Administering-Enema

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PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA Jayesh Patidar www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA Anatomy and Physiology - medical terms should be used to describe any complaint, location of the pain and abnormalities of appearances and functioning of the patients body  Microbiology - cleanliness of the patient's unit should be checked before the patient is admitted; medical handwasing Chemistry - characters of the bowel content is a result of chemical reaction 2 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

PRINCIPLES INVOLVED IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA Physics - solution to be administered should be held at high position Psychology provide privacy by draping the patient explain the procedure to the before inserting the tube in the rectum Time and Energy - materials to be used must be prepared before performing the procedure 3 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA Nurse should explain: procedure precautions to take length of time necessary The amount of solution to be administered depends on the kind of enema, the age of the person, and the person’s ability to retain the solution. 5 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA The following are approximate amounts: 6 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA 3. The force flow of the solution is governed by the: height of the solution container the size of the tubing viscosity of the fluid resistance of the rectum 4. The higher the solution container is held above the rectum, the faster the flow and the greater the pressure in the rectum. 7 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA:

GUIDELINES IN ADMINISTERING ENEMA 5. The time it takes to administer an enema largely depends on the amount of fluid to be instilled and the clients tolerance. 6. The enema for adults are usually given at 40 to 43 C (105 to 110 F) 8 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES:

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES:

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES BEFORE: - the nurse is to check the physicians order - the nurse must be familiar with the various kinds of enemas that may be ordered, their purpose and administration - check patient’s ability to retain fluid and tolerate the activity ordered, their purpose and administration - determine the presence of kidney or cardiac disease 10 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES:

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES DURING: - the nurse should explain the correct procedure to the patient - assist the adult client to a left lateral position, with the leg as acutely flexed as possible - nurse must see to it that enema is administered to the correct patient - encourage the patient to retain fluid as long as possible - assist the patient to the bed pan 11 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

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12 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES:

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES AFTER: - observe and evaluate results - record in the patient’s chart the type of enema administered, amount of fluid instilled and the time it was given 13 www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

THANK YOU :

THANK YOU

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