Lumbee tribe of North Carolina

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Lumbee tribe of North Carolina:

Lumbee tribe of North Carolina By Erika Sampson, Raquel Vernon, and Robert Taylor

Theories of Lumbee origins:

Theories of Lumbee origins The Saura theory The Cherokee theory The Lost Colony theory

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19th century discrimination and injustice Pursuit of education, civil rights and self-governance State and Federal recognition

“Beauty is before me, and beauty behind me, above me and below me, hovers the beautiful. I am surrounded by it, I am immersed in it. In my youth, I am aware of it, and in old age I shall walk quietly the beautiful trail. In beauty it is begun. In beauty it is ended.”:

“Beauty is before me, and beauty behind me, above me and below me, hovers the beautiful. I am surrounded by it, I am immersed in it. In my youth, I am aware of it, and in old age I shall walk quietly the beautiful trail. In beauty it is begun. In beauty it is ended.” Physical and spiritual health are intimately connected The body and the spirit must heal together Health requires balance in every sphere of one’s life, from the most personal inner world to lifestyle and social connections Imbalance = Illness

Healing practices of the Lumbee Tribe:

Healing practices of the Lumbee Tribe Ceremony Prayer Cloth Taking to the Alter/Laying of Hands Practice of Fireblowing Specific methods for certain physical ailments. Nose Bleed: In order to stop a nose bleed, it is a common practice for someone to read Ezekiel 16: 6-9 to the person who is bleeding. The scripture talks about blood and one’s own blood. Chicken Pox: placing a child who is infected with Chicken Pox in a Chicken Coop and allowing the chicken to jump over the child’s head. Shingles: When someone is diagnosed with Shingles, then the blood of a black chicken is spread over the infected area. Once the blood dries, the individual is prayed for and then the blood is cleaned away. Insect stings: When someone is diagnosed with Shingles, then the blood of a black chicken is spread over the infected area. Once the blood dries, the individual is prayed for and then the blood is cleaned away.

Time, space, social organization, and biological variations:

Time, space, social organization, and biological variations Time Orientation: Present Space: Very important and has no boundaries Social Organization: Extremely family-oriented to both biological and extended families; Children taught to respect traditions; Community social organizations Biological Variations: Accidents, Heart Disease, Cirrhosis of the liver, Diabetes mellitus Communication: Use of silence and body language

Cultural factors:

Cultural factors Inadequate education, disproportionate poverty, discrimination in the delivery of health services, and cultural differences. The use traditional medicines and healers prior to hospital visit. Contact with White health care providers. Haphazard care and disrespectful treatment. Different perception of illness Eye contact

Social factors affecting healthcare:

Social factors affecting healthcare Lower education level Preventative health services not utilized Poverty level Higher disease rate/ lower life expectancy

Environmental factors affecting healthcare:

Environmental factors affecting healthcare Indian Health Service (East vs West) Reservation health services No private insurance coverage Different perception of time on a reservation

Cardiovascular Disease:

Cardiovascular Disease Coronary Artery Disease - damage to major heart blood vessels H i gh Blood Pressure- increased force of blood against artery walls Cardiac Arrest - Loss of heart function, breathing, consciousness Congestive Heart Failure - a loss of the heart’s ability to pump blood Arrhythmia - irregular, too fast or too slow heartbeat Peripheral Artery Disease - a narrowing of the blood vessels reducing blood flow to the extremities Stroke - damage to the brain from an interruption in blood flow Congenital Heart Disease - a developmental abnormality before birth

Lumbee Tribe Cardiovascular risk factors:

Lumbee Tribe Cardiovascular risk factors Present with cardiovascular disease at a younger age than non-Lumbees. Have a higher prevalence of other diseases including hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, and diabetes. Have higher rates of predisposing factors such as smoking, previous MI, family history of coronary artery disease, higher body mass index, and a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome.

US Healthcare “Misteps”:

US Healthcare “Misteps” Providers should: Pay attention to nonverbal communication. Speak in a low tone of voice. Take history by memory and write it down later. Allowances should be made for differing perception of time. (Spector, 232).

The non-western culture is connected to the United States by many different factors such as trade and immigration among many others. :

The non-western culture is connected to the United States by many different factors such as trade and immigration among many others. The largest trade partners with the US are: Canada, China, Mexico and Japan. China 3 rd largest goods export market China 1 st largest supplier of imports Immigration: Mexico, China and India Total number of immigrants has stabilized China and India most common countries of origin of immigrants

References::

References: Dial, A. L., & Eliades , D. K. (1975). The only land I know: A history of the Lumbee Indians . San Francisco: Indian Historian Press. H. (2014). North Carolina’s American Indian and Alaska Native Population. Retrieved November 2, 2016, from http://demography.cpc.unc.edu/2014/11/17/north-carolinas-american-indian-and-alaska-native-population/ http://lumbee.library.appstate.edu/bibliography/lint001 Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC) 47.4 (2006): 167A. June 4, 2006. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15298097 Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina. ( n.d. ). Retrieved November 1, 2016, from http://www.lumbeetribe.com/history--culture# ! Spector, R.E. (2013). Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness. 8th Ed. Upper Saddle River N.J.: Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0132840064 http://ncaihb.org/pub/NC%20American%20Indian%20Health%20Facts.pdf The Lumbee Indians. ( n.d. ). Retrieved November 1, 2016, from http://lumbee.library.appstate.edu/robeson-county-statistics

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Each of these references were chosen due to the valuable information that pertained to the topic of the Lumbee Tribe in North Carolina. These references depicted the history, demographics, health and illness, religion, and many other important facts that reflected the information needed for this project.