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INDIA:

INDIA Mera Bharath Mahaan

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The subcontinent of India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan, China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the northernmost of the country's 26 states. Further south, plateaus, tropical rain forests and sandy deserts are bordered by palm fringed beaches .

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5,000 year old civilization 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects 18 official languages 29 states, 5 union territories 3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area 7,516 kilometers - Coastline 1,000,000,000 people in 2000

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Parliamentary form of Government Secular democratic constitution Worlds largest democracy since 55 years 4 th largest economy Fastest growing IT super power Indian Railways ,the biggest employer in the world.

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HISTORY

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India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism, Christianity and Islam all exist within the country today .

THE TRINITY:

THE TRINITY Generates -Brahma Observes -Vishnu Destroys -Shiva

The Great Indian Epics:

The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas The first Indian epic

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Indus Valley Civilization- one of the world’s first great urban civilizations. Harappa Civilization- 2700BC

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World’s first university in Takshila –700 B.C Sanskrit Language –most suitable for computer software Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans

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Yoga - Made in India Origin –5000 BC Documented by 200 BC – 300 AD

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Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC Kalarippayat

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1700’s BRITISH INVASION

15th August , 1947 Indian Independence:

15 th August , 1947 Indian Independence 26 th January , 1950 Republic- India

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National Emblem “Truth alone triumphs”

NATIONAL ANIMAL:

NATIONAL ANIMAL

National Bird - Peacock:

National Bird - Peacock

National Flower - Lotus:

National Flower - Lotus

Great Indian Personalities:

Great Indian Personalities

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Invented the Zero Aryabhatta

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Mahatma Gandhi Father of the nation Embodiment of Non- Violence

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Swami Vivekananda Champion of humanitarianism

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Great Indian Mathematician Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems Ramanujam

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Rabindranath Tagore 1913 – Nobel Prize in Literature

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1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on scattering of light and Raman effect C.V Raman

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1979 – Nobel Prize in Peace Mother Teresa

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1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine Work on interpretation of the genetic code Har Gobind Khorana

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Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics Work on structure and evolution of stars

DANCE FORMS:

DANCE FORMS

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45 folk dances

7 Classical Dance forms:

7 Classical Dance forms

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7 Classical Dance forms

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Bharata Natyam

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Kathak

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Kathakali

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Kuchipudi

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Manipuri

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Mohini Attam

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Odissi

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More than 15 vocal forms More than 60 music instruments

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India - God’s own country Celebrates more than 65 festivals

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Places of historic importance

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Tirumala - Tirupati World’s richest temple

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Saint Thomas Cathedral Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543

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The Golden Temple

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Jamma Masjid The biggest mosque in India

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Thousand pillar temple

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Gateway of India

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Jantar Mantar – 1716 Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars

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Mysore Palace Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs

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Buddha Statue Largest monolithic statue in Asia

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Dal Lake Jewel in the crown of Kashmir

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The Taj Mahal

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Calcutta – City of joy

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Cherrapunji Wettest place on earth

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We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. -Albert Einstein India is,the cradle of the human race,the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history,the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition.Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. -Mark Twain

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J a i H i n d -

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