Role of Laboratory Medicine[Lab-Rupendra Shrestha]

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CANCER HOSPITAL:

Mr.RUPENDRA SHRESTHA B.Sc.MLT B.P.K MEMORIAL CANCER HOSPITAL BHARATPUR,CHITWAN,KRISHNAPUR-CANCERGATE CANCER HOSPITAL THE ROLE OF LABORATORY MEDICINE

surgeon:

Removal of tumor mass surgeon

B.P KOIRALA MEMORIAL CANCER HOSPITAL:

B.P KOIRALA MEMORIAL CANCER HOSPITAL

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Brain cancer (tumor)

Mouth, larynx, Stomach, & colon cancer:

Mouth, larynx, Stomach, & colon cancer

Skin cancer surgery, skin, liver and lung cancer:

Skin cancer surgery, skin, liver and lung cancer

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Breast, uterus and ovary Cancer

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Renal cancer (Kidney)

WHAT IS THEIR ROLE?:

PATIENT MENTAL MAKE UP WITH RESPECTIVE COUNSEALING,DIAGNOSIS,PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF PATIENTS PSYCOLOGICALLY AND PHYSIOLOGICALLY. WHAT IS THEIR ROLE?

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PROFESSIONAL RELATION There is no any definition in dictionary that denotes assistant, technician, technologist, and Scientist as hierarchical grading.

WHERE DO MEDICAL SCIENTISTS WORK?:

Medical scientists work in : Hospital laboratories State Health Laboratories Universities Private pathology laboratories WHERE DO MEDICAL SCIENTISTS WORK?

What do you need to work in a laboratory ?:

An interest in science Be able to communicate well Be able to use a computer Must want to learn all the time An interest in helping others. What do you need to work in a laboratory ?

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DISCIPLINE IN DIAGNOSTIC PATHOLOGY

MICROBIOLOGY :

Identification of micro organisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites which cause infection, and testing for effective antibiotics. A bacterial culture MICROBIOLOGY

MICROBIOLOGY:

Growth and Identification of Bacteria Samples from body sites Inoculated onto growth promoting media Antibiotic Sensitivity Determined MICROBIOLOGY

MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION:

MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION

PARASITOLOGY:

Single cell and complex organisms Colonise human GI tract, Urinary tract and blood PARASITOLOGY

HAEMATOLOGY:

Counting and viewing of blood cells Diagnose disease Detect malignancies Monitor treatment Differentiate types of infection HAEMATOLOGY

BLOOD TRANSFUSION :

Laboratory testing of recipient blood and donor blood to ensure compatible and safe transfusion. Medical scientists in blood transfusion or immunohaematology, as it is sometimes known, are responsible for the testing of blood groups and compatibility of donor blood, prior to transfusion. BLOOD TRANSFUSION

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY:

Measurement of amounts of specific elements transported in the blood Proteins Sugars Cellular breakdown products Hormones Toxins CLINICAL CHEMISTRY

CHEMISTRY:

Mostly automated Scientists need to understand: Cellular metabolisms Hormonal interactions Immune responses Anatomy CHEMISTRY

VIROLOGY:

Identification of virus Monitor course of infection Common infections Colds & Flu Hepatitis HIV/ AIDS Glandular Fever VIROLOGY

VIROLOGY :

Study of the consequences of viral infections. A scientist in a virology laboratory performs assays to detect the virus in host tissues or in cells used to isolate the virus from a host. These assays might detect viral nucleic acid or may involve immunological assays to detect viral proteins. VIROLOGY

CYTOLOGY :

Study of cells Medical scientists in cytology are interested in individual abnormal cells, that are shed from tissues. One of the more publicised areas of their work is the Papanicolaou smear test (Pap Screen), which is used in the early detection of cancer of the cervix. After the sample has been collected onto a microscope slide, they are responsible for staining it and screening for abnormal cells. CYTOLOGY Papanicolaou smear under the microscope

HISTOPATHOLOGY:

Examination of Tissues for Disease Samples removed Processed Sectioned and Stained Microscopic Examination Diagnosis HISTOPATHOLOGY Slides stained to make cells clearly visible

DNA TECHNOLOGY:

Complete composition of human DNA complete Variations in DNA can indicate whether a disease is likely to occur Techniques in DNA analysis common to other laboratory disciplines DNA TECHNOLOGY HPLC

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COURSE OBJECTIVE OF LABORATORY MEDICINE

ADVANCED OF DIAGNOSIS IN CANCER HOSPITAL :

ADVANCED OF DIAGNOSIS IN CANCER HOSPITAL Clinical or Medical Laboratory: Clinical or medical laboratory is relating to the laboratory investigation of a patient samples for the diagnosis of the disease. Clinical laboratory help to distinguish the disease from the laboratory findings. Medical laboratory is that where investigations are carried out (perform) by using different techniques and the disease is diagnosed from patients by the help of investigation finding.

CRYOSTAT:

ULTRA MICROTOME CRYOSTAT

ROTATORY MICROTOME :

BASE SLEDGE MICROTOME ROTATORY MICROTOME

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Cuvette and Filter card Cytocentrifuge Machine

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Immunocytochemistry Ag Ab (1 st ) Ab (2 nd ) CD 15 Positive CD 30 Positive Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

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Karyotype preparation CYTOGENETIC STUDIES IN CANCER HOSPITAL

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Flowcytometer Data- unit

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The clinician uses the laboratory findings to assist in diagnosis of the disease and management of the patient.

Role of Clinical Laboratory Science in Health Care :

The laboratory has an important role in improving Role of Clinical Laboratory Science in Health Care

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The medical laboratory can make to the quality health care The laboratory has an essential role in screening for ill health and assessing response to treatment The laboratory is needed to work with others reducing infection in the community and investigating epidemics rapidly Laboratory contributes to achieving efficiency and cost effectiveness in health care Laboratory information can provide to achieve rational health planning and good health management The medical laboratory has other more and more relevant roles to improving health care, roles mention bellow to be noted-

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Thank you for your attention !

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TRY TO CHALLENGE WITH COLLEGUES QUIRY BUT NOT TO AFRAID WITH IT, MAKE ALL INTELLIGENECE RATHER THEN DULL. GREATFULL TO ALL MY RESPECTED TEACHERS AND COLLEGUES. BE ADVANCED IN COMBINED STUDIES IS PRESENT SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE. WHO KNOWS ALL IS NOT…… rupendra Shrestha Thank you