Geography ( South America )

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SOUTH AMERICA Landforms Types of soil Mineral Resources:

Reported by Femelot L. Montemayor SOUTH AMERICA Landforms Types of soil Mineral Resources

BASIN ( geography) An area of water that drains into a river. A rock formation scooped out by water erosion.:

BASIN ( geography) An area of water that drains into a river . A rock formation scooped out by water erosion .

Amazon Basin :

The Amazon Basin ( Amazonia ) is covered by the largest tropical rain forest in the world, and running through its heart is the Amazon River .The basin drains over 2,700,000 sq. miles, and covers about one-third of South America. Rising high in the Andes, the river's network irrigates almost half of the continent, and in terms of volume of water discharged into an ocean... it's the largest in the world. Amazon Basin

Mountain -area of land that rises abruptly from the surrounding region Andes Mountains:

Mountain -area of land that rises abruptly from the surrounding region Andes Mountains This toothy-edged mountain system, some 4,500 miles (7,240 km) in length, extends from the southern tip of South America all the way to Panama.

DESERT a region so arid because of little rainfall that it supports only sparse and widely spaced vegetation or no vegetation at all :

Atacama Desert Sparsely populated and positioned high into the Andes of Chile , this somewhat small desert ( or plateau ) is a cold place, and one of the few deserts on Earth that doesn't receive any rain. It's approximately 100 miles wide and 625 miles long. The landscape is totally barren and covered with small borax lakes, lava flow remnants and saline deposits. DESERT a region so arid because of little rainfall that it supports only sparse and widely spaced vegetation or no vegetation at all

Highlands- elevated or mountainous land Brazilian Highlands :

This magnificent landscape of southeastern Brazil is 800 miles in length and contains varied mountain ranges, namely the Serra de Mantiquiera , Serra do Paranapiataba , Serra Geral , and Serra do Mar. The estimated highest point is 7,368 ft (2,245m). Highlands- elevated or mountainous land Brazilian Highlands

Guiana Highlands plateau and low-mountain region of South America located north of the Amazon and south of the Orinoco River. Comprising a heavily forested plateau, they cover the southern half of Venezuela, all of the Guianas except for the low Atlantic coastal plain, the northern part of Brazil, and a portion southeastern Colombia. :

Guiana Highlands plateau and low-mountain region of South America located north of the Amazon and south of the Orinoco River . Comprising a heavily forested plateau, they cover the southern half of Venezuela, all of the Guianas except for the low Atlantic coastal plain, the northern part of Brazil, and a portion southeastern Colombia.

Over 1,000 miles in length, the Highlands stretch from southern Venezuela to the northern border of Brazil. It's a vast plateau, one marked by deep gorges, tropical rain forests, numerous rivers and waterfalls. It's famed for the highest waterfall in the world (Angel Falls) at 3,212 ft (979m) high. The highest point is Mt. Roraima on the borders of Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela at 9,219 ft (2,810m). :

Over 1,000 miles in length, the Highlands stretch from southern Venezuela to the northern border of Brazil. It's a vast plateau, one marked by deep gorges, tropical rain forests, numerous rivers and waterfalls. It's famed for the highest waterfall in the world (Angel Falls) at 3,212 ft (979m) high. The highest point is Mt. Roraima on the borders of Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela at 9,219 ft (2,810m). The Angel Falls

Cape Cape Horn was originally given the Dutch name "Kaap Hoorn", the Hoorn became known in English as "Cape Horn.The cape lies within Chilean in territorial waters, and the Chilean Navy maintains a station on Hoorn Island, consisting of a residence, utility building, chapel, and lighthouse :

Cape Cape Horn was originally given the Dutch name "Kaap Hoorn", the Hoorn became known in English as "Cape Horn.The cape lies within Chilean in territorial waters, and the Chilean Navy maintains a station on Hoorn Island, consisting of a residence, utility building, chapel, and lighthouse . The real Cape Horn seen from the Chilean Navy station location. The small lighthouse can be seen as a white spot close to the seaside

Llanos: The Llanos is a vast tropical grassland plain:

Llanos: The Llanos is a vast tropical grassland plain Llanos in Colombia

PAMPAS- are flat, fertile plains :

PAMPAS- are flat, fertile plains Pampas in Argentina

SOIL TYPES IN SOUTH AMERICA Tropical Soil :

Oxisols SOIL TYPES IN SOUTH AMERICA Tropical Soil Oxisols lie beneath the rain forest The name is derived from the fact that these soils are rich in oxide minerals such as bauxite. Oxisols are found under the rain forests of South America

2. ULTISOLS This soil type is clayey, and rich in iron and aluminum.According to the United Nations University, ultisols are similar to oxisols but This soil type is clayey, and rich in iron and aluminum.According to the United Nations University, ultisols are similar to oxisols but are very acidic :

2. ULTISOLS This soil type is clayey, and rich in iron and aluminum.According to the United Nations University, ultisols are similar to oxisols but This soil type is clayey, and rich in iron and aluminum.According to the United Nations University, ultisols are similar to oxisols but are very acidic Major nutrients, such as calcium and potassium, are typically deficient in Ultisols , which means they generally cannot be used for sedentary agriculture without the aid of lime and other fertilizers such as superphosphate

Andisol is are created by the weathering and leaching of volcanic ash and debris. :

Andisol is are created by the weathering and leaching of volcanic ash and debris. In the islands of the Pacific some of the world's most productive soil can be found.

LATISOL iron-rich tropical soil: a soil variety that is common in tropical or subtropical regions and is rich in iron and aluminum :

LATISOL iron-rich tropical soil: a soil variety that is common in tropical or subtropical regions and is rich in iron and aluminum

MINERAL RESOURCES OF SOUTH AMERICA:

MINERAL RESOURCES OF SOUTH AMERICA

MINERALS IN SOUTH AMERICA:

OIL LEAD AND ZINC IRON DIAMOND BAUXITE COPPER GOLD COAL- scarce MINERALS IN SOUTH AMERICA

OIL:

OIL

LEAD:

LEAD

IRON:

IRON

BAUXITE:

BAUXITE

COPPER:

COPPER

GOLD:

GOLD

DIAMOND:

DIAMOND

South America is poor in coal. Colombia exports coal from La Guajira Peninsula and the lower Magdalena River basin south of Barranquilla, and Argentina has limited quantities of good-quality coal at El Turbio in the extreme south. COAL:

South America is poor in coal. Colombia exports coal from La Guajira Peninsula and the lower Magdalena River basin south of Barranquilla, and Argentina has limited quantities of good-quality coal at El Turbio in the extreme south. COAL

SOUTH AMERICA Holds Treasure Of Copper, Molybdenum, Gold And Silver:

Deposits of undiscovered copper, molybdenum, gold and silver may be present in the Andes Mountains of South America, according to a new scientific assessment .The assessment estimates that the Andes may hold 750 million metric tons of copper in undiscovered porphyry copper deposits. Mining from these types of deposits provides more than 50 percent of world copper supply . Molybdenum, known to occur naturally with copper, is used in industry to harden steel and for catalysts , lubricants, and pigments. The Andes were studied as part of the first global mineral resource assessment, which is being led by the U.S. Geological Survey. The USGS jointly prepared and published the Andes assessment with experts from the Geological Surveys of Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Peru. SOUTH AMERICA Holds Treasure Of Copper, Molybdenum, Gold And Silver

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