the physical facilities and other ‘tangible’ factors may be equal.” The in equality is inherent and racial segregation itself. Enforced separation of the races in public constitution is unconstitutional. It is not equal protection and never can nor will be equal protection.

Implications for the Future : 

Implications for the Future The Court had stated that the “separate and equal” doctrine had no place “in the field of public education,” but that leaves out many other places where the “separate but equal” doctrine could take place. Though the statement was limited, it caused a powerful impact on future cases. Today, no judges can ever suggest what is “separate” can be “equal.” The Brown, as well as the Plessy case, show the moral power of protest, as well as how flexible the Constitution is. The Constitution is merely a document containing legal principles whose interpretations can and may change as society changes. The Justice from the Plessy case, John Harlan, had come to understood the evil of enforced racial segregation. “What can more certainly arouse the race hat, what more certainly create and perpetuate a feeling of distrust between the races,” he asks, than laws that assume that African Americans are inferior. In other words that were understood easier, he said that “in view of the Constitution, in the eye of the law, there is in this country, no superior, dominant, ruling class of citizens. There is no caste here. Our Constitution is color blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among its citizens.”

The Main Ideas : 

The Main Ideas The Brown case supported the idea of “equal protection of the law,” as stated in the Constitution. The Brown case reversed the idea of “separate but equal,” brought by the Plessy vs. Ferguson case for public education.

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