Universal Precautions 2 review 02-02-12

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Universal Precautions:

Universal Precautions By Manuel Gallegos RN, BSN Personal Care Assistant Class Spring 2012

Universal Precautions:

Universal Precautions Established to prevent the spread of bodily fluids that contain dangerous pathogens Promote hand washing and the use of personal protective equipment such as gloves Key Concept:Consider yourself at risk from everyone!!

How should we then act?:

How should we then act? The behavior and perspective that assumes: Blood and other body fluids (For example, semen (sperm), vaginal fluids, saliva, urine, feces, or vomit) The above may contain viruses or bacteria that can be passed on to you, your family, or to another person through direct contact How can these enter our body?

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Hepatitis B & C and HIV are diseases that can be transferred from one person to another through contact with infected blood There is no way to know without testing if a person has hepatitis B or C or HIV Treat all body fluids as though they were infected Universal Precautions are actions that you take to place a barrier between yourself and potentially infected body fluids

Facts regarding blood!:

Facts regarding blood! In the United States of America: 1 person in 300 have HIV 1 in 20 have Hepatitis 1 in 5 have Herpes and many more have the Other infectious diseases like : TB, Staph, HEP A, B, C, D, E,

Dangers of Influenzas:

Dangers of Influenzas Influenzas are easily transmitted by blood and other bodily fluids and some are airborne and live on surfaces touched by others. Infection can occur through openings in the skin, eye’s, nose, mouth, and lungs Viruses can be airborne Viruses can be transmitted by insects that walk or land on contaminated blood , and then the insect lands and walks on an area's of a secondary victim

H1N1-(Swine Flu) :

H1N1-(Swine Flu) Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. Named for a virus that pigs can get and then spread to humans You can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza By always covering your nose and mouth with a tissue or sleeve before coughing or sneezing

What can you do to protect yourself and your family? :

What can you do to protect yourself and your family? Wash your hands before and after exposure to another person’s bodily fluids, common areas such as touching door handles, tables, and after using the restroom Especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners Avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth before washing hands

How do we protective ourselves?:

How do we protective ourselves? Hand washing Gloves Face masks Gowns


REMEMBER!!! Assume all blood, body fluids, and needles are potentially infectious

How long can Pathogens last?:

How long can Pathogens last? Most viruses from the respiratory tract such as corona- , coxsackie- , influenza virus, SARS , or rhino virus can persist on surfaces for a few days Viruses from the gastrointestinal tract, such as astro virus, HAV , polio- and rota virus persist for approximately 2 months ://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1564025/

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Blood-borne viruses, such as HBV or HIV, can persist for more than one week Herpes viruses such as CMV or HSV type 1 and 2 have been shown to persist from only a few hours up to 7 days

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REVIEW: How do we protect ourselves and clients? 1. Wash your hands properly and use gloves 2. Examples of dangerous bodily fluids are: A. Saliva B. Urine C. Feces D. Blood E. ? 3. Use a barrier between yourself and the potential exposure to dangerous bodily fluids. Besides gloves? 4. H1N1 is a virus that can be easily spread unless we practice Universal Precautions

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