online workplace first aid

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

First Aid / CPR & AED CPR AED Online Training Course

PowerPoint Presentation:

Course Overview

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Purpose of the CPR / AED and First Aid, is to give individuals the knowledge and skills necessary to recognize, and provide basic care for injuries and sudden illnesses. This course includes the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) for victims of sudden cardiac arrest, until advanced medical personnel arrive and takes over. Overview – Cont.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Recognizing Emergencies Before Providing Care Prioritizing Care Rescue Breathing Cardiac Emergencies with AED Skill/Unconscious Choking. Sudden Illness Wounds Injuries to Muscles, Bones, and Joints. Heat and Cold related emergencies. We will we also be covering:

PowerPoint Presentation:

Attendance at all class sessions . Participate in all skill sessions and scenario . Demonstrate competency in all required skills. Correctly answer at least 80% of the questions in each section of the final written examination . Course Requirements: Note : Upon successful completion of the course each will receive an Card. First Aid Card is good for 2 yrs, CPR/AED good for 1 yr.

PowerPoint Presentation:

What is First Aid ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Recognizing Emergencies

PowerPoint Presentation:

Before you can help, you must be able to recognize an emergency ? Can be often recognized because of unusual sights, appearances or behavior, odors, or noises . What are some unusual sights in your workplace that would help you recognize an emergency situation? Blood Smoke or Fire Broken Items People milling around Recognizing Emergencies

PowerPoint Presentation:

A victim who is noticeably uncomfortable. A victim who is clutching his or her chest or throat. A victim who is unconscious. A victim who is experiencing unexplained confusion or drowsiness. A victim who is having trouble breathing. What are some unusual appearances or behavior that would help you recognize an emergency situation ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

A victims breath Gasoline Smoke Natural gas An unrecognizable smell . What are some unusual odors in your workplace that would help you recognize an emergency situation ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Screaming Explosion Change in machinery sound or pitch. Items falling Glass breaking Tires screeching Metal crashing What are some unusual noises in your workplace that would help you recognize an emergency situation ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

It may be a challenge to recognize an emergency or sudden illness in some situations. The signals are not always obvious or easy to identify. A victim may deny that anything is seriously wrong. If you think something is wrong, check the victim. Ask questions. The answers to the questions may help you determine what is wrong.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Emergency Action Steps Before you can help, you must be able to recognize an emergency. Can be often recognized because of: Unusual sights Appearances Behavior Odors Noises .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Check the scene, then check the victim . Always check the scene first to ensure your safety, find out what happened, determine the number of victims, and identify bystanders who can assist. Then check victim for consciousness . Emergency Action Steps

Emergency Action Steps :

Emergency Action Steps Call 9-1-1 or the workplace emergency number, or have someone else call, to activate the emergency medical services (EMS) system if you notice an unsafe scene, emergency situation, or life-threatening condition.

Emergency Action Steps :

If the scene is safe to approach, then check the victim for other life threatening conditions. Some of theses conditions include: Unconsciousness. Persistent chest pain. No breathing, or having trouble breathing. No signs of circulation. Severe bleeding. Seizures that last more than 5 minutes, recur, result in a injury or occur in someone who is pregnant or diabetic. Emergency Action Steps Provide care for the life-threatening conditions you find . Check, Call, Care……. Continuous Throughout !

PowerPoint Presentation:

T CPR How to perform CPR Video

What is CPR?:

What is CPR? CPR stands for C ardio P ulmonary R esuscitation i.e. to help restart the heart (pulse) and lungs (breathing).

The ABC’s of CPR :

The ABC’s of CPR

 Airway:   Clear the airway:

Airway: Clear the airway Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface. Kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders. Open the person's airway using the head tilt-chin lift. Put your palm on the person's forehead and gently push down. Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the airway. Check for normal breathing, taking no more than 10 seconds: Look for chest motion, listen for breath sounds, and feel for the person's breath on your cheek and ear. Do not consider gasping to be normal breathing. If the person isn't breathing normally or you aren't sure, begin mouth-to-mouth breathing. Chin-Lift Jaw Thrust Head Tilt A

Breathing:   Breathe for the person :

Breathing: Breathe for the person Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is seriously injured or can't be opened. With the airway open (using the head tilt-chin lift), pinch the nostrils shut for mouth-to-mouth breathing and cover the person's mouth with yours, making a seal. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath — lasting one second — and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does rise, give the second breath. If the chest doesn't rise, repeat the head tilt-chin lift and then give the second breath. B

Airway:  Clear the airway:

Airway: Clear the airway C CIRCULATION: Restore blood circulation Check if the victim's heart is beating. In order to do that,  find carotid artery. It is located in the depression between the windpipe and the neck muscles. Place two fingertips on it and apply slight pressure for several seconds. If no circulation is detected, begin chest compressions. Compressions After 30 compressions, tilt the head back and lift the chin up to open the airway. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Pinch the nose shut and breathe into the mouth for one second. If the chest rises, give a second rescue breath. If the chest doesn’t rise, repeat the head tilt-chin lift and then give the second rescue breath. That's one cycle. If someone else is available, ask that person to give two breaths after you do 30 compressions. .

Airway:  Clear the airway:

Airway: Clear the airway C Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest, between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands. Use your upper body weight (not just your arms) as you push with 2 hands straight down on the chest 2 inches deep. Push hard and push fast — give two compressions per second, or about 100 compressions per minute.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Protecting Yourself

PowerPoint Presentation:

How to apply basic precautions to reduce the risk of disease transmission during and after care. Demonstrate how to practice basic precautions to reduce the risk of disease transmission. Learning Objectives:

PowerPoint Presentation:

Legal protection exist in the US for someone who decides to act in an emergency. Good Samaritan laws were enacted to give legal protection to people who willingly provide emergency care to ill or injured persons without expecting anything in return. These laws are designed to encourage people to help others in an emergency situation. Good Samaritan Laws: Protecting Yourself:

PowerPoint Presentation:

Use commons sense and a reasonable level of skill. Not to exceed the scope of their training in emergency situations. Do their best to save a life or prevent further injury. Good Samaritan laws vary from state to state! Contact a legal professional or your state attorney general’s office, or check your local library for more information. The Law Requires that “Good Samaritans ” The Law Requires that “Good Samaritans”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Obtaining Consent : Obtaining consent is another protection for some one who responds to a first aid emergency. Obtaining consent means that the victim accepts your offer to help him/her. You must get consent before caring for a conscious victim.

PowerPoint Presentation:

To get consent : State your name. Tell the victim that you are trained in first aid. Ask the victim if you can help. Explain what you think may be wrong. Explain what you plan to do.

PowerPoint Presentation:

If the victim does not give consent, do not give care. Instead, call 9-1-1 or the workplace emergency number. A victim who is unconscious, confused, or seriously ill may not be able to grant consent. In such cases, consent is implied. Implied consent means that victims would agree to the care if they could. To get consent :

PowerPoint Presentation:

Question A . No . Implied consent applies to minors who obviously need emergency help when a parent or guardian is not present. Q. My workplace deals with children. Do I need to get consent from a child to give care?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Avoid contact with: Blood, and Body fluids. Use protective equipment, such as: Disposable gloves , and Breathing Barriers. Wash hands immediately after giving care. Use soap and warm water. Question? Q. What precautions could you take to protect yourself from disease transmission when giving care? Preventing Disease Transmission : The risk of getting a disease while giving first aid is extremely low, and taking basic precautions can reduce the risk even further…..

PowerPoint Presentation:

When caring for a victim, you may come in contact with blood or others body fluids. Since you rarely know whether a victim’s blood or body fluids are infected, treat all blood and body fluids as if they were infected, even if you know the victim. Preventing Disease Transmission :

PowerPoint Presentation:

Clean-up the spill immediately or as soon as possible after the spill occurs. Use disposable gloves and other personal protective equipment when cleaning up a spill. Wipe up the spill with paper towels or absorbent material. After the area has been wiped up, flood the area with a solution of ¼ cup liquid chlorine bleach to 1 gallon of fresh water, and allow to stand for at least 20 minutes. Dispose of the contaminated materials used to clean up the spill in a labeled biohazard container. If a blood spill occurs : Preventing Disease Transmission :

PowerPoint Presentation:

Q. Can HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, be spread by touching a person? NO! Q . How is Hepatitis B transmitted? A. Through unprotected direct contact with infected blood. Not transmitted by casual contact, such as shaking hands, or indirect contact with objects like drinking fountains to telephones. Question

PowerPoint Presentation:

Before Providing Care

PowerPoint Presentation:

Learning Objectives How to check the scene for safety and the victim for consciousness. When and how to move a victim from a dangerous scene. When to call and how to interact with the emergency medical services (EMS) system.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Once you have determined that the scene is safe, check the victim for consciousness. If the victim is standing, walking , talking, or crying then the victim is conscious. If the victim is lying on the ground, silent, or not moving, he or she may be unconscious . Check, Call, Care……. Checking the Victim for Consciousness

PowerPoint Presentation:

Check the victim by gently tapping his/her shoulder and shouting “Are you ok?” Unconsciousness is a life-threatening condition Call 9-1-1 or the workplace emergency number if the victim is unconscious. Checking the Victim for Consciousness

PowerPoint Presentation:

Unnecessary movement is dangerous to a seriously injured victim. Moving the victim can cause additional injury and pain, and it can complicate the victims recovery. Tell the victim not to move. Tell any bystanders not to move the victim. Moving a Victim : Cont……..Checking the Victim for Consciousness

PowerPoint Presentation:

Move an injured victim only if : The scene is becoming unsafe. You have to reach another victim who may have a more serious injury or illness. You need to move the victim to provide the proper care. (Example: one who collapses on stairway)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Moving a Victim : What are the different types of moves? Clothes drag. Two-Person seat carry. Walking Assist. Blanket Drag. Foot Drag.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The next emergency step is to call……………. If the victim does not respond, assume that he or she is unconscious. Call, or have some else call 9-1-1 or the workplace emergency number. When the responder is alone , Call First ………before providing care for: An unconscious adult victim or child 8 years old or older. An unconscious infant or child known to be at high risk for heart problems. Calling EMS (Call First/Call Fast )

PowerPoint Presentation:

When the responder is alone , Provide 1 minute of care, then call 9-1-1 for: An unconscious victim less then 8 years old. Any victim of submersion or near drowning. Any victim of arrest associated with trauma. Any victim of drug overdoses. Cont…… Calling EMS (Call First/Call Fast)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Prioritizing Care

PowerPoint Presentation:

How to prioritize care for life-threatening injuries or sudden illnesses. How to check a conscious victim for life-threatening or sudden illnesses. How to care for shock. How to clear the airway of a conscious choking adult. How to check an unconscious victim . Demonstrate : How to clear the airway of a conscious choking victim. How to check an unconscious victim . Learning Objectives:

PowerPoint Presentation:

Once it has been determined that the scene is safe, the victim has been checked for consciousness, and 9-1-1 or the workplace emergency number has been called, additional checking should be done to determine what care to provide . Previously we have learned to apply two of the emergency steps: Check and Call ….. The third emergency step is Care : Prioritizing Care

PowerPoint Presentation:

Determine which victims need care first, as well as what care to give. Question? “What are some types of injuries and illnesses that would be considered potentially life threatening? When there is more that one victim, you will need to determine who will receive care first! Prioritizing Care

PowerPoint Presentation:

Question? If a victim is walking, crying, or talking, what do you know about his/her condition? Before providing care, learn more about the victims condition. If the victim is conscious, ask him/her what happened? If the victim is unable to give you information, check for a medical identification bracelet or pendant, and ask bystanders what happened.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Question What questions should you ask when checking a conscious victim? During the questioning process, you will need to conduct a head-to-toe examination for other possible injuries or medical conditions. Care for the victim based on the conditions found. Once care for life threatening conditions has been given, take steps to minimize the effects of shock. Continue to monitor the victim’s ABCs – Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. Give information about the victim’s condition, and about what care has been given, to EMS personnel when they arrive.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Caring for Shock Shock is a life threatening condition in which not enough blood is being delivered to all parts of the body. Shock is likely to develop in any serious injury or illness, including severe bleeding, internal injury, severe allergic reaction, or significant fluid loss.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The signals of shock are : Restlessness or irritability. Altered level of consciousness. Pale or ashen, cool, moist skin. Nausea and vomiting. Blue tinge to lips and nailbeds . Rapid breathing. Rapid pulse.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Recognizing Emergencies Before Providing Care Prioritizing Care Rescue Breathing Cardiac Emergencies with AED Skill/Unconscious Choking. CPR Sudden Illness Wounds Injuries to Muscles, Bones, and Joints. Heat and Cold related emergencies. Summary

PowerPoint Presentation:

The End

authorStream Live Help