Student Motivation, Haseeb Ah-Hassan

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I'm student from Zakho University English department, as any other students I had my own presentation in ELT (English Language Teaching) about Student Motivation, then when I got excellent for my presentation I decided to shared it with everyone.

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ELT Student Motivation 4th week :

ELT Student Motivation 4 th week By: Haseeb Ahmed 30. Nov.2015

The outline :

The outline Introduction definition of motivation types of motivation influential factors role of the teacher role of the student Motivating strategies conclusion references

Objections :

Objections By the end of this presentation Students will be able to define motivation. Students will be able to know the types of motivation. Students will know their role in motivation. Teachers will be able to know his or her role in motivation. Students will know about the strategy of motivation.

Introduction:

Introduction “We take the view that L2 motivation is one of the most important factors that determine the rate and success of L2 achievement: it provides the primary energy to initiate learning the L2 and later the driving force to sustain the long and often tedious learning process” ( Dornyei & Csizer , 1998, p. 203).

Definitions of Motivation:

Definitions of Motivation A student's willingness, need, desire and compulsion to participate in, and be successful in, the learning process" ( Bomia et al., 1997 , p. 1) Motivated students "select tasks at the border of their capabilities, initiate action when given the opportunity, and utilize strong effort and concentration in the implementation of learning tasks; they show generally positive emotions during ongoing action, including enthusiasm, optimism, curiosity, and interest" (p. 3). Less motivated or disengaged students, on the other hand, "are passive, do not try hard, and give up easily in the face of challenges" ( Skinner & Belmont, 1991 , p. 4 ).

types of motivation :

types of motivation Extrinsic Engaging in behavior to achieve a reward or to avoid a punishment from an external source. Intrinsic Engaging in behavior out of curiosity, sense challenge and an internal sense of satisfaction. Which one is better?

Influential factors :

Influential factors Student Factors Interest Perceived usefulness General level of achievement motivation Self-efficacy , Self-confidence , Observed Control Persistence( continuing or repeating behavior ) Instructor Factors The same

Teachers’ importance in motivation :

Teachers’ importance in motivation While it is true that most students have the ability to teach themselves, it is important they have the motivation to learn. This motivation must come from a teacher.

What can teachers do to motivate students? Or What are the roles of the teachers ? (S,T) :

What can teachers do to motivate students ? Or What are the roles of the teachers ? (S,T) The teacher’s personality Create a pleasant/ relayed atmosphere in the class Decrease their anxiety Promote motivation Enhance attribution Encourage students to set possible goals Increase the attractiveness in course content. Provide choices make lessons interesting Promote learner autonomy Identify why they are studying the task Develop an expectation of success

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. Set a personal example with their own behavior Use positive emotions P resent the task properly vary the task dimensions Be energetic and enthusiastic about what they are teaching Behave equally towards all of the students Reward the students Have students participate T each inductively (involving the action) Satisfy students’ need and lastly make learning visual

The roles of the students :

The roles of the students Initial motivation ( the reason they started learning a language ) Their motivation during the course ( and how to keep them motivated ) Long-term motivation attitude toward culture, expected benefits, level of language proficiency, amount of anxiety/confidence, appeal of learning environment, interactions with teacher and classmates. ( t he relationship between the teacher and the students)

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Students group activity Students acting their roles & blame teachers Teachers acting their role & blaming their students

What is Motivating strategy? :

What is Motivating strategy? Dörnyei (2001 ) defined motivational strategies as “techniques that promote the individual’s goal-related behavior,” (p. 28),

What are the scales of Motivation Strategy?:

What are the scales of Motivation Strategy? Recognize students’ effort and celebrate their success Encouraging students’ confidence Create a harmonious classroom climate Explaining tasks clearly Increase learners ’ goal-orientation Familiarize learners with L2-related values Designing interesting learning opportunities Encouraging autonomy .

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. Which strategies do you feel are most effective to improve motivation, and why ? (Discussion)

Institutional aspects that can lower students motivation include factors::

Institutional aspects that can lower students motivation include factors: large class sizes Obligatory course requirements Standardized exams

Conclusion :

Conclusion “Without sufficient motivation, even individuals with the most remarkable abilities cannot accomplish long-term goals, and neither are appropriate curricula and good teaching enough to ensure student achievement … on the other hand, high motivation can make up for considerable deficiencies both in one’s language aptitude and learning conditions” ( Dornyei and Csizer , 1998, pp. 203-4).

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. Questions are warmly welcome

Thanks for listening :

Thanks for listening

References:

References - Texts 1- Cowie , N.& Sakui , K. (2012). Three tales of language teacher identity and student motivation . JALT Journal , 34 , 127-150. 2- Dörnyei , Z. (2001). New themes and approaches in second language motivation research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics , 21, 43-59 . 3- Jerem y Harmer: How to Teach English , Longman, 1998 Ronald W. Luce (1990): Motivating the Unmotivated , http:// honolulu.hawaii.edu 4-Zoltan Dornyei and Tim Murphy: Group Dunamics in the L an guage Classroom , Cambridge University Press, 2003 - Photos https :// www.google.iq/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fthumbs.dreamstime.com%2Fz%2Fword-cloud-motivation-27079180.jpg&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dreamstime.com%2Fstock-photo-word-cloud-motivation-image27079180&docid=tdg59rs-eDJOI M&tbnid=gw0AhAvaWE3RHM%3A&w=1317&h=1300&ved=0ahUKEwit0_C4p7TJAhUGchQKHVpMBOsQxiAIBjAE&iact=c&ictx=1 http://www.google.iq/imgres?imgurl=http://smallbusiness.chron.com/DM-Resize/photos.demandstudios.com/184/196/fotolia_2318627_XS.jpg%253Fw%253D650%2526h%253D406%2526keep_ratio%253D1%2526webp%253D1&imgrefurl=http://smallbusiness.chron.com/motivation-productivity-workplace-10692.html&h=283&w=424&tbnid=yQKXNSVd6nyQFM:& docid=w4jKtDmo3Ejt3M&ei=Jz1aVqX2HsXjUY69nfAK&tbm=isch&ved=0ahUKEwjlpZD9prTJAhXFcRQKHY5eB64QMwhrKEAwQA https:// www.google.iq/search?q=students+role+in+motivation&rlz=1C1RLNS_enIQ668IQ668&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjV2vuRk7TJAhXBuxQKHQTGDHsQ_AUIBygB&biw=1024&bih=643#tbm=isch&q=student+motivation +& imgrc=lMpoIkqz3qtp8M%3A https:// www.google.iq/search?q=student+motivation&rlz=1C1RLNS_enIQ668IQ668&biw=1024&bih=643&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4nevzobTJAhWH1hoKHRz1Dk8Q_AUIBigB#imgdii=EiGB9eAA5heUwM%3A%3BEiGB9eAA5heUwM%3A%3BDQA0D-ypq39_2M%3A&imgrc=EiGB9eAA5heUwM%3A https:// www.google.iq/search?rlz=1C1RLNS_enIQ668IQ668&biw=1024&bih=599&tbm=isch&q=internal+motivation&revid=615032500&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiz-6CMrbTJAhUC1BoKHQELDK0Q1QIIGQ#tbm=isch&q=internal+vs+external+motivation&imgrc=2wyRVAr6VsgXaM%3A