Bicycles presentation

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Bicycles:

Bicycles A Presentation By: Abigale Marchese

History of Bikes:

History of Bikes The Walking Machine Invented in 1817 by Baron von Drais First bike No pedals Handle Bar for steering Made completely of wood The Velocipede (aka The Boneshaker) 1863 Improvements made on the walking machine Added pedals to the front wheel Steel wheels instead of wood Became a fad Used at indoor riding academies Found in large cities

History of Bikes :

History of Bikes The High Wheel Bicycle 1870 First all metal machine Rubber tires Large front wheel Small back wheel New design led to smoother ride The High Wheel Tricycle Made specifically for women Also used by high ranking men Required new mechanical innovations Rack and pinion steering Band brakes

Slide 4:

History of Bikes The High Wheel Safety Small wheel in front Large wheel in the back Solved problem of the High Wheel Bike tipping forward The Hard-Tired Safety New and stronger metal Lead to find chain and sprocket Small and light Allowed for two same-size wheels More comfortable ride

Different Types of Bikes:

Different Types of Bikes Road Bike Narrow Tires Used for distance Curved Handlebars Three or more gears High gears are for speed Low gears for riding uphill Used to ride on pavement Mountain Bike Thick Tires Flat Handlebars Heavy Duty Frame Ride over rough terrain Some have front and rear suspension

Different Types of Bikes:

Different Types of Bikes Recumbent Bike Low seat Legs stretch forward Some made with outer shell Gives aerodynamic advantage Tandem Bike Made for 2 or more people One Chain Separate Pedals Separate Handlebars Blind People use this bike

Slide 7:

Different Parts of the Bike Key parts: Brake Used to stop the bike Located on the handlebar Pedal Used to move bike Chain & Chainring Used to transfer power from the crank of the pedal to the wheel Tire & Tube Makes the ride smooth Tube is filled with air Tire protects the Tube Handlebars Used to steer the bike Front & Rear Derailleur Assembly of levers Used to move the chain

Slide 8:

How the Bike was used in the past In the 1900s: If you couldn’t afford an automobile -Used a Bike Was close to 10% of Urban Travel -40 times greater than today 1 of 4 modes of transportation During Great Depression -people saved on transportation by using bicycles Government restricted bicycle production during World War II Environment-Friendly Transportation

Slide 9:

Impact on Daily Life Used to reduce crowding in inner-city tenements Allowed workers to commute easier Reduced dependence on horses Allowed people to travel for leisure into the country 3x as energy efficient as walking 3-4x as fast Some countries has implemented community bicycle programs Offer alternative to motorized traffic Help reduce congestion and pollution Very popular in parts of Europe

Impact on Female Emancipation :

Impact on Female Emancipation Safety Bike gave women mobility Contributed to emancipation Bicycles became safer and cheaper Gave women access to personal freedom Bicycle came to symbolize the New Woman Bicycle called “freedom machine” by suffragists Bicycle craze in the 1890’s Led to so-called rational dresses Freed women from corsets and ankle-length skirts

Economic Impact:

Economic Impact Bicycle manufacturing proved to training ground for other industries Development of advanced metalworking techniques Served to teach industrial models that were later adopted Help create or enhance new businesses Bicycle messengers Traveling seamstresses Presaged a move away from public transit Global bicycle market $61 billion in 2011

How Bikes are used Today:

How Bikes are used Today Kids use them for fun Road bikes are used for distance & racing Motocross -uses bikes for entertainment value -extreme jumps and tricks Teenagers use them to get around without needing a parent Some cultures still use them to get around on a daily basis Some cops use them Now-a-days:

Tour de France:

Tour de France Annual Bike Race Started in 1903 Last 3 weeks Covers 3,600 kilometers 2,200 miles Attracts riders and teams from around the world Cultural competition Brings countries together Use road bikes to race with Best choice for speed Not allowed to ride at night because riders were cheating

THE RIDE FOR MISSING CHILDREN:

THE RIDE FOR MISSING CHILDREN Ride 100 miles on a bike in 1 day Each rider must raise $500 All the money goes towards making posters of missing children Started in Utica New York in 1995 To honor Sarah Ann Wood 12 years old Kidnapped Originally started in Utica There are now 5 Rides in 5 different parts of NY Started with 7 riders Now about 450 riders

My Experience:

My Experience Rode my bike for fun as a little kid My Aunt introduced me to distance riding at the age of 13 2011 will be my 5 th year riding in The Ride for Missing Children Bicycles led me to my passion Distance riding Helping with the fight to find and save Missing and Exploited Children Me at age 13 The Ride for Missing Children 2006

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